KING EDWARD VII SCHOOL MAGAZINE

VOL. XIV. SPRING 1957 No. 8

CONTENTS

SCHOOL NOTES 225 HISTORY PROJECT COMPETITION 232
MUSIC 226 SCHOOL SOCIETIES 233
SOPHOCLES AND SHERIDAN 227 OLD EDWARDIANS ASSOCIATION 238
SIXTH FORM CENSUS 228 CAMBRIDGE LETTER 239
THE LIBRARY 229 CROSS-COUNTRY 239
GALE FORECAST 230 FOOTBALL 240
WHERE THE CIDER APPLES GROW 231 TABLE TENNIS 244
WHEN YOU SPOKE 231 FIVES 244
ECONOMISTS IN LONDON 232 BADMINTON 244
    HOUSE NOTES 246

School Notes

THE following University awards have been gained since our last issue:
R. W. WATERHOUSE : Open Scholarship in Modern Subjects at Corpus Christi College, Oxford.
R. A. AVIS : Open Exhibition in Modem Subjects at University College, Oxford.
A. E. GRANT : Gomm Scholarship in Classics at Keble College, Oxford.
J. D. WALKER : Exhibition in Classics at Queen Mary College, London.
J. HOW : 80 Scholarship (Honorary) in Economics at Nottingham University.
I. W. ROXBURGH : Cooper Scholarship of 50 in Mathematics at Nottingham University.
P. J. SWINBURN : 50 Scholarship in Economics at Nottingham University.
A. MIDDLEMISS : Edgar Allen "A" Scholarship in Science at Sheffield University.

Admission to Oxford Colleges has been obtained by : B. Crookes, Wadham ; N. S. I. Daglish, Worcester; T. Fairbanks and B. Snelson, St. Peter's Hall; P. H. Palmer and G. N. Ward, Keble; C. R. Jennings, Corpus Christi.

Definite places at Universities have been obtained by : R. C. Goodfellow, Birmingham ; T. A. Batley and H. S. Simpson, Bristol ; P. L. Booth and A. G. Walton, Durham ; G. Tyas, Liverpool ; P. G. Allen, J. N. Shillito, J. D. Shipton, London School of Economics ; M. R. Evison and R. Longden, Manchester ; C. Higginbottom, Nottingham.

The School, and especially the Classical department, congratulates Mr. D. V. Henry on his appointment as Headmaster of Welwyn Garden City Grammar School. His four years with us as Senior Classics Master have been marked by increasing academic achievement, and besides stimulating his own pupils he has taken a helpful part in many of the School's cultural activities and put us in his debt by his witty and erudite contributions to Speech Days and jubilee celebrations. We shall be sorry to say goodbye to him in July but offer in advance our best wishes to him and Mrs. Henry for all good fortune in their new home and work.

Mr. RICHARD B. GRAHAM, Headmaster from 1928 to 1938, and later of Bradford Grammar School, had kept up his connection with us by several visits to school services and functions, and by many less generally known personal contacts and kindnesses. His death on 12th February, 1957, only shortly after his retirement from Bradford, curtailed a period of leisure (if leisure could ever be associated with such an energetic personality) which should have prolonged his active contributions to the cause of education and the country—especially the Lakeland country which was his special care. His term as our Headmaster was a period of change, and sometimes of uneasiness, on the administrative side, but internally he guided and inspired the School with high purpose and a genial humanity.

Speech Day will be held on Wednesday, 23rd October, at 7.15 p.m., in the Victoria Hall, when the Prizes will be distributed by Professor E. C. Titchmarsh, Savilian Professor of Geometry in the University of Oxford, and Old Edwardian of 1908-17.

Swimming Sports will take place on June 28th at the School Baths.

We owe a message of sympathy and best Wishes for restored good health to Captain Cheetham of S.S. Hector, who has recently been seriously ill.

OLD EDWARDIANS

P. JACKSON has received his commission in the R.A.F. and is now training in Canada.

Dr. H. R. VICKERS, formerly consultant dermatologist to the United Sheffield Hospital, has been appointed to the medical staff of the United Oxford Hospitals (Radcliffe Infirmary).

M. A. SHARPE obtained 2nd Class in Classical Honour Moderations at Oxford.

C. J. R. TWYFORD has been elected for admission to the School of Sculpture, Slade School of Fine Art, London.

Music

THE Lent term was mainly given over to preparation for the School Concert in May, a date which, being in the next term, sometimes seemed comfortably far off. It says much for the zeal of those who give up their own time to school music that there has been comparatively little falling off in attendance at rehearsals, though both Choir and Orchestra have suffered from the departure of early leavers. At the time of writing the auguries are good for a concert of a high standard and the usual variety.

The Madrigal Group, however, did appear in public, singing part-songs and a motet for double choir by Stanforth at a concert for schools in the Mappin Hall. Before a full audience of musicians from other schools they earned fresh kudos for themselves and their school in polished performances. At the same concert J. R. Williams gave sensitive interpretations of Vaughan Williams' " Songs of Travel " and Schumann's " The Two Grenadiers."

In the school plays music was "live " instead of recorded; Linton (flute) with the First Delphic Hymn, and Thompson (tympani) providing the atmosphere for Oedipus; while Buchan and McNaught, resplendent in period dress and perched in a minstrels' gallery, caught the right style for Sheridan in two-fiddle arrangements of the Minuet from " Eine kleine Nachtmusik " and Boccherini's " Celebrated Minuet."

The Music Club has been active in the lunch hours, the junior section particularly drawing good numbers with enterprising programmes.

N.J.B.

SENIOR MUSIC CLUB

PERFORMANCES took place in the Autumn term about once a fortnight with occasional extra concerts for full measure. We had the pleasure of hearing violin, flute, oboe, 'cello, and piano (solo and duet), and the voice of our distinguished bass, J. R. Williams. All soloists performed with confidence and skill and were well worth hearing. Towards the end of term Mr. Barnes talked on modem music, with recorded illustrations which included the mystic microtones of Haba, true appreciation of which needs an athletic ear, to say the least. Near Christmas we had the recording of Menotti's television opera " Amahl and Night Visitors." Audiences were good, although we would like to express disapproval of those listeners who take the title "Lunch-hour Concert " literally and consume during the performances anything from corned-beef sandwiches to lollipops from the tuckshop.

In the Lent term the number of presentations was somewhat reduced, but noteworthy were an excellent song recital by J. R. Williams (Who also gave a programme of " Curious and Comic Recordings ") and a concert by J. Buchan and M. Turner, violin and oboe. Our thanks are due to the performers, the audiences, the committee who come together (some of them) every Friday to arrange programmes, and finally to Mr. Barnes for assisting in every possible way.

T. F.

JUNIOR MUSIC CLUB

AT the first meeting R. J. Thompson and C. J. Barnes were elected to the committee. Throughout both terms concerts, both live and recorded, have been given regularly, and the high standard of performance and varied programmes have attracted good audiences on most occasions. Considerable ability was displayed by K. Rice in his violin recital, and also noteworthy was a Carol Concert given by a four-part choir drawn from the Third and Fourth Form music sets. During the Lent term we have had concerts by the First and by the Second Forms, which disclosed promising talent, recorded programmes, and an organ recital given by Mr. Barnes.

We thank all those who have helped by performing or introducing recordings, and also Mr. Barnes for ignoring the pangs of hunger to be with us during first-sitting lunch.

C. J. B.

School Dramatic Society, April 5th-9th

SOPHOCLES AND SHERIDAN

THE producer of school drama is faced initially with the problem of choosing between a play which will qualify as a pageant and display the talents of a wide variety of actors and technicians, and one of more purely dramatic quality, whose success will depend critically on the abilities of a smaller number. The first offers an easier insurance against failure, since spectacle, colour and movement may well compensate for roughness in production and lack of discipline in acting; the second stands or falls by the ability of the producer to discover and train a body of actors whose understanding of the play is matched by a self-denying loyalty to its spirit.

King Oedipus in Mr. Watling's translation was the first play of the second type which the school has attempted in the last few years, and it was a conspicuous success. It is a play which in its main role appeals to the virtuoso actor, and no one who saw Sir Laurence Olivier play the part will forget the range and horror of that performance. Mr. Chalmers had firmly decided that to present the play in this way would not only be beyond the range of his cast, but more important, a distortion of its real sense. By rigorously, even sternly, restricting the emotional scope of his presentation, he had surprising success in representing the rigid and archaic qualities of Greek Drama and in calling forth a slightly formal, but entirely harmonious style of acting, which is rare indeed in school performances.

To this success he was helped by J. R. Williams's performance as Oedipus, which was memorable for its restraint and firm control. It is true that he did not succeed in the opening scenes in creating the picture of Oedipus as the noble benevolent king, shepherd of his people. Here he seemed furtive rather than kindly, preoccupied with his own thoughts rather than concerned for the welfare of his people. But from then on he showed growing strength and power. Most actors achieve the climax of their performance in the scene where Oedipus appears sightless on the stage. If this happens, the following scene of his meeting with his children becomes anticlimax of a dead and somewhat repulsive kind. Perhaps the most impressive part of Williams's performance and certainly the most moving was the tenderness which he brought to the playing of this final scene. For an actor whose voice range is limited this was most intelligent and skilful playing.

The rest of the cast measured well up to the quality of Williams's performance. They spoke with clarity and feeling and kept their playing admirably in key with that of Oedipus. In a play which depends so much on the sheer tension and concentration of performance, this reserve and occasional underplaying proved highly successful.

