No. 10



The Young Idea

THE young schoolboy is, at heart, a simple creature. He has a supreme confidence in his own future, which does not begin to waver until the cares of responsibility are upon him. Perhaps this self-assurance is strengthened by his contact with the older, wiser, but immeasurably sadder, representatives of the Upper School, and the natural reaction of postponing for as long as possible his elevation to such a sober company. For the secret behind the happy disposition of youth is its ability to take its pleasures light-heartedly and avoid the dreadful earnestness of "age " at leisure.

Not that youth is free to choose its pastimes; it is, in fact, the slave of tradition, or the changing traditions of a scientific age. But even science has, so far, not been able to destroy the influence of " season "-the right time for the right game-possibly because snow in summer, and horse-chestnuts in spring, remain the unrealisable attractions of a dim and distant future. Meanwhile our youngsters are the willing servants of an urge similar, in some ways, to that which makes a bird change its plumage to suit the season.

If the weather obliges, the beginning and end of the year are devoted to the art of snowballing. To ensure the preservation of the School building there is a rule that missiles shall be projected away from the precincts; but when some senior, sporting a prefect's tie, is passing, it is possible to detect a misunderstanding in the mind of the young that the regulation has been temporarily relaxed. When called on for an explanation, the young gentleman will admit, with his habitual composure, that his sense of direction was perhaps at fault, but stoutly deny that the abrupt meeting of snowball and unprotected ear was anything other than an unfortunate coincidence.

The deciding factor of" season," however, is not always the weather. There are other pursuits, such as the flying of paper aeroplanes, which rely on the enterprise of individuals for their annual reappearance. To ensure the success of such a venture it is desirable that several persons of strong character shall devote their united efforts to attracting the interest of their fellows; a little hard work at the beginning is amply rewarded by the awe-inspiring sight of a Close completely covered with planes of all shapes and sizes, all of course conscientiously recovered by their owners when enthusiasm wanes.

On one particular lethal weapon in the possession of youth at large, science has bestowed all the necessary refinements to increase its efficiency to a maximum. The idea of employing a concentrated jet of water for hostile purposes is not new; but its application has been enormously extended by the invention of a projector containing between fifty and seventy-five shots, with a tremendous range of fire. Unfortunately it is not easy to persuade minds that should be receptive to ideas that there is a time and place for everything, more particularly that a school corridor is not the ideal scene for a battle-royal with water-pistols.

Nature comes into its own again in the autumn, season of " mellow fruitfulness " and horse-chestnuts. The changing years have not diminished the appeal of the "conker," and many is the crash of shattered veteran on stony ground that has punctuated the accompanying shout of victory. So strong a hold has this ancient sport on the student mind that stolid members of the Classical Sixth have been observed in the not-so-distant past sampling its delights. The more mercenary of young and old have found the chestnut market a fruitful source of income.

There is one pastime that is not subject to the seasonal wane, but which has nevertheless suffered a blow to its prestige-if we are to place any credence in the recent report that the grand old game of " shove-ha'penny "-twentieth century version, not as played in the rustic atmosphere of the English inn-has been reduced, since the devaluation of the sterling exchange rate, to " shove-farthing."

It is customary for age, in its more benevolent moments, to turn a tolerant eye upon the antics of youth at play, if at other times it comments rather sourly on the declining standards and laments the passing of a more restrained era. But the sharp tongue and admonishing finger disguise an envy and wistfulness for a zest that is lost. Happy, happy youth, enjoy your day the way ahead leaves little time for levity.


School Notes

WE welcome to the Staff the following new members: Mr. W. R. Fraser, M.A. Glasgow (Modern Languages), Mr. G. Hood, M.A. Oxon (English), Mr. W. K. Mace, B.Sc., Sheffield (Mathematics), and Mr. D. J. Wilson, M.A. Oxon (Classics).

The following are Prefects: G. C. Garlick (Head Prefect), W. N. Adsetts, T. Buchan. B. Buckroyd, J. S. Bingham, P. K. Fletcher (Captain of Football), K. R. Heeley (Football Secretary), G. M. Macbeth, L. May, A. A. Mousley, R. W. Needham, J. E. Sussams (Captain of Swimming).

Hastings Scholarships at the Queen's College, Oxford, have been awarded to W. N. Adsetts and C. G. Smith (Natural Science) and J. E. Prideaux (Modern History).

Nearly Forty Years Ago


1910 Fives was flourishing; there was an Aero Club, and an O.T.C. holding a Field Day in Wentworth Park, upon the tactics of which " the Umpires gave no definite decision," and a Camp at Aldershot: they forgot to bring candles and went to bed in the dark. They were inspected by the Duke of Connaught, constructed a " bomb-proof shelter," and were flooded out one evening. They were also inspected by Lord Kitchener and Lord Roberts. . . . The Oxford Letter has a story of a German rowing in the Eights who, half-way up the course, cried " I exhaust! II row no more! " and dropped his oar in the river . . . The Junior School figures largely: Mr. Saville moved his Boarding House to Clarkehouse Road, and held his usual summer camp at Winchelsea.

1911 ---Debates, lectures (one on " The Moon " and another on " Liquid Air ") and a Mock Trial, occupy many- pages in the Magazines ... The School football matches were few in number, and apparently included only Nottingham High School, Sheffield University, and the Old Boys. Welbeck headed the House League . . . There were Gym competitions (at which points were given for Horizontal Bars, Parallel Bars, Horse, Rings and Rope) against Leeds, Bradford and Worksop Schools. K.E.S. won all three . . . A Natural History Society appears, and at the School Concert Sir Henry (then Mr.) Coward conducted, and his son sang . . . Mr. Nicholas joined the Staff in September, 1911 . . . There was a lecture on " Wireless Telegraphy."

1912 saw the School Musical Society in being, and performing at an At Home given by the Headmaster and Staff: and for the first time the School was represented at the Public Schools Sports: one of our team won the Quarter Mile and was second in the High Jump; another was second in the Half Mile . . . Lynwood won the Cross Country for the third time running. School football matches had increased in number and included matches against Nottingham, Worksop, Bootham Schools, and the University, Sheffield Club, Fulwood, the Falcons and the Municipal Officers . . . A debate on " Love at first sight is impossible " produced some interesting confessions . . . The O.T.C. went to the Public Schools Camp: a contingent of regulars who were helping " wisely took up a position well in the rear " when a bayonet charge was staged by the Cadets.

C. J. M.



Student Christian Movement

A CONFERENCE, organised for our Sixth and Transitus forms, was held on Friday, 4th and Saturday, 5th November, in the School. There were two talks by the Rev. A. J. Trillo and one by Canon H. G. G. Herklots. After each talk we split up into groups to discuss and criticise what we had heard. There were two open discussions in which the speakers endeavoured to answer the many questions which the audience put to them. The Headmaster was in the Chair on Friday and the Rev. E. A. C. Gundry on Saturday.

Mr. Trillo's first talk was entitled " What do Christians believe? " A Christian, he said, is not a person who simply believes in certain dogmas, nor is he a person who simply lives according to certain ethical standards; he is a person who both believes and acts. The Christian owes personal allegiance to Christ, he believes Jesus has special authority over him, and that Jesus is " at one with " God: God is our Father. The Christian acknowledges the innate evil in human nature and he believes that it is only by doing his utmost to follow the example of Jesus, especially the love for man He showed in His supreme self-sacrifice, that men can be " saved from themselves." Mr. Trillo pointed out that Jesus died for His claim that He was " Son of the living God." It is on the interpretation of phrases such as this that the Christian Church is divided. Can the Church be effective in its main task while divided as it is? Mr. Trillo also said that " Jesus never tried to prove the existence of God. This was impossible anyway." The people of Jesus' day accepted as facts the existence of a personal God and the creation. The people of our own day however are inclined to doubt, and it was on these lines that Mr. Trillo was plied with questions.

Canon Herklots' talk was an attempt to answer the question " How do we know what is right? " This, he said, was not a moral but a religious question and the answer was to be found in the life of Jesus. If we can imagine Jesus in our own position and then ask ourselves " what would be His will? " the answer will be the " right " one. Most of the discussions and questions on this talk were concerned with conscience. What is it? Can it be educated Can it be relied on? If so, how? and why Another important question discussed was the " choice between two evils." But how do we know which of two evils, war or non-resistance, for instance, is the lesser? And so we returned to the question of individual conscience.

The second talk Mr. Trillo gave, perhaps the most vital, was called " The Gospel according to Marx." He showed similarities between Communism and Christianity. Both claim to be giving the peoples of the world " good news "; both claim a knowledge of reality, of the forces which guide and control nature; both make absolute claims on the loyalty of their adherents and will tolerate no " higher " authority; both offer ultimate peace and bliss. We must look at each of these religions as objectively as we can. The fundamental difference between the two is that communism is based on atheism, though this may be an over-simplification. Marx says that all human history and human relationships are conditioned by environment, that the only way to alter them is to alter the environment. There is truth in this, but Marx goes on to indicate that the end justifies the means; that to establish a classless society, which is the end of communism, wars, forced labour, political police are all justified. But humans will be humans, Mr. Trillo suggested; " If you gave them a classless society to-day, I say they will make classes to-morrow." This is a bold assertion, and since there never has been a classless society, it cannot be verified, but the majority of us felt that the methods of communism were not justifiable. However, the fact remains, that there are millions of Communists who believe they are, and they are far more certain of their beliefs, far more active, and far more willing to sacrifice their lives to their ideals than many Christians. Mr. Trillo pointed out that it was the evil capitalism of nineteenth century England and other nations which gave birth to Marxist thought. But again, he pointed out, it was Christianity which abolished child labour and slavery, and gradually improved conditions. But the process was gradual, and communism seeks a quick change by means of violent revolution. That is the challenge. Can Christianity combat it? Mr. Trillo thinks it can.

This conference included people who had already pondered these and similar questions and held definite opinions, as well as people who had scarcely begun to think about them at all. To some the conference may have seemed vague and inconclusive, while to others important new regions of thought have opened up. But generally speaking, the conference was valuable and helpful.

A short voluntary service was held at the end of the conference. Some attended out of conviction, some out of interest, some out of politeness; some walked boldly out.

J. E. S.

Early Stages

" THE SHEFFIELD SCHOOL BOARD, 1870-1903," by J. H. BINGHAM, J.P. J. W. Northend.

ALDERMAN BINGHAM'S new book has been welcomed by those interested in education nationally as well as locally. It will be particularly interesting to friends of the School who remember that the author is Chairman not only of the Education Committee, but also of our own Governors. While the State, as a result of the Reform Act in 1833, had been able to spend money on Education, the 1870 Education Act was the first Act with any comprehensive scheme. Connected with the recent extension of the franchise, there had developed a considerable demand for improved education , the Act allowed elected School Boards to levy a 3d. rate to build elementary schools, where voluntary schools were inadequate, and these were to have undenominational religious teaching; the Boards could also draft bye-laws covering attendance from 5 to 13.

The author gives plenty of statistics to show that in Sheffield there was a dual problem of quantity and quality, which was complicated by the claims of the different religious bodies. The Board had to build up its organisation from scratch. It is interesting to notice that while he was unsuccessful in his application for the Board's clerkship, Joseph Berley, English Master at the Collegiate School, was responsible for a report on the existing schools which concluded that " these Schools must be abolished." There can be little doubt that there was a gradual improvement in the teaching at the Board Schools, although this was made more difficult for most of the period concerned by the system of " payment by results," according to which the grant paid by the Government depended on the annual examination in individual subjects.

