JULY, 1949
No. 9



The Philosophic Approach

THE Inquisition has had many consequences, both real and imaginary. Perhaps one of the least far-fetched of the imaginary results is the system of school examinations. The connection is obvious. Where the one was religious, the other is scholastic; where the penalty for failure to answer correctly in the one required the thumbscrew and the rack, failure in the other may involve any of the more up-to-date but no less painful penalties devised by the more ingenious of despotic pedagogues. But the fundamental principles remain the same. Thus it may give a second-former a sense of his position in history, if he realises that he stands directly in the great line of the martyrs of the Inquisition. Let him dedicate his early life to thwarting the examiners, or, if he fails, let him bear with stoic calm the lash of the overlord!

"What hyperbolical nonsense! " exclaims the cold and devastatingly collected second-former. "Do you realise that I have successfully experienced several intelligence tests, have an I.Q. of ho, and am psychologically well above the average? "

Withered, I proceed. Can it be true that examinations no longer awe him? Is he then free from the bane of his elders? Looking back through the mists of time, we remember that panic always seized us at least a week before the exams. Life was too full to spend more time worrying; but we were never entirely free from qualms. Then, as we climbed the ladder, each year we became more and more anxious during the weeks preceding the ordeal. The nervous strain in the Fifth was considerable, but in the Sixth what have we not suffered? And to those who go on, this is but a prelude.

But here we must note the difference between the school exam. and the intelligence test. However high the I. Q. of the second-former may be, his experience of intelligence tests does not exempt him from the strain of a prepared" exam. For whereas the intelligence test provides an indication of the boy's capacity for knowledge, and needs no preparation, the examination is essentially a test of the knowledge acquired during the year. The end of the year is the time when no boy can bluff his way out, or hedge round the awkward question until it passes to the next boy, as he can in the classroom. The look of dismay on the face of the unlucky one, at his first glance at the paper, rapidly changes into one of despair as he sees the gleam of satisfaction in the eye of his more fortunate neighbour. Vague forebodings as to his report prey on his mind. For the poor schoolboy has two taskmasters-the schoolmaster and the parent.

But there is one aspect of examinations which has not yet been considered, one of the few aspects which make them tolerable. And that is the relief which is experienced afterwards, The sensation is similar to that of the man who regularly beat his -thumb with a hammer, because, he said, it was so nice when he stopped. The examination over, an oppressive burden is suddenly lifted from the mind, and a surge of freedom sweeps through the veins. And the examinee has the advantage over the man with the hammer, in that his efforts may be rewarded. This is but one of the pleasant thoughts an examinee may indulge in. Another, and perhaps even more satisfying, is the knowledge that after the exam., a distraught examiner has to suffer an acute form of mental torture in assessing the value of the examinee's exuberant irrelevancies. And so, if all schoolboys, instead of biting their fingers feverishly before examinations, would consider for a moment the joy that is to come, human nature would go haywire, and schoolboys would revel in exams.

D. G. A

The War Memorial

A LARGE congregation, including many old friends of the School, former masters, and parents of those commemorated, was present on Wednesday, March 30th, for the unveiling and dedication of the bronze tablet which bears the names of i08 Old Edwardians fallen in the Second Great War. The tablet, similar in design to the 1914-18 Memorial, has been placed on the East wall of the vestibule, to which position the former tablet has also been moved from its original place in the Assembly Hall, so that the two plaques form a uniform memorial of the two wars.

The service was conducted by the Provost of Sheffield (the Very Rev. J. Howard Cruse) and the Rev. Dr. E. D. Bebb (representing the Methodist Church), and included a lesson read by Mr. R. B. Graham, Headmaster of Bradford Grammar School and Headmaster of King Edward VII School from 1928 to 1938. The Bishop of Oxford, Dr. K. E. Kirk, an Old Boy of the Royal Grammar School, unveiled the Memorial and delivered the address.

Taking as his text " These all died in faith, not having received the promises " (Hebrews xi, 13), the Bishop said that the great figures of the Old Testament, from Moses to John the Baptist, had not lived to see their hopes fulfilled. The Old Testament was a record of disillusionment and uncompleted work. But the important thing was that they had died in faith-faith that their cause, their vocation and their power came from God. So those who had fallen in the war, even if they shrank from any association with organised Christianity, had faith that, if they did their best, added strength would come to them in their defence of truth and righteousness. The state of the world to-day was evidence that they had not received the promises, and we, who were left, owed them the duty of following their example. Both the older generation, many of them tired, bereaved, or disabled, and the younger generation, whose work in a perplexed world still lay before them, must alike show that same purpose and faith, so that they too could echo St. Paul's words-words which were indeed true of the fallen " I have fought a good fight, I have finished the course, I have kept the faith."

The music included the singing by the Choir of the Anthem " Give rest 0 Christ " from the " Russian Contakion of the Departed."


Bach's St. Matthew Passion

ON April 11th in Ecclesall Parish Church a large congregation heard a deeply moving performance of numbers from Bach's St. Matthew Passion, skilfully selected to preserve the sequence of the tragic theme with the interpolation of the beautiful reflective commentaries in choruses, solos and chorales.

The church provided an inspiring setting. Far more was achieved than a presentation of beautiful music. We were led to share the devotional experience which must have impelled Bach himself to find in music this supreme expression of his ardent love and unswerving faith. There is nothing lovelier nor more perfectly fitting in the whole field of music than the chorales. The choir sang them with a certain and complete comprehension of their beauty and significance, and in the more extended numbers revealed that they had moved from technical attainment to a sure and remarkably mature conception of the inherent spirit of the work.

Here was evidence of the illimitable range of possibility in musical experience and training when faith, courage and true musicianship belong to the leader. Members of the chorus now possess a touchstone of taste and the incentive which comes from attainment to live more fully in the realm which pure music opens to them. The treble arias were sung beautifully by G. E. Nutter, P. Swain and J. C. Tebbet, who were ably accompanied by D. G. Armytage and D. H. B. Andrews on flutes, B. P. Fisher and Mr. A. P. Graham on clarinets, and Mr. W. D. H. Moore, who played the violin obbligati with full realisation of their delicate lines.

No work makes greater demands on a singer than the part allotted to the Evangelist. Mr. Alan Hewitt met these demands well, and both he and Mr. James Atkins, who sang with the ease of mastery which belongs only to a true musician, brought to their parts lovely tone, dignity and insight. Mr. E. L. Vernon, P. D. Robinson, I. Fells, T. W. Turner, J. C. Tebbet, J. S. Taylor, and J. M. Jackson ably interpreted the minor parts. The School Orchestra, A. B. Smith (piano) and Mr. T. W. Turner (organ) did their work admirably under the direction of the conductor, Mr. Norman J. Barnes, who is to be congratulated on the adequacy of the whole performance.


The Happy Warrior

As a very young member of Common-Room, I was introduced to CHARLES J. MAGRATH some twenty years ago. Time has dealt kindly with him and, looking at him to-day, it is difficult to believe that he has been teaching at K.E.S. since 1908.

The friendly gesture is as much in evidence as it was when I first knew him; while the infectious laugh, the never-failing fount of good stories, and the unruffled calm that never left him even in the most hair-raising circumstances, have endeared C.J.M. both to all members of the Staff and to the generations of boys who have passed through his hands.

Who shall measure the value of a school-master to his School? Not Headmasters, and certainly not the Staff, but, to my mind, the boys, and especially the not-so-clever ones who have been encouraged to express themselves and to develop their personalities by a man who has always held honest endeavour and loyal service to one's fellows to be indispensable constituents of the true education. Such boys (and I am privileged to include my own two sons among them), made " skilful in self-knowledge, alive to tenderness and more able to endure," will have cause to remember with gratitude the ever genial presence and the generous spirit of their beloved Form Master.

P. L. B.

The Smith Family

THE School Library is fortunate in having been presented with a copy of Our Family and its Branches by Miss Janet Blakelock. The kind donor was Miss Mildred Blakelock, sister of the authoress. Opening the book at any page soon shows that the family has played an important role in the history of Sheffield. The different sections of the book deal with the Blakelock, Ogle, Smith, Matthewman, Roberts, Drabble and Brownell families. The original name was Smith but this was changed to Blakelock last century; this short notice will only be concerned with the Smith section of the family.

The Smith family seems to have sprung from the region north of Ecclesfield. Many of the names in this district, such as Burncross, Charlton (earlier Charkin) Brook and Smithy Car, indicate how the woods were used at an early date to provide fuel for the local forges, and it is suggested that arrow-heads were made here even in Roman times. The earliest reference I have seen to the family is when the Sheffield lord, Thomas de Furnival, granted lands near Chapeltown to Gilbert Smith (or Faber, in the Latin) who then, in 1267, granted them in turn to Thomas de Berries. From this time onwards the evidence of the family's activities increase. Miss Blakelock starts her chronicle with Thomas Smith who was born at the end of the sixteenth century. By this time there were many different families of the same name and it is difficult to trace their connections. It would be interesting if this Thomas Smith was related to the attorney of the same name, whose bequest to " the Towne of Sheffeild " led to the refoundation of the old grammar school and the obtaining of the charter in 1604, but the identity of the benefactor is still a mystery.

Fifty years later Samuel Smith had acquired a large enough fortune to rank as a gentleman—in those days this title had a special meaning and was only granted to a few families in Sheffield. Two generations later we find George Smith employing many workers in his cutlery manufactory and becoming Master Cutler in 1749. It is possible to imagine him and his wife going " to Church on Sunday morning with their twelve children walking two and two before them, and twelve apprentices walking two and two behind them." Of the children, the eldest son, John, was being taught at the Grammar School by John Cliff and then, for a few months, by Thomas Marshall. In 1748 he entered St. John's College Cambridge as a sizar (the poorest grade of student) and did so well that he graduated in 1753 as Seventh Wrangler (i.e. seventh in order of merit). After two curacies elsewhere he returned to Sheffield, in January, 1756, as an assistant minister at the Parish Church and curate in charge at Attercliffe. The assistant ministers were responsible for preaching the sermons, but most of John Smith's were destroyed by his grand-daughters who were shocked at his "High Church doctrines."

In 1759 Marshall died and John's ability and local connections obtained for him the post of Head Master. He seemed to celebrate his appointment by marrying Margaret Matthewman early the next year. He was the first master for over a century who was allowed to hold an ecclesiastical post at the same time. The records are insufficient to show whether this pluralism benefited the school but it was quite usual throughout the country and was only one of the reasons for the general decline in the standards of grammar schools. In any case the Governors' agreement with Charles Chadwick, the next Master, contained the stipulation that he was not to " undertake any ecclesiastical Cure or Office which shall require his personal Attendance " except during the holidays.

Miss Blakelock points out that John Smith " was much interested in astronomy, and the small globe with the big crack upon it and covered with queer figures ... was his property. He injured himself by lifting a big telescope to look at the stars and so shortened his life." There is no evidence to show whether he taught any mathematics or astronomy at school, but it would have been unusual as the normal curriculum at this time consisted of classics only. Writing and arithmetic were taught from eight till nine in the morning by the Free Writing School Master, who was then John Eadon. Although largely self-educated he published a number of mathematical books,* and it would seem quite probable that he would have been helped by John Smith before the latter's death in 1776.

For most subsequent members of the family details of their education are given. Both John's son, George, and grandson, Albert, were educated at the Grammar School. Albert became a solicitor, acting for the Water Company in particular, clerk to the magistrates, and was an original trustee of the Collegiate School. His eldest son must have been one of the first pupils at the Collegiate when it opened in July, 1836. The Smith family illustrate the way the wealthier families sent their children to the Collegiate rather than to the Grammar School and it was this competition between the two schools (and also Wesley College) which was partly responsible for the low standard of secondary education in Sheffield during most of last century. After a successful early period the Collegiate school, in turn, suffered from the competition of the public schools which were reorganised and became more successful about the middle of the century. We notice, for example, that Albert's two grandsons (brother and cousin of the authoress and now called Blakelock) were educated at Repton and Harrow.

As the family moved away from Sheffield it is not possible to follow the later stages of the school's history from this book, so that we do not read about the amalgamation of the grammar school with the Collegiate in 1884, and with Wesley College to form King Edward VII School in 1905. Despite this, there can be few families which have had such a close and continuous connection with the school and none which have chronicled their story to make such interesting reading.

*For details about John Eadon see R. E. Leader's "Sheffield in the Eighteenth Century," p. 126.



The Nesting Habits of the Bullfinch

THE Bullfinch, although not uncommon, is not often seen; it prefers to retire to the thickly wooded gardens and parks. The bird is distinguishable from any of the other finches by its short, stout bill and rich colour of the breast of the male. Often the only signs of its presence are the soft clear call " deu-deu " or a fleeting vision of the white rump. The male and female are almost always seen together, for they pair for life.