In a very even cast one might perhaps pick out for special praise J. C. B. Turney's excellent playing of Jocasta—perhaps the most difficult role to cast adequately in a school production ; and M. B. Hill's Teiresias, who carefully resisted the temptation to indulge in Grand Guignol. T. Williams as Creon spoke admirably, but he under-played the part and did not suggest with complete success the trustworthiness and essential stability of Creon's character.

The difficulties involved in the use of a large Chorus were on the whole well surmounted. It has become fashionable in modem productions of Greek tragedy to restrict the number of the chorus to two or three, and Mr. T. S. Eliot has declared his despair of making use of a full chorus. In this performance the division of choral speaking into groups, the plotting of movement and position, were very well conceived and executed, but there remained some uncertainty of what their precise relation to the action on the stage should be. Their reaction to temporal events was spasmodic and their somewhat random individual movements served to distract rather than fix the attention of the audience at critical moments. R. A. Avis's performance as Leader was one of the best in such a role that I have seen. He bridged with remarkable skill the gap between the timeless commentating chorus and the events in time being unfolded on the stage, and his extremely casual intrusions into the action were never banal or platitudinous.

Much praise is due to the great army of constructors and technicians who devised the set and lighting with such ingenuity and good taste; to Mrs. Miller for her part in directing the making of the excellent costumes; to D. J. Rolfe (whose name was omitted from the programme) for his decor. Those who saw the play will not be ignorant how much energy and skill was devoted to the production by Mr. Chalmers, and by Mr. Watling who, apart from providing the translation, took over the production at an advanced stage (during Mr. Chalmers's unfortunate illness) and brought it to such a polished fulfilment.

A Trip to Scarborough, in contrast, belongs distinctly to the genus pageant, and it can be produced as a pageant the more wholeheartedly in that it has virtually no dramatic merit. There is variety of scene, elegance of costume, exterior refinement of manners and a parade of widely and wildly assorted characters. If one is to present Sheridan according to the traditions of his theatre, then one must expect from the actors a mannered preciosity of diction, style and movement that I have never seen attained by a school cast. Mr. Burridge with considerable ingenuity and wit allowed it to be played as straight pantomime, matching the chaos of Sheridan's plot with a chaos of acting styles. S. G. Linstead, in an accomplished and elegant performance as Lord Foppington, stuck faithfully to the 18th century convention ; W. Bailey in an amusing portrayal of Sir Tunbelly Clumsy played in the best English tradition of beer-and-beef farce; A. J. Revill gave a charming little vignette of the Nurse in the sentimental manner of late Victorian theatre; and F. I. Parker as Berinthia ogled at the audience as though from the boards of Collins Music Hall in the time of 1908.

By the time the play had been on for ten minutes the plot had been forgotten or had ceased to matter. One settled down peacefully to a set of variety turns and displays of virtuosity poised very skilfully against a most elegant and ingeniously constructed set and dressed out in bright and attractive costumes. Not all the verbal wit, it is true, reached the audience. Linstead in particular was inclined to throw away his lines by speaking from the corner of his mouth to behind his back, sometimes inaudibly. Kenning, excellently made up as Tom Fashion, spoke without much confidence and as though signifying his contempt for what Sheridan had written. But generally speaking the cast entered with gusto into what was nearly a contest in comicality and exhibitionism.

It was odd that with so much vitality in the production as a whole the scenes of love and intrigue should have been less than successful. Here if anywhere was an opportunity for full-blooded overacting in the Pola Negri tradition. Yet both male and female participants in the love scenes became strangely shy and abashed, inhibited perhaps by the thought that in the Sheffield of today " bawdy is severely out of fashion."

The playing of the minor roles was good and gave an indication of the dramatic talent available for future production; and perhaps even more than in the Oedipus, great praise should be accorded to those behind the scenes who had done so much to contribute to the effortless speed and smoothness of the production. Mr. Burridge is to be congratulated on the skill and vitality which this performance displayed.

One should say in conclusion that this year's show has given most promising indications of the high standard of drama of which the School is and should be capable. A large number of people have been prepared to devote much spare time over a period of months to hard rehearsal, planning and construction. That their efforts are appreciated and highly regarded was clear from the size and enthusiasm of the audiences. But I was greatly shocked during the last days of term to find how many of the School, even of those in senior forms, had not visited the plays and had made no plans to go. It is surely deplorable that at the side of the disinterested enthusiasm which makes these plays possible there should exist such foolish and short-sighted indifference to the activities of the School.

D. V. H.

Sixth Form Census

THE census held at the end of the Lent term was the third of a series started in 1949 and continued in 1955. The questionnaires have remained basically the same, but a few new ones have been added. 114 forms were returned from a Sixth Form of 120 boys; 47 from the Modernists, 59 from the Scientists, and 8 from the Classicists.

GAMES. 49% prefer Soccer; 18% Rugger; 20% Running; 13% none. 50% Tennis; 41% Cricket; 91% neither.

NEWSPAPERS READ REGULARLY. 20% Sheffield Telegraph; 26% Star ; 22% Manchester Guardian ; 14% Daily Express; 11% Daily Mirror; 7% Times; 8% Daily Mail; 8% Daily Telegraph; 10% others; 11% none.

GIRL FRIENDS. 36% one regular G.F. ; 15% several ; 49% claim to have none. 46% of the G.F's. attend school; 15% college; 5% university; 34% work.

POLITICS. 44% Conservative; 22% Labour; 8% Liberal; 25% none. 9% agree with the political views of one parent; 47% agree with both; 44% either agree with neither or don't know.

FOOTBALL TEAMS SUPPORTED. 32% Sheffield United ; 27% Sheffield Wednesday; 4% others; 38% none.

SMOKING. 18% regularly; 25% occasionally; 57% never. 56% allowed at home; 23% not ; 21% don't know. 25% DO smoke at home, including 2 who are forbidden.

DRINKING. 8% regularly; 67% occasionally; 25% never.

RELIGION. 47% C. of E.; 23% Methodist; 5% Congregational ; 2% R.C. ; one each for Quaker, Personal, " Free," Atheist, Agnostic, and Elim Pentecostal. 17% none. 65% attend place of worship regularly.

SCHOOL DINNERS. 76% have, 67% of these satisfied.

LEISURE OCCUPATIONS. 43% Youth Club ; 76% other organisations; 60% television. Average number of societies supported 2.3. 32% go out one night a week; 34% twice; 14% three times; 5% oftener; 15% not at all. 36% play a musical instrument; 11% paint for pleasure; 9% compose poetry.

INCOME. 4% less than 5/-; 32% 5/- to 10/-; 40% 10/- to 15/-; 8% 15/- to l.; 13% over l. Only 3 were too shy to disclose earning ability.

FUTURES. 90% intend to go to University; 44% definitely decided on a career.

VARIOUS. 38% been abroad. 83% born in Sheffield. Of those who have TV, 17% wear glasses always and 18% sometimes. 19% of all boys wear spectacles always and 18% sometimes.

In the realm of world affairs, a disturbing apathy may be noticed. Fewer boys are reading newspapers, or many are reading less than before. The Sheffield Telegraph has suffered the greatest collapse. Manchester Guardian has increased in popularity, while the lesser papers retain a steady following of feeble minds. Labour has gained (15% to 22%), while Conservatives have dropped (57% to 44%). Although we have an adherent of the People's League for the Defence of Freedom, there are now 25% of the Upper School with no political views. This idle mentality is reflected in the increase in numbers holding no religious faith (9% to 17%). Methodists have lost their 100% regular attendance record (now 73%) while the Anglican fold collects 75% every Sunday.

In sport, United can now boast more support than Wednesday, Tigers, Sheffield Club, Hallam and Bolton Wanderers combined. The increase in the popularity of Running may be due to genuine enthusiasm or to the opportunity of departing earlier from games. Tennis has gained a slight advantage over Cricket.

There has been an increase of 22% in the number of TV sets. However, the novelty seems to have worn off; TV-ers now support almost as many School societies as the " average boy." Viewers suffer no more from weak eyesight than the rest; in fact they are probably more clear-sighted. Our musically minded members perform on various instruments, including bagpipes. One light-fingered Liberace plays Hawaiian Guitar, Ukelele, Spanish Guitar and Piano. Another plays a Washboard. Another, with modesty, says he plays but " not well."

Sixth Form vice has increased, according to the figures for smoking. Regular Smokers (not at School, we hope) total 18%, compared with 2% in 1955, but we still retain a solid core of abstainers. Regular drinkers are fewer; and in the matter of lady friends no great change is observed; two members have taken the advice proffered by the 1955 Census and have lavished their charms on University ladies.

A pleasing feature is the greater satisfaction over School Dinners. This has possibly led to the increased popularity of self-supporting trousers. 79% hold them up by faith, but there remain 3 Doubting Thomases who feel the need for both belt and braces.

The safest general conclusion we can draw is that the Sixth Form has increased in number if not in discernment. It now contains 13 more boys than in 1955.

J. G. R.  R. A. A.

The Library

IN the Lent term 2,200 books were borrowed and safely returned. The high circulation which has now been reached is partly the result of liberal regulations and a policy of open access to the shelves. There is, however, another side to the picture which has become very disturbing during the school year. During the first three years of the present Library's existence, losses amounted to 14 books, but now there has been a sudden increase in either dishonesty or gross carelessness which needs to be accounted for. Last Christmas term 11 books were missing from the Library, and last term's stock-taking showed that a further 19 had disappeared; this makes a total of 30 for 1956-7.

Some of this year's losses fall into significant groups of titles : 7 History books, 5 Classics books, 9 Geography books, all of a kind needed for advanced studies. It would appear that there must be at least three senior boys, besides a few others, within whom the virus of petty crime has got a foothold.

Would the delinquents concerned please take steps to put this right and see that the books are returned ? Some of them may have left the School by now and may be presenting themselves to the world as faithful Old Boys.