It is indicative of the current view of education that there are few references in Alderman Bingham's book to the different grammar schools in the Town. Of the many members of the School Board during its existence only two were individual members of the Grammar School Governors. Henry Wilson had been a Governor since 1832 and had been particularly closely connected with the Collegiate School, saving it from extinction in 1852, and purchasing it outright when it was auctioned in 1871. The other School Governor, and first Chairman of the Board, was the well-known Sir John Brown who built up the large Atlas Steel Works. Among the various Methodist members of the Board was the Rev. Henry Shera, the successful Head Master of Wesley College from 1853 to 1888, whose portrait hangs in the School vestibule.

In 1871, Mr. Mundella, M.P. for Sheffield, and later Vice-President of Committee on Education, wrote to the Board urging the establishment of a non-classical grammar school, teaching Latin, French, German, science, and economics, open to all who had reached a certain standard at their elementary school and intended for the brightest from the working and lower-middle classes. Because of the limitation of their functions the Board did not act officially but a Committee was set up to provide scholarships for boys from Board schools, enabling them to enter a grammar school with the hope that they would later proceed to the university. Such was the beginning of the " educational ladder " in Sheffield. For the first few years of the scheme the scholarship holders were shared between the Collegiate and Grammar schools. One of the first holders was Maurice Jacobs, son of the local Rabbi, who spent six years at the Collegiate School and later won a scholarship from St. Paul's School, London, to Wadham College, Oxford. After leaving Oxford he was a private tutor, leading member of the Jewish Board of Deputies, Principal of a school at Brighton and a Consular Agent. One year junior to Jacobs was George William Kinman who won a Goldsmith's Exhibition at St. John's College, Cambridge from the Collegiate School. Later he was for many years the Head Master of Hertford Grammar School, and also Chairman of the Ware Education Committee. The Head Masters of both schools reported that the scholarship scheme had " been completely successful."

In the field of secondary education the Board's main effort was undoubtedly the establishment of the Central School, the fore-runner of High Storrs, to which Alderman Bingham devotes a most interesting chapter. The success of this school was typical of most of the higher-grade schools which were established in the larger towns, but which were all restricted by their status as elementary schools; the curious status of these schools was partly responsible for the passing of the 1902 Education Act which re-organised Secondary Education and ended the activities of the School Boards. In Sheffield, the opening of the Central School led to a decline in the numbers attending the Grammar and Collegiate Schools. In an appendix, Alderman Bingham discussed the work of the Technical Instruction Committee which was set up in 1890 and associated with the Board. The annual payment by this Committee of £600 was used to improve the Grammar School, particularly on the science side, and the closer contact between the School and the Council helped to prepare the way for the establishment of the present school in 19o5. At the same time, the refusal by the Committee of a grant to Wesley College was one of the reasons which led to the decision to sell the present building to the Council. In return for the financial support, this Committee, as previously the Board, was allowed to nominate members of the Grammar School Governors. Alderman Bingham concludes his book with the details of the new Education Committee, on which we find the Head Masters of the Grammar School and Wesley College; it is hoped the author will continue his chronicle of Sheffield educational history with an account of the activities of this new Committee.

P. J. W.


Two Modern Novels

Virginia Woolf's Jacob's Room and E. M. Forster's Passage to India.

A plot is a pattern of events. But the events of Jacob's life do not form a pattern; so this is a novel with no plot. There is a story, no conflict. The comings and goings of a group of people are described. An atmosphere is evoked. The central figure dies, and thus, abruptly, the book ends.

The setting of a novel such as this is important. Mrs. Woolf is dealing with a particular and not a universal subject, and the characters. to live, must have a realistic background. She pays great attention to accuracy of detail; Pickford's van, for example. Abandoning previous methods of characterisation--Dickens' caricature, Flaubert's observation of visible symptoms, Dostoevsky's brilliant psychology, or the way, common to most novelists, of continually balancing one character against a number of others (your Elizabeth Bennet, your Bathsheba Everdene) as though a novel were a kind of literary chess-the authoress relies primarily on exposing her characters' minds, their words, ideas and vague musings.

Virginia Woolf's prose is clear, with occasionally a striking sentence or figure of speech. ' ` The two women murmured over the spirit lamp, plotting the eternal conspiracy of hush and clean bottles." Often, when she likes a phrase, she repeats it, as she repeats the phrase above; and the repetition is often more effective than the first time the phrase was used. There are digressions, as when the writer is carried away with a descriptive passage, or as the little essay on letters. The changes of time and place are abrupt. The authoress might have learned from Goethe, for instance, how to glide from one subject to another. With Virginia Woolf a gap in the type is more than a gap, it is an abyss. But then modern life does not glide; perhaps that is the explanation of Mrs. Woolf's technique. There is an almost Sartrean flavour about this book.

Mr. Peter Burra writes of the modern author's " attempt to dispel the illusion of life's tidiness." He is referring to the reaction against the novel of plot, in which all the ends tie up, the good are rewarded, the bad punished. That is not life. He mentions also the modern author's method of selection, or abstraction of significant episodes. By cutting away most of what Mrs. Woolf calls the " alien and external " the writer presents to the reader not a pattern of events but a sequence of impressions, which is what human life is. Mr. Forster himself describes the novel as " a low atavistic form." A Passage to India does not aim at telling a story, but at " a melody or perception of the truth."

Mr. Forster is trying to convey to the reader something more vital than a mere story, more vital than an individual or a nation, more vital even than the truth that this individual or nation represents. To follow the actions and emotions of Dr. Aziz is to follow the part of one little instrument in a great symphony vain and almost valueless. In a symphony, as in A Passage to India, there is a meaning, and emotions are stirred; but most important, most real, elusive perhaps, incommunicable sometimes, but there, vital and essential, is the music itself. The novel is a medium which the reader understands, and so, by paying lip-service to the novel-giving a definite plot with the inherent unlikely incidents, such as Mrs. Moore's death-the author, to use his own expression, " bounces " the reader into accepting what he has to say. A Passage to India is like a symphony in three movements, corresponding to the three sections, " Mosque," " Caves " and " Temple," the climax being the trial scene occupying the middle of the work. With great skill the tempo is increased from the marmorean serenity of Chapter XII to the frenzied chant of the Indians in the trial scene of Chapter XXIV.

In A Passage to India plot, characters and setting are perfectly co-ordinated. In its own way the novel has the roundness and completeness of a Racinean tragedy. Motifs, irony and symbols replace the classical unities, having their advantages but not their limitations. The almost Wagnerian use of the leitmotif is particularly effective; take for instance the whole bad atmosphere of Anglo-India evoked by the phrase " Turtons and Burtons " wherever it is repeated. Mr. Burra writes that " the propagandist element in the book is undeniable." That was in 1934, since when India has changed, and the novel is no longer topical. Yet it remains, and one may predict for it a lasting place in English literature. Tchaikovsky's Sixth Symphony " propagates " sympathy; yet though the soldiers for whom the composer felt pity when he wrote the work have long since passed away, the symphony remains . . . " De la musique avant toute chose! " might well have been the motto of E. M. Forster.


Figures for Fun


Reading Professor Titchmarsh's book, as I did, after nearly two years without studying mathematics, I was surprised to find that my knowledge of the subject was not quite so limited as I expected. This admission testifies to the merits of the book. Although no previous acquaintance with mathematics is necessary, the average reader is reminded throughout of points with which he was once familiar, and is then introduced in a clear and interesting way to new ideas. The work is not a text-book; its object is to clarify the ordinary man's conception of mathematics and to stimulate an interest in them. It is a general survey which lessens the grimness of the subject for those who are haunted by the cold print of the algebra book.

We are told first something of the historical background of counting, with special mention of the ingenuity of the Greeks and Chaldeans. If you are interested in logic or wish to obtain some clearer notion of fourth dimensional space, you will find the first few chapters illuminating. Later you will get to know something about Cartesian geometry, and they pass on to mysterious conceptions such as irrational numbers and infinite series. When I was in the Fifth I was constantly irritated by being told, in reply to some query, that I would be satisfied in the course of further mathematical studies. Fate decided otherwise, however, and it was not until I read this book that I found out what " e " was and how one would integrate "1/x".

Besides arousing curiosity on such points as these, the book gives us some idea of the state of mathematics at the present time. Arithmetic, geometry and trigonometry, almost static nowadays, are dealt with briefly in comparison with calculus, a more progressive aspect of the subject, and algebra, the importance of which, in all branches of mathematics, is duly emphasised.

In conclusion we learn that although mathematics can be applied in various forms of science, mathematicians pursue their subject, as mountaineers go climbing, for pleasure. Not all of us have the ability or the inclination to indulge in such pastimes, but there is no reason why people should not know something of the pursuits of others, and in my- view this book plays its part in broadening the outlook of the general reader.


(Professor Titchmarsh is an Old Boy of the School who is now one of the leading mathematicians of the country, particularly in analysis or advanced calculus. His career since he entered the School in 1909 can be partly followed from the Honours Boards in the corridors. He won an Open Scholarship at Balliol College, Oxford, and the Akroyd Scholarship, and was the First Mathematician of his year at Oxford. After graduating, he won a Fellowship, lectured for six years in London, and was Professor at Liverpool for two years before being appointed Savillian Professor of Geometry at Oxford in 1931. To many students he is perhaps best known as the author of some standard text-books. His younger brother was on the Staff of the School ten years ago.)

The Library

A GENEROUS presentation was made at the end of last term by Dr. C. J. Magrath from the books known so well to his 4B forms. H. R. Windle and G. S. Palmer presented Oxford Classical Texts to the Classical Library on leaving the School, and D. A. Hook of the Fifth Form presented two books to the History Library. J. M. Dawson also made a presentation on leaving.

Miss J. Blakelock has presented a copy of her book Our Family and Its Branches, the record of many generations of a family whose descent is traced to Edward I. Her father, a Justice of the Peace, attended the Collegiate School. We have also received this term an allocation of books from Lady Hart's bequest to the City Library, covering local records and including Harrison's Survey of the Manor of Sheffield 1637 and J. D. Leader's Sheffield Royal Infirmary. Recent acquisitions include Winston Churchill's Their Finest Hour, Eisenhower's Crusade in Europe, Alderman J. H. Bingham's The Sheffield School Board, and Bertrand Russell's Authority and the Individual.

The Library is open every day in the lunch hour, including a special session on Wednesdays for the Second Forms only. Once more thanks are due to the Librarians who give their help so readily.

B. C. H.


CHOIR and Orchestra have this term been enthusiastically engaged on preparations for our three main performances-the Organists' Association Concert, the School Concert, and the Festival of -Nine Lessons and Carols. The main work for both has been Purcell's delightful " Masque in Dioclesian."

The Choir is larger than ever, numbering well over a hundred voices. It has revelled in Purcell's dancing melodies and produced a fine crop of soloists in G. E. Nutter. P. Swain, H. F. Oxer, P. D. Robinson, and D. H. Thorpe, who acquit themselves well in such diverse parts as Cupid and Bacchus and other worthies of the Restoration stage. -M. A. Sharpe has also come to the fore as an accomplished soloist. A further gramophone record has been made-of " The Holly and the Ivy " and Stewart's " On this day "-which we think will prove at least as good as last year's prize-winning record.