My first attempt at photographing them was in July, 1948, when I found a partly-built nest in a tall beech hedge in our garden. The garden is surrounded on all sides by an oak wood, and so gives plenty of shelter and food for the birds. On the 5th July five dark greenish-blue eggs, streaked with reddish-purple, hatched out. The young were covered with a sooty-grey down and looked very ugly crouching in the loosely-constructed nest of twigs and roots. It is strange that a cousin of the chaffinch could build a nest like this; it had the loose flat structure of a wood pigeon's.

Since the nest was ten feet above ground in the top of the hedge, it was necessary to build a pylon hide, consisting of a platform at the required height supported with larch poles. This construction was carried out with the help of a friend soon after the hatch, and was completed with a screen of canvas above the platform to conceal the photographer and camera. The erection was left several days for the birds to become accustomed to its presence. Since most of the photography was going to be done in the evenings, and the nest was obscured, flashlight had to be used. I was fortunate in having at my disposal a high-speed flash apparatus which was fixed at the top right hand corner of the hide. The birds never seemed to mind the quick flashes, and after the first one or two, they ignored them.

At last the time came when I considered it possible to begin close-up observation and photography, and one afternoon I went in the hide. Whilst I was focusing the camera I was surprised to see both birds come to the nest and feed the five young, and they did not seem to mind the lens of the camera peeping through a hole in the hide. The young were being fed on regurgitated food by both parents. They looked marvellous standing there, one on either side of the nest, the rich red colour of the cock's breast contrasted with his grey back and coal-black cap-it is no wonder that he is often called Coal-Hood and Blood-Ulf. They returned 15 minutes later, fed the young and both flew off. The hen returned and for the next three quarters of a hour she sat peacefully brooding, occasionally stirring herself and preening. The cock then called from a nearby oak tree, the hen answered him and he came to the nest. The hen jumped up and the cock fed the young. They both flew off with faeces.

The five chicks progressed very well; their eyes opened during the second week and they quickly gained their first set of feathers. When they were 15 days old they were disturbed when the nest was opened for photography, and the chicks quickly left the nest. The parents soon found them and were feeding them on the ground.

On the 4th August I happened to look into a holly tree on the other side of the garden and I had a surprise, for there was the hen bullfinch sitting in another nest, this time with four eggs. I quickly put a hide up and a few days later I was able to go in and observe the bird while incubating. I had to disturb her off the nest when I removed a sprig which was hiding the nest from the camera, but she was back before I was able to get the camera set up. I noticed that she had some reddish stuff on her lower mandible; she took a long time digesting the recent food (raspberries) and was still "chewing" 20 minutes later. The cock called from the neighbouring tree and the hen answered him, and she fluttered off the nest to be fed. When she returned and was settling down she kept up a soft " tue-tue-tue." Another time when the cock called to her she half rose on her legs and with her wings hanging loosely at her side she began singing. The squeaky low warble only lasted several seconds and she left the nest.

One point which puzzled me was whether these birds had a note of too high frequency for the human ear to hear; because the hen, after she had been brooding for about 20 minutes would open her beak, and I could see her tongue go up and down whilst the beak was open. This would happen nearly every time before the cock came to feed her. Surely if she was yawning, her tongue would not move.

Three of the young hatched out early on the 15th August. When I had set the camera up in the hide I removed a loose sprig of holly and noticed that the Bullfinch never flew off. I reached out my hand and was able to stroke her on the back before she flew off. That day I was able to record the cock bird feeding the young, though in the Handbook of British Birds it is stated that "for the first few days the cock gives the food to the hen who administers it."

When the chicks were seven days old a friend and I spent 12 hours in the hide in shifts. We were able to record the number of feeds per hour and whether they both fed together, also which bird paid attention to the nest sanitation, whether both birds removed the faeces and how often. We found that the number of feeds slowed down towards midday, and quickened up in the evening. They both paid equal attention to the removal of the faeces. I had put some artificial faeces (screwed up coloured paper), on the rim of the nest to see if they would remove them; I found that only the hen did so. One time after they had just fed the hen picked up one of these objects, and at the same moment, one of the chicks defecated and the cock reached down to pick it up; the hen made a grab at it also, but she was unable to grip it because of the paper faecal sac.

On one occasion a Robin came within ten inches of the nest, when the birds were away feeding. Also, unseen to me in the hide, my friend recorded three other Bullfinches in the bush. These birds were all immature and had been following the adults about-presumably the previous brood. Later one of the birds came onto the nest whilst the parents were away feeding; it walked round the nest and pecked the youngsters when they reached up for food. This bird picked up an artificial faecal sac and flew off. Whilst I was putting coloured celluloid rings on the chicks legs for future identification, one of the chicks jumped out of the nest and disappeared into the undergrowth. I was unable to find it, and feared it lost; five days later however, I happened to see a small bird fluttering about on the lawn and I saw through binoculars that it was the young missing Bullfinch. That same afternoon the other three Bullfinches left the nest. The parents were kept busy feeding them and I saw them stripping a Red Valerian of its seeds for the young. The young were able to flutter from the higher branches to their parents; and they soon left the garden and disappeared for for the next few weeks into the woods.


The Lama

(After reading " Kim ")

Bound are we all, saith the Lama,
Bound on the Wheel of Things,
From life to life in a slow ascent,
Insects, and slaves, and kings.

Follow the Way, saith the Lama,
The just and excellent Way,
And Anger's red mist shall clear from thy mind
As the dawn mist lifts from the day.

Seek for escape, saith the Lama,
From Illusion and Pride of Soul,
Desire, and Strife, and Mastery,
And Affection's human goal.

Son of my Soul, saith the Lama,
Be cleansed from every sin;
The Threshold of Freedom lies at thy feet;
Escape, and enter in.



Nearco was never beaten—

Now he is old and has finished with racing.
He spends his days in idleness
Pacing a stall or a field by himself.
And they come and pat him and say
" Yes, you were a fine stallion."

There are many champions
Some who won a sprint
In a flame of speed,
Some who ran on through rain and falling horses
To victory in a steeplechase.

But this is important
Because it sets him apart
On a different level.

Nearco was never beaten
I hope when he dies
They will nail that up above him
On a plain stone with nothing more.

Nearco was never beaten
I think not even a king
Could want a better epitaph.



Rural England

NORTH MIDLAND COUNTRY, by J. H. Ingram. Batsford.

The author of this book has tried to describe the " blots " as well as the beauty-spots in the five counties of Derby, Nottingham, Leicester, Stafford and Cheshire. It is definitely not a guide-book and does not pretend to be; no trips are planned out for the reader and no information offered as to where the best beer can be obtained. The author is a man who obviously loves the countryside and deplores commercialisation. He praises the unspoilt beauty of Miller's Dale and Monsal Dale, to which no main road goes and where the only trace of commercialism is the railway which passes through many short tunnels and deep cuttings in the limestone rock. He gives interesting accounts of the history of various villages and points out some beauty-spots which no guide-books ever mention. The village of Edensor in Chatsworth Park-a village within walls whose only entrance is through the wrought-iron gate. This village houses the employees of the Duke of Devonshire in Chatsworth, and it has its own church with a remarkably slender spire.

Another place mentioned is the forlorn village of Monyash near Wirksworth. This place prospered at the time when lead was extensively mined in the district. It is now a cluster of houses with a 17th century inn, some of the buildings being five hundred years old.

The author does not limit himself to the pleasant landscapes. He writes bitterly about the ugly towns of the Black Country and the Potteries, which however, have interesting histories. Among his many local stories, Mr. Ingram tells one about Dudley, a steel town near Birmingham. The Devil is reported to have died here in despair, for the glaring of the many furnaces is said to have put Hell to shame.

The book is packed with interesting chatter about places, dialects, jokes and traditions, and I would advise anyone with a love for the country. or for architecture, to read it.


Golden Age

HOMER'S ODYSSEY, translated by E. V. Rieu;
SOPHOCLES' THEBAN PLAYS, translated by E. F. Watling;
XENOPHON'S PERSIAN EXPEDITION, translated by Rex Warner. Penguin Classics.

In the choice of these three works there was true wisdom on the part of the editor. They show nearly every aspect of life and death in Ancient Greece. Homer's immortal saga takes us on a tour of the islands around Greece and shows us the customs and habits peculiar to these islands. In Sophocles' plays Greek drama is shown at its best. Xenophon's Expedition takes us into an entirely different scene: battle, planned with the sang-froid of a man wishing to obtain a kingdom, the difficulties, hardships, tactics and battle array.

The Odyssey, I found, was not what I expected in a translation, although Mr. Rieu brings directness and simplicity while maintaining the excitement. However, a translation should keep closely, if not rigidly, to the text, and I find that Mr. Rieu's translation tends to be free and in some places abbreviated. On the whole I would call it a good novel but not a good translation.

Mr. Watling brings poise and excitement into his work but keeps to true translation. He has made three new English plays which could be acted as English plays. The characters live and we feel as though we have entered into the play because the nature of the dramas is easy to grasp through the medium of this rendering.

I also liked his use of metre; in long lines he keeps the dull continuous rhythm and shortens the lines for swift speech and action; the sense of foreboding and death are powerfully conveyed.

Mr. Warner is to be congratulated on his excellent rendering of the Xenophon story. Like Mr. Watling, he manages to keep to the text, yet makes it exciting enough to be read as a novel alone. Anyone without a knowledge of Greek would say, I am sure, that it is a fine book.

I enjoyed these partly, perhaps, because I am a classicist, but more because they are written in modern English. I would advise you to read these books even if you do not know Greek; you will find whole new horizons of knowledge and enjoyment open to you in the world of the Golden Age.


Foot-Hills of Parnassus

SCHENKOFSKY PEAK, Poems by Henry Schenkofsky, the Poet of the Pacific, " Cousin Henry " on your radio, Oakland, California. Vol. III.

This frugal pamphlet (we missed Vols. I and II), consisting of fifteen poems on four pages, double-column, may have been intended for review in our pages, or may have just got here by accident. It had lost its outer wrapper or envelope by the time we rescued it from the flotsam of the Common-room table, but a swift perusal of its contents left us in no doubt of our duty to transmit to those of our readers unable to get Oakland, California, some sample of what they are missing. To blush unseen, or unheard, is clearly no part of the author's intention

I am in the world I make!
I am the character! I make;
I am part of what I create;
I can cause to love instead of hate!

I love to glorify romance;
Often dip into it, by chance;
And I think! I am -understood;
Even! think I am doing good!

His subjects are various, but the style, down to the ubiquitous exclamation-marks and curious punctuation, is consistent. Of his homeland, in four lines entitled In Yosemite, he sings

I lived the life of a million joys
Where Nature furnished a varied noise;
Where. every day was like filtered honey!
After snow! and storm! all gay and sunny.

Nor is his sentiment only parochial. In I Love My Country the organ-voice swells to still broader resonance:

The humble may find their rain-bow;
Everyone may, in its chances, grow;
She has space, beauty, attraction;
Loveliness in every section

Understanding every clan and race;
All her own may wear silk and lace;
Her silver! and her gold! as soft wind,
With clusters of grapes have been binned

I love my country! with my heart!
It was great from the very start;
Providence favor! rests with us!
Our country, we gladly call U.S.!

Cousin Henry's portrait, for which room is found on page 2, shows an intellectual forehead and ascetic mouth; yet, since he has told us he " loves to glorify romance," we are perhaps half prepared to find him Playing Angels:

We are angels we are playing;
Ever in love we are staying
Evenings, among flowers, we stroll;
The moon reflects her eves and soul! . .

Walking, she reaches for my hand;
She thinks I should, her, understand;
Her Spring-dress as butterfly's wings;
She giggles, as a nearby cricket sings!

All is beautiful as in May;
New-born birds chirping through the day;
When I, to her round lips, refer
Her eye-lids, to some words, it stir!

From which it is only a small step to The Senior Co-Ed of '49, and To Me, She is a Slender Rose:

Her letters say how she cries for me;
How she would like, with me, to be;
She would come by bus, air, or train;
For my presence, her heart does yearn!

Her soft hands, to-night, I would hold
Before my eye-lids, I enfold;
Before sleep, will she hurl a kiss;
My lips, she would not want to miss!

Space does not permit of further selection from this store of richness-which itself is but a fragment. A footnote offers us Books of Poems, Vols. I to XII, three prose works, and Selected Radio Poems: " Over a hundred poems and fifty illustrations. Every student in any English class should have this book." We agree.

At the products of such indefatigable industry,
We stand, amazed! as well we may;
But difficult, it is not very, to see
Why he, to us, them, gives away!


School Music

AN appreciation appears elsewhere of the performance of Bach's St. Matthew Passion, in which soloists, Choir and Orchestra excelled themselves.