Gifts from the following are gratefully acknowledged : G. Humphries, R. Loversidge, J. L. Madden, A. E. Marsh, R. T. Marsh, D. G. Milne, H. A. Nicholls, G. Nuttall, P. Jackson, D. R. Robinson, D. A. Royde, J. B. Swift, J. M. Timperley, L. J. Youle.

J. O.

REVIEW

VIRUS IN THE CELL. By J. Gordon Cook.

This is a book in the " Science for Everyman " series. The opening chapters are largely historical, outlining the growth of knowledge about smallpox, influenza, poliomyelitis, and so on, and the viruses responsible for these diseases. Then the book describes the effect of viruses on animals and plants, and finally examines the real heart of the mystery—how inanimate chemicals (which man in the not distant future can hope to synthesise) transform themselves into living beings which multiply. Virus research is investigating the secret of life itself. An ominous problem is raised towards the end of the book.

Research into viruses is teaching is much more about chromosomes and heredity, for chromosomes are very close to viruses in their structure. Is it foreseeable, the author asks, whether scientists will be able " to pre-select human personality in the test-tube " ? That is a prospect indeed.

J. MILLER.

Gale Forecast

I WAS not in the least perturbed when the friendly familiar voice of the announcer, often heard so carelessly at home, gave warning of a gale at " force seven "; this was my third day out from Lowestoft on the sturdy trawler Boston Sea Hawk and the gale warning came as a challenge. Doubtless had I known what was to come, I should have been less confident.

The sea which for the first two days had only been swelling gently turned a sickly yellow grey, while the sky took on an eerie glow. For a brief period there was a lull, but soon the wind began to rise; the crests of the sullen grey waves were whipped into seething white foam, the wind howled. For hour after hour the force of the wind increased and soon the waves, once grey, were a mass of rushing foam. Above, in the wheelhouse, the experience was terrifying; I could see the mast swinging from horizon to horizon across the clouded sky. Waves were crashing against the hull, many breaking on the deck which was gushing with water. The prow, heavy with a mass of concrete ballast, dived down into the surf sending a cascade of spray down the length of the ship, drenching the watch and myself in the wheelhouse. And then suddenly we would see the high prow emerging from the depths through a mist of spray, rising, it seemed, to touch the stars.

Why did Philip Palmer and I decide to submit ourselves to the gruelling ordeal of eleven days on a deep sea trawler in the North Sea, when our friends were spending their days sunbathing on the beaches of glorious Devon, or sunny Italy ? To me youth has meant, and for that matter still means, two things : freedom and adventure. Indeed there can be no doubt that I enjoyed a complete freedom for those eleven days, two hundred miles out from Lowestoft. But perhaps an exhilarating spirit of adventure was a stronger reason for our voyage. I felt a very real sense of adventure when I saw the first trawl.

The net rushed over the side of the ship, and sank gradually into the clear water, followed by the otter boards splashing loudly as they hit the water. These boards run along the sea bed and keep the mouth of the billowing net, shaped like a wind-sock, open. Generally, the trawl was down for three hours when all on deck was quiet, but as soon as Skipper Head ordered " Haul the trawl," the deck became a scene of feverish activity. The net was hauled up by the donkey engines until it was suspended point downwards over the deck. Then came the crucial moment. The knot at the apex of the net undone, the fish would pour out on to the deck and we would see what luck had brought.

The deck might be covered with haddock about a foot deep; part of a wrecked ship or airplane, or even a dead body might fall out. Rare fish, too, are caught, savage fish ensnared. Once we caught a beautiful, yet savage catfish, so heavy that a single man could hardly lift it. The fish had four rows of knife-sharp teeth which would certainly have taken off an arm had they been allowed the opportunity. The trawl was hauled every three hours night and day for nine days, and, though this might seem repetitious, even boring, to the reader, the fact remains that for every uninteresting trawl there was one unusual one. Twice, for example, we had the unfortunate experience of losing the trawl and this must have cost the company around two hundred pounds.

Life on a trawler is one long adventure. Admittedly, it can be terrifying, especially if, as happened to us, the engine fails for four hours and the ship drifts aimlessly on a threatening sea. But the catching, gutting and icing of the fish, the weather and the other craft we met, all combined to make the most memorable experience of my life—and I strongly recommend it.

T. J. SAUNDERS.

Where the Cider-Apples Grow

THE Quantock Hills in North Somerset lie between Taunton and the sea, separated from Exmoor by the green and gently rolling Brendons and the luxuriantly wooden vale which runs down from mid-Somerset to the coast of Bridgewater Bay.

I had three days in which to explore this low range, recently declared an " area of outstanding natural beauty," and the seasoned old pink-sandstone villages which lie at the foot of its moderate slopes. Really, three days is much too short a time in which to become well acquainted with the district. I had time only to catch a kaleidoscopic glimpse of the area's colour, and a slight breath of its peaceful atmosphere which is drowsy with age and yet pulsing slowly with continued unhurried activity.

On the first day I climbed to the summit of the highest hill of the range, Will's Neck, which is just over a thousand feet in height, and spent a very pleasant and lazy afternoon there (in the company of a herd of wild ponies grazing nearby) admiring the view, which includes the mass of Exmoor, the Bristol Channel, the Mendips stencilled in pale blue against the north-eastern horizon, and the level prosperous plain of Sedgemoor. I also looked in vain for the herd of red deer which roams these hills, but which is seldom seen except by experienced trackers.

Next day I walked down through the tree-shaded, honeysuckle-scented lanes to the ancient smuggling-village of Kilve (Coleridge's " Kilve by the green sea "—both Coleridge and Wordsworth lived in this area for some time). Here there is a local sport of catching conger-eels in the rock-pools, with the assistance of terriers and long poles.

On my last day I visited some of the village churches of the district, most of which are fourteenth or fifteenth century, and built of the local pink stone which harmonises perfectly with the reddish soil of the fields. Most of these churches contain examples of the delicate wood-carving of local craftsmen, in the form of altar-screens, pulpit carvings and bench-ends, and also have some of the finest stained glass I have ever seen in an English village church. I was glad of the shelter of Crowcombe church when a very brief but violent midsummer Exmoor thunderstorm covered the grass in the churchyard with hailstones as big as half-crowns.

My last and most lingering memory of this delightful area is of bats, brought out by the cool evening air, flickering above ancient cottage-thatch in the village of Lydeard St. Lawrence against a sunset of lime and amber.

C. B. HIGGINBOTTOM.

When you Spoke at a Debate

WITH sickening heart you listen to the speaker immediately before you. His wit is sparkling, his delivery superb, and his material incontestable. He is getting laughs or nods of approval and appreciation after almost every sentence. You begin to regret ever having offered to speak at this debate. Look at what happened.

First, you had ambled into the Debating Chamber (the large lecture room during working hours) chatting casually to the proposer of your motion. You had nonchalantly assumed your seat, and had heard the Chairman introduce the speakers in glowing terms; you, one of the " veritable galaxy of talent," modestly felt for your tie and looked studiously at your notes with an apparent air of unconcern—actually committing each phrase to memory.

Then came the speeches. You listened with growing dismay to the proposer. He and you had agreed about the points on which you would concentrate, and the scope of each speech; which were to be left for the final summing-up and which to be exploited during the opening speeches. Because he had misunderstood the agreements or perhaps because he had misjudged the length of his prepared speech, your proposer began alternately to take your points and amplify them in such a way as to disqualify your case later on; for, paradoxically, he managed to use the same facts to prove the opposite case. You felt somewhat disturbed and how much more so when you listened to the opposer beginning his marathon, Churchillian lecture, on Britain, the Empire and the defence of the country.

Abashed, you now realise that every one of your points has been answered and that your notes are hopelessly inadequate. You have been convinced by his case. What about the people out there ? They sit ranged before you. In a Westminster way, you can see by their faces which way they are being swayed. You know that everybody here has come merely to speak and vote. Whatever you say will have no effect; they are decided, and the vast majority is overwhelmingly against you.

The opposition sits down in a blaze of glory. The Chairman makes an appreciative remark. He says something about continuing the brilliance of the rhetoric and argument, and turns to you. The miserable notes you made quiver in your hand. You stand up and clear your throat

J. G. ROBINSON.

Economists in London

As has come to be expected, British Railways' seat-reservation system failed to function ; in a compartment clearly labelled " Parry from King Edward VII School" we found a group of elderly Scouters unprepared to vacate it. We arrived at St. Pancras only ten minutes late and immediately " stranded " ourselves at a branch of Lyons where we had the first of many cheap but excellent " — and chips " meals.

The Stock Exchange (our first visit) proved devoid of the decorum one would have expected, due, we were told, to the end of the day's trading and the proximity of the week-end. Activity was less than usual (New York was closed) but we were consoled by some " bullish " (or was it " bearish " ?) singing by a group of unauthorised clerks (we never discovered from what they were unauthorised!).

At the Foreign Department of Lloyds Bank (reached after some few wrong turnings) we were again told that New York was closed. We never quite discovered the meaning of this, but we had the edifying spectacle of the foreign exchange dealers earnestly discussing the latest (cricket) news from South Africa. A concert at the Festival Hall concluded our first day, and our arrival at the Hostel in Highgate was a little delayed because one of the party, not content with travelling on the Edgeware Line by mistake, got trapped in the sliding doors of a train.

On Saturday morning, there was a visit to the City of London, conducted by Mr. G. T. Edwards of the Economics Association. We saw the Bank of England, Plantation House (where the main Commodity Markets are housed) and some of the taverns and coffee houses where commercial business is still transacted in pleasureable surroundings. There followed a free afternoon, and evening at the Old Vic to see Two Gentlemen of Verona.