Apart from the " Dioclesian " and other accompaniments, the Orchestra has been rehearsing the " Trumpet Voluntary " and Purcell's " Two Trumpet Tunes and Air " with Reaney grappling manfully and effectively with the very difficult technique of a Trumpet in D. The departments become complete with the addition of P. D. Robinson and R. F. H. Morton (bassoons), J. P. M. Clinton and Mottershaw (oboes), J. S. Taylor (trumpet), P. Fells and K. M. Whittaker (clarinets), while Mr. Mace has come in as a Bass player, and C. G. Smith as pianist. We have regretfully lost our euphonium-player, Cross, but hope soon to have A. R. Wood providing the bass to the brass group. With the orchestra now forty strong we feel we can now tackle almost anything. No less than six players attended the orchestral course at Sherborne, and an article on the course by B. P. Fisher has appeared in The Music Teacher. We hope that continued grants will be forthcoming to enable boys to benefit from these courses. A most healthy and encouraging sign has been the spontaneous appearance of chamber music groups. Besides the flute and violin duettists we now have the Mills-Fisher-Jones and the Shepherdson-Kirkham-Monteith Trios, and we look forward to the formation of a String Quartet.

An innovation this term has been the outside activity of a " Talent Team " of singers and instrumentalists who have already given concerts of high quality at Frecheville Community Centre, and Fulwood Guildhall, and have further engagements at Trinity Congregational, Fir Vale (with the Choir) and at Ranmoor Church.

In the near future the Orchestra will be greatly strengthened by the products of a class of some eight violinists and three viola players, which has been instructed weekly by Mr. Leslie Pawson. It is hoped to recruit some more viola players and to start a further violin class at the beginning of next term.

N. J. B.

A Gift of Books

THE School will shortly benefit from a most valuable gift of books from Mr. T. Walter Hall, F.S.A., who has devoted a great deal of time to the work of examining, cataloguing, translating and printing local archives. `Most of the results of his work are embodied in these twenty-four volumes.

Among interesting documents printed in these books are the lists of those in Sheffield and Handsworth who paid the tax on movables in 1297 and the Poll Tax of 1379; the lists of cutlers' marks granted by the Lord of Hallamshire (the Earl of Shrewsbury) in his Court Baron in the sixteenth century; the proceedings of the Court Leet and other local courts for the year 1564-5, and various charters and wills of interest. Among the charters, the present writer found one transferring half of the lordship of his home village in North Yorkshire in the year 1397. Of special interest among the wills are two of 1504 providing for an " exhibition at school " for two boys (one was of the value of three pounds) and a will of 1537 providing six-and-eightpence for the godson of the testator " towards his scholhyre." We do not unfortunately know whether these exhibitions were to be held at a Sheffield school or not.

Many boys could find in these books traces of their forbears, for there are many references to such well-known Sheffield names as Staniforth, Ibbotson, Trickett, and Wolstenholme in their various spellings.

We are immensely grateful for this generous gift which will be of great help in the writing of the School's history, and may, it is to be hoped, encourage members of the School themselves to explore the fascinating by-ways of our local history.

V. J. W.

The Sieve

Why is the distant arrow's flight so swift?
Why must the granite crack?
The gaze
Of the morning wanderer, aged with rapture,
Shrinks to a glance
Which the evening thinker prays
In vain to recapture.
For experience
Is but a pad of chloroform,
And grey remorse an easing of the trance.

I opened the book although the light was dim,
I heard
Soft music filter through the sky,
I heard the singing of the voiceless hymn,
And I remembered.

I looked across the garden, and I thought
Who had been there before me,
And had known
The life that I had longed for through the years.
I saw the broken pillar beyond the trees,
I saw the marble terrace overgrown,
I caught
A moment's vision through a life of tears,
And I remembered.

I saw
Featureless windows stab the gloom,
I saw
The lorry's headlamps light the wall,
The jagged roof-tops tearing at the clouds,
The buttress crumble
As the ashes fall.
I saw the moonlight pierce the unswept room
Long spaced with shrouds,
Long dead,
And I remembered.

And I remembered
Forgotten thoughts,
Traced out and faded through forgotten days,
As tremors
On a faulty seismograph.
For experience
Is but the road whence we have seen
The untrodden highways
Which our own paths might have been.
Is but the memory of a dream,
And we remember.


"International Discussion Group has started again, I see."

Facts of Life

To the Editor of the Magazine.


Certain members of the Sixth Form have been seriously disturbed by the lack of confidence in the responsibility of British youth expressed by members of the older generation, and with this in mind they organised an enquiry among the Sixth Form. An extensive questionnaire on a variety of relevant topics was circulated, and replies were received from exactly one hundred members. Analysis of these replies suggests that this age-group at least is not as blind to its future position in society as some would have us believe. We find for example that 58 per cent. have decided upon their careers already, the percentage among scientists being slightly higher than among the Arts students—61.5 per cent. as compared with 51.4 per cent.

This encouraging sign extends to the sphere of politics, where a mere 8 per cent. have no fixed ideas. Of the rest 58 per cent. support the Conservative party, 13 per cent. the Labour party, 2 per cent. the Communist party, 2 per cent. the neo-Fascist element, and 17 per cent. are in favour of various other parties. Again, comparing the Sciences with the Arts, the majority of the Conservatives appear to be scientists, whereas the main strength of labour is with the Arts side. However, the extreme Left have their representation solely among the scientists, and the extreme Right among the Arts. Other parties are almost equally divided.

This interest grows less in the field of local affairs, if our findings about the city's football teams may be taken as a guide, for as many as 31 per cent. have no enthusiasm for our teams or at least not sufficient to be partisan. The Loyalists favour Wednesday rather than United in the proportion of four to three.

Our investigation of supporters of football clubs led us directly to that of supporters of things of less moment but of perhaps more intimate concern; we refer, of course, to the nether garments of the male. Fifty-one per cent. put their faith in belts and 10 per cent. in braces, while 20 per cent. have not absolute confidence in either and therefore wear both. As only 6 per cent. wear suspenders, we may infer that socks are being worn tighter than trousers this season. Seventeen per cent. prefer to jeopardise their respectability rather than to resort to mechanical aids. We are surprised to learn that a similar percentage are not acquainted with the hazards of the razor; it needed no enquiry to show us that the vast majority of the remaining 83 per cent. needed to risk the encounter a little more often. We can sympathise with surplus growth; but we are dubious about the attempt of a senior member of the Sixth Form to surpass the elegant moustaches sported by some of the Staff.

Returning to a more serious note, we investigated two hotly debated questions concerned with the School. The Sixth Form appears to believe that the return of the Shout is long overdue, with 86 per cent. voting for its re-instatement. The second question, that of satisfaction or otherwise with school dinners, produced no conclusive results either way, voting being equal. Seventeen per cent, have not indulged themselves in this luxury, or as it was put by one of our guinea pigs, have "never risked it." The general feeling was that organisation might be improved, but that the meals were adequate for the price. We are glad to see, that while some cannot stomach their lessons, the digestive system is still in good order.

No picture of our Sixth Form would be complete without the mention of girl friends. Dissension between the authors makes comment on the more desirable policy impossible, and we therefore present the facts and leave the choice to your readers. To be or not to be constant, that is the question, and opinion is equally divided. One person appears to find constancy and a division of affections compatible; this we cannot condone. Fifteen per cent. appear to be misogynists; further comment would be superfluous! Of the regular girl-friends about the same number go to work as attend school; can this be attributed to the introduction of an Economics branch of the Sixth Form? We are perturbed to find that only 7 per cent. attend universities; it appears that intellect is not the only criterion for our choice! We also state with profound regret that our traditional connection with the Central Day Commercial College is rapidly disintegrating, but we must allow that the year is but young. One young lady apparently cannot be catalogued under any of these headings; we can only assume that Mr. Bernard Shaw would solve the problem by classifying her with Mr. Tanner as a " Member of the Idle Rich Class." " Boys is boys and girls is girls, and ever the twain shall meet "-at the end of Melbourne Avenue?

We hope, Sir, that you will find that this inquiry has been of some value. The participants themselves in the main considered it an interesting research, and only 17 per cent. thought it a waste of time. This was gratifying, as we feared a more frivolous response. Eleven per cent. expressed themselves in no uncertain terms by condemning it as an impertinent nuisance. Only one of these, we are pleased to say, is from the Arts side —it is more than a coincidence that only one member of the Arts side showed himself orthographically lax.

We trust that your publishing our findings will show that you are not in agreement with this minority, and we beg to remain, Sir,

Your obedient servants,

The Silver Birch

With the possible exception of the flowering cherry,
Precluded, perhaps, as merely a brief display,
The most beautiful tree I know is a silver birch.
it is not so much a tree, in fact, as a flower,
With the characteristics, the grace and the poise, of a flower,
Entirely exempt from the stout power and the solid
Wooden strength, oak and elm, of the other trees.
These are the constitution: common stuff of woods.
The silver birch is after, a later addition
Balanced apart a little, aloof and quiet,
Rather as if it were a statue of Artemis,
Queen of the forest, from the hand of Praxiteles,
For the centre, among the columns of a Dorian temple.


No Room at the Inn

FIRST day of the new school year!

I am in London; I have just arrived back from Switzerland, travel-stained and weary. The time is 10.00 p.m. I have dumped my superfluous baggage at Liverpool Street station-for obscure and utterly insane reasons -and I am contemplating, nay, meditating. My sole excuse is that it is term-time, after all! I must sleep, I must eat, I must make my toilet. I have a three days' growth of beard, and in thirty-six hours have had one cursory wash-that in the filthy train water of the S N.C.F. Moreover, in the same period I have enjoyed--if that is the word-three and a half hours of fitful sleep, in some five or six sessions, under the most hazardous conditions. The decision is obvious; I eat-ravenously.

Next, since I cannot throw myself upon the hospitality of the metropolis in a state rivalling that of an Arabian mountain goat, I have a bath and a shave at the station. I emerge, as near respectable as ever, at II.00 p.m. With the sublime optimism of the ingēnu, I enter the first hotel I see, and request a room. The clerk does not laugh outright-of such is the kingdom of heaven. He points to recumbent forms beneath the tables. He is sorry!

Whoever made the remark about pebbles on beaches is a liar. At every hotel, from the greatest to the least, I find the same lack of sympathy. A clock strikes twelve. I look up. The darkness above the four illuminated dials indicates that even our rulers have taken to their beds. The call of the seats along the Embankment is strong; I sit down to rest my complaining extremities . . .

I am awakened inconsiderately by a rough shake on the shoulder. I look up dazedly; two enormous thugs tower above me. My brain functions amazingly well. " O-ho! " I think. "Leslie is about to be robbed and thrust unceremoniously into cold Father Thames." I prepare to run.

" Police," says Thug One.

" A likely tale! " think I.

But I must admit that he has a strong argument for his case in an ostentatious Wolsley tenanted by two blue-uniformed gentry, which my muddled senses register.

What are you doing ' " demands T. O. (It is becoming increasingly obvious that Thug Two is Little Brother.)

" Sleeping," I reply, with great lucidity, if not a strict respect for literal truth. This does not satisfy T.O.-nor T.T. for the matter of that.

" Why?" comes the interrogation. Realising that the obvious holds no terrors for him, I refrain, with no little self-denial, from observing that I am tired.