This term the Choir has at last achieved a really adequate alto line, and basses are strong, too. More strength is still desirable in the tenors-but this is a difficulty felt by choral societies throughout the country. The reason for it is that voices are left too long untended during the " breaking" stage. To quote a report by McGill University: " The analysis of 8,000 voices in this age-group has proved the existence of a normal and beautiful voice with a range of a twelfth from F below middle C upwards ... a potential tenor." Will not more boys, then, please come forward earlier to find control of their "new" voices, so that fewer tenors may be lost to the English Choral tradition?

Bach's " Jesu, joy of man's desiring " was sung at the Commemoration Service, with B. P. Fisher playing the obbligato on the clarinet. In the Speech Day programme the modern idiom of the unaccompanied " Everyone sang " provided difficulties in all parts which would tax an established professional choir. The Choir easily surmounted these and achieved a remarkably expressive reading. They also gave an inspiring lead in the choral version of Vaughan Williams' " England, my England."

The Orchestra has been playing the Minuet and Trio of Mozart's " Jupiter " Symphony, the Andante from Schubert's C major Symphony, and accompaniments for Speech Day. All departments have developed in precision and musicianship. No less than six members are hoping to attend the Orchestral Summer School at Sherborne this year. We welcome A. C. H. Thomas and J. B. Spir (French horns) into the orchestra this term.

We have been fortunate to secure the services of Mr. Leslie Pawson, a violinist of wide experience in orchestras in Germany and this country (notably with Sir Thomas Beecham), to start a string class next term, and this with the aid of the grant toward purchase of instruments should ensure the future development of the orchestra.

The addition this year of Senior Singing and Junior Instrumental Prizes to the existing ones was justified by entries of a very high standard. Dr. Tustin Baker, adjudicating, awarded the Senior Instrumental Prize to B. P. Fisher (clarinet), the Senior Singing Prize to H. F. Oxer, the Junior Singing Prize to G. E. Nutter and P. Swain, and the Junior Instrumental Prize to F. D. Kirkham (piano). Entries for the Composition Prize shewed a good degree of craftsmanship and imagination and came from J. S. Bingham, J. D. Bower, L. J. O. Holmes, A. B. Smith and D. H. Thorpe. A. B. Smith won the prize with an anthem for double choir.

Among those leaving this term we shall miss very much D. G. Armytage, whose skill both as a soloist and as an orchestral player has been a delight for so long, and A. B. Smith, whose musicianship has been of great value in playing continuo in the orchestra and in the affairs of the Music Club. To these and to the others who are leaving we wish happy music-making in their new spheres, and hope that whenever they are in Sheffield they will come and sing and play as of old.


At the Pictures

Symphony of a City (K.E.S. Cine Club Production)

ONE way, perhaps, of making a documentary film is to shoot whatever comes in the way of the camera over an indefinite period of time, and then piece the unrelated snippets together and think of a title. If this was the method of Symphony of a City, then at least the shooting and the piecing together have beep very efficiently done. But to anyone watching this film it soon becomes obvious that there is considerably more to it than that. In the first place, since we are apt to expect and take for granted the mechanical perfection of the camera, let us not overlook the technical achievement of an amateur novice who presents us with forty-five minutes of clear, well composed, unhurried and significant pictures. And next (if this is the right order) let us acknowledge the skilful and intelligent shaping of what might have been a mere scrapbook into an orderly commentary on the city in which we live. If we go on to suggest that the product of these two factors turns out to be not so strikingly original in conception or as fully representative of its subject as it might have been, that is a compliment also, for the high technical standard of the film tempts us to look for more than we have any right to expect from so youthful an experiment.

The subject-matter itself makes high demands, for in the absence of any dramatic or personal interest the danger of monotony must be a constant menace. This has been skilfully avoided. In the earlier part of the film, where we are asked to do little more than take a walk around familiar scenes, our interest is cunningly captured and led on through a smooth and logical sequence of topics. When we are beginning to feel that we have had enough of trams (most unaesthetic objects, whether still or moving), or of handsome buildings viewed from the bottom upwards or from the top downwards, we are swiftly escorted to more rural scenes, where children bathe and paddle, and old men sedately bowl (timing and atmosphere admirably captured); or, the children and the fathers being safely employed, we accompany mother to the shop-windows and the bargain-counters, and get an excellent kerbside view of the Rag procession, with Arabs and pirates rattling their collecting-tins under our very noses. And everywhere the changing tones of sunlight and shade, texture of tree and stone, sparkle of water and fleeting reflections in glass, keep the aesthetic attention delightfully engaged. When the time for swifter movement comes, an air-raid is staged, effectively enough to convince our willing imaginations that the blazing matchboxes are really somebody's house-property and the firemen's hoses trained on a concentration of incendiary bombs. This leads naturally to the contemplation of blitzed, and still unrestored, buildings (how vividly the " movie," paradoxically enough, expresses the dead immobility of these lifeless shells!) and thence to reconstruction and new life. House-building somehow contrives to achieve an unexpected poetic quality, and various almost still views (such as an exquisite pastel of roofs, chimneys and smoke) fully satisfy the eye and imagination.

Cine Club technicians at work "behind the scenes."
?, ?, ?, ?, John Hill, Bob Short
[Photo supplied by John Hill]

And so to Part II. Here Industry is the theme, and especially, of course, Steel. It could be objected that other aspects of Sheffield life and work receive too little mention. Cutlery is dismissed with a glance at the decaying water-wheels of the old grinding mills: good pictorial material, however, and cleverly placed as a quiet introduction to the second movement, to contrast with the swift energy of modern industry. After a look in at some mysterious processes in laboratories, we find ourselves " being shown over a large steel works." And here are scenes that have never been better photographed in any film, large or small. Both for pictorial and documentary effect, this sequence triumphantly tops the bill, with white-hot ingots, glaring furnaces and mammoth machines of uncannily human dexterity, doing their stuff without a hitch or a dull moment. And it needs no expert, either in steelmaking or filming, to appreciate the masterly planning and execution of a shot showing us the non-stop journey of an ingot in process of becoming a steel strip. After these exciting experiences, the " Pageant " is perhaps something of an anti-climax, for it is difficult to feel much interest in the unexplained contortions of (mostly) unidentifiable puppets. In comparison with the rest of the film, it goes to show that, in a documentary context at any rate, reality films much better than any amount of grease-paint and stage decor. Nevertheless it was a considerable achievement to have got so many satisfactory shots out of a single dress-rehearsal with no opportunity for preparation or repetition.

Having first seen the film, and found it intensely absorbing, in its silent state, I doubted whether the addition of commentary and music could add greatly to its appeal. There is much to be said for making one's own mental commentary, and, apart from the minimum of necessary explanations, it is arguable that a good documentary is all the better for being silent and so drawing out the spectator's own reflections, instead of stuffing his ears and dulling his thoughts with prefabricated talk. It must be admitted, however, that the " sound " performance was most ingeniously contrived and beautifully presented; the commentary was restrained and apposite, and the music well matched to the various moods. Indeed the whole showing (of a double programme, the Symphony preceded by A Year in Celluloid) was a triumph of artistic presentation.

Unquestionably the second Cine Club production has fully lived up to the promise of its predecessor, and in many respects surpassed it. The question " What next? " is no doubt already engaging the attention of the proper authorities. If school filming is to be more than an entertaining pastime for the one or two individuals entrusted with the camera and the script, two possible avenues seem to invite exploration: one, leading in the direction of the fictional or imaginative film, demanding the co-operation of literary, artistic and dramatic talents; the, other towards employing the camera-for purposes of record or instruction in connection with other communal activities such as Athletics or Scouting, or even the utilitarian studies of Geography or Physics. Some of these topics have appeared in A Year in Celluloid, but we have not vet had an all-round picture of the normal work and play of a " Yorkshire Grammar School," such as might serve to illustrate (or correct?) the future " Reminiscences of the 'Fifties." Something of the sort seems to be needed to establish the place of filming as a club activity or " team-game " capable of providing a large number of people with more than passive enjoyment.

But criticism should not develop into pi-jaw, and we hastily retreat from these fields of speculation, to record our congratulations and thanks to the Dawson-Finlayson Organisation of 1949 for an attractive and memorable piece of work. Of course it would be mere phantasy to judge it on the scale of full-size professional documentary, or even to rank it with the top flights of sub-standard work (though its class in this field would surely be a creditable one). The important fact is that here it is, the own unaided work of 5D boys looking forward to their seventeenth birthdays-one more reminder of that eternal and inscrutable mystery which few schoolmasters, and probably still fewer educationists, ever come within miles of comprehending: I refer, with humble respect, to the pertinacity, competence, savoir-faire, of the adolescent in pursuit of something he wants to do and can-compared with his abysmal stupidity when confronted with that which he doesn't and won't! Whatever the Symphony may be worth as a film, its significance in our educational calendar must rank at least as high as that of any of our staff-directed adult-aided occasions.

E. F. W.

And here is an appreciation from a well-known Sheffield cinematographer

" To tell the story of Sheffield in forty minutes of celluloid is a disturbing task. But the young blithely choose such tasks, and the young men of K.E.S.C.C. have told the story of Sheffield in celluloid, and in forty minutes. At their commencement, I could not praise their judgment; having seen their film I cannot now applaud my own. I should have realised that youth has a comparative virtue to set against inexperience. In Symphony of a City from the great smudge of detail that is Sheffield they bring to the screen in stylish manner an account which is interesting. This is a great achievement. Their title shows that they have sought form. The subject is warmed yet clarified by the surge of commentary and of music. Transition from phase to phase is reasoned smoothly and we await the new with interest. At the end we are content. We have seen the City and know all about her. Later, perhaps, we may wonder how and where she makes her cutlery! But at the time we are content. This binding of the celluloid spell is good. Technically, the effrontery of these Davids is astounding. Using no sling and with but an eight-millimetre pebble they shoot straight into the great dark sheds of Sheffield's mighty industry. Make no mistake, the filmic electrical Goliaths, highly paid, have in their time uttered rude cries concerning these very tombs. But from the deep gloom into which they bore not a single lamp, the Davids of K.E.S.C.C. have emerged with a well-nigh perfect bag! ' If eighty men, earning two thousand pounds, labour for thirty days using three hundred thousand watts at two hundred volts to produce ninety feet of film, what could five K.E.S. cinematographers produce for seven pounds four and nine ' The answer, of course, is the Symphony, of a City, a very fine achievement."



Speech Day

JUNE 23RD, 1949


Andante (Symphony in C Major)         ..          Schubert (arr. Carse)

Minuet and Trio ('Jupiter' Symphony)         ..          Mozart



(Alderman J. H. Bingham, J.P.)

Clarinet Solo         ..          Allegro from Concertino         ..          Weber
(B. P. Fisher)

Song         ..          "Sea Fever"         ..          Ireland
(H. F. Oxer)

Recitation         ..          A French Poem         ..          Arthur Rimbaud
(G. Riches)


Distribution of Prizes and Address by
Chief Staff Officer to the Minister of Defence,
formerly Air Officer Commanding in Chief, Fighter Command

Recitation         ..          Goliath         ..          Walter de la Mare
(P. W. Cross)

Song         ..          "The Trees of England"         ..          Charles Wood
(G. E. Nutter)

Piano Solo         ..          Adagio and Allegrissimo           ..          Arne
(F. D. Kirkham)

Declamation Passage          ..          from Virgil, Georgics, Book I
(G. S. Palmer)

Song         ..          "Rest sweet nymphs"          ..          Peter Warlock
(P. Swain)

Part Song         ..          "Everyone Sang"         ..          Norman J Barnes
(The Choir)

Speech         ..          Napoleon's Speech on the English from "The Man of Destiny" ..            G. Bernard Shaw
(D. G. Armytage)

Vote of Thanks to Air Marshal Sir William Elliot and Alderman J. H. Bingham, J.P.,
proposed by the Lord Mayor of Sheffield (Alderman Mrs. Grace Tebbutt, J.P.)
and seconded by Air Commodore Sydney Smith, O.B.E., D.L.

Choral Song         ..          'England, my England'          ..          Vaughan Williams
(The School, the Choir and the Orchestra)


If the chief concern of the planners of a Speech Day programme is that it should not be too long, their obvious difficulty is to know what to leave out. The producers of this term's function banked on a sequence of individual performances that looked as if it might easily become monotonous. In the event, however, thanks to the variety and excellence of the artistic talents discovered or developed during the year, and their skilful deployment in not-too-long items, there was never a feeling of surfeit. Armytage set a fine standard in his vivacious delivery of the Latin speech, which was lapped up with delight by the whole audience, and later played the Shavian Napoleon with relish and point. The Dramatic Society would appear to have missed a chance in not having found a leading part suited to his subtle gift. He was well supported by the masterly performances of Oxer and Fisher, the sensitive pathos of Riches, and the contrasting robustness of Cross. Palmer spoke his Virgil with conviction, and the other soloists gave excellent specimens of their now well-known artistry, the performance of Mr. Barnes's Part Song being particularly impressive.