Sight-seeing of various kinds occupied Sunday, not in the best of weather. On Monday, resuming our studies at the Ministry of Labour, we were given coffee instead of tea at the taxpayers' expense and a most enlightening lecture on the Welfare State by Miss Jean Campbell. Then came a tour of the Parliament Buildings conducted by Mr. F. Mulley, M.P., and lunch in the Strangers' Cafeteria. Afterwards, in the street, the problem of dividing seven admission tickets among eleven Strangers was solved by drawing lots—two police officers eyeing us the while with more than casual interest. In the end, however, Mr. George Darling, M.P. for Hillsborough, proved very " co-operative " by procuring four more tickets. Attendance at the debate in the House was a most enjoyable experience, though we were surprised at the apparent haphazardness of our rulers. Question Time was extremely interesting and we were able to hear an important policy statement by the Prime Minister about the Middle East. The House then went into Committee and in less than one minute had voted several million pounds to the Ministry of Defence (such is the importance of the maxim-redress precedes supply). The main business of the day was an Opposition censure motion on Pensions and a rather empty House heard the opening speeches from Mr. Marquand and Miss Edith Pitt. The female element was much to the fore towards the end of our stay, when the redoubtable member for Liverpool (Exchange) made some vociferous comments on the lady minister's speech before departing from the Chamber without so much as an acknowledgment of the presence of the Speaker—a sad illustration of the dissimilarity between the procedure carefully laid out in the Constitution notes and the actual practice.

So to St. Pancras, as quickly as the rush-hour crowds would permit, and back to Sheffield, after a most enjoyable week-end for which our thanks are due to Messrs. Robinson and Burke.

J. E. D., S. G. L.

History Project Competition

BETWEEN July and October, 1956, a number of boys in the Third and Fourth Forms worked on historical topics connected with local subjects or the areas in which they spent their holidays. There were excellent entries, distinguished by careful attention to detail, copious illustrations and attractive presentation. Much valuable historical material was produced, and the judges, Messrs. Robinson, Burridge and Cook, found some difficulty in making their decisions. The awards were as follows

First Prize: M. R. Pike, 3(1l), Glastonbury Abbey. Second Prize: shared by T. Marshall, 3(2), Sheffield in the 18th Century, and the joint entry of W. M. Abbott, 3(1), A. A. Sampson, 4(2), and A. D. Waller, 4(2), Cistercian Monasteries in Yorkshire.

Other prizes went to D. E. Rodgers, 4(2), Legends and Stories of the Sheffield Region, and B. D. Needham, 4(1), Castleton.

We are very grateful to the Headmaster for his interest and to the judges.

T. G. C.

School Societies

Student Christian Movement

We have been glad to welcome Mr. V. A. Vout as leader of the group; the last two terms have seen active work under the presidency of T. J. Saunders, with J. Miller as secretary and A. E. Grant as treasurer. The membership has dropped, but attendance at meetings has remained at the general level of previous years. Meetings have been stimulating and well worth-while, and discussions have been lively, especially when we have been a small informal gathering. Unorthodoxy in strange forms continues to be as rife as ever and perhaps we tend to spend more time on knotty, unreal ethical problems than on the practical applications of Christianity.

In the Autumn Term we discussed " High and Low Church Forms of Worship ", " Pacifism ", " Racialism in South Africa ", " Conversion ", and " Life after Death." There was an Inter-schools meeting on " Believing the Bible." In addition we renewed our contacts with the High School S.C.M. by inviting them over to debate with us " Whether Sunday Schools and Youth Clubs satisfy the needs of young people in 1956."

A highlight of the Spring term was a Brains Trust in which members were invited to put their questions to a panel of four members of the staff. The questions were both provocative and hilarious and the meeting was a great success, though the panel obstinately refused to rise to the baits so carefully set by certain members. Later on we paid a return visit to the High School to hear about Juvenile Courts. The term was concluded by a talk on Christian education in Nigeria and a meeting at which Archdeacon Harrison gave a magnificent address on " The Atonement."

This Easter we are looking forward to attending the Sheffield Day Conference on "The Church in Industrial Areas." Next term we hope to hold two meetings, on " Prayer ", and " Does Socialism follow from Christianity? " Finally, our thanks to Mr. Vout and to Saunders who is leaving this term, for their work.

J. M.

International Discussion Group

October 8th—a vigorous, and occasionally violent, debate on the Government's handling of the Suez crisis, introduced by Vickers and Avis, the former supporting and the latter opposing the Government. In the division, the house, by a narrow majority, 21 to 18, declared itself generally in favour of Sir Anthony Eden's action.

November 5th—a joint debate with the Literary and Debating Society : " That this House believes that Guy Fawkes's failure was England's greatest disaster." The leading speeches (Shillito, Williams, Buchan, Hill) were of high quality, but the contributions from the floor were not up to the same standard. Motion carried by 18 votes to 10 with 7 abstentions.

The most interesting meeting of the term was on November 26th, when Dr. Andrzejowski, a Polish doctor, gave a talk on the situation and problems in Eastern Europe. His presentation was arresting, and his tracing of historical precedents and the wealth of personal illustration particularly welcome. With good questions from the house, the meeting was one of the best ever held by the Group.

After a long break, there followed a joint debate with High Storrs on February 12th, on the motion " That this House regrets that the age of Chivalry is past." Vickers and Anderson spoke up well for the School, but the meeting was not as well attended as one might have hoped. More successful was the debate with our own Literary and Debating Society a week later. when Grant and Cartwright proposed " That Britain should be content to play the role of a minor power in the world "—opposed by McNaught and Loxley. The motion was patriotically rejected by 18 to 8.

On March 25th, Professor Eggertsen, of the University of Michigan, gave a frank and illuminating talk on Desegregation in U.S.A. Question time was very fruitful and the meeting, which was attended by a record number of 46, can be accounted among our most successful. On March 12th, a talk on N.A.T.O. by Mr. C. L. Rigg, of the Adult Education College, Grantley Hall, Ripon, produced another good discussion.

It only remains to thank Mr. Robinson and Mr. Burke for their unfailing interest and to exhort many more of the Fifth Form to attend our meetings regularly.

R. L.

The School has been well represented at inter-school meetings organised by the C.E.W.C. On February 2nd, a panel of Hungarian refugees answered questions about the situation in their own country and their reactions to life in England : this was followed by a social in the Y.M.C.A. ; our secretary, J. How, was a prominent member of the organising committee. On March 29th, at High Storrs, Mr. J. B. Hynd, Labour M.P. for Attercliffe, gave a helpful talk on " The Middle East in Perspective." Members of the I.D.G. will be pleased to know that the School has won a prize of 5 in a competition on the study of international affairs, organised by the David Denton Memorial Institute in London. The money is to be used for providing books on international affairs for the School Library.

T. K. R.

Literary and Debating Society

The first meeting of the Autumn term was an amusing and interesting talk on Comic Verse given by our President, Mr. May; at the second, entitled " Aspects of the British Novel," C. R. Jennings delivered a forceful paper on the Brontes and N. S. I. Daglish followed with a provoking examination of the novels of Graham Greene.

November 5th was celebrated by a joint debate with the I.D.G., and on November 19th Mr. G. Ingham proposed " That Latin, being a dead language, should be given a decent burial." The opposers were those pillars of the Classics department, Mr. D. V. Henry and Mr. A. F. Turberfield. The large House carried the motion by 53 votes to 33. On December 10th, Mr. Hetherington refuted the claim that he had written Shakespeare and suggested that Shakespeare himself had probably done so, and that, after all, it is the plays that matter. The term ended with suitable festivity in the performance of " Macfred, a Christmas Entertainment," being a satire on aspects of school life. It was written and performed by members of the Staff and was thoroughly enjoyed by the audience, infused with the Christmas spirit, which packed the Large Lecture Room.

The Lent Term began with a talk by J. Miller on Joyce Cary. At the next meeting a debate on the motion, " That this House believes that Britain should be content with the role of a minor power in the world," was distinguished by the polished oratory and forceful argument both from the speakers for the motion, A. E. Grant and J. G. Robinson, and those against, P. D. Loxley and J. G. McNaught, and from the floor of the House. The motion was defeated by 18 votes to 8. The third meeting of the term was a series of talks on Modern Humorous Prose; contributions were on Richard Gordon, Jerome K. Jerome, and " Humour from the Saturday Evening Post." On April 1st the term ended with a programme of " Oddities " from Mr. O. R. Johnston.

C. B. H.

Middle School Debating Society

The Society has had a most successful and enjoyable series of meetings this year and has grown in membership. The Autumn term programme began with another of the ever-popular " spot discussions," the arguments put forward being as lively and spirited as ever. On October 17th Quarrel and Cave of 4(1) proposed " That this House believes in Co-education." They were opposed by Harrison and Williams of 3(1), who eventually won the day comfortably. On October 31st a fascinating lecture on Ernest Hemingway was given by Mr. Bums; and on November 21st a lively debate on the ineffectiveness of U.N.O. ended in a victory for the proposers, Sampson and Sharpe of 4(2), whose fervour and conviction overcame the more reasoned and well-argued case of Laughton and Cave.