" I cannot get into a hotel." My normal faultless, but strained, " an hotel " would have been lost on him. I tell him the whole story, and after examining my passport he says
" You can't sleep here. You'd better come with us." Note the disappointing absence of the customary " along ": police college, I suppose. 0 tempora, 0 mores! " You're technically arrested on a charge of vagrancy." Or it may have been " vacancy."

And without more ado I am bundled into the back of the car, with one on either side. We drive off. Once in the car, they become almost human. Perhaps this accounts for the small number of convictions nowadays? After all, if they turn their prisoners loose the moment they have them in the Black Maria . . .! They try to get me a bed in several places, with no success. Finally, Detective One (promotion befitting his changed attitude) says:

" We're going to drop you outside Euston Station; the waiting-room seats there are quite comfortable. Mind you, I'm not suggesting anything! "

His knowledge is sound. I fall asleep without effort . . .

About an hour later I am again shaken. I am confronted by a blue uniform and helmet.
" What are you doing here: " asks the space in between these two.

I now know that " Sleeping " is not the required formula. I try " Waiting." This a stroke of genius; the room is expressly intended for such purpose. But again I have not struck a happy note.
" What for?"
" A train."
" Where to?'"
"St. Pancras for Sheffield."
" I know."

This omniscience baffles him; I am obviously a super-being; he leaves me in peace.

About four o'clock I am awakened by the sound of breaking crockery. Sure enough, it is the B.R. canteen service at work. I purchase a cup of tepid water, and decide to move on to Pancras to look up my trains. I arrive, find them, and settle down once more in the waiting-room.

The expected reveille does not fail me. Yet another P.C. By now, I am familiar with the routine.

" Prospecting for gold," I get in first. He is not a little nonplussed; but his reaction is cryptic, to say the least.

" Cleaners! "-and he vanishes.

I am not sure whether he means that my polluting atmosphere necessitates sanitary measures, or whether it is merely the annual wash-and-brush-up; but I gather that my presence is not considered indispensable. I give up the unequal struggle, and go for breakfast . . . Woe to the next American tourist who enthuses in my hearing " Gee, your London bobbies are wonderful! "

(NOTE.-All characters, with the exception of the Arabian mountain goat, are irrefutably real.)


Location, Ross-on-Wye


" You've got something to do with the Cine Club, haven't you? " I was asked. " Well, why don't you make a film at one of the School Scout Troop's summer camps? "

" Because it's been done hundreds of times before," I replied. " The stock film for any school Cine Club."

" But you could make yours different ... "

Of course the idea had its advantages -as well as disadvantages. For the first: actors would be on the spot we had decided that Symphony was to be the last documentary we would make and natural backgrounds would be at hand. But against this, could we make boys of 12-13 act? Comedy was out altogether  much too difficult to act-and the alternative, excluding slapstick and the trick film, tragedy We remembered The Fallen Idol and the Window. Well, why not? The story would have to as be as simple as possible. Frank Launder made The Blue Lagoon last year in the Fiji Islands. Way back in 1922, Robert Flaherty made Nanoock of the North in Iceland. We made The Blind Butcher last summer holidays at Ross-on-Wye!


Scouts (C Troop) arrived on the first Tuesday of the holidays. So that we should be able to start as soon as they got there, we went in advance, and the unit was complete by Monday afternoon. On Tuesday, however, we found the Scouts busy putting up tents et cetera, so, as we wanted to start as soon as possible, we decided to film a short sequence on Ross station, using local schoolboys as " stand-ins."

March into nearest school . . . Without any fuss, six boys are released from their grind, on explanation to Headmaster . . . March on to station and obtain permission to use same for filming . . . Wait for next train in . . . Boys get into train as soon as it stops and get out as soon as camera starts. The back views of these six boys match very nicely with our six actors.


To let as little as possible of the plot out of the bag-the climax of the film is a game of tracking in which one of the leaders is killed. To give this a macabre effect, we led the chase through the overgrown gardens of Goodrich Court (we were camping in the extensive grounds of this now empty house) beautiful shots of leering stone faces overrun with weeds, with boys running past-of Jean Cocteau's La Belle et La Bēte. The chase eventually leads the two " hounds " to the top of a large cliff need I mention that one falls off? We were told that the best place to film this was Symonds Yat. However, upon investigation we found that the top of the Yat was crowded daily with tourists and holiday-makers. Script reads " Desolate cliff-top." Very officially we flashed Cine cards: "STAND BACK, PLEASE. MAKING A FILM." In less than a minute the cliff-top was empty, the silent holiday-makers standing respectfully behind the camera.

" Now remember, you're supposed to be falling off this cliff. Screw your face up. Look, put some of this vaseline on your forehead. Are you ready? . . . Right . . . Shoot! No, no, no, you look as if you had stomach-ache. Cut! Now . . . try again . . . you're falling off, remember . . . .

J. M. D.

On the tomb of Napoleon in the Palace des Invalides

Behold the tomb of great Napoleon,
A monument to man's desire
To reach the unattainable.
He would become a god but could not be,
And so perforce must be content
With lumps of marble, tawdry gilt,
To clothe his naked vanity!



Swiss Expedition


WE set off on Wednesday, August 10th and, after travelling without a stop, reached Basle at 4 a.m. on Friday the 12th. As the city was still in darkness we had breakfast at the station and then walked around until the shops opened. The city offered many attractions, among which the Cathedral, dominating the Rhine, was the most visited. There were many shops, and to see them after the grim austerity of England, was a sight for sore eyes. After an all too short stay in Basle we went by train to Berne, the Federal Capital, and were greatly impressed by its beauty. Sleeping in the Youth Hostel we met boys from all over the world, even a Chinaman, and it was very interesting to hear about their several countries. The two days spent here were filled with visits to churches and museums. The bear-pit was a constant source of amusement, and the cafes were patronised regularly. On the Sunday, we left Berne for Kandersteg, breaking our journey at Spiez on the lake of Thun to see the magnificent castle there.

The five days at Kandersteg were very enjoyable despite the cold nights. The campsite was between two great cliffs and we had the sun only from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m.; the contrast of the heat and cold was very striking. One visit was paid to the local swimming bath, but we found it so cold, that we never visited it again. Some very beautiful country surrounds Kandersteg, and we had several expeditions to see the noted places. The Kander Glacier and the Oeschinen Lake proved popular favourites.


On the Friday we left Kandersteg and went to Visp, after breaking our journey at Goppenstein to see the wonderful Utschental Valley which, owing to its isolation, is reputed to be a hundred years behind civilisation. The beauty of the place was very impressive, but not so the primitiveness of its inhabitants. The overnight stay in Visp is well remembered for its macaroni supper, and for the entertainment given us by an American girl, who sang with guitar accompaniment. There was a mixed party of American youth there and we talked a lot about our countries. It was a welcome change to converse in our mother tongue again.

The next day the party split up, one half remaining in the Rhone valley and the other going to Zermatt for the day. At Zermatt there was a hike in the mountains, during which we had some marvellous views of the Matterhorn, and after dinner that evening we visited the Cemetery and inspected the tombstones of the climbers killed in the mountains. We saw the famous " Alpine Glow "-sunset on the snow-capped mountains-and spent the rest of that evening drinking coffee at the Alpine Club with one of the founders of British Senior Scouting and his wife, and hearing many of his mountaineering experiences.

The next two days were spent in getting to Meiringen, where the two parties rejoined. The way to Meiringen took us over the Grimsel Pass and we saw the famous dams. The road itself is a marvellous feat of engineering; we travelled the whole length of it by Postal Bus, and found considerable enjoyment in taking hair-pin bends at breath-taking speed. The weather broke up for our two days in Meiringen and, apart from a few visits, we didn't go out of the town. We met many foreigners at the Hostel and spoke to them a great deal in their own languages on various topics.


On Thursday the 25th, we left Meiringen for Grindelwald and had a very refreshing journey along the shores of the Lake of Brienz and then up the lower part of the Lauterbrunnen where we had some magnificent views of the Jungfrau Massif. The Hostel accommodation at Grindelwald was really first rate, which is just as well as there was a great deal of rain. Hiking passed most of our time here and one notable hike took us up a mountain from where we could see the whole of the Bernese Oberland mountains spread out in front of us, a truly magnificent sight, never to be forgotten. One enterprising party crossed the Upper Grindelwald Glacier during a rainstorm, which rather amused the others who had staved at home eating at the " Steinbok ", our favourite haunt. The last full day of the holiday was spent in Interlaken where we bought presents for the people at home who financed the expedition. That evening we dined at the best eating place and had some very good food plus the usual wine.

We left on the 31st, after three glorious weeks, and it was hard to part with such a country. The journey home was broken at Paris where we just had time to see the sights and buy a few souvenirs, and in another days time we were back in Sheffield, weary, but contented, with the thoughts of Switzerland, its mountains, towns, and lakes.


Summer Camp


THE chief event since we last had a report in the Magazine has been our summer camp in West Harling Park, near Norwich. Those fortunate, or perhaps unfortunate, enough to travel as the advance party, will remember snoozing on Peterborough East station only twelve hours after we had been clearing out our desks for the holiday. Most of us will remember the visits to Norwich with its great cathedral, the aerial runway and the S.-M.'s blankets which

somehow made a journey on it, and the generosity of our butcher who provided us with chops of size I have not seen before or since. There was also the amusing spectacle of the S.M. stepping out of a waterlogged canoe into the river, fully dressed and with water above his waist. Altogether it was a most happy and enjoyable camp, with fine weather most of the time.

The patrol inspection trophy was won by the Foxes, but all the patrols kept a very good standard, and there was only nine points difference between top and bottom patrols. Great excitement was caused on the way home. When passing through Peterborough, a large stream-lined locomotive was seen and, of course, the whole Troop rushed to the windows to gaze at it. One gentleman afterwards stated that, to prevent the coach from toppling over, he immediately rushed to the other side and so counter-balanced the weight of boys looking at the engine. An elementary knowledge of physics seems to cast some doubt on the truth of that remark.

This term we have had, amongst other things, a night-hike, a visit from some members of the 180th Holy Trinity Troop, and a visit from the District Commissioner. The outer den has been made safe from the threat of the Rover fireplace falling from above by a very imposing buttress, which might be said to improve the dignity of the place. Patrol meetings are held here regularly.

Much to the regret of all, our Scoutmaster, Barry Kington, had to resign this term. During the last two years he has made B Troop into a fine organisation and he will be difficult to replace. B Troop is now at full strength and no recruits can be accepted until further notice.


Expedition to Haddon Hall

ON Saturday morning, July 2nd, a party of about 73 boys, mostly drawn from the Second and Third forms, accompanied by Messrs. Barnes, E. C. Cumming, Effron and Wrigley, made an expedition by bus to Haddon Hall. The party was there split into several groups, which were thus able to obtain quite a vivid impression of the development of this great English house—in spite of the sometimes irrelevant details with which they were regaled.

England v. New Zealand

England won the toss that day,
Sent Hutton in to bat.
His partner Washbrook opened too,
And Cowie took off his hat.
This was to say that he's bowling first;
He bowled to the Yorkshire star,
Who danced down the wicket and hit him for four
To the boundary, the boundary afar.
At the end of that over, England were 9,
Two fours and a single from Len,
And Cresswell this time was going to bowl,
And Hutton had strike once again.

At lunch-time England were doing quite well,
The hundred was up without loss.
" Hit out and score runs off every bad ball "
Said Fred Brown, the English team's boss.