Our visitor, Air Marshal Sir William Elliot, who had spent the afternoon as well as the evening at the School, expressed his appreciation in the following telegram which he sent to the Headmaster on hiss return to London " I leave you and all at King Edward VII School not only grateful for your very warm welcome but also much impressed by the work which you and your Staff are doing and truly inspired by the spirit and -bearing of the boys."

The HEADMASTER in his report described the school year as "happy, vigorous and eventful." This was the first time that all the new boys had come from Primary or Private Schools and none from our Junior School. They had settled down quickly and had begun to make their contribution to our common life. It was too early to say if they could reach the standard attained by their predecessors, who had a year's start of them in French and Mathematics, but already it was clear that among them were a number of boys as able as any who had been at the School.

The School Certificate results last July were the best we had ever had. 107 boys entered, 98 passed (13 more than the average school), and 37 got six or more Credits. Sixty boys were entered for the Higher Certificate, and 56 were successful, again a record, with 13 Distinctions between them. For the second year in succession we had gained ten Scholarships at Oxford and Cambridge. Special distinctions were those of R. G. Searle-Barnes, who won the Sheffield University Earnshaw Scholarship, and L. J. Hunt, winner of the Akroyd Scholarship, with H. R. Windle a very close second. This was the tenth time in the last fourteen years that we had won this Scholarship, and the fifth time we had had the runner-up as well.

The performance of Bach's St. Matthew Passion by the School Choir and Orchestra, had been an impressive event, of which the Times correspondent had said that "few schools could have given such a transcendent rendering of the Passion." We needed, however, more altos, tenors and basses to make the Choir well balanced, and the Headmaster asked parents to encourage their sons to join one of these sections of the Choir, as well as the trebles, if they showed any gift for singing. The Governors of the School had generously put aside a sum of £400 to be spent on instruments for the Orchestra, and these would be loaned, in the first instance, to intending learners.

Other outstanding events of the year were the Cine Club's film, Symphony of a City, on which the producers, J. M. Dawson and G. S. Finlayson, and all their helpers, were to be highly congratulated; and the victory of the Athletic team in the Northern Schools Cross Country Championship, which was won by D. C. Law.

In Inter-House competitions, the successes enjoyed by Sherwood were a tribute to the leadership and keenness of the Head of the House, D. G. Armytage, and of the House Master and Tutor; while as Head Prefect, and in many other capacities, Armytage had made a fine contribution to the life of the School. His discrimination and taste in English Literature, and his confidence and effectiveness as a speaker, owed much to the teaching of Mr. Claypole, to whose work as Senior English Master the Headmaster also paid a grateful tribute.

It was with deep regret that we had said goodbye to Mr. Fletcher last October, when he had to retire owing to a serious disability contracted when he was in the Navy. He was a fine schoolmaster in the best sense of the term; understanding, patient, firm, he never spared himself, always expected and usually got the best from his boys, all of whom respected and some of whom had a real affection for him. We owed him a deep debt of gratitude for his devoted service and sterling character, so well shown by the courage with which he bore a distressing illness. Mr. Scutt, who had returned from his retirement to take Mr. Fletcher's place temporarily, was to leave us again; also Miss Manners and Miss Knight, who had made valuable contributions to our work in Mathematics and Classics.

Lastly we had to bid farewell to Mr. Magrath, who had been a member of the Staff since 1908. "Although he has served this School for forty-two years " said the Headmaster, "Mr. Magrath has not equalled his illustrious uncle, who was Provost of the Queen's College, Oxford, for fifty-two years. His uncle, it is said, was never seen for the last ten years! That, at any rate, can never be said of Mr. Magrath—he is always to be seen here, showing parents and visitors to their places in this Hall at our various functions, with the starting pistol at the Athletic Sports, swathed in a towel at the Swimming Sports, always with an apt buttonhole—and who can forget the leopard skin with which he invariably announced the official opening of winter and his personal dissatisfaction with the efficiency of the School central heating system What is the secret of his success? Mr. Magrath would not claim to be a scholar or an athlete, but he has got the best out of his boys whether in work or in games by his humanity and his warm sympathy for them. We thank him for his varied and lasting contribution to our life, and wish him every happiness in the retirement which he has so richly earned and which he will no doubt spend working busily at his other interests."

The Head Prefect's Latin Address was as follows:

Hospes quem hodie salutamus nuper e regionibus Sericis rediit, Alexandra legatus, non Macedonia illius qui pedibus vel equo vectus usque ad Indi ripam contendit, sed Hills—burgiensium patroni amplissimi, municipii nostri necessitatum immunis, qui curru super aethera volanti processit.

Gulielmus Elliot autem paene a pueritia vitae cursum ad astra tetendit. Schola enim in Tonbrigiensi apud Cantii incolas, quos Iulius nosier ohm tradidit ex omnibus Britannia ease longe humanissimos, post quam educatus eat, cum prius inter omnes gentes bellum gereretur, in acre contra hostes ` reticulo,' ut ita dicam, illo vetere vectus tantam virtutem praestitit ut praeclarissimo volantium insigni esset ornatus. Multis post annis ad finem alterius belli, aerobatarum copiis praefectus, primum in Calpe, deinde aped Moesos Thracesque machines Flammivomas, Turbines, Culices, Praedones, Liberatores et hoc genus omne instruxit, alibi navicellis subaquaneis in captandis alibi libertatis studiosis in subveniendo fuit particeps. Mox, pace composite, Daedali arti in summum perducendae operam dedit quo facilius machinae crebris aeris compressi emissionibus vel sono celeriores propellerentur.

Sed fortasse sant quibus ego videar praeter modum versum immisisse: quid plura? haul infacundus eat qui in consilio cum callidis nautis militibusque horridis disputavit, nos igitur, plerique pueri, to speramus, Aeris Imperator, orationem tantae simplicitatis et hilaritatis habiturum ut omnibus magorum more PREGisse videaris.

Sir WILLIAM ELLIOT's address was one of sincere and simple exhortation to the boys to make the most of their talents and opportunities; first, by realising that school life was not a separate prelude to another life to be lived later, but was a time in which the mould of their character, their choice of friends, their attitude to problems and difficulties, were already shaping themselves for good or ill. No time was to be lost in acquiring habits which would enable them to face whatever the future might bring. A fallacious sense of immortality could be a danger to youth. "Life is far too short. Tackle your problems here and now. Read that book; learn that stroke; write that story; don't put it off." The story of General Wolfe, at the height of his military success, wishing that he had written " Gray's Elegy," was a reminder of the different kinds of satisfaction in achievement that different ways of life could bring. An ambition to achieve some predetermined goal might be a delusion leading to disappointment, or at best might lead to a life devoid of surprise and adventure. The best kind of ambition was the determination to do the job in hand to the best of one's ability.

Of the prospects of a career in the R.A.F., expressly disclaiming the opportunity of making a recruiting appeal, Sir William only emphasised the high demands which the service made on technical and professional ability. In this, as in other services, the expansion of state education brought with it not only enlarged opportunities but also greater obligations. For the preservation and enrichment of our British heritage there was still the same call as ever for hard work and self-sacrifice.

Honours List


L. J. HUNT:-(a) Akroyd Scholarship of £50 a year open to all Yorkshire Schools and tenable at Oxford or Cambridge; (b) Domus Exhibition of £80 a year for Natural Sciences at Balliol College, Oxford.
D. C. LAW:-Junior Hulme Scholarship of £100 a year for History at Brasenose College, Oxford.
G. S. PALMER:-—Bible Clerkship of £100 a year for Classics at the Queen's College, Oxford.
M. A. ROBINSON:-Hastings Scholarship of £ 115 a year for Natural Sciences at the Queen's College, Oxford.
R. G. SEARLE-BARNES:-(a) Open Scholarship of £100 a year for Classics at New College, Oxford; (b) Town Trust Scholarship of £100 a year awarded on the Higher Certificate Examination; (c) State Scholarship; (d) Open Exhibition of £80 a year for Classics at Merton College, Oxford (Declined); (e) Earnshaw Scholarship of £50 a year awarded by Sheffield University and tenable at Oxford University.
H. R. WINDLE:-Open Scholarship of £100 a year for Classics at Oriel College, Oxford.
D. H. PAGE:-Open Scholarship of £60 a year for Natural Sciences at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge.
W. R. GUITE:-Open Exhibition of £40 a year for Classics at Pembroke College, Cambridge.
F. KELLY:-(a) Open Exhibition of £40 a year for Modern Languages at Trinity Hall, Cambridge; (b) Town Trust Scholarship of £100 a year awarded on the Higher Certificate Examination; (c) State Scholarship.
P. LEWIS:-State Scholarship.

Sheffield Education Committee Scholarships tenable at Oxford, Cambridge and Sheffield Universities:—

D. J. D. WOOD:-Open Scholarship of £ 100 a year for Engineering, awarded by the Sheffield Education Committee, tenable at Wadham College, Oxford.
G. B. CROWDER:-Herbert Hughes Memorial Prize for Spanish.
G. RICHES:-(a) Lancasterian Scholarship tenable at the School; (b) Awarded the French Reading Prize (Intermediate Division) of the Yorkshire Branch of the Modern Languages Association.
M. R. KNIGHT:—Barclays Bank Scholarship of £116 a year at Highgate School.
J. S. BETHELL:-Captain of the England Boys' Golf Team which beat Scotland in the Boys' International Match, and reached the Semi-Final of the Boys' Golf Championship in August, 1948.
King's Scout Badge:—P. A. MORTE, R. W. NEEDHAM.



P. J. WHEATLEY, Hastings Scholar of the Queen's College:-(a) First Class in the Final Honours School of Chemistry; (b) Harmsworth Senior Scholarship of £300 a year at Merton College.
J. G. BURGAN, Scholar of Lincoln College:-Second Class in the Final Honours School of Chemistry.
G. A. CORKILL, Hastings Scholar of the Queen's College:-Third Class in the Final Honours School of Physics.
F. FENTON, Demy of Magdalen College:-First Class Honours in Classical Moderations.
E. J. LEMMON, Demy of Magdalen College:-Second Class Honours in Classical Moderations.
G. P. RENTON, Scholar of Lincoln College:-Second Class Honours in Classical Moderations.
G. RHODES, Exhibitioner of Balliol College:-Second Class Honours in Classical Moderations.
D. E. CANTRELL, Scholar of Keble College:-(a) Elected F.R.C.O.; (b) Awarded the Limpus Prize for the candidate obtaining the highest marks in the Practical Examination of the F.R.C.O.; (c) Awarded an Organ Scholarship at Keble College.
D. N. TYLER, Scholar of Trinity College:-Elected Captain of the Oxford University Table Tennis Club.


D. M. JONES, Scholar of Trinity College:-(a) Appointed Lecturer in Greek at the University of Glasgow; (b) Jeston Exhibitioner of Trinity College.
J. ROLLIN, Scholar of Trinity Hall:-Second Class, Second Division, in Part II Of the Modern Languages Tripos.
D. A. CROWDER, Major Scholar of Trinity College:-(a) First Class in French and Spanish, Modern Languages Tripos, Part I; (b) Awarded a Senior Scholarship at Trinity College.
H. A. W. HILL, Corpus Christi College:—(a) First Class in Part I of the Natural Sciences Tripos; (b) Awarded the Wiltshire Prize for Geology and Mineralogy.
G. A. HORRIDGE, Major Scholar of St. John's College:-First Class in Part I of the Natural Science Tripos.
A. L. CHAPPELL, Scholar of St. Catharine's College:-Second Class, First Division, in German, Second Class, Second Division, in French in Part I of the Modern Languages Tripos.
R. A. STATON, Scholar of St. John's College:-Second Class, Second Division, in Part I of the English Tripos.
D. M. E. ALLAN, Clare College:-Elected a member of the Cambridge University Crusaders' Cricket Club, of the Cambridge University Falcon's Football Club, and Captain of Football and Cricket at Clare College.
E. BURKINSHAW, Clare College:-Played in the Freshmen's Match in Association Football.