Attendances, which were satisfactory during the Autumn term, were even better in the Lent term which began with a Brains Trust composed of M. A. J. Williams, I. Wiggett, D. E. Rodgers and R. H. Smith, who dealt with a host of questions with competence and wit, to the satisfaction of all present. The next was perhaps the most successful of the term's meetings, a Balloon Debate, at which no less than 51 people heard R. R. Kershaw as William Pitt the Elder, I. P. Griffith as Marconi, R. H. Harrison as Elvis Presley, P. J. Quarrel as Billy Graham, A. R. Williams as Churchill, and M. R. Robinson as Edison, attempting to win the support of the audience for retention in the balloon. After first-class speeches which provided much food for thought, as well as entertainment, it was overwhelmingly agreed that Edison, with Pitt a fair second, should escape the ignominy of drowning. A fortnight later, we had the first debate of the term. The motion, " That this House believes in the supernatural," was argued by P. Benton and D. H. Moore against M. J. Lodge and R. F. Laughton, and was carried by one vote. After one more evening meeting, on " Mystery Topics," the term ended on a high and unusual note with a public debate held in the Hall on Wednesday aftemoon, April 3rd, and attended by the whole of 4(1), 4(2), 3(1) and 3(2), and members of the society in other forms. M. A. J. Williams and R. F. Laughton proposed " That this House deplores American influence on English life and culture," opposed by A. J. Revill and D. E. Rodgers. The speeches were lively and varied, and the House eagerly discussed the issues raised (and many that were not strictly relevant) and it was pleasing to note that most of the speakers from the floor were members of the Society. The motion was defeated by 86 votes to 56. We hope that this successful experiment will become an annual event.

We should like to express our appreciation of the willingness of so many members to take part in whatever is being done, a most encouraging feature, and we look forward to two further lively meetings in the Summer term.

P. S. H., P. R. M.

Poetry Reading Group

A small but enthusiastic group has met regularly once a fortnight at lunch-time on Tuesdays to read and discuss a varied range of verse. During the Autumn term that of G. M. Hopkins and D. H. Lawrence occupied most attention, and at our final meeting we welcomed Mr. Claypole who read to us a most interesting selection of poems by Rupert Brooke. In the following term we studied, at several meetings, the verse of W. B. Yeats, and T. J. Saunders read selections from 17th century metaphysical poetry, especially that of John Donne. Next term we plan to study Shakespeare's sonnets in particular, as well as poetry of later periods, and we look forward to a return visit from Mr. Claypole. We hope that more members of the Fifth and Sixth Forms will join us.

P. R. M.

Bible Study Group

During the Autumn Term of 1955, a group was founded to read and study the Bible. Since then the group has met regularly and numbers have slowly increased. Meetings are led by various members and all present are given the opportunity to express their opinions. Our warm thanks are due to Mr. Johnston for his continued support and guidance in the activities of the group. All interested, from Fourth to Sixth Forms, will be welcome on Thursdays at 1.15 in Room 44.

G. P., D. J. P.

Classical Society

The Autumn term began with a talk by the President, D. A. Hardy, on Greek philosophers; other subjects were " Plotinus " (by Mr. Henry), " Roman Portraiture " (by J. D. Brownhill), " Ostia " (by T. J. Saunders) and " The Age of Anxiety," a stimulating analysis of the Hellenistic Era by Mrs. J. Mingay, of the High School. In January Saunders took over from Hardy as President. Talks were given on " Ancient Geographers," by P. B. Fairest, and " Greek Science," by P. C. Hawley. Professor Armytage spoke on " Plato and the Nineteenth Century English Proletariat," and this was followed up by Mr. T. K. Robinson's `Patricians and Plebeians,' on the influence of the Classics on nineteenth century educationalists. To conclude the term Mr. H. Bartlett, of the City Museums, gave a fine lecture on " Roman Remains of the Sheffield District." Our Secretary, J. Pemberton, has enlivened every session by his reading of the Minutes in Greek.

The departure of our five senior members (whom we congratulate on their University awards) will reduce the society's numbers for next year, but we are pleased to note the appearance of a keen Junior Classical Society. We would thank Mr. Turberfield and Mr. Henry for their help, and wish Mr. Henry all success and happiness in his new post.

J. M.

Junior Classical Society

At the inaugural meeting of this society, shortly before Christmas, D. H. Moore commented on a set of slides on " Life in Ancient Rome," whereupon he was duly created princeps, with R. H. Smith as the society's notary, a wish being expressed that the substance of subsequent lectures, naturally well attended, would be semper artium bonarum.

On January 28th, R. H. Smith lectured on " Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Rome "; and on March 11th, A. R. Williams discussed " Science in the Ancient World." A week later, R. L. Morant, previously elected publicity pictor, gave an illustrated lecture on Roman remains in Provence, in which the colour of Southern France greatly enhanced the antediluvian relics portrayed. For our last meeting we attended the Senior Society's session to hear Mr. Bartlett's lecture.

We are grateful to Messrs. Wilson, Henry, and Turberfield for their continual help and guidance. Although the lectures so far have been of a rather longer nature than is essential to sustain interest, the new term bodes well with a promised series of weekly lectures on Alexander the Great, by a speaker to be mentioned later.

R. H. S.

Modern Language Society

The year's programme opened with Mr. Bramhall's presentation of the Comēdie Francaise recordings of Racine's Phedre to a large and appreciative audience. This was followed by the welcome return of an Old Edwardian, T. G. Cook, to describe the Russian language, which he had studied during his period of National Service. T. Fairbanks gave an interesting and controversial talk on Esperanto, and a month later C. B. Higginbottom and G. Tyas displayed considerable knowledge of Lessing and Maupassant. In the second talk of his series, " Strange as it may seem," Mr. Bramhall spoke about an adventure with time experienced by two Watford schoolmistresses at Versailles in 1901, and a very intriguing discussion on psychic people and experiences ensued. A discussion on " Form in Art " had W. Bailey and M. J. Gould as main speakers.

The Lent term opened with recordings of German Romantic Music presented by R. A. Bomber. Mr. Johnston introduced us to Heine's lyric poetry, with recordings of Schubert's settings; and a fortnight later G. N. Ward gave a very entertaining account of the life and work of Emile Zola. After half-term, J. H. Bates spoke about Cervantes, and finally an impromptu reading of a modem French comedy was thoroughly enjoyed by all present. Attendances were usually good and we were pleased to notice several members of the Fifth Form regularly among us.

J. H. B.

Junior History Society

The season was given a promising send-off when Mr. C. C. Hall gave a rapid and very interesting lecture, admirably illustrated by his slides, on the growth and development of Sheffield Transport. Then came two very instructive films, shown by Mr. Cook, on Stonehenge and a Mediaeval Village. At the last meeting of the Autumn term, an audience of over 40 heard four of the competitors in the History Project competition speak on some of the themes from their projects. These included T. Marshall on Sheffield life 200 years ago, A. A. Sampson on a Cistercian Monastery in Yorkshire, and D. E. Rodgers on legends from the Sheffield region.

For the first meeting of the Lent term, a new idea was tried. A panel consisting of three members of the Staff, Messrs. Henry, Burridge and Robinson, answered questions submitted by various members. Some very genuine and amusing answers were produced, especially from Mr. Henry whose choice of abode, if he could live over again, was Ancient Ireland. Mr. Burridge's account of the Thirty Years War, and Mr. Robinson's portrait of Gladstone, were much appreciated. Films on Houses in Britain and the Roman Wall were shown on February 27th; and at the last meeting Mr. G. R. Batho, of Sheffield University, gave an enthralling lecture on " The Prisoner in the Tower " (1607-21). He dealt with the Gunpowder Plot, its consequences and the eventual imprisonment in the Tower of London, of the Duke of Northumberland, who lived in astounding comfort, having all the luxuries a man could wish for.

Our thanks are due to Mr. Cook for the interest he has shown in our activities and to those members of the Staff who have attended our meetings.

B. D. N.

B.D.N's. modesty has led him to omit his own lecture on Castleton in the Autumn term. I should like to thank both Needham and Pike for their work as officials and all members for their enthusiastic support.

T. G. C.

Economics Society

The policy of few but select meetings has been continued, under the auspices of Mr. Robinson and the Chairman, J. N. Shillito. In a talk by our colleague C. R. Jennings on " World Food and Population" a large audience heard a lucid description of the problem, ably backed by serried ranks of figures and facts dug from the depths of voluminous knowledge. Men learnt here that eight of their fellows die of starvation every minute. All hope had nearly gone when Mr. Jennings outlined constructive measures for relieving the situation, illustrating his proposals on the projector.

Mr. E. T. Sara, of United Steel, gave us our second talk, on various aspects of the Steel industry. We were relieved to hear that British steel is the cheapest in world markets, and were interested to see the relative trends in prices and costs in many countries.

A small quorum of eight discussed U.N.O. at the third meeting. Linstead drew shrewd parallels with the defunct League of Nations, and Shillito launched his expected attack on the Assembly. His suggestion that the Commonwealth should take its place was received with contempt by Walton and Avis, and the discussion inevitably drifted towards the problem of Communism. At the end of the Autumn term visits to Silverwood Colliery and Samuel Fox's works were much appreciated.

In the Lent term, a talk by Mr. Burke on his experience of the Treasury Department of the Civil Service was well attended. We learnt that the civil servant was not a pure bureaucrat, and that " tea-drinking " was a myth. Mr. Robinson's trip to London at half-term was attended with great success, as will be seen from the report elsewhere. The last meeting of the term was hurriedly arranged and as a consequence meagrely attended. Our colleague J. D. Shipton defended the motion " That this House no longer believes in Monarchy," but his subtle arguments were of no avail. R. Longden attacked the motion with vigour and affirmed his belief in the Britisher's love of tradition and faith in the Commonwealth, which was upheld on a division of the house.

R. A. A.

Chess Club

Our membership at the beginning of this season was so large that it was necessary for the juniors to hold separate meetings on Wednesday evenings. A league contest was organised and well supported, and a junior team was formed for inter-school matches, which towards the end of the season beat the hitherto unbeaten Nether Edge team with a score of 3.5-2.5.