Washbrook and Hutton did just as were told,
Scored runs with the greatest of ease;
But when M.C.C. were 112,
Hutton chanced to step out of his crease.
Mooney the stumper whipped off the old bails
And England were one wicket down.
The newspaper offices printed the score
Till everyone knew in the town.

Hutton was out for a good 61,
Bill Edrich was next man to bat.
The first ball was played with a nice even stroke,
No messing, no, he saw to that.
Bit later Bill Edrich tapped ball to long-on,
Not really a tap but a clout,
And as they were running, Hadlee returned
And Washbrook at last was run out.

Washbrook was out for 61 too;
The crowd they were shouting encore,"
Especially when Compton received his first ball
And hit it away for a four.
Soon after, our Denis hit first mighty six—
200 just then was the score.
Bill Edrich had made 25 of the runs,
Denis Compton had made 3 runs more.

When total had gone to 212,
Dark clouds became clear in the sky.
The play was abandoned because of some rain,
And the grass was no longer so dry.
But after ten minutes the rain had dried up,
And play was resumed once again.
Now Cowie, the fast bowler, used the pitch well,
As fast bowlers do after rain.
Next over from Cowie was useful for them;
Bill Edrich was out, so was Brown,
And three overs later D. Compton was bowled;
This also spread right round the town.

At tea, M.C.C. had but two men to bat,
And the total, 310.
After tea last two men were both caught and bowled
By Cowie, disastrous again.
The players went off for ten minutes
For New Zealand to get their pads on,
And when Sutcliffe came out with bat under arm
The traces of rain were all gone.

Ball number one is soon clouted away,
Two fielders run after the ball.
They've taken a single, they're running again,
And Evans was just going to call,
When Washbrook returned quickly stumpwards
And wickets were scattered 'bout floor.
An appeal for run-out was accepted
And Sutcliffe went in through the door.
One wicket down and no runs on the board,
That was the state of affairs.
Poor scoring indeed for New Zealand,
Poor overnight score, still who cares?

At lunch-time they'd piled 6o runs on,
But Hadlee was clean bowled for 3.
Scott was just 40 and not out.
And Donnelly not out 13.
The afternoon play was so dreary
That most of the crowd went to sleep.
Can't say as I really could blame 'em,
Though I stayed and watched the score creep.
It crept to 250,
And only two men were then out.
Scott was not out for 112,
And Donnelly 9o about.
Now Freddie Brown, he started bowling;
His first ball, a Yorker, bowled Scott,
And ball number two was a googly,
But this one was not quite so hot.
On last ball of Freddie Brown's over
Wallace hit ball in the sky
And was caught by Len Hutton at cover;
'Tis a good job Fred Brown tried his eye.

At tea-time the score was 300,
And 8 wickets fallen as well.
Would England lead on the first innings?
There was nobody there that could tell.
But after the players had eaten,
And the play was a-started again,
A wicket went down at 301
And then-Oh, it's starting to rain!

The players rushed off from the downpour,
The covers were put on the grass,
The rain was now steadily falling.
Of puddles 'twas simply a mass.
All night it did rain pretty heavy
Did we think it could rain any more -
But it did all the day with a drizzle . . .
And the match, you can guess, was a draw.

A. D. P. BRIGGS (2A)

Make It Yourself

"Gosh! My own voice! "was what I said when I heard my own voice coming through the loudspeaker and repeating what I had said a few minutes before. I had succeeded in making a sound recorder.

The method I used was a modern version of the one invented by a Danish scientist named Van Poulsen as long ago as 1898. His theory was as follows.

When a piece of steel is magnetised it retains its magnetism, and so when the power of a magnet is varied we can record the magnetism set up. When the recording is run back again over an electro-magnet, a current is set up which to-day can be made to work an ordinary loudspeaker.

With the co-operation of my friend Peter Unwin, who lent me an American magazine on the subject, I set to work.

I procured some tape coated with metal, on which to record, and borrowed my father's cine re-winder together with two reels to wind the tape on. I then made an electro-magnet out of an old earphone and various bits of junk, connected it up through an amplifier, so that, on speaking into a microphone, the sound is transferred into varying magnetic impulses by the electro-magnet, which is the recording head.

I was then ready to proceed. The tape was run over the head and a few- words spoken into the microphone. The process was then reversed and the sound which was out into the microphone was reproduced in the loudspeaker via the amplifier. The magnetism is still retained in the tape, and lasts. I understand, for twenty years; but I cannot vouch for this fact, as I am only sixteen.

This is a non-technical survey, and should anyone be interested I will gladly supply them with further details.


Scientific Society

THE Society was given an interesting talk on October 4th, by Dr. Segrove, entitled " Pink Icing and Prickly Pears." It concerned biological control with special reference to the extinction of the plague of cactus in Australia. On October I 7th, there was a combined talk by B. Buckroyd and W. N. Adsetts on " Electrons and Electronics," illustrated by experiments with discharge tubes. F. W. Adams, hopes at a later date, to supplement this talk with demonstration of the cathode ray oscillograph. This meeting arose from the idea of reporting to the Society upon some special lectures which are being given at the University on topics which should interest a larger audience than they can accommodate. We look forward to others of this type, as well as an account of " Magnetic Recording " by a member of the Transitus, and a lecture on " Safety in Mines" by Mr. Grice of the Research Board.

International Discussion Group

WE opened our programme this term with a report on the C.E.W.C. Summer Conference in Geneva by J. Hazel and L. May, who attended, and by Mr. G. J. Cumming, who went as Warden to the whole party, an honour for both him and our group. As well as the lectures and discussions on various aspects of U.N. there were some organised social activities, including a tour of old Geneva, a coach-trip through the Vosges and a dance on one of the Lake Steamers, and there was also a generous allowance of free time for private explorations. Immediately following the conference came a five-day stay in the Rhone Alps, where, among points of interest seen during the climbing, were a glacier, a " bear-hole " (self-styled), and the fabled Edelweiss. One night was spent in a cabane of the Clup Alpin Suisse, and the stay was rounded off by a bonfire and sing-song.

The following week Mr. Graham, who had not long before returned from Norway, gave a talk about that country. He was invited to take part in a Ministry of Education course to study the methods of education in Norway, with an eve to suggesting mutual improvements, and his information about Norwegian schools, teaching systems, and standards of education, being up-to-the-minute, first-hand material, was very interesting. He also drew for us a colourful picture of life in Norway as he saw it.

Still in the Baltic area, G. M. MacBeth introduced discussion on the States of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. We knew very little about these Baltic nations, I think, before his talk. but by the end we felt an almost personal relationship with them, for as well as reviewing their political and economic affairs, MacBeth gave such intimate details as the depressing fall in numbers of the four-foot-high Lithuanian horses, and the (consequent?) demand for more artificial fertilisers.

On October to, Miss Ouwerkerk gave a very comprehensive talk on India, in which country she has lived for seventeen years, lecturing, and doing research in Economics and Social Science. She was ready, even pleased, to discuss any topics concerning India, whether political, religious, economic, cultural, or social, and I am glad to say that we made full use of her extensive knowledge and experience.

Following this we took for discussion the topical subject of social problems in South Africa, and we were very fortunate in securing the services of Mr. Ibrahim, who is an Indian whose family has settled in South Africa. He traced for us the various race distinctions in the dominion, detailed the history of racial discrimination, and described the very pronounced way in which it operates, and affects the life of the state.

For United Nations Week we decided to discuss any points which arose connected with U.N. We started the meeting with a description of how U.N. goes to work, taking as an example the setting up of the Economic Commission for Europe, a commission of the Economic and Social Council, one of the main subsidiary bodies of U.N. This was given by L. May. During discussion, favourite bones of contention were U.N.'s lack of power, the Veto, administration costs, and the exclusion of Spain. We were also able to clear up some doubts on factual questions.

Our last meeting before the Magazine took to the rollers was to have been addressed by an East African student at the University, but unfortunately it had to be postponed at the eleventh hour. Mr. Cumming very kindly filled the gap at very short notice with some facts and views about modern China, and we discussed the recent changes that have taken place there.

Our future programme contains some interesting high-lights, including visits from Mr. Ramamadhani, the East African gentleman above mentioned, and an American now lecturing at the University. We also have two internal discussions to come, and our annual fixture with the High School also falls this term. Finally we shall be sending a good number of delegates to the C.E.W.C. Conference in London in the New Year.

L. M.

Music Society

AT the first meeting on September 13th, it was decided to hold meetings at fortnightly intervals. So far, owing to a break at half-term, and the preoccupation of officials of the Society with extra work, only two full meetings have been held. On September 27th a programme of " popular classics " on records was introduced by the officers of the Society. On October 18th, Mr. Graham gave an interesting talk on Norwegian Folk Music with particular reference to Grieg. The material for this talk was obtained during Mr. Graham's recent tour in Norway. The lecture was comprehensive and sensitively presented. Mr. Graham also provided illustrations on clarinet and piano, and was assisted by Mr. Barnes and G. E. Nutter. While not detracting from Grieg's greatness, Mr. Graham revealed him in his true perspective.

At the time of writing one other meeting is arranged, with another under consideration. Perhaps it may be thought from the above that the Society has hardly justified its existence; but we would point out that we have not had anything like the support we should expect in a School of this calibre. If we could rely on an audience of at least a score at each meeting we could engage outside lecturers to provide more varied and detailed programmes. Note that the Society's meetings are open to all members of the School-so forward the cultural-minded!

J. D. B.
D. W.


THE Chess Club resumed its Friday meetings in the Library this term. A small but keen number of boys play every week, and a ladder competition is in progress, by means of which an idea of the relative order of merit of players will be obtained. It must be emphasised, however, that unless attendances increase, we cannot hope to form a team capable of holding its own with other schools.

On Friday, November 18th, a five-board match was played in the Library with the University Chess Club, which we won by three games to two. Two masters were included in the team.

Scores: Tranter, 1. Mr. Duffin, 0. Mr. Effron, 1. Robinson, 1. Heathcote, 0.

P. D. R.


Puppy dogs have
Kennels and
Pussy cats have
Please could you
Tell me where
Little poems go?


Oxford Letter

The Queen's College, Oxford.

Dear Sir,

" I must not smoke cigars in prayers. I must not ... "

Oxford has for so long been renowned as a home for eccentrics that it would indeed be odd if one or two were not to be found among the forty odd members of the Seventh Club. And so indeed it proves to be. We can boast Mr. Craig of Balliol, who has practised speaking a tongue of his own invention so assiduously that by now only a few initiates succeed in understanding a word he says; and Mr. Hughes, of Queen's, torn with rage and jealousy, who is almost as bad-only the other night he introduced new pronunciations of " toothpaste," " wonderful " and " waistcoat," and it was good to see that he has at length discovered how to wear the latter article in the correct " un-Sheffield " way.

Of our other members, there is Mr. Dawson who may be seen at White's of a Saturday evening, still a trifle too aloof and authentic to secure the mention in the Isis gossip column which he so eagerly desires. There is too the ex-army group, headed by Messrs. Edwards and Barthorpe, with veteran Mr. Fenton chiming in with hair-raising stories of street-fighting in Cassino whenever an opportunity presents itself. Mr. Barthorpe's most endearing quality is his expert knowledge of wines, the benefit of which he imparts to the lesser brethren with a disarming modesty. Mr. Jack Reynolds and he hold forth in battles of knowledge which leave at least one spectator breathless.