R. G. S. LUDLAM:-(a) English Prize; (b) The Gibbons Prize.
G. G. BARNES:-Herbert Hughes Memorial Trust Prize.
D. A. J. TYRRELL:-(a) The West Riding Panel Practitioners' Prize in Clinical Medicine; (b) Prize Medal in Clinical Medicine and Surgery.
J. D. S. HAMMOND The John Hall Gold Medal in Pathology.
J. M. COTTON:-Prize Medal in Clinical and Operative Dental Surgery.
M. B. WILSON:-Bronze Medal in the Faculty of Medicine.
Degree of B.A. (Honours Schools):—
R. G. S. LUDLAM:-English Language and Literature, Class I.
F. W. CHEETHAM:-Spanish, Class II, Division I.
J. P. KENYON:-History, Class I.
J. G. DENMAN:—History, Class II, Division I.
E. H. SEARLE-BARNES:—History, Class III.
D. R. BUTLER:-Final Examination (Part I) for the Degree of B.D.S.
A. DITCHFIELD:—Second Examination (Part I) for the Degree of B.D.S.
Diploma in Architecture:-K. H. HARKER, F_ MELLING, J. WOLLERTON.
Certificate in Architecture:—G. H. HOLROYD, R. P. C. PEARCE, H. C. ROGERS, S. G. SMITH.
Diploma in Public Administration (Part II):—S. F. BURGIN, R. MATTHEWS, D. D. ROME.
Diploma in Public Administration (Part I):-K. S. DODGE, R. ELLIS, K. GARVEY, C. WALL, R. G. WILSON.
J. A. GRIFFITHS:— Final Examination (Part II and Part III) for the Degrees of M.B., Ch.B.
Final Examination (Part II) for the Diploma of L.D.S.:-J. M. COTTON, P. G. SEDGWICK.
Final Examination for the Degree of LL.B. with Honours:-R. O. BARLOW, J. H. P. UPTON.
Final Examination for the Ordinary Degree of LL.B.:-G. B. DITCHER, P. WILDS.
M. B. THORNELOE:-(a) Intermediate Examination for the Degree of LL.B.; (b) Awarded the Law Society's Prize; (c) Solicitors' Intermediate Examination of the Law -Society; (d) Awarded the Sheffield and District Law Students' Debating Prize.
G. G. LEDINGHAM:-Final Examination for the Associateship- in Engineering.
Final Examination for the Degrees of M.B., Ch.B. (Part II and Part III):-R. G. BALL, A. A. BELTON, J. D. BIRD, J. D. HOWARD.
J. D. S. HAMMOND:-Third Examination (Part II) for the Degrees of M.B., Ch.B.
Second Examination for the Degrees of MB., Ch.B.:— F. G. THORPE, G. N. W. TILSLEY.
J. M. COTTON:— Final Examination (Part II) for the Degree of B.D.S.
D.- R. BUTLER:-Final Examination (Part II) for the Diploma of L.D.S.
Final Examination (Part I) for the Diploma of L.D.S.:-J. E. BENTALL, B. N. KINGTON, R. R. NALLIAH.
W. H. COLLINS:-Second Examination (Part I and . Part II) for the Diploma of L.D.S.


P. ALLEN, formerly Scholar of Queen's College, Cambridge:-Awarded a Commonwealth Fund Fellowship tenable at an American University for one year.
A. BAKEWELL:-Elected President of the Sheffield Rugby Union Football Club.
J. T. BURDEKIN:-Appointed a Member of the Correspondence Committee on Industrial Hygiene of the International Labour Office.
J. B. CLEGG:-Appointed to the Colonial Service for Economic Affairs in Jamaica.
M. D. COWLEY:-Passed out as First Class Cadet from the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth.
A. GOODwIN, formerly Scholar of Jesus College:-Elected Vice-Principal of Jesus College, Oxford.
H. F. GUITE, formerly Exhibitioner of St. Catharine's College, Cambridge:-Appointed Lecturer in Latin at the University of Manchester.
J. D. HALL:-First Professional Examination (Part I) of the Royal College of Physicians and Royal College of Surgeons (Anatomy and Physiology).
D. V. PEACE:-Passed the Final Examination of the Institute of Chartered Accountants.
J. H. SIMON, formerly Exhibitioner of Magdalen College, Oxford:-Appointed Lecturer in Latin at Cardiff University College.
J. C. STERNDALE-BENNETT:-Appointed to the Directing Staff of the Imperial Defence College.
G. W. OGDEN SWIFT:—Ordained Deacon at St. George's Church, Leeds, on Trinity Sunday.
G. W. TORY, formerly Scholar of Queen's College, Cambridge:-Appointed Private Secretary to the High Commissioner for the United Kingdom in Canada.
E. T. WILLIAMS, formerly Scholar of Merton College:-Appointed Tutor for Admission at Balliol College, Oxford.
Solicitors' Final Examination of the Law Society:-F. W. COLQUHOUN, D. K. GRIFFITH.
Final Professional Examinations of the Royal College of Physicians and Royal College of Surgeons:--J. P. E. BALBIRNIE (Pathology), R. G. BALL (Pathology), J. A. GRIFFITHS (Surgery, Medicine), J. D. HOWARD (Pathology), J. W. SARJANT (Pathology).

Music Club

AT the time of going to press there have been no official meetings of the Music Club, owing to the finals and semi-finals of the music prize competitions being held on various evenings: We have, however, had good - success with three concerts held on Fridays at 1.30 p.m., the object being to put forward the competitors for the music prizes.

The first concert was a vocal one at which songs were sung by the "broken voice" competitors, I. Fells, P. D. Robinson, T. W. Turner and H. R. Windle, and the winner of this prize, H. F. Oxer. G. E. Nutter and P. Swain, the winners of the unbroken voice competition, also sang. At the second concert, P. G. Dickens and B. D. Mills played the violin, F. D. Kirkham the piano, B. P. Fisher, the winner of the competition, played the clarinet, and D. H. B. Andrews and D. G. Armytage played a charming sonata for two flutes.

J. Pountney_ , A. M. Suggate and D. H. Thorpe, were the pianists in the third concert, G. A. Shepherdson the violinist, and P. W. Cross was a wonderful exponent of that strange instrument, the euphonium, from which we heard the greatest warmth and depth of tone one could possibly imagine.

This term we have instituted a borrowing fee of two-and-sixpence on the record library, enabling us to make additions to the library and at the same time keeping a check on the number of borrowers. The Club urgently needs new members, as the present members are mostly sixth-formers who will be leaving at the end of this term.

A. B. S.

International Discussion Group

WE have held only four meetings in this very short "examination term," but lack of quantity was no bar to good quality; this is in no way due to the fact that we heard no members' papers this session.

We welcomed back for our first meeting Mr. Buckroyd, who formerly decorated this office. Mr. Buckroyd had not long returned from service in the Far East, and gave us a vivid first-hand description of the troubled circumstances in Malaya; we were very glad to see that he had lost none of the sparkle with which he used to brighten our debates.

The following week we had a postponement at short notice, and Mr. Towers very kindly offered to address us on a very current topic: does Russia want war? With a whole host of economic and geographical facts to back his argument, Mr. Towers showed very convincingly that it would be the utmost folly for Russia to go to war with the Western Powers (there was no suggestion, of course, that this is her aim or desire). I would like to thank Mr. Towers for the very useful list of supporting evidence which he gave us to make the argument so very clear; I hope others will follow this good example.

On May 23rd, Mr. Bull, who is one of the leaders in Rotherham of the Crusade for World Government, addressed us on the aims of this movement, and met with a somewhat sceptical reception, for while most of us were in sympathy with the ideals of World Government, many felt that -their plans were too far in -. advance of their practical achievements to be put into operation. (It is interesting to note in regard to this the recently published figures of the " test-case" election in Chelmsford, where only 12.5 per cent. of the canvassed electorate took enough interest to return their ballot papers).

Our final meeting was addressed, very appropriately, by Dr. Magrath, who leaves us at the end of this term. He took as his subject the Channel Islands, of which he is a native, and gave us a living picture of the life, customs and manners of this "our oldest Dominion," illustrated by some delightful stories. We are very grateful to Dr. Magrath for giving us this talk before he goes.

We are losing several long-established members this year; we wish them the best of luck, and hope that they will come back, perhaps to tell us of their travels. To those in the Fifth who are confident of good School Certificate results, I would say that yours is the privilege next term of attending our r meetings; we await you eagerly.


The Library

ALTHOUGH the weather has not been conducive to reading, the number of books borrowed this term has been encouraging. It was decided to open the Library to all forms on Mondays, Tuesdays and Fridays, reserving Thursdays for the Seconds and Thirds. Accommodation has proved adequate and the present arrangements will be continued. Some boys in second sitting of dinner may not be aware that there is a session for them on Thursdays from 12.40 to 1.30.

During the past year many new volumes of general interest have been added to the already considerable display of recent books. These are available to all and should not be neglected. Recently all the Fiction was sorted and at the time of writing six of the ten shelves have been numbered, to enable any particular book to be found more easily. The new method of issue mentioned in the December Magazine has worked exceedingly well and is likely to be instituted for the Transitus and Sixth next term. The renumbering of the Classical Library (in Room 47) in the Dewey series has been completed. R. G. Searle-Barnes on leaving presented The Mission of Greece and The Legacy of Greece, edited by Sir Richard Livingstone. A new volume in the Collins Naturalist series, The Sea Shore by C. M. Yonge, has been presented to the Biology library by the father of T. N. Pearson (O.E.).

We must add our thanks to the Librarians who with their quiet efficiency have added so much to the smooth running of the Library.

B. B.

Cine Club

CLUB activities this term have been devoted almost entirely to preparations for our " big week "-the four showings of Symphony of a City. Posters had to be drawn, a screen painted, gramophone records selected and rehearsed, a commentary composed and typed, and the final re-takes made and edited into the film: the result of more than a year's hard work, and financially, we are pleased to say, a definite success. And here we should like to thank our audiences for their very generous donations. Whether the film is good or not, artistically and cinematically, is not for us to say; we refer you to another page in this Magazine.

To all those, both members of the Club and otherwise, who helped in the presentation of the film, we offer our sincere thanks, and especially to Mr. Brooks for his whole-hearted co-operation with the editing, and for loaning to us his projector, and to Mr. Short who spent many an hour worrying about the background music.

The Club is very unfortunate in losing G. S. Finlayson, who has been Secretary and Chief Cameraman since Kendrick and Wood left the School. His camera work in the steel-works sequence of the film is worthy of comparison with professional work. We wish him every success in his job of Press photographer. P. G. _Mott has been elected the new Secretary, and, judging from examples of his " still " work, he should make an admirable successor to Finlayson as Camera-man.

Meanwhile our next film (third full-length and first story film) is almost at the shooting stage. It is to be made at the Scout summer camp, with the School C Troop. The story ' . . wait and see; or better still, join the Cine Club and help to make it.

J. M. D.

The Wentworth Collection

SOME weeks ago, the Transitus history set had the privilege of being shown round Graves Art Gallery. A few days before our visit on May 17th, the Wentworth Collection of paintings and documents had been opened to the public. The whole collection was of considerable artistic and historical importance. The twenty or so pictures included four Van Dyck originals, portraying King Charles I, his queen, Henrietta Maria, and her three children, and Strafford, the then Earl of Wentworth and Charles's chief minister, who was later beheaded by the Long Parliament. The documents included several from Charles I to ministers, two by Henrietta Maria written by her secretary but with her signature scrawled across. them. The Director of the Graves Art Gallery, Dr. R. H. Seddon, gave us a very interesting talk on the collection, pointing out also a few pictures by English painters of the early eighteenth century, but one had the impression that the Van Dyck paintings far excelled these later pictures. Dr. Seddon added that people from all over Europe had come to see the collection, as it was only being exhibited for a few weeks.


War Memorial Fund

Further contributions have been received from J. Wollerton, B. Wilkinson, B. N. Kington, E. Strange, M. Dawson, Mrs. M. Fulford, E. M. Craig, J. W. Drabble, J. H. M. Dickinson. P. J. Wheatley, Mrs. Hobson.

Sheffield Seventh Club

The Students' Union, Sheffield University.

Dear Sir,

Early this session, the more energetic and less preoccupied Old Edwardians in the precincts of this establishment began to " plug " their ideas of a society for the mutual interest of Old Boys. Eventually the Seventh Club was formed, having a low subscription and high ideals.

Since then our activities have unfortunately been fewer than we had hoped. We held a dinner at the Sir William Hotel, Grindleford—about which hostelry we believe the Upper School is not in complete ignorance. We also had a game of football against your 1st XI, and discovered many muscles long since forgotten. There was little doubt of the result either before, during, or after the match, but we all felt that Mr. Denman, in his excellent display in goal, was unfortunate in the number of times the ball eluded him. It was disappointing that the second match was cancelled, as we had hoped to give a better display-after all, not all the players attended the Union Ball the night before the fixture

During the year our members have thrown themselves into various University sporting activities-notably Messrs. Kay, Wood, Wilson, Tilsley, Coldwell, Collins and Ditchfield; but the proposal that a member be thrown into a University feature has not been carried out—the fountain, alas, is dry.

We look forward to our further contacts with the School, and shall be pleased to welcome those new Old Boys who will join our fraternity next session.