The Seniors continued to meet on Fridays ; a match between the Second Year Sixth and The Rest was drawn after a late start. The team had had a moderately successful season, playing in the newly formed Sheffield Junior League, in which we finished second to Nether Edge Grammar School. Several friendly matches were also played, one as far away as Grimsby.

RESULTS
K.E.S. 4.5, Firth Park 1.5
K.E.S. 3, Dronfield 3.
University 1st 5, K.E.S. 1.
K.E.S. 3.5, Nether Edge 2.5.
K.E.S. 3, High Storrs 3.
K.E.S. 6, De La Salle College 0.
Grimsby G.S. 4, K.E.S. 2.
Ecclesfield G.S. 3.5, K.E.S. 2.5.
K.E.S. 4, High Storrs 2.
K.E.S. 4, Firth Park 2.
K.E.S. 4, University 3rd 2.
K.E.S. 3.5, Dronfield G.S. 2.5.
K.E.S. 6, Ecclesfield G.S. 0.
Nether Edge 4.5, K.E.S. 1.5.

J. G. C.

Scientific Society

The season commenced on October 15th with two rather elementary films on gas and water. Our older and, we hope, more advanced members were given something rather more technical on October 22nd when Mr. Woolman, of Firth Browns, gave a talk on " The Testing of Metals." This was a most enlightening lecture on various research methods. Our first University speaker was Dr. Ainsworth, of the Glass Technology Department, who gave a talk on Glass. This was followed up by an excellent visit to the Department on the last afternoon of the term.

The Lent term started with talks from two other University speakers. On January 21st Mr. Wilkinson of the Geology Department spoke on " Earthquakes and the Inside of the Earth"; and on February 11th Mr. Jowett of the Statistics Department spoke on " The Application of Statistics in Science." Both these talks were found extremely interesting by our older members. Films on Copper and the Extraction of Precious Metals were shown on March 4th, and the final meeting took the form of a debate on " The Soundness of Evolutionary Theory Today," at which the leading speakers were Patrick, Cook, Ratcliffe and Duke. B.J.D.

Natural History Society

A number of successful meetings were held in the Autumn term. We were intrigued by the novelty of watching microscopic organisms to be . found in pond water, and we enjoyed a remarkable film by Heinz Sielmann on woodpeckers (many boys attended this showing although they had previously seen the film on television). Sound and colour films on " Animals in Summer " and " The Monarch Butterfly " drew a large attendance and provided magnificent entertainment and instruction.

In the new year we showed " The Life History of the Cross Spider" in black and white, and " Life in the Desert" in colour. The second meeting of the term drew a record attendance of 52 boys to see " Life in the Grasslands " and " Life in the Forest," sound-colour films of North American natural history. " Ants " and " Plants with Abnormal Methods of Nutrition " provided the subjects of the third meeting, and for the fourth Mr. Wright gave a talk on Caddis Larvae, a subject on which he is making a regional survey and will welcome the assistance of volunteer collectors.

We should be glad to see more boys prepared to come to meetings other than film shows, but on the whole our sessions have been well attended.

D. W. G.

Model Aircraft Club

The inaugural lecture by Mr. W. Nelson, of the Sheffield Model A.C., on "Trimming, and the Principles of Model Flight," was both instructive and entertaining, as those who witnessed an ultra-light model flying gracefully in the L.L.R. will confirm. Godwin and Harrison have given interesting talks at other indoor meetings. The outdoor activities on the Close have attracted numerous spectators, offering encouragement or sympathy to members trying to control the almost unpredictable behaviour of their models. J. A. Hague is the club's secretary.

G. W. T.

Photographic Society

Over the past two terms it appears that members have made rather more use of the darkroom than in previous years. In fact 63% of the available time has been used, and though this may not seem a lot it must be remembered that enthusiasm always wanes at the end of the term.

A successful start to the year was made when we undertook, as usual, to photograph the First Forms, and these photographs were processed with hardly any waste of paper at all. Members are now busy processing some team photographs, which should be completed by the end of the term.

On the other hand, there was a poor number of entries for the competition, though the standard of work was high. Some useful demonstrations were conducted for the novices by Mr. Vernon. In general the society has pursued its usual course in allowing the members to do all the work, with Mr. Vernon and senior boys ready to give advice. Apart from that of a few very keen members, the standard of work is not as high as it might be.

The only other activity outside normal routine was the operation of the copying stand by the secretary and his assistants; this is now available for the production of film strips for the School.

W. T. S.

Junior Astronomical Society

The majority of this year's meetings have been conducted by members. R. H. Smith spoke on Mars (the planet being then at opposition), J. R. Shutt on Astronomical Instruments, and the importance of artificial satellites in the I.G.Y., P. N. Kenyon on the constellation Ursa Major. Cunningham's talk on " Astronomy is the Mother of Mathematics " explained how the ancients made some of the calculations. In January, Mr. Mace lectured on " The Movements of the Heavens," and C. R. Singleton on " Asteroids " in a very well illustrated talk. J. E. Beckman's interesting paper on " The Nature and Formation of Comets" provided the final meeting. There has been regular attendance, but all our meetings have been worthy of larger audiences.

In the Easter holidays ten members visited the Norton Observatory of the Sheffield Astronomical Society. Fortunately the sky cleared sufficiently to give us a clear view of the Moon, Jupiter and three of its satellites. We are once again indebted to Mr. Jenkinson for organising and patiently conducting the visit.

E. A. D.

Philatelic Society

A society for boys interested in stamp collecting was formed towards the end of the Lent term and held its first meeting on May 6th when Mr. McKay gave a talk entitled " Introduction to Thematics." It is hoped that meetings will continue during the Summer term.

G. M.

Old Edwardians Assn.

SOCCER SECTION 1956-7

The season started rather disappointingly, both teams suffering early defeats. After the steady progress of last season, the Club had high hopes that the team would regain the heights of their respective divisions. Unfortunately, however, the 1st XI is very near the foot of Division 1 of the South Yorkshire Amateur League and it will require a great effort if relegation to Division 2 is to be avoided. The team must reinforce its individual ability with more determination and a great deal of teamwork. The heavy grounds this season have not helped matters, and our young side has not had the necessary league experience; given better playing conditions they would have more than held their own.

The 2nd XI has also undergone an indifferent season due to shortage of playing strength which has prevented the establishment of a regular side. It is hoped that boys leaving school who wish to continue playing Soccer will join the O.E.A.F.C. and so re-establish the Club as a soccer force; all new member will have full opportunities of proving their worth.

Results to the end of March were as follows :—

  P W D L FOR AG'ST
1st XI 22 5 1 16 46 103
2nd XI 26 6 4 16 72 107

The leading goal-scorers are: 1st XI; J. Rippon (13), J. Illingworth (8). 2nd XI; J. Goodwin (17), D. Kay (7).

J. W. L.

CRICKET SECTION 1ST XI, 1956

Batting Averages

  Ings. N.O. Runs Highest
Score
Avge.
D. H. Woodcock 18 3 387 88 n.o. 25.8
G. Beynon 7 1 122 54 20.3
E. Allsop 17 4 186 50 n.o. 15.1
J. Ratcliffe 4 - 54 22 13.5
D. Turner 7 - 91 26 13.0

Others : G. Wise 12.3, G. Robinson 12.3, J. Price 10.8, F. Darley 10.1, E. Sivil 8.8, D. Howard 8.6, D. S. Kay 8.3, H. E. Pearson 8.2, G. Horn 5.8, R. Rangecroft 3.7, C. C. Rigby 3.7, G. Nicholson 1.7.

Bowling Averages

  O. M. R. W. Avge.
E. Allsop 204 35 550 57 9.6
H. E. Pearson 71 29 159 16 9.9
G. Nicholson 165 51 351 30 11.7

Others: G. Hessey 12.8, D. H. Woodcock 14.0, D. S. Kay 18.5, D. M. Turner 22.0, J. Price 27.0.

Catches : Rangecroft 9, Allsop, Rigby 4, Turner, Woodcock, Beynon, Price, Hessey 3.

Results : Played 19, Cancelled 10, Won 5, Lost 7, Drawn 6, Tied 1. Runs: O.E. 1,832, Opponents 1,784. Wickets: O.E. 155, Opponents 139.

Cambridge Letter

THERE is no Old Edwardians Association as such in Cambridge. Here the bracing winds and the nonconformist element give Cambridge men a keen suspicion of anything organised. That does not mean to say that we do not recognise in each other the common bond that King Edward's has bequeathed. Many are the social activities arranged and duly enjoyed. These have their culmination in the highlight of the Lent term, the Annual Dinner.

Long and fierce discussion took place before agreement was finally reached, the question of Sherry being the main stumbling-block. The arrangements went ahead, but unfortunately we had to cancel the dinner at the last moment because of an irreparable hitch. However, a beer party was called and the response was gratifying to see. The room was soon crowded and the din coming from so many dry throats, quickly being lubricated—not to mention a monumental wireless set—was deafening. Sic gloria mundi.

Let us now turn to the individual members. Mr. Beynon, the epitome of a President for such a loose organisation, walks around head in the air in a smooth suit turning down jobs in various dubious factories with great aplomb. Mr. Dunn, basking in academic glory, still holds the record in the schooner races. Mr. Butler, it must be regretted, spends most of his time twiddling the knobs and loudly defending the virtues of his radio, pausing awhile to give it a hearty thump. Mr. Hiles, when not officiously organising us, looks quite convincingly, it must be admitted, theological. Mr. Bruce handles his cigarette in the same flamboyant Scots way as he rattles off a Greek prose. Mr. Weston, alas, is Singing the Blues. There is some suggestion that he will attempt to found a second riding school in North Derbyshire in the near future. We wish him the best of luck.