Of those whose names are more likely to be familiar to those still at School, there is Mr. Nigel Clarke, who was seen on Bonfire Night attempting to move a weighing machine in St. Giles, and calling loudly for " Three cheers for the Proctors." On the same night Mr. Kinsey was observed singing " Rock of Ages " in the company of some doubtful characters from O.I.C.C.U., since when numerous, but vain, attempts have been made to persuade him to sign the pledge. And there is Mr. Wood, who has found a magnificent outlet up here for his cult of luxuriant opulence; he has taken to smoking a pipe the shape of which is exciting widespread admiration.

To conclude on a more serious note, we are all very glad to have Mr. Keighley back amongst us again, and hope that his present good health will stay with him for a long time.

Yours sincerely,

Old Edwardians

I. R. SCUTT, M.A., has been appointed Town Clerk of Jarrow.
P. S. GRANVILLE has been awarded a minor scholarship at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge.
P. L. BURKINSHAW has been chosen for the Colonial Administrative Service as assistant district commissioner in Sierra Leone.
Major E. B. DOBSON, a member of the Sheffield Telegraph editorial staff, has written the history of the South Notts Hussars, R.H.A., with whom he served during the war, and was presented at a regimental dinner at Nottingham with a tankard in recognition of his work.
Dr. J. T. BURDEKIN has been appointed a member of the Correspondence Committee on Industrial Hygiene of the International Labour Office.
PETER COLEBROOK, L.A.C., represented R.A.F.H.Q. at Singapore in cricket, football, hockey and tennis. He captained a football XI, and played outside left in an International match, England and Wales v. Scotland and Ireland.
G. D. JORDAN, lubrication engineer at Samuel Fox & Co., Stocksbridge, has been awarded the Alexander Duckham bronze medal of the Incorporated Plant Engineers for an article on " The lubrication engineer, his establishment and development."


Mr. C. S. SANDFORD, who died on November and, 1949, aged 76, was an Old Boy of the Sheffield Collegiate School and of Felsted School. He was agent for the Duke of Norfolk's Sheffield estates, a Fellow of the Surveyor's Institution, and a Trustee of the Sheffield Church Burgesses.

Mr. S. B. LUCAS, B.A., died on September 6th. 1949. His long service to education included twelve years, from 1907 to 1919, at King Edward VII School, and twenty years at the Davenant Foundation School, London. He was Chairman of the Assistant Masters' Association in 1919 and Honorary Secretary in 1921-22, and from 1923 to 1948 was Editor of The A. M. A.

JOHN R. CARDING-WELLS, Flight-Cadet, R.A.F. College, Cranwell, died on July 6th, 1949, as the result of a motor-cycle accident.


IT is too early since the visit of Mr. J. H. Frew, the Yorkshire F.A. Coach, to assess the effect on the standard of school football. From the interest shown in his visit we are expecting some good results when his lessons have been fully mastered. On the first morning he took the first two elevens and a few senior members of Houses, and dealt mainly with ball control, trapping, passing and running into position. In the afternoon the first teams were coached by their captains and the Coach visited each game in turn. A number of one-footed players found it difficult to play left-foot football. The criticism made was that boys did not keep to their positions but tended to follow the ball. It is hoped that all House teams will make a real effort to improve the standard of their game because this is the best way of raising the general level throughout the school. The next morning the Coach took the Under-15 and Under-r4 teams and dealt particularly with heading and tackling. In the afternoon he attended the second-form games and was quite impressed with the standard shown in a trial game. The Third XI have attended regularly at school practices this term and were rewarded by a strenuous session with the Coach. As he showed them several new games it was interesting as well as instructive.

The results so far this season have been rather better than last year. Pride of place must go to the Second XI who have won all their matches and only given two goals away. The First XI are not far behind, having lost only one school match, but that rather badly. The Under-15 XI has also done better than before, and owe their thanks to Mr. D. J. Wilson who has now taken responsibility for them.

It is pleasing to report an increased attendance of boys and parents supporting the teams. We would like to welcome even more at future matches.

P. J. W.


The season promised well as there were more than eleven boys at school who had played for the first XI before and these included Fletcher (captain), Heeley (secretary) and Mousley (centre-forward). The only newcomer was Fenton who played a brilliant game in the School trial. The team has been much more settled than last year and has not been troubled much by injury. It has usually been: Hadfield (after Parnham left); Needham, Hallows; Fletcher, Marriott, Heeley; Fenton, Mayor, Mousley, Keighley, Stanfield. Dickens has played quite frequently in one of the inside-forward positions. Colours for the first half of the season have been awarded to Hallows and Keighley.

v. Old Edwardians. At Whiteley Woods, September 10th. Won 8-4.

The first match was played in glorious cricket weather on a hard ground and the result of the corresponding match last year was exactly reversed. It was not for some time that the first goal was scored when Fenton seized a chance from a faulty clearance and outpaced the defence to score. The O.E.'s replied immediately from the kick-off. the school team then gradually gained the ascendancy. Although many goals were missed, Mousley, ably supported by the inside forwards, scored five and Fletcher. in his first game as captain, was an inspiration to the defence. Many of the team, however, were a trifle slow on to the ball and did not always use it to the best advantage.

v. C. B. Dawson's XI. At Whiteley Woods, September 17th. Lost 1-5.

It was tantalising to meet a team of Old Boys which was heavier and faster than the School team and also than the official Old Edwardians' team played the previous week. The first goal was a good one, with Mousley finishing some neat passing with a good shot. Again the opponents were allowed to equalise immediately and then they took command of the game for the rest of the first half. With defensive slips and opportunities missed by the forwards the score was t-4 at half-time. The second half was more even although the play became a little ragged at times. The school forwards had several near shots but were unable to beat Dawson. The team would have done better if it had not been so slow and if the marking had been closer.

v. Headmaster's XI. At Whiteley Woods, September 21St. Lost 0-3.

The School team played rather a poor game but the visitors were not much better; their three goals were due to their dash and greater willingness to shoot in front of goal. Neither set of wing-halves and inside-forwards had the ability to draw the opposite defence and make an accurate ground-pass, although Fletcher tried but without much response. Occasionally the right-wing triangle showed flashes of understanding only for the move to fade out at the critical moment. The left-wing triangle, Dickens excepted, showed little or no constructive ability or even ball control. In defence Needham and Hallows played well; Parnham, however, was at fault with at least two of the goals, which were scored by Crowe with a snap-shot just before half-time, and Haywood and Shaddock in the second half.    (D. W. K.)

v. Sheffield Club. At Whiteley Woods, September 24th. Won 7-3.

After a corner from Fenton had gone straight across the goal mouth the visitors rallied and several successive shots were cleared from the home goal-line. It was rather against the run of the game when the School team took the lead owing to a defensive lapse. After other near efforts at both ends, Keighley put through a long pass for Mousley to score easily, but the visitors replied almost immediately. In the later stages of the game the School team played much more aggressively and took complete command of the game.

v. Lincoln School. At Lincoln, October 1st. Drawn o-o.

In the first inter-school match there was little to choose between the two sides. In both cases the forwards lacked punch and the defence was on top. A number of good moves were marred by bad finishing and on a number of occasions a forward changed position and then passed to his old place. The home goal-keeper saved the few good shots directed his way and the School forward line looked much less threatening after Mayor had to retire to the wing position-previously he had engineered several good movements. The home team were quicker in getting to the ball and bringing it under control and also tackled more effectively.

v. Rotherham Grammar School. At Whiteley Woods. October 5th. Won 5-2.

There was little to choose between the teams at first and the visitors obtained the first goal after a partial save by Parnham. After more desultory play, Mayor gave Mousley a good pass from which he scored, but another defensive lapse put Rotherham ahead again immediately. After the interval Stanfield obtained the equaliser from the centre-forward position and then the School team drew ahead. Keighley added a further goal after Mousley's shot had been blocked and, before the end, Mayor gave Mousley a long through pass from which he scored.

v. Bootham School. At Whiteley Woods, October 8th. Won 12-1.

The visitors opened the score after the School team had missed a sitter, and then we missed another good chance before Mayor scored with a swerving shot. Keighley put the School team ahead after a good interchange of positions with Mousley. While there had only been one goal difference in the first half, the second half was very different. The forwards combined together much better and scored continuously.

v. Derbyshire Amateurs. At Whiteley Woods, October 15th. Won 3-1.

In this match the School team found their form much quicker than previously. In the first half, some good constructive play was marred only by poor finishing. Keighley scored both goals with shots in the corner. In the second half the standard of football was not so good. Because the defence did not clear properly the visitors scored and then attacked strongly for several minutes but without scoring. The School team showed a tendency to overdo the close game, sometimes the passes were not careful enough, and there was a strange reluctance to challenge an opponent before he had brought the ball under control.

v. Repton "A". At Repton, October 18th. Won 3-2.

The team started off in an inspired way. Within a few minutes a move down the right wing led to an easy goal for Mousley who shortly afterwards scored again from a pass from the left. After this the game became more even, particularly after the power of the forward line was weakened when Mayor was injured. The handicap of playing one short and the heavy ground were felt, and the home team attacked strongly and drew level. However the School team rallied again and went ahead with a third goal by Mousley, capping a good movement started by Keighley.

v. High Storrs G. S. At High Storrs, October 22nd. Drawn 2-2.

In the first half the home team kept up a vigorous attack and the play was mostly in our half. The defence played well, with Hadfield making some fine saves and Hallows being as cool as ever, so that the School team was only one goal down at half-time. After the interval the forwards played better and Keighley equalised with a good shot. Almost immediately the School team gained the lead but were unable to maintain it.

v. R.A.F. College, Cranwell.     At Whiteley Woods. November 5th. Won 16-0.

Through a misunderstanding, Cranwell arrived with a Second XI (which was itself weakened by injuries). The School started strongly and missing an open goal seemed to spur them on. It was unfortunate for the visitors that the forwards played one of their best games of the season and several of the goals scored were the result of really beautiful movements. Although they were one short through injury during part of the second half the visitors struggled on and were unfortunate not to score one goal.

v. Woodhouse G. S. At Whiteley Woods, November 9th. Lost 2-9.

This game was played while there were still pools of water on the pitch. The visitors won easily largely because they seized their opportunities and adapted their game to the conditions. Several of the visitors' goals were due to bad defensive lapses, in particular, bad marking and a tendency not to clear at first but to dribble in the (often vain) hope of getting into a better position. Although they scored the first goal, the School forwards never looked really threatening. For most of the second half the game was much more even and the School team scored the only goal, but towards the end the defence fell to pieces and the visitors added four more goals.

v. Manchester G. S. At Whiteley Woods, November 12th. Won 2-0.

Again conditions were bad under foot and made much worse by continuous rain and a strong cold wind. The slippery conditions were probably responsible for the visiting captain making his one mistake of the match and letting in a good long shot from the School captain. Mousley scored the other goal with one of his typical efforts-a good through pass enabled him to outpace two defenders and put in a good shot. On a number of occasions the visitors showed glimpses of their real form with fast attacks but these were spoiled by poor finishing.

P. J. W.


The second XI has made a fine start to the season, having won all games played so far. Such a record is hard to criticise. Yet there is still a tendency to hang back from a tackle. This will be remedied. The defence has settled down to the following formation: - Jones; Bradshaw, Beeley; Thornton, Everitt, Buchan (Capt.)