We remain, Sir, yours sincerely,




UNDER Crowe's captaincy, the XI has developed into a very hostile unit. Armytage and Dickens have almost shared the bowling and each, at times, must have wished for more relief, but both have done well. Armytage, frequently venomous with a new ball, prone to over-pitch, but rarely guilty of the long hop, has caused many a good bat to miss the ball, whereas Dickens, two bowlers in one and always most dangerous when pitching well up, has taken many wickets by provoking the unintended shot.

Although occasionally a spectator might have thought that the batting order had been reversed, the team has scored plenty of runs. Keighley, who started the season as though he would finish with an infinite average, has recently, probably owing to ill-health, lost some of his concentration and this has been too generally true of boys who have scored 20 or 30. Dickens's strokes' have gained in power, but he has mislaid temporarily his square cut. It is worth rediscovering, for Whiteley Woods was clearly designed for the shot. Bingham and Prideaux have made useful scores although the latter has too frequently been so lost in appreciation of the stroke as to regard runs and even the ball as irrelevant factors. A last wicket stand of 96 is also worth recording.

The ground fielding has been generally very good. It was unfortunate that everyone had his season's quota of dropped catches in one and the same game, which was not unnaturally lost. Otherwise the catching has been good.

As a Captain, Crowe has been an outstanding success. He has applied his knowledge of tactics shrewdly and he has accurately balanced runs against minutes. He has generally fielded at mid-off, which, by his interpretation, includes all ground between cover's right hand and mid-on's left, and almost nothing has passed him. As a batsman, he has four shots; the drive over the heads of mid-on and mid-off respectively, the blow to square leg and the defensive prod. The first three score four runs each; the fourth has produced many a quick single. By stringing them together, he has changed the course of at least six games. To the other side, such men are dangerous; we have been glad to have him.

W. D. H.


v. Ackworth School, at home, on May 4th.

Ackworth 124 for 6 declared, K.E.S. 67 for 4.

After a very promising start with Dickens taking the first four wickets for 17 runs, the School bowlers let themselves be knocked off a length by a fifth wicket stand which realised 103 runs, and Ackworth declared at 124 for 6. After the early loss of Bingham's wicket had made a win impossible, the School batted out time uneventfully.

v. the Headmaster's XI at Whiteley Woods, on May 11th.

K.E.S. 124. Headmaster's XI 125 for 5.

On a fairly easy wicket the School batsmen let themselves be intimidated by the consistent bowling of Dr. Hargreaves and Mark Barber. Crowe's confidence, which the earlier batsmen had lacked, brought him 30, and the School were all out for 124. This proved to be insufficient and our stronger and more experienced opponents took full advantage of the easy wicket.

v. Nottingham High School, at home, 6n May 14th.

Nottingham H.S. 86. K.E.S. 87 for 1.

Three good catches by Heeley dismissed the first three batsmen for only five runs. Only one batsman withstood the attack of Armytage (six for 19), and Dickens. After tea the School scored slowly but confidently, Keighley batting effortlessly for 47 not out.

v. Wakefield G.S., at Wakefield, On May 21st.

K.E.S. 99 for 4 declared. Wakefield G.S. 38.

The School's early batsmen scored confidently (Dickens 36 not out) but not rapidly. It was left to Mousley, who made 19 in 13 minutes, mostly in welt judged quick singles, to pave the way for a timely declaration. Keen fielding, resulting in catches by Armytage (2), Dickens, Mousley and Bingham, backed up Dickens in a fine spell of bowling, who in 15 overs took 6 wickets for 15 runs. Armytage's wicket in the last over gave the School a well earned victory.

v. Manchester G.S., at Manchester, On May 23rd.

K.E.S. 82. Manchester G.S. 83 for 5.

Keighley and Bingham made a magnificent stand (11/2 hours) against the vicious attack of the two finest pace bowlers we have met this season. Prideaux (11) and Heeley (16) checked a collapse, when 5 wickets had fallen with only four runs being added to the score. Poor fielding by the School threw away the good start made by the School bowlers, who took five wickets for 51 runs.

v. Rotherham G.S., at home, on May. 25th.

Rotherham 121 for 4 declared. K.E.S. 44 for 5.

A rain-soaked pitch and a greasy ball enabled the confident Rotherham batsmen to make runs quickly. The School batted out time on a very unreliable wicket.

v. H. E. Pearson's XI, at Whiteley Woods, on June 7th.

H. E. Pearson's XI 84. K.E.S. 85 for 5.

Against accurate bowling by Dickens (6 for 29) and Armytage (3 for 18), H. E. Pearson's XI were dismissed for 84. Competent batting by Bingham (30) and Prideaux (33), put the School in a winning position, but four quick wickets were lost in adding the necessary 7 runs for a win.

v. Hymer's College, at home, on June 8th. K.E.S. 157. Hymer's College 48.

Six of the first seven School batsmen reached double figures on an easy wicket. An accurate Dickens and a capable Patchett, assisted by two catches by Mousley and others by Dickens and Fletcher made short work of the visitors.

v. University 2nd XI, at home, on June 10th. K.E.S. 149 for 6 declared. University 68.

Good scores by the opening bats including an immaculate 35 by Prideaux and a scintillating 41 by Crowe gave the School an early advantage. Dickens and Armytage had no difficulty in dismissing the 'Varsity in only 18 overs.

v. Repton 2nd XI, at Repton, on June 11th. K.E.S. 104. Repton 78 for 7.

Scoring rapidly on a plumb wicket Bingham (28), Dickens (27), and Crowe (21), gave the School a good start, but none of the other bats reached double figures, and the last 5 wickets added only 23 runs. Repton also made runs quickly in spite of a slow outfield and steady bowling; a draw was a fair result.

v. High Storrs G.S., at High Storrs, on June 15th.

Against accurate bowling the School lost wickets quickly and at teatime the score was 39 for 7, but Crowe (16) and Brown (15) improved the position. High Storrs, in turn, had to struggle for runs, but encouraged by several lapses in the field, took their score from 38 for 7 to 63 before the next wicket fell and finally won a keen game by 1 wicket.

v. Old Edwardians 1st XI, at Whiteley 'Woods, on June 18th.
K.E.S. 174. Old Edwardians 123 for 8.

The first eight of the School's bats were dismissed by remarkably accurate medium-pace bowling for only 74. Gill followed at 78, and then Heeley was joined by Armytage in a display of hitting, lusty if a little injudicious at times. Heeley survived half-a-dozen or so appeals for l.b.w. to make 48, while Armytage made 52 not out, the highest score of the season. In all the partnership put on 96 for the last wicket. Dickens then took his usual six wickets, three of them in a three-wicket maiden, later to have three sixes hit off consecutive balls, before the offender was well caught on the boundary by Gill.


THE Second XI has so far had an unsatisfactory season. Only four matches have been played, of which one has been won.

The match at Nottingham ended in a draw, owing to the fact that the home team batted far too long. With more time the School would probably have won. Against Wakefield we lost our first five wickets for only 20 runs, but then an opportune innings of 32 by Everitt raised the score to a respectable total. When Wakefield lost three quick wickets we were confident of victory, but gradually the batsman gained the ascendancy and in the end we were well beaten.

The team had a comfortable victory over the Junior Technical School First XI, but against the Old Edwardians Second XI we were outclassed. The XI has had no stars, although the steady bowling of Patchett, and Everitt's wicket-keeping, are to be commended. The batting has been in and out, no player being able to make more than one reasonable score.


May 14th Nottingham H.S. 2nd XI 113. K.E.S. 80 for 5.
May 21st K.E.S. 123. for 7. Wakefield G.S. 2nd XI 124
June 11th K.E.S. 89. Junior Technical 1st XI 73.
June 18th K.E.S. 44. Old Edwardians 2nd XI 45 for 2.



SINCE the first match against Nottingham High School the team has shown a marked improvement, particularly in the running between the wickets and in the keenness of the fielding, the most creditable performance being the victory over High Storrs. The Captain, S. R. Needham, has led his team very efficiently and, although he has only found his batting form in the last two matches, his bowling and fielding have always been an example to the rest of the team. The most successful batsman has been G. E. Downend, his best being 53 not out against Rotherham G.S., while A. Thomas, A. V. Vincent and S. C. Tiddy have all given a very good account of themselves. In general, the bowling has not been so impressive as the batting, but Tiddy, Cousins, and Downend have all done well, while Staniforth, who only played against the Gregg School, shows great promise. Other boys who have played during the season without being quite so outstanding as those already mentioned, have nevertheless played their part commendably as members of the team; they are J. Weston, R. D. Clarke, C. Preston, R. G. Armytage, K. `2. Whittaker, R. G. Phillips, A. C. H. Thomas and B. G. Hall. We look forward to victory in our last two games and then to the time when many of the team will find themselves playing for one of the senior XI's.


K.E.S. 83, Nottingham High School 84 for 6. Lost by 4 wickets.

K.E.S. 100 for 9 declared, Junior Technical School 2nd XI 37 for 0. Drawn.

K.E.S. 114 for 6 declared, Rotherham G.S. 109 for 4. Drawn.

High Storrs G.S. 72, K.E.S. 75 for 8. Won by 2 wickets.

Gregg School 23, K.E.S. 24 for 1. Won by 9 wickets.

W. O. C.


As this team contains a solid nucleus from the very successful Junior School XI of two years ago, much was expected of it from the beginning of the season. In the main, it has fulfilled these expectations. The bowling has been good, and Howarth, as Captain, has used the varied resources at his command with intelligence; the batting has usually been solid, and Smith, as opening batsman, has never failed to give a good start to the innings.

The fielding has been adequate, without showing the quality it should. A team with such experience should, one feels, show a keener appreciation of the angles at which the ball is running, and, in consequence, a livelier anticipation. These faults were shown up very much after a comparative failure of the batsman against Mount St. Mary's. The team has usually shown itself capable of pulling together in a crisis, and it is to be hoped that, following on this chastening experience, it will show its resolution by winning the remaining matches.


v. Nottingham High School (h). Won by 4 wkts.

v. Junior Technical School Juniors (h). Won by 77 runs.
v. Rotherham G.S. (a). Won by 7 wkts.
v. Mount St. Mary's College (a). Lost by 6 wkts.



T HE standard of Athletics in the School is undoubtedly rising; this year has been, perhaps, the most successful ever, and the large quantity of good material among the younger boys promises well for future years. The Cross Country team was certainly the strongest for many years, beginning the season by defeating High Storrs, away, and finishing by carrying off the Northern Schools Trophy at Manchester, with a total of only 37 points.

In 1945, the School was placed second at this meeting, being narrowly beaten by Rossall, but this is the first time we have won the Cup. I would emphasise that this victory was due solely to good packing; Manchester Grammar School, who were placed second with 82 points, failed largely because their fourth man was 48th, although their first three men were in the first twenty. Let future teams take notice of this! Our individual placings were: 1st D. C. Law; 6th, C. J. Richardson; 12th, M. Millward; 18th, J. B. Crowe. Crowe was perhaps the biggest surprise of all; he pulled out a tremendous reserve of stamina from somewhere, and ran better than ever before in his life. Both he and Millward finished very tired, having apparently put their last ounce of energy into the finish. Richardson was expected to finish well up, and fulfilled expectations, and the next two, Needham and Oxer, both ran very well. In fact everyone in the team ran as if inspired, putting up unexpectedly good performances. Of these six, as far as we know, only two are leaving this term, Law and Crowe; the remaining four would have won the Cup on their performances alone, so we hope to see the Cup remain in Sheffield for at least one more year.

Full Cross Country Colours were re-awarded to C. J. Richardson, and awarded to M. Millward and J. B. Crowe.

The Athletics team has also had its share of success; in a triangular match against Repton and Shrewsbury at Repton on March 22nd, the School was placed second to Shrewsbury, by half a point. This was a good performance, as Shrewsbury is one of the strongest athletic schools in the country. Richardson won the 880 yards in 2 min. i5-i/5 sec.; Furniss won the Long jump with 19 ft. 4 in., and also the Shot Put; Dobbs won the Javelin (134 ft. 7 in.) and Law won the Mile (4 min. 51-1/5 sec.). In the High Jump, Armytage was placed second, and Stanfield third. Hydes was second in the 440 yards, and Barber third in the Shot Put. The School won the most events, but lost points heavily in the 880 yards Relay. This was the last event, and when it started, K. E. S. was ahead on points; but Shrewsbury won it, Repton came second, and K. E. S. a close third, making the final scores: Shrewsbury 38, King Edward's 37.5, Repton 24.5.