But these are old hands. What of the green freshers ? Mr. Jackson, perhaps not so green, lights his pipe, settles himself comfortably in his chair puffing wistfully as he dreams of the times he spent in Hamburg in the Y.M.C.A. (sic). Mr. Ferguson, whose talents with both a pack of cards and a table tennis bat were recognised early in Room 73, is dazzling Cambridge with his prowess at the delightful game of ping-pong, and has recently travelled to the other place. Mr. Clark is seen and not heard. Mr. Wellings is still growing his always immaculate hair, this time for the Marlowe Society.

It will thus be seen that the activities of the Old Edwardians are many and varied, contributing not a little to the harlequinade of Cambridge.

CANTAB.

Cross Country

IT has been a good season. Shillito gained the highest individual honour; as well as becoming Northern Schools Cross Country champion he was asked to captain the Yorkshire Schools team against Lancashire Schools. Again he was placed first. Sheasby, who will be Captain next year, will have quite a high standard to maintain.

Next season we shall miss Rowland, not only as a member of the team, but particularly his programme of " pop " records that made the away fixtures less tedious. We shall miss Axe, who shall be remembered not only for his magnificent effort at Disley Park, but also for the way he organised the " tea and cakes " with expert attention to detail. We shall remember Nodder who was never very far behind Shillito, and Darwin who has been the " efficient secretary " this season.

We expect to welcome to next year's Senior team Neilson, Roddis, Guite and Goodacre. That will leave several places in the Junior team for those of you who not only have the ability to run faster than the other fellow, but also the determination to keep going when the others have stopped.

E. J. G.

RESULTS

Senior Team
Jan. 12, v. Doncaster G.S. (A) : 1st Shillito, 2nd Nodder, 3rd Sheasby, 6th Dungworth. K.E.S. won 25 points to 54.
Jan. 16th, v. Rotherham G.S. (A) : 1st Shillito, 2nd Nodder, 4th Sheasby, 5th Axe, Dungworth and Rowland. K.E.S. won 28-55.
Jan. 20th, v. Sheffield & District C.C.: 8th Darwin, 16th Sheasby, 20th Axe, 21st Dungworth.
Feb. 9th. Yorkshire C.C. : 59th Darwin, 61st Dungworth, 68th Nodder, 70th Axe.
Feb. 13th, v. Woodhouse G.S. (A) : 1st Shillito, 3rd Nodder, 6th Rowland and Dungworth. K.E.S. won 35-43.
Mar. 2nd, v. Woodhouse and Ecclesfield G.S. (H) : 1st Shillito, 2nd Nodder, 7th Sheasby, 9th Axe. K.E.S. 19, Woodhouse 23, Ecclesfield 59.
Mar. 9th, v. Rotherham and Stockport G.S. (H) : 1st Shillito, 2nd Nodder, 4th Sheasby, 5th Axe. K.E.S. 12, Rotherham 42, Stockport 48.
Mar. 16th. Northern Schools C.C. : 1st Shillito, 42nd Axe, 103rd Nodder, 125th Rowland. K.E.S. 6th.
Junior Team
Jan. 12th, v. Doncaster G.S. (A) : 7th Neilson, 10th Guite and Goodacre, 13th Cook. K.E.S. lost 57-26.
Jan. 26th. Sheffield and District C.C. : 33rd Tomlinson, 38th Roddis, 39th Guite, 40th Neilson.
Feb. 9th. Yorkshire C.C.: 96th Tomlinson, 99th Neilson, 100th Roddis, 102nd Linton.
Mar. 2nd, v. Ecclesfield G.S. (A). 1st Neilson, Roddis, Guite and Goodacre. K.E.S. won 29-51.
Mar. 9th, v. Stockport G.S. (H) : 2nd Neilson, 3rd Roddis, 11th Cook, 12th Battye. K.E.S. lost 49-32.

Football

FIRST XI

WON 6, Drawn 0, Lost 3, says the record book ; giving a stark, if not unfavourable account of the team's performance this term. Fast, open and stylish football has been played, and even in heavy conditions the play has reflected credit on the team.

The return fixture against Firth Park was significant for the fact that the School XI contained seven members of last year's successful Under 15 team. After a shaky period in the second half, School fought back to win by 4-2. Nottingham University became the first of a long line of visitors to complain in emphatic terms about our inhospitable mud; its cloying hand was to prove a source of infinite wonder to our guests throughout the term, and their comments were equalled in strength only by the mud itself. In a keenly contested game against Barnsley, our forwards played delightful football and scored three times. Unfortunately the defence did not play with its usual aplomb, and we lost—probably because Barnsley scored one more goal than we did. City Grammar School, in spite of the absence of three of our first team regulars, participating in trials for the County team, was beaten by 10 goals to 2, a notable feat being Allen's scoring the first 7 goals.

And so came the one match we deserved to lose, against Chesterfield G. S. The sylvan glades of Whiteley Woods in mid-winter suited Chesterfield admirably; a team which was stronger and well able to move the heavy ball was well deserving of its victory by 2-1. It was nearly four weeks later that our next match also brought disappointment. Had not a certain compiler of record books beaten his own goalkeeper with a delicate lob, and had not an unnecessary penalty been given away, the result would perhaps have been a little more pleasing. For the most memorable match of the season—against Manchester—our highly esteemed groundsman had risen in the early hours of the morning to roll the pitch, and for the first time for many a day conditions were good, and ideally suited to this most attractive fixture. The forwards' skill was displayed to good effect and despite some alarming excursions by the centre-half, the defence limited the opponents' score to 2 goals, thus making our own tally of 6 seem very reasonable.

The side has been notable for its cohesive efforts as a team, and much credit goes to the younger members whose exuberance has fused with a certain inside forward's rustic forthrightness to produce a really well-knit team. But the individual brilliance of Evison and White cannot go unmentioned. Their immaculate ball-control and use of the long pass have been the motivating force behind the smooth-moving forward line. Powell also has played superbly, and equally well in any position ; his unflagging energy and example have inspired the whole team, whose fine happy spirit has been conspicuous throughout the season.

Our sincere thanks are due to Messrs. Wright and Arthur for their conduct of the Thursday evening keep-fit classes (these are to be recommended despite any personal hazards involved); and above all to Mr. Ingham, who has stood on touch-lines and ploughed up and down the field, whistle in hand, in the most appalling conditions. Those who are leaving wish him and next year's team as successful and happy a season as the one which we have just so thoroughly enjoyed.

RESULTS

Jan. 12 v. Firth Park G.S. (Away), won 4-2.
Jan. 16 v. Notts. University (Home), won 2-1.
19 v. Barnsley G.S. (Home), lost 3-4.
23 v. Woodhouse G.S. (Home), won 7-6.
26 v. City G.S. (Home), won 10-2.
Feb. 6 v. Chesterfield G.S. (Home), lost 1-2.
Mar. 2 v. Manchester G.S. (Home), won 6-2.
9 v. Mexborough G.S. (Home), lost 4-5.
16 v. Maltby G.S. (Home), won 7-1.

Season's Record : Played 26, Won 14, Drawn 3, Lost 9, Goals for 104, against 74.

Leading Scorers : Evison 47, Gilbert 25, Allen 14, White 12, Powell 10.

Full 1st XI Colours : J. Buchan, I. W. Newsom, T. J. Saunders, C. J. Powell, M. R. Evison, E. J. White.

R. L.

SECOND XI

THE team maintained its record over the latter half of the season. Only one game was lost against another second XI throughout the season. The standard of play has been high, thanks mainly to a nucleus of last year's Under 15 XI. There was an increase in the number of draws after Christmas, due mainly to a long run of weakened teams. Walton, the captain, left at Christmas, but Board has improved so much that his departure has scarcely been felt.

Probably the most exciting match of the term was that against Nether Edge 1st XI (away). The team certainly played better football and in an exciting finish (with a fine headed goal from Allen) was unfortunate to lose 2-1. The fighting spirit of the team was well shown in the last match at Maltby. With only ten men and 3-2 down, Board scored the goal which brought us level. We are pleased to see that Searle has now all but recovered from the broken rib he received in that game.

The forward line can only be faulted for their unwillingness to shoot. Throughout the season they have had defences at full stretch with their intelligent interplay and use of the open space. The defence has been solid if somewhat slow, but their unfortunate habit of giving away a match has continued.

Although it is invidious to mention names, in a team which has played so well together, mention must be made of some : Allen, who has proved himself a determined goal-getter in spite of a tendency to wander too much; Dalton, who by fast and intelligent play has " made " many goals and scored many others; and Searle, who has shown that he is not lacking in daring by preventing certain goals.

The whole team would like to thank Messrs. Arthur and Wright for their unfailing enthusiasm and support, and for running the very enjoyable series of Thursday night practices.

Half-colours were awarded to Birtwistle, Tyas, Shipton, Allen, Searle, Dalton, Davies, Edmonds.

G. M. B.

RESULTS

v. Firth Park G.S. 2nd XI (Home), drawn 2-2.
v. Barnsley G.S. 2nd XI (Away), won 4-1.
v. Woodhouse G.S. 2nd XI (Away), won 7-1.
v. Staveley G.S. 1st XI (Away), lost 1-6.
v. Chesterfield G.S. 2nd XI (Home), drawn 3-3.
v. Nether Edge G.S. 1st XI (Away), lost 1-2.
v. Manchester G.S. 2nd XI (Away), won 5-1.
v. Mexborough G.S. 2nd XI (Home), won 6-2.
v. Maltby G.S. 2nd XI (Away), drawn 3-3.

Season's Record : Played 24, Won 13, Drawn 6, Lost 5, Goals for 101, against 60.