Hadfield was lost to the 1st XI, yet Jones has been an excellent replacement. The backs are reasonably safe, though Beeley is not inclined to head a heavy ball. Thornton has shown a remarkable improvement and Everitt's defensive play is sound, though his kicking length could improve, whilst Buchan is happier in the half-back line. The forwards have been chosen from Williams, Prideaux, Charles, Brown, Thomas and May; Dickens has often been required by the 1st XI. Brown has led the line well, and is becoming deadly with both feet and head near goal. May has also had his fair share of goals. We look to Charles and Thomas to supply the craft-but they mustn't overlook that they also have to help the defence. Williams at times has been guilty of tapping the ball about instead of making haste towards the corner flag.

C. H. H.

Second XI v. The Staff. Saturday, October 22nd.

In its three previous games the 2nd XI had not conceded a goal, but on several occasions during this match the record was nearly lost. Playing fast, forceful, football, the team met unexpectedly strong opposition from a near-veteran side which maintained the strenuous pace creditably. The main difference was in front of goal, where the 2nd XI forwards demonstrated their superiority by scoring through Brown in the first half, and May and Brown after the interval, although there was an element of luck about the second goal. The score did not wholly represent the play, but it proved that the side which makes for goal and shoots hard is more likely to win. A return game is being demanded by the Staff.

G. C. G.

Sept. 24. School, 5. Old Edwardians 2nd XI, 0.
Oct. 1. School, 6. Central Technical School 1st XI, 0.
Oct. 8. Bootham School, 0. School, 9.
Oct. 22. School, 3. Staff, 0.
Nov. 5. School, 6. Barnsley G. S. 2nd XI, 2.
Nov. 12. School, 2. Huddersfield Amateurs 2nd XI, 0.
(Abandoned after 30 minutes play)

Scorers: Brown, J. B., 13. May, 12. Buchan, 2. Prideaux, 2. Thomas, 1. Williams, 1.


The one game played so far this season, a victory against Owler Lane by 3-1, was outstanding for keen tackling; on this showing we have already a good basis for the team. Attendances at evening practices have been particularly encouraging.

W. J. D.


'The team has started the season well. An initial (and rather fortunate) victory over a strong Carfield side proved very encouraging and the team has settled down to play entertaining and constructive football. The recruits from last season's Under 14 side included the complete half-back line and this has continued to play outstandingly well. Defensive tackling and kicking, after a somewhat disappointing start, have gradually improved, though tackling in particular is still too hesitant. 'The criticism of hesitancy can be levelled against the team in general. There is a marked tendency to leave

the ball to do the work, with fatal results, as was apparent at Barnsley. The forward line, though able to work openings, has too often failed to exploit them. Goddard however has added much-needed punch and has scored most of the goals. There is every reason to be optimistic about the rest of the season.

Played 6. Won 3. Drawn 1. Lost 2. Goals for, 18. Goals against 17.

D. J. W.


Only four matches have been played to date and the team has not vet settled down with the necessary understanding of each other's moves. Individually, each member of the team has worked hard. The defence has been sound, with Nuttall outstanding at centre-half, but there has been a lack of understanding between the inside forwards and the wing halves, who must learn to distribute the ball. The inside forwards should learn the value of the long pass to the opposite wing. Every member of the team has played with enthusiasm and determination, and two defeats were the result of lack of weight and size in the forward line. Rowbotham has been a good Captain, showing real zeal, and has played his part well on the field. The visit of the F.A. coach was much appreciated and his instruction, particularly his hints on tackling, should prove of great value.

J. C. H.


Sept. 24 v. Hunter's Bar C.S. Won 5-0.
Oct. 1 v. Central Technical School. Lost 0-4.
Oct. 8 v. Rotherham G.S. Lost o 4.
Nov. 3 v. Barnsley G.S. Lost o-2.
Nov. 12 (U. 14 and U. 15 joint XI) v. Southey Green C.S. Draw 2-2.


We are fortunate in having a very enthusiastic and capable lot of juniors this season. The only difficulty is that many of them are good enough to play for the Under 14 XI; the Under 13 XI can, in consequence, rarely turn out as the same team. In their first match, the defence got a good grip of the game and beat Hunter's Bar by 6 goals to nil. The many changes necessary for the second match and some early slackness in defence led to their being defeated 1-2, by a very lively team from High Storrs. We hope to get our revenge in the return match.

H. T. R. T.

Winners of Northern Schools Cross-Country Championship




v. Craven Gentlemen, at home, June 25th.
Craven Gentlemen 96. K.E.S. 149.

The School batted first and lost two wickets quickly, but scores of 42, by Dickens, and 72 not out, by Crowe, gave a final total of 149. Then Armytage and Dickens bowled viciously on a crumbling wicket and some good fielding helped towards a fine win for the School.

v. Bradford G.S., at home, July 2nd.
Bradford G.S. 107. K.E.S. 95.

Bradford batted first and at one time were 76 for 4. but the School out-cricket improved and the total of 107 seemed modest on a good wicket. Faced by two fast bowlers. however, the School made a deplorable start, losing 3 wickets for 1 run. Mousley and Crowe then seemed to have the game won, but each was out carelessly and the later batsmen were not quite good enough.

v. Sheffield Collegiate, at Abbeydale Park, July 6th.
Sheffield Collegiate 174 for 4 dec. K.E.S. 110 for 7.

On a very fast wicket, the School bowling was good but unsuccessful, and experienced batsmen eventually scored quickly and well. Against bowling which seemed craftier than it really was, the School never looked like scoring 175 runs.

v. Doncaster G.S., at home, July 9th.
Doncaster G.S. 76. K.E.S. 94.

Sound batting by Keighley and Mousley began a recovery from another bad start by the School, but the later batsmen did badly and 94 seemed to be a losing score. Patchett, however, bowled away-swingers very well, taking 5 for 11, and the School won with little to spare.

Season's record: Played 16, Won 8, Drawn 4. Lost 4.


v. Chesterfield G. S. Lost by 46 runs. Chesterfield 100 for 8 (dec.), K.E.S., 54.

v. High Storrs G. S. Lost by 19 runs. High Storrs 93. K.E.S. 74.

Season's record: Played 7. Won 2. Lost 3. Drawn 2.


Season's record: Played 5, Won 1, Drawn 1, Lost 3.


At the Swimming Sports held on July 1st, the principal results were as follows:—

FREE STYLE (Open) 3 lengths:-I, Parnham, D. 2. Bradshaw, R. B.; 3, Sussams, J. E. Time: 61.3 seconds. Record.

FREE STYLE (Open) 6 lengths: I, Parnham, D; 2, Bennett, J. A.; 3, Sussams, J. E. Time: 2 min., 34.3 sec.

FREE STYLE (Open) I length: 1, Bradshaw, R. B. and Harsh, G. B.; 3, Allen, C. R. Time: 17 2-5 sec.

BREAST STROKE (Open) 2 lengths: 1. Marsh, G. B.; 2. Morte, P. A.; 3, Kalman, E. Time: 49 1-5 sec. Record.

BACK STROKE (Open) 2 lengths: I, Parnham, D.; 2. Round. B.; 3. Tummon, M. J. Time: 46 4-5 sec.

NEAT DIVE (Open): I, Taylor, K. B. T.: 2, Cole, M.; 3, Sussams, J. E.

LONG PLUNGE (Open): 1, Round, B.; 2. Davies, J. 3, A.; `Marsh, G. B. Distance, 47 ft. 10 in.

BACK STROKE (14--16) 1 length: 1. Round, B; 2, Clarke, R. D.; 3, Williamson, D. Time: 22 I-5. Record.

SENIOR RELAY: I, Sherwood; 2, Welbeck. Time: 76.2 sec.

JUNIOR RELAY: I, Lynwood; 2, Clumber. Time 10 3-5 sec.

WATER POLO KNOCK-OUT FINAL: Sherwood. 4 Arundel, 0.

HOUSE COMPETITION: I, Sherwood. 394; 2, Clumber. 311; 3, Lynwood, 291; 4, Wentworth, 285; 5, Arundel and Haddon, 248; 7, Chatsworth, 242; 8, Welbeck, 220.



JULY 2ND. K.E.S. v. Rugby School " A " team. Seniors. Lost 27-36. Water Polo, won 8-0.

JULY 5TH. K.E.S. v. King Edward VI School. Birmingham, Seniors. Won 42-13.

NOVEMBER 5TH. Water Polo v. Sheffield University. Lost 5-2.


AT the end of last term, the Finals of the Singles and Doubles Tournaments were played. In the Singles Final, Mr. G. J. Cumming beat A. S. Leeson 6-2, 6-2, and in the Doubles Final, Miss J. M. Manners and PIr. G. J. Cumming beat D. V. R. Nunn and D. C. Law 6 0, 6-4. Perhaps, with a little more practice on the part of the school, players will help to wrest one or both of the titles from the Staff next season. The season was concluded with an encouraging win over Rustlings Juniors, by 5 rubbers to 4, the first pair winning all three rubbers. We would like to thank the Rustlings Club once again for being such good hosts.

During the summer holidays, several members took part in the Junior Tournament on the Sheffield and Hallamshire Club's courts. Our most successful representative was G. E. Downend, who reached the semi-final of the Boys Under 15 section.

Although our activities this term have been very limited, plans for next season are already under consideration. If we succeed in our effort to hire some courts, we shall follow a more ambitious programme in the coming year, when all new members will be welcome.

K. R. J.

(An apology is due to the Club for the statement in our last issue that " none of our pairs had ever played before," which was a misprint for . . . “had ever played together before."--Editor)

House Notes


Since the report of last term's activities we have two more successes to record: the winning of the Knock-Out Casket after a close victory over Haddon, and the gaining of the 3rd XI Cup by Fells and his team, after a play-off with Lynwood. This term has been one of more than average success, and gives promise of a bright near-future. In the Football Leagues, the 1st XI, though half-way down the table, are determined to climb as the season progresses, and have indeed been playing more strongly of late. The 2nd XI stand seemingly unshakeable at the top of their table, and I see no reason why they should not stay there and make the cup ours; also we look forward to seeing the Under 14 XI put in that extra spurt which will take them from second place into the lead. Our interest in the Knock-out competition came to an end in the Semi-final when we lost to Lynwood, after a well-fought fight, by the odd goal in five, a very fair result to the game. As befits these facts, we have a strong representation in the various School XI's. The flag of Arundel Swimming has been kept high by the magnificent efforts of the 2nd VII Water Polo, under the able leadership of Dickens; with two matches yet to be played they have not dropped a point, have a goal average of 14 -1, and show a clear three points lead of the field. With this splendid record, I think we may count the trophy already in our cupboard. We were very pleased to welcome this term as House Master, Dr. Hargreaves, and as House Tutor, Mr. Hood, who have shown a keen interest in the work and welfare of the House. Also, we are glad to congratulate Needham on being instituted as a Prefect. Finally, adieux. During this term we have lost Short, of the VI Form, who was a conscientious, if unobtrusive member, and Preston, of the Transitus, who was always to be found enthusiastically participating in all House activities. Now, at the term's end, our House Captain, May, is leaving us; and to him as to the others, we would wish to say, as they to us, thank you, and good luck.