Four representatives of the School went to the London Athletic Club School Sports at White City on April 22nd and 23rd. The standard at this meeting was the highest since 1939, as they found to their cost. In the 100 yards Furniss ran well but was eliminated in the second round, and Hydes was eliminated in the heats of the 440 yards. Richardson and Law reached the finals of the Three-quarter Mile Steeplechase and One Mile respectively, but failed to gain places, Richardson being sixth, after losing a good deal of ground at the last Water Jump, and Law being fourth.

The Northern Schools Sports have not been held this year, as we understand the Manchester Athletic Club has had difficulty in fitting in all its own fixtures, owing to track improvements which were not completed until the end of May.

Once again we were fortunate in having fine weather for our own Sports, which were held at Whiteley Woods on April 9th. The prizes were presented by the Lady Mayoress (Mrs. W. E. Yorke) and the Lord Mayor was also present. The best performance of the afternoon was put up by Furniss, when he won the loo yards on a soft track, in 10-4/5 sec., which equalled the existing School record; if the track had been harder he would have broken the record easily. Furniss also came within 1/5 sec. of the record in the 220 yards, and, on his usual form, should have broken the records in the Long Jump and Shot Put; 17 ft. 10.5 in. is far less than his best performance in this event. He and Law were once again Champion Athletes. Law won the 440 yards, 880 yards, One Mile, and Cross Country. Other points of interest were the Senior Relay Race, which was the best for many years, and the Under 12 events, where the standard of competition was encouragingly high.

D.C. L.

The Standard Sports were held in March, when we were unfortunately handicapped by bad weather. As a result, not very much time was available and the averages of the Houses were not quite as good as had been expected. This year the Second Forms did their standards on the School Close, thus relieving some of the congestion at Whiteley Woods.

Results: (Maximum, 4 per boy) 1. Sherwood 1.920. 2. Arundel 1.784. 3. Welbeck 1.595. 4. Chatsworth and Wentworth 1.575. 6. Haddon 1.395. 7. Clumber 1.299. 8. Lynwood 0.995

Thanks are due to those who assisted in various capacities, as recorders, judges, and in other ways.

V. J. W.

Athletic Sports, 1949

80 YARDS (Under 12): 1st-Heritage, G. R.; 2nd-Ritson; D.; 3rd-Rook, J. V. Time: 11-I/5 sec.

100 YARDS (Open): 1st-Furniss, W. S.; 2nd-Stanfield, M. J.; 3rd-Swallow, D. W. Time: 10-1/5 sec. equals existing School record. (14-16): 1st-Foster, B. H.; 2nd-Thorpe, J. W.; 3rd-Nixon, W. R D. Time: 11-2/5 sec.
(12-14): 1st-Dobson, J. B.; 2nd---Williamson, D.; 3rd-Goddard, G. Time: 13 sec.

150 YARDS (Under 12): 1st-Allen, D. P.; 2nd-Heritage, G. R.; 3rd-Rooks, j. V. Time: 19-3/5 sec.

220 YARDS (Open): 1st-Furniss, W. S.; 2nd-Swallow, D. W.; 3rd-Gill, H. S. Time: 22-2/5 sec.
(14-16): 1st-Foster, B. H.; 2nd-Nixon, W. R. D.; 3rd-Thorpe, j. W. Time 24-1/5 sec.
(12-14): 1st Johnson, M. A. R.; 2nd-Williamson, D. 3rd-Dobson, J. B. Time: 27 sec.

QUARTER MILE (Open): 1st-Law, D. C.; 2nd-Hydes, J. D. D.; 3rd-Needham, R. W. Time: 56-2/5 sec.
(14-16): 1st—Rothnie, N. U.; 2nd-Mills, B. D.; 3rd-Lamb, R. Time 63-2/5 sec.

HALF-MILE (Open): 1st-Law, D. C.; 2nd-Richardson, C. J.; 3rd-Hunt. L. J. Time: 2 min. 18-3/5 sec.

ONE MILE (Open): 1st-Law, D. C.; 2nd-Richardson, C. J.; 3rd-Hunt, L. J. Time: 4 min. 57-2/5 sec.

HALF-MILE (Handicap):        1st-Gregory, R. B.; 2nd—Higginbotham, A.

120 YARDS HURDLES (Open): 1st-Stanfield, M. J.; 2nd—Marr, H. S. Time: 18 sec.

HIGH JUMP (Open): 1st-Stanfield, M. j.; Armytage, D. G.; 3rd-Jackson, I. S. R. Height: 5 ft. 1.5 in.
(14-16): 1st-Armytage, R. G.; 2nd-Thornton, M. H.; 3rd Jones, I. H. Height 4 ft. 5.5 in.
(12-14): 1st-Williamson, D.; 2nd-Keeling. P. J.; 3rd-Booth, K. L. Height: 4 ft. 0.5 in.
(Under 12): 1st-Heritage, G. R.: 2nd-Allen. D. P. Height: 3 ft. 11 in.

LONG JUMP (Open): 1st-Furniss, W. S.; 2nd-Mousley, A. A.; 3rd-Stanfield, M. J. Length: 17 ft. 10.5 in.
(14-16): 1st—Shaw, J. R.; 2nd-Mills, B. D.; 3rd Jones, I. H. Length 15 ft. 3 in.
(12-14): 1st-Goddard, G.; 2nd-Robinson, D. R.; 3rd-Wortley, M. Length: 13 ft. 10.5 in.
(Under 12): 1st—Ritson, D.; 2nd-Allen, D. P.; 3rd-Heritage, G. R. Length 13 ft. 1 in.

PUTTING THE WEIGHT: 1st-Furniss, W. S.; 2nd-Barber, J. D.; 3rd-Dobbs, W. G. Distance: 36 ft. 1 in.

THROWING THE JAVELIN: 1st-Dobbs, W. G.; 2nd-Armytage, D. G. 3rd Jackson, I. S. R. Distance: 129 ft. 2 in.

THROWING THE DISCUS: 1st-Barber, J. D.; 2nd-Jackson, I. S. R.; 3rd-Marsh, G. B. Distance: 91 ft. 3 in.

SACK RACE (Over 12): 1st-Clarke, R. D.; 2nd-Marsh, A. E.; 3rd-Smith, B.
(Under 12): 1st-Grant, D. M.; 2nd-Harrison, I. D.; 3rd-Knowles, P. F.

OBSTACLE RACE (Over 12): 1st-Weston, J.; 2nd-Goddard, G.
(Under 12): 1st--Parker, B.; 2nd-Grant, D. M.

RELAY RACE (Over 14): 1st-Clumber; 2nd-Haddon; 3rd—Chatsworth.
(Under 14): 1st-Arundel; 2nd-Haddon; 3rd—Sherwood.

TUG-OF-WAR (Over 14): 1st-Sherwood; 2nd-Haddon.
(Under 14): 1st-Haddon; 2nd-Clumber.

CROSS COUNTRY RACE (Over 14): Sherwood;
(Under 14) Clumber.

CHAMPION ATHLETES: Furniss, W. S. and Law, D. C.


1 Clumber   414.5 points  5 Chatsworth   325 points
2 Sherwood    402.5  6 Lynwood     276
3 Haddon        358   7 Welbeck     243
4 Arundel        345    8 Wentworth 200



THIS term's programme really started at the beginning of the Easter holidays, when a number of the Troop commenced on the decoration of the Troop Den behind the Central Commercial College. The walls remain rough, having been cemented but not plastered. However, the place is finished for the moment in a tasteful(?) colour scheme of yellow and green. Den meetings have continued in spite of repeated renderings of" Simple Simon " and "John Brown and his little Indians," on our gramophone. Drake and Cliffe have now gained their First Class badges, and we hope that by the time this is in print Kaye, May, and Maddison will have followed suit. The Under-I5 section earned £ 15 during "Bob-a-Job " week, and we have now bought lots of Pioneering tackle with the profits, in preparation for the Summer Camp at East Harling, in Norfolk we hope to do some bridge-building there.

Twenty-nine members of the Troop attended the St. George's Day parade at the City Hall. Patrol Leaders Smith, Howarth and Williamson afterwards received a letter of congratulation from the D.S.M. on their bearing of the Divisional -Colours.

The Troop visited the 180th to see their show, " Meet the Gang," which was thoroughly enjoyed by all. We welcome J. Nutter, our ex-Troop Leader, back as A.S.M. The Seniors are now being run by acting A.S.M. Jacobs, following the resignation of A.S.M. Hemingway due to pressure of work. Good luck to both the new Scouters. Troop Leader Jackson has been running the Troop meetings to a large extent this term owing to the absence of Scouters, and running them very well too. This Whitsuntide the camps were run by Patrol Leaders. The combined Peewits and Foxes held their camp at Green ,Moor, under Troop Leader Jackson, and the Hawks and Curlews at Hesley Wood, under Patrol Leader Smith. The camps were very happy, though visiting Scouters thought that the meal times were a little unorthodox.

Past members of the Troop will be sorry to hear that the Antelope Patrol has now been disbanded. Our ideal number is four Patrols of seven. We are over strength at the moment, so no recruits can be accepted for "B" Troop until further notice.


1st XI 1948-49
L. May, P. Mayor, D. Parnham, Mr. P. J. Wallis, K. R. Heeley, D. W. Keighley, R. W. Needham
I. S. R. Jackson, J. B. Crowe, W. S. Furniss (Capt.), P. K. Fletcher, A. A. Mousley


THE School is lucky this year in having a number of outstanding swimmers-Parnham, who has broken the 100 yards free-style record; Marsh, who has broken his own breast-stroke record; Round, who has broken the 14-16 back-stroke record; and the Sherwood team, who have broken the senior Relay record.

Apart from inter-school matches, Parnham, Bradshaw and Sussams have been awarded their Yorkshire colours for swimming in an inter-counties gala against the Midland Counties. Yorkshire won almost every event.

In the Sheffield Schools Championships, on June 16th, Parnham was 1st and Round 2nd in the 100 yards back-stroke; Parnham 1st and Bennett 3rd in the 100 yards free-style; Fairest 1st and Sussams 2nd in the 100 yards breast-stroke; and Sussams 3rd in the senior Diving competition.

We are looking forward to an excellent Swimming Sports on July 1st. As results have already shown, the School has an excellent all-round team, diving, perhaps, being the only weakness. So we have every chance of maintaining our unbeaten position. We have already had five successes in school matches, and are looking forward to more.

J. E. S.


Water Polo v. Sheffield University, 25th May. Won 1-0. Scorer, Bradshaw.

Seniors' match v. Bootham School, 21st June.

100 yards free-style: 1st Parnham, 3rd Bennett. 50 yards free-style: 1st Bradshaw, 3rd Sussams. So yards back-stroke: 1st Parnham, 3rd Round. So yards breast-stroke: 1st Marsh, 3rd Fairest. Four-man relay: (Marsh, Bennett, Sussams, Bradshaw) won. Medley relay: (Fairest, Round, Parnham) lost. Diving: 2nd Taylor. K.E.S. won 23-18.

Juniors' match v. Bootham School, 21st June.

50 yards free-style: 1st Hollingworth, 2nd Allen. So yards back-stroke: 1st Round, 2nd Hallas. 50 yards breast-stroke 1st Ditchfield, 2nd Cornthwaite. Relay (Allen, Shaw, Hilton, Hollingworth) won. Diving: 2nd Taylor. K.E.S. won 23-8.

Seniors' match v. Leeds Grammar School, 25th June.

100 yards free-style: 1st Parnham, 3rd Bennett. 66-2,3 yards free-style: 1st Sussams, 2nd Bradshaw. 66-2/3 yards breast-stroke: 1st Marsh, 2nd Kalman. 66-2,;3 yards back-stroke: 1 st Parnham, 2nd Round. Relay (Marsh, Bradshaw, Sussams, Parnham) won. Diving: 3rd Cole. Plunge: 2nd Round. K.E.S. won 38-20.

Water Polo:     Won 7-1 (scorers, Parnham, Sussams, Bradshaw).

Juniors' match v. Leeds Grammar School, 25th June.

66-2/3 yards free-style: 1st Rothnie, 2nd Hollingworth. 66-2;'3 yards breast-stroke: 1st Ditchfield, 3rd Cornthwaite. 66-2/3 yards back-stroke: 1st Round, 2nd Hallas. Relay (Allen, Shaw, Hilton, Hollingworth) won. Diving: 2nd Taylor. K.E.S. won 27-13.

Water Polo:
House Senior League Competition.

    P. W. L. D. Pts.
1. Sherwood 7 7 0 0 14
2. Chatsworth 7 5 2 0 10
5. Haddon 7 2 5 0 4
6. Clumber 7 1 5 1 3
8. Lvnwood 7 1 6 0 2


House Competition: 1st Sherwood, 2nd Clumber.

Champion Swimmer: D. Parnham.