THIRD XI

IN a reduced number of matches, the team has continued its successful record, apart from one reversal of fortune in the return game against Dronfield, where our opponents surprised us by exploiting the natural hazards of Castle Dyke more advantageously than we did. Otherwise, the blend of strong and purposeful football has continued and the record for the season is impressive. Only one newcomer to the regular team, Tomlinson, has been introduced this term and he has been a great source of strength to the half-back line; but a particularly pleasing feature of the term has been that the inclusion of reserve players has not noticeably weakened the side and this promises well for next season.

At the end of the season, McAteer, Pike, Broadfoot, Edmonds, and J. D. Walker have been awarded half-colours.

RESULTS

Jan. 19 v. Dronfield G.S. 1st XI (Away), won 6-1.
26 v. City G.S. 2nd XI (Home), won 6-1.
Mar. 2 v. Manchester G.S. 3rd XI (Home), won 6-0.
9 v. Dronfield G. S. 1st XI (Home), lost 1-6.
16 v. Owler Lane 1st XI (Home), won 7-1.

Season's Record : Played 14, Won 10, Drawn 2, Lost 2,

Goals for 74, against 24.

T. K. R.

UNDER 15 XI

THOUGH the season as a whole has been a poor one, and the matches this term have provided little to enthuse over, there has been evidence of growing team spirit in recent games.

Swift, although not fully fit, has tried hard to provide that vital link between defence and attack, the absence of which was sorely apparent at the beginning of the season. Despite his efforts the forwards generally have not taken their due share of the game and the grossly overworked defence has usually collapsed in the second half. The forwards have been prone to play at a standstill and have rarely used the open space. Their shooting has lacked fire and accuracy.

The defence was slow and hesitant. There was little effective covering, particularly of the goalkeeper, and there was a marked failure to recover when once a tackle had failed. Dixon apart, no one in the defence had a really strong kick and on heavy grounds it was almost impossible to relieve pressure by clearing the ball.

The use of the throw-in was unimaginative. It was rarely employed to start an attack and was almost always short and defensive. Players did not appreciate the need to move about at the throw-in and there was no attempt to deceive opponents by positional switches at the vital moment. Basic skills were mastered by most players by the end of the season, though there was still a tendency to trap the ball for opponents rather than for themselves. Much more practice in these elements of the game is required before many of the players can hope to appreciate finer points.

Dixon has proved a good captain. His strong and competent play would have inspired a more accomplished team. He has been cheerful alike in victory and defeat. His play has improved throughout the season, as has that of Grist, Ellis and Swift, and on dry grounds Hodkin. Several games have been closer than the results suggest, but despite the humiliation of some of the defeats and the occasional hardness of fortune the sportsmanship of the team has always been above reproach.

RESULTS

v. Firth Park (Away), lost 0-8.
v. Barnsley (Away), lost 0-1.
v. City Boys (Away), lost 1-2.
v. Chesterfield (Away), lost 0-3.
v. Oakwood T.H.S. (Away), won 7-2.
v. Manchester (Away), lost 3-7.
v. Maltby (Away), lost 2-7.

D. J. W., B. D.

UNDER 14 XI

THE second half of the season brought results very similar to those of the first term. There were several close games, those against Firth Park and Manchester G.S. being the most memorable. The defence continued to play soundly but in spite of many experiments we never succeeded in obtaining the necessary punch in the forward line. In spite of our lack of outstanding success the members of the team all played to the best of their ability in every match and never lacked zeal and energy.

J. C. H., G. W. T.

RESULTS

Jan. 12 v. Firth Park G.S. (Home), lost 0-1.
19 v. Barnsley G.S. (Home), lost 3-0.
26 v. City G.S. (Home), won 6-0.
Feb. 5 v. Chesterfield G.S. (Away), lost 1-2.
16 v. Nether Edge G.S. (Away), won 3-1.
Mar. 2 v. Manchester G. S. (Home), won 1-0.
16 v. Maltby G. S. (Home), lost 1-2.

UNDER 13 XI

As in the Autumn term, all members of the team were keenly disappointed by the cancellation of several fixtures, notably the return matches against Silverdale and Firth Park. Only three games were in fact played, and from these the team emerged on an even keel with one resounding victory over High Storrs (7-1), an honourable draw with Manchester (3-3), and a single defeat at the hands of a strong De La Salle team who fully deserved this 5-3 victory. Throughout the season, despite weakness in finishing under the skilful leadership of Wileman, who has distinguished himself in many positions, at times stiffening the defence at right back and right half, at others giving bite to the attack at centre-forward. The team has been chosen from the following Wileman (Captain), Foster, Batty, Hall, Britton, Styring, McAughey, Abdy, Bedford, Hirst, Fairhead and Fenton.

Season's Record : Played 9, Won 2, Drawn 3, Lost 4.

P. S. H.

A rota of volunteer linesmen for home matches has been started this year. The system has worked fairly well and we hope to continue it next season. We shall be grateful for offers to serve. Our thanks to : A. Lewin, D. Sheasby, D. Steeple, G. Waterhouse, M. Dungworth, R. Furness, P. Buckle, E. Greenwood, S. Williams, H. Marsh, N. Struthers, A. Wilks.

B. C. A.

RUGBY

FIRST XV

THIS season can justly be claimed as one of the most successful since Rugby was started in the School. The first half produced some good play and some very exciting matches. Although the results were perhaps disappointing, with the exception of Lady Manners, all the matches were extremely close.

In past seasons it has generally been possible to account for any defeat by blaming bad tackling, a lack of falling on the ball, or generally scrappy play. Though there have been occasional lapses in tackling and though it would be untrue to say that the team has not from time to time been guilty of some very scrappy play, our defeats cannot be attributed to these reasons alone. Two further factors have been those of illness and injury ; at times we have had to play as many as five reserves in a team.

Despite the fact that the scrum had to be rearranged owing to the loss of Evison and How, the standard of their play remained high, and what they have lacked in skill has been more than compensated for in spirit and tenacity. Ellin has proved a competent hooker and has been well supported by Anderson and Highfield, the latter playing particularly well. In the line-out Daglish and Cooke have proved very useful, both getting more than their fair share of the ball. The second row of Avis and Cooke have proved both sound and reliable. In the loose, the outstanding player has been Sara, whose blindside play has been excellent. Though as yet he is greatly lacking in experience, he should prove a fine player in the future.

The link between forwards and backs in Dean at scrum-half has been stronger than ever before. I would also like to add a personal word of thanks for his fine leadership while I was disabled through injury. The problem of stand-off was finally solved by bringing Roxburgh from full-back. This proved a successful move, as not only did we obtain a sound stand-off but we also found in Hill an extremely competent full-back. He has tackled well and his relieving kicks have been quite outstanding.

The backs as a whole, though all playing well individually, have unfortunately lacked that sense of co-ordination so essential to three-quarter play. The outstanding backs were the centres Green and Goddard. Green has the ability to make a good back, but all too often his openings have been wasted. His tackling and falling have been first-class. Goddard possesses a tremendous sprint and his power to outstrip his opponents has proved invaluable in the scoring of his many tries this season. Both Ogglesby and Horsefield on the wings have proved very useful.

Our sincere thanks are due to Mr. Harrison and Mr. Towers, without whose skilful guidance and care little of this would have been possible. We hope the foundations they have laid will ultimately establish a rugby tradition worthy of the School.

J. G. V.

RESULTS

Sept. 29 v. Chesterfield 1st XV (Home, won 9-3.
Oct. 3 v. Dronfield 1st XV (Home), lost 21-3.
13 v. Chesterfield 1st XV (Away), lost 13-6.
Nov. 7 v. Mt. St. Mary's 2nd XV (Home), won 14-3.
10 v. Doncaster 1st XV (Away), lost 16-3.
14 v. Ernest Bailey, Matlock 1st XV (Home), lost 16-14.
21 v. Worksop College 1st XV (Home), lost 6-3.
Dec. 1 v. Lady Manners 1st XV (Away), lost 37-0.
5 v. Dronfield 1st XV (Away), lost 3-0.
8 v. Doncaster 1st XV (Home), lost 16-8.
16 v. Rotherham 1st XV (Away), drawn 3-3.
19 v. Sheffield Club Colts (Home), won 20-3.
Feb. 9 v. Mt. St. Mary's 2nd XV (Away), lost 5-3.
Mar. 9 v. Lady Manners (Home), lost 11-3.
Jan.16 v. Stockport 2nd XV (Home), lost 17-6.
23 v. Rotherham 1st XV (Home), won 28-9.
27 v. High Storrs 1st XV (Home), won 13-3.
30 v. Sheffield Club Colts (Home), won 16-3.
April 3 v. Ernest Bailey, Matlock (Away), lost 11-8.

COLTS XV

THE season's scores have been unimpressive; much progress, however, has been made, especially in the forwards where Nicholson's experience as a hooker proved useful. He also set an example by always being up with the play and as an opportunist. In the second row, Sharpe and Abbott made an all-out effort which resulted in good loose scrummaging, and they are to be complimented on their excellent line-out play. Vickers as a prop and Wilkes as lock are reliable as tacklers and kickers. Until his illness, Lee was regularly a prop, being most dangerous with his quick breakaways. His regular partner has been Struthers. Laughton at wing-forward was good in the open, usually leading the dribbles, and also fell on the ball with certainty. This valuable asset was gradually acquired by most of the team, particularly ,in the backs, by Hartley and Daglish, whose defensive kicking and tackling also deserve mention. With the repositioning of Daglish and the introduction of Hartley, a slight improvement has been apparent in the back division; alas, more is required, for the excellent tackling and falling of Marshall at full-back proved the only sound defence.