In direct contrast to last season, the senior section of the House has been very successful on the football field this term. The 1st XI, having won every match, is three points ahead of Lynwood at the head of the table. A team of triers, not of individual stylists, the eleven, well led by Thomas, should retain its position throughout the season. The Knock-out XI has again defied tradition in reaching the Final for the seventh consecutive year. Strengthened by the inclusion of Marriott, school centre-half and House Football Captain, the XI is to meet Lynwood in the Final, having beaten Haddon and Chatsworth in the preliminary rounds. The House 2nd XI, a strong side containing at least six members of 1st XI experience or capability, is second in the League, having lost only one match, to Arundel the leaders. A little more keenness and determination in the play should reverse these positions in the near future. The performance of the Under 14 XI, weakened by a crop of minor ailments and injuries, has not come up to expectations, but a more settled team next term should produce a marked improvement. The advent of the Second Form league, played on Thursday afternoons, has revealed to the Houses talent which would otherwise have been swallowed up in the 4th XIs and Pick-ups. The team has been fairly successful and contains some very promising young players. The 2nd League Water Polo team has also played well, having drawn its first four matches. Only a marked lack of House spirit in certain boys has prevented us from winning. Now the House extends a cordial welcome to a new House Tutor, Mr. Barnet. Also we congratulate Marriott on being appointed House Football Captain, Thomas being vice-captain, and Bennett on being elected House Swimming Captain. Finally congratulations to Adsetts on his Hastings Scholarship.


At the end of last term the House lost many of those who had contributed to our not inconsiderable success last year. A few more have left during the term and we are sorry to say that our House Captain, Buckroyd, is leaving at Christmas to join the army. The senior teams have been left so to speak " in the air " and we are sorry to record that both the 1st and 2nd XI's are at present at the bottom of their Leagues. Fenton, whom we congratulate on his election as House Football Captain and on his being picked for the School 1st XI, ably led his team to victory in the first round of the Knock-out, but the team was beaten in the second round. The prestige of the House has been well upheld by the junior teams. The Under 14 XI has at present sunk to third position, and the Second Form team is now second. Round is to be congratulated on being elected House Swimming Captain. The 2nd League Water Polo team is very young and to some extent immature. This may account for its low position in the League. De Belin has been appointed House Athletics Captain and we hope that under his leadership the House will win fresh laurels. Finally we congratulate C. G. Smith on his Physics Distinction in the recent Higher Certificate examination and his Hastings Scholarship at The Queen's College, Oxford.


Our football teams have not had the success expected of them this term. Theist XI are bracketed at the bottom of the League, having won only one game, although they have lost by only one goal on several occasions. Both the 2nd and Under 14 XIs are very low in their respective leagues in spite of a very promising start, and we hope they will do better in the second round next term. There is one team, however, of which we can be proud; that is the Second Form XI which has not lost a game throughout the term. We look forward to an invincible 1st XI in future years, provided that this team can be kept together. The Knock-out proved a disappointment when we were beaten 9-3 by our old rivals, Clumber. There was not really so much difference between the teams as the score suggests, and the real reason why we lost so heavily was perhaps our inability to make our own luck and a general lack of determination. The 2nd Water Polo team have done well considering that they are more or less new to the game, and it is possible that several of them will be promoted to the first team. Congratulations to D. W. Keighley on the award of School 1st XI Football Colours, and to A. A. Mousley on the reaward of his. Finally we must say goodbye to our House Captain, A. A. Mousley, who is going into the forces before continuing his studies at the University.


Phenomenally bad luck has lost the 1st XI its last three matches. There is nothing fundamentally wrong with the team, which plays well together and is stronger in midfield than most sides. Perseverance and more shooting instead of passing in front of goal will undoubtedly bring success as in the early part of the season. Unsettled at the beginning of the season, the 2nd XI has latterly shown itself a competent side. Only accuracy in shooting is lacking, and this may be remedied by practice. Many players of 1st class are at the moment playing in the 2nd for no other reason than lack of vacant positions in the 1st. Consequently many players of 2nd XI class must play in the 4th. They should not be discouraged, but should use the opportunity to gain confidence. Having lost game after game through insipid tackling and half-hearted passing, the Under 14 XI should learn that football is not to be played, like chess, as a series of premeditated moves, but by the whole-hearted efforts of the entire team. Neither have the Second Forms come up to scratch; great improvement is expected here.


Out football teams have not been quite so successful this term as they were last season. However, the 1st XI are hanging on grimly to second place in the League, although three points behind the leaders. They have been most unlucky with regard to injuries-in the vital match against Clumber no fewer than four reserves were in the team; still they have always played good football with Gomm a much improved goalkeeper, Butler a sterling centre-half, and Charles and Peterken hard-working forwards. The 2nd XI have never struck winning form; their forwards have a most disconcerting habit of shooting wide when well placed. The Under 14 XI, placed fourth, are not as high as was expected; despite having Laycock, Oliver, and J. S. G. Smith in the School Under 14 XI, they started the season very badly, although of late they have improved somewhat. The Knock-out XI has reached the Final for the first time since 1946; a battling game against Welbeck in the Ringinglow mud ended in a 2-1 win after extra time, while in the Semi-Final they disposed of Arundel 3-2 after another hard game. Our Second Form team, although it has only won one game, contains several players who show distinct promise for the future. Turning to Swimming, our 2nd Water Polo team has probably been the most successful Lynwood has ever had; it has suffered only one defeat, and is placed third in the League. Hilton and Moore have scored most of the goals, while Newboult has backed them up well at centre-half. We were pleased to welcome Mr. Duffin as our House Tutor at the beginning of term. Finally we give our congratulations to Macbeth and Fletcher on being appointed Prefects, and to the latter on being appointed School Football Captain.


After a rather unpromising start to the Football season, the 1st XI has now settled down and is reasonably placed in the League, being 4th at the time of going to press. We were unfortunate to lose 2-1 to Lynwood, after extra time, in the Knock-out competition, but there is some consolation in knowing that Lynwood have reached the Final. Everitt has been playing well in the School 2nd XI and Daw and Sinclair are to be congratulated on winning their places in the School 3rd XI. The 2nd XI have been rather inconsistent, but the Under 14 XI are at present top of the League and stand every chance of winning the cup. We were very pleased to welcome Haxton back to the House, and although not yet able to take any active part in games he is keeping a fatherly eye on the Under 14 XI. The 2nd XI Water Polo team have been highly successful, having only been beaten by the league leaders, Arundel. We were very sorry to lose Benzies and Schofield, who were both very enthusiastic members of the House.


The success of all three football elevens in their opening league games gave rise to hopes which have, unfortunately, not been fulfilled. The 1st XI has, however, been compelled to field a weakened side in every match, and its modest record does not reflect the narrow margin of several defeats. In view of the calls which have been made upon the 2nd XI to complete the League side, its subsequent lack of success is understandable. The Under 14 XI contains some skilful players, but its small forwards have been at a disadvantage against robust defences; it has nevertheless given some heartening displays. One can only say that the result of the Knock-out match was disappointing. The performances of the Second Form team give some grounds for optimism; it is a virile side. School 1st XI Colours have been, deservedly, awarded to Hallows, and reawarded to Heeley. The selection of Hadfield in goal gives added pleasure. To the School Under 15 XI the House has contributed the Captain, Needham, and two of its League defenders. In the 2nd team Water Polo League we have been moderately successful, and the recent improvement is encouraging. We congratulate Sussams and Heeley on their appointment as Prefects, and Garlick as Head Prefect. Prideaux gained a Hastings Scholarship at The Queen's College, Oxford; we hope that this excellent performance will be followed by news of awards to other senior members of the House. A full part has been played in the activities of the School Choir and Orchestra, and the House has provided four soloists for the concert of sacred music. Everyone will be pleased to hear that Bingham is making a steady recovery from his illness. We send him our good wishes and hope that he will soon be back with us.


  FIRST XI. P. W. D. L. For Agt. Pts.
I. Clumber .. 7 7 0 0 36 II 14
2. Lynwood .. 7 5 1 1 27 8 11
3. Sherwood.. 7 5 0 2 22 12 10
4. Welbeck .. 7 4 1 2 29 14 9
5. Arundel .. 7 3 0 4 12 21 6
6. Chatsworth 7 1 0 6 9 43 2
6. Haddon - 7 1 0 6 16 30 2
6. Wentworth 7 1 0 6 12 24 2


I. Arundel* .. 6 5 1 0 22 6 11
2. Clumber* 6 5 0 I 38 9 10
3. Sherwood* 6 4 0 2 30 10 8
4. Lynwood . - 7 3 1 3 19 17 7
5. Haddon .. 7 3 0 4 23 I9 6
5. Welbeck* 6 3 0 3 18 15 6  
7. Chatsworth 7 1 0 6 II 39 2
7. Wentworth 7 1 0 6 4 50 2
*One game abandoned owing to fog.
UNDER 14 XI.              
I. Welbeck 7 6 I o 27 6 13
2. Arundel 7 4 3 0 26 12 11
3;. Chatsworth 7 4 2 1 23 16 10
4. Lynwood .. 7 3 1 3 28 22 7
4. Haddon .. 7 3 1 3 15 12 7
6. Wentworth 7 3 0 4 8 19 6
7. Sherwood 7 1 0 6 17 29 2
8. Clumber .. 7 0 0 7 11 39 0

Letters to the Editor

507 H.Q., C.C.G., Detmold, B.A.O.R. 15.

Dear Editor,

I should like to thank you very much for the copies of your School Magazine which you sent in response to my appeal. The Magazines have been passed on to the Grammar Schools in Brakel, Paderborn, Warburg, Hoster and Bunen, which I am sure will be most interested in them. It is quite true that a school magazine gives a picture of the many activities carried on by a school community. Hitherto many German schools have concentrated almost entirely on the acquisition of knowledge in the classroom, and the community spirit, which is perhaps a fundamental attribute of democracy as we know it, has been neglected. I hope the German schools will send you replies, though, whilst their academic standards are good, I doubt if they will be able to produce such fine magazines as yours.

Yours sincerely,
Education Officer.

*          *          *

Dear Sir,

For many years now our School Magazine has made its terminal appearance. Its cover has varied somewhat during my time at the School. I remember for some time it had no cover at all! The lion rampant is always there, however, and also there is the frightfully prosaic name " The King Edward VII School Magazine." Too long, sir; too unwieldy. Let us emulate our neighbours. Chesterfield for instance, and give our Magazine a neater, terser, title. I will offer no suggestions, merely the cry " a name! "

Yours, etc.,

*          *          *

Dear Sir,

Why are not the Honours Boards in the corridors and Assembly Hall kept up to date-especially the Athletic Records on the second floor.

Yours, etc.,


Contributions for THE MAGAZINE should be addressed to THE EDITOR, SCHOOL -MAGAZINE, K.E.S. A box will be found in the corridor into which all communications may be put.

All contributions should be written clearly in ink or typed. and must be signed with the writer's name, which will not necessarily be published.

The Editor will be glad to be kept informed of the doings of O.E.'s-especially those in distant parts of the world-in order that THE MAGAZINE may form a link between them and the School.

THE MAGAZINE can be supplied to any other than present members of the School at r%- per copy, or for a subscription of 3/- a year, post free. Subscriptions in advance for any number of years, should be sent to THE HON. SECRETARY, THE MAGAZINE, KING EDWARD VII SCHOOL SHEFFIELD, 10.

OLD EDWARDIANS' ASSOCIATION.-Hon. Secretary, J. R. SCHOFIELD. 44. Redcar Road. Sheffield. 10.