Records: D. Parnham, 3 lengths Free-Style, 61.3 sec.; G. B. Marsh, 2 lengths Breast-Stroke, 48 sec.; B. Round, 1 length Back-Stroke 14-16, 21.4 sec.; Senior Relay, Sherwood, 76.2 sec.

House Notes


That enigma of the cricketing world, the Arundel 1st XI, has once again contrived to perform its annual double, namely to maintain a position precariously near to the bottom of the League table and to arrive again at the Knock-out Final, skilfully guided by Dickens. Jennings. with an unsettled 2nd XI, has done better, but here, as in Athletics, it is to the colts of the 3rd XI that we must look for present success and hope for the future. The younger Fells and his enthusiastic team are well in the running for their League Cup. It is not too late, we are sure, to thank Johnson and our other promising runners. who, by winning the Junior Relay, placed us amongst the leaders in the Athletic Sports last term   May, with Bradshaw back in his team, is confident that we shall vanquish the redoubtable Sherwood when, for the second year in succession, we meet them in the Water Polo Knock-out final during the Swimming Sports.

How shall we say goodbye to our Headmaster, Dr. Magrath? We cannot; he has presided so long over our affairs that the one has become part of the other. And while there remains in the House one boy who can remember him, his benign influence will be in everything Arundel thinks and does; all our good wishes go with him. Finally, we must say goodbye to our good friend, and pianist, Miss Knight; also to Windle and all the others who are going out into the world. We are happy that May will be with us for a further term.


In both the fields of scholarship and sport the House this term has acquitted itself with distinction. We offer our congratulations to Searle-Barnes on gaining the top Classical Scholarship at New College, and Palmer on his Scholarship at the Queen's College, Oxford. Law again excelled himself in the Athletic Sports; we congratulate him on retaining his position of co-champion athlete. In spite of this fine example, however, the general apathy of the House in both the Standard and Athletic Sports lost us the trophy and degraded us to the low position of fifth. The 1st Water Polo team has done well under the captaincy of D. G. Brooke, having lost only two games out of seven. Their final position in the League was second equal. As was expected they gave Sherwood a good game in the first round of the Knock-out, unfortunately losing 5-3. In the Swimming Sports heats the junior Relay team has reached the final and we must congratulate Round on breaking the 14-16 one-length back-stroke record  The cricket teams' performances have been very good and with a little more good fortune their success might well have been exceptional. All three elevens will finish high up in the respective Leagues with a possibility of the 1st XI finishing top. This success can be attributed to the inspiration of the captains and to a general keenness which has not been apparent in previous seasons ... Gill and Law are both leaving at the end of the term, creating a vacuum which will be difficult to fill. To these and all others who are leaving we extend our thanks and best wishes for the future. Finally we would wish to thank all those who have faithfully represented the House in School teams and all those who have given of their best to the House and have not been thanked.


Our most outstanding effort since last term's notes were written is probably the Athletic Sports: in these we did well and won the House Trophy. This term we have mainly been concerned with Water Polo or Cricket. In the former we have not been prominent although the first team succeeded in reaching the Knock-out semi-final after a replay. In cricket also our success has not been conspicuous, but the games have always been enjoyable and sometimes exciting. The 1st XI's bowling, especially of Wynne-Jones and Patchett, has been menacing and the general fielding usually excellent; we should finish up in a satisfactory position. The 2nd and 3rd XIs under Swallow and Crowder have played well but again are not among the leaders of their tables; however, there is a most promising array of junior talent with both bat and ball. In the Knock-out, aided by Crowe and J. B. Brown, we were very hopeful of success. but slipped up, allowed Arundel's tail to collect sixty valuable runs and then failed to make the necessary ninety-nine. So our recent activities have been pleasurable rather than effective, and we must rest on the laurels won in the Cross-country, the Sports and the 3rd XI Football League. We congratulate Crowe on being appointed School Captain of Cricket; his lap in the Sports relay and his vain but valiant innings in the Knock-out will sweeten our memories of the year. May we in conclusion wish him and those others who are leaving the very best of luck and hope to see them again from time to time.


In the Athletic Sports, Haddon, ably led by W. S. Furniss and well supported by other less famous members of the House, did well to be placed third. Furniss is again to be congratulated on being joint Champion Athlete for the second year in succession, and equalling the record for the Open 100 yards, and Dobbs on winning the Javelin. The cricket season has not been so fruitful. All our House teams are at the bottom of their respective

Leagues, and only the 2nd XI have succeeded in winning a game. However, the Knock-out XI, strengthened by the inclusion of Keighley and Mousley, have reached the final of the competition. The House swimming has not been at all successful, although we have several younger members who promise well for the future. The Water Polo team did well to finish 4th in the League, in spite of some very strong opposition. In the Knock-out they were extremely unlucky to lose to Arundel, one of the finalists, by the only goal scored. At the end of this term we must say an unwilling farewell to our House Captain, W. S. Furniss. For three years he has led the House keenly and competently and has set an excellent example to the younger members of the House. He is going into the forces and then to Sheffield University, where we hope he will be even more successful in his scholastic and athletic activities.


At the end of the proceedings of Sports Day we found ourselves placed eighth, after having been at the top for a considerable part of the afternoon. Dobson and Allen, two very promising young sprinters, and Foster, were our most successful runners. On the cricket field we have shown our usual consistency, and all our teams are favourably placed. The 1st XI, after a very good start to the season, unfortunately bowed to Chatsworth, and now stand second in the League. Heeley and Mayor are batting well, Charles and Mayor have had most success with the ball, and Wallace has been an efficient stumper. The 2nd Xl, again led by J. R. Nutter, has played extremely well, and is top of the League. Rippon has shone with the bat, but the real secret of their success is the all-round ability of the team. We hope they will keep up the good work, and bring the cup back to Lynwood. The 3rd XI is quite reasonably placed, but a spate of drawn matches has probably cost them the chance of being placed top. High lights of their games have been the batting of J. S. Smith and the phenomenal bowling of Dobson (21 wickets for 16 runs). The 1st Water Polo team finished at the bottom of the table, matches against Clumber alone lifting the gloom of continuing defeat. We hope to do much better in the Swimming Sports, however, where our Junior Relay team-Hilton, Twyford, Spir and Laycock—have an excellent chance of winning the Jackson Cup. Also, the best of luck to our finalists, Kalman, Clarke, Hilton and Twyford. To Foster and Hulley, who left at Easter, and to any who may be leaving at the end of this term, we wish the best of luck in the future.


The House has maintained its high standard in every form of sport this term. At the end last term the House was placed second in the Athletic Sports. Richardson in the Mile and Half-Mile, Millward in the Mile, and Stanfield in the 100 yards, High jump, and 120 yards Hurdles, gave outstanding performances. We are fortunate in having all these staying on next year. This term, although we were knocked out in the first round of the Knock-out Competition, the first XI is at the moment first equal in their League. But Sherwood's talent is showing itself most in the Swimming sphere. The Senior Relay team has beaten the record by 2-3'5 seconds. We are glad to see that the team included a very promising young swimmer, J. F. Marshall. Parnham is to be congratulated on winning the finals of the 100 and 200 yards free-style races. In the 100 yards, he knocked 2,5 sec. off the record. Marsh, the Swimming Captain, is to be congratulated on leading the House swimmers so capably. Under his leadership the Water Polo 1st team won the League, and have reached the final of the Knock-out.

Unfortunately several stalwarts of the House are leaving this term. Parnham, Marsh, Armytage, Cross, are but four of those to whom we must say goodbye and good luck.


Hopes of increasing the number of House trophies in our possession seem to be rapidly diminishing. The 1st and 3rd XIs have not been quite as successful as the 2nd XI, who are second in their League with a chance of gaining first place. They rather feel the loss of Staniforth—a very promising spin bowler-to the 1st XI. The batting of the 1 st XI is inconsistent and we have sadly missed Haxton, to whom we wish a speedy recovery from his illness. We again quickly made our exit from the Knock-out competition at the hands of our old rivals of last year. There are a number of good cricketers in the two other elevens, so we may look forward to greater success in the future ... Wenninger is leading the swimming of the House with much energy but little success at Water Polo. We wish the best of luck to Marchinton, the Head of the House and Football Captain, when he leaves at the end of this term.


This term we were pleased to welcome Mr. W. O. Clarke as assistant House Tutor. On the cricket field the House has met with varying fortune; the elimination of the Knock-out XI in the semi-final was a little disappointing. In the League the 1st XI has shown promise which has not always been fulfilled, but the younger members of the side should benefit from their experience. Vigour rather than success has characterised the performances of the 2nd and 3rd XIs. One pleasing feature has been the strong representation of the House in the Under 15 and Under 14 XIs. J. S. Bingham, whom we congratulate on being awarded his Cricket Colours, K. Heeley and J. E. Prideaux have been regularly selected for the School 1st XI. In Swimming the Water Polo team did well to obtain second place in the League; they were unfortunate to have so strong a team as Sherwood in opposition. Fairest, Cole and Ditchfield, have represented the School, while J. E. Sussams was appointed School Swimming Captain, a merited honour. Useful points have been gained in the heats for the Sports. J. E. Sussams also gained his Yorkshire Swimming Colours. L. J. Hunt has achieved the distinction of winning the Akroyd Scholarship. The Parents' Prizes for Natural History and Handicraft, and one of the Singing prizes, have been awarded to members of the House. Our best wishes to those who are leaving this July. Next term we shall have the benefit of the experience of several seniors to help us in our bid for championship honours.



1. Chatsworth 3 1 3 9
  Lynwood 4 2 1 9
  Sherwood 3 1 3 9
  Welbeck 3 1 3 9
5. Arundel 3 3 1 7
6. Haddon   2 3 2 6
  Clumber 2 4 1 5
8 Wentworth 0 5 2 2
3RD XI        
1 Arundel 4 1 2 10
1 1 Lynwood 3 0 4 10
3. Clumber 2 0 5 9
4. Chatsworth 2 1 4 8
5. Welbeck 1 2 4 6
6. Wentworth 1 3 3 5
7. Haddon 0 3 4 4
  Sherwood 0 3 4 4

Play-offs: 1st XI, Chatsworth beat Sherwood; 2nd XI, semi-finals, Sherwood beat Chatsworth, Lynwood beat Welbeck; 3rd XI, Arundel beat Lynwood.


ALTHOUGH only recently formed, the Tennis Club is already one of the most popular of the School clubs. It is open to the Staff, Sixth, Transitus and Fifth, and has over fifty members at present. It is hoped that the new Fifth Form will fill the gaps left when some of the senior members leave.

A singles and a doubles knock-out tournament have been organised, and both are now reaching the closing stages. Since we have no courts of our own, selecting a team has been difficult, and has mainly been based on tournament results. We are hoping to hire some courts shortly, however.

On June 18th, a team of non-cricketers had a pleasant game against the Bolehills Park A team. Since none of our pairs had ever played before, it is not surprising that we were beaten by 7 rubbers to 2. We hope to give a better display when we play them again with a full-strength team in the near future.

On Friday, June 24th, the Staff provided the opposition in an enjoyable match at Whiteley Woods. We were unable to book courts for the whole evening, and at present the score is 3-2, with a win for the School quite possible. We are looking forward to a match with Rustlings juniors shortly, which will probably conclude this season's events.


The A.R.P. Reunion Puzzle

AT the beginning of the war, an A.R.P. post was set up in the village of Little Pudlington, which consisted of five members, Messrs. Black, Brown, Green, Grey and White. The professions of these gentlemen were butcher, baker, chemist, grocer, and civil servant (not necessarily respectively).

After the war had ended, these gentlemen decided to hold a weekly reunion at " Ye Olde Flynte and Crowne," which was the local public house, and used liberally by all. Apart from refreshment reasons, this was the most convenient place as next door lived Mr. White and nearby was Mr. Grey's shop which was opposite to the chemist's shop and next door to the baker. Also close by was Mr. Black's shop, opposite to the church.

Here they organised a billiards championship, in which Mr. Black beat the chemist and the baker beat Mr. Brown in the first round, and Mr. Black beat the baker in the final.

What was the civil servant's name?

WARNING: A classicist, when first confronted with this puzzle, made the following assumptions, the reasoning of which non sequitur: (a) that the five buildings (other than the public house and the church) mentioned directly or indirectly in the second paragraph are distinct; (b) that, since five people apparently organised the billiards championship, all five, in some mysterious way, took part in it.

(How can any five buildings not be " distinct," except possibly to a, mathematician after a reunion?-CLASSICIST.

Well, you know what we mean. Do you?

Naturally, ex hypothesei.

Non sequitur. However, it doesn't matter; the answer is obviously . . . but perhaps some mathematicians may like to work it out with a slide rule.)

Answer to the Elephant Puzzle, in the last issue: the tug-of-war was won by the father, his weight being 10 tons, Sinbad's was 4 tons, and his sister's 5 tons.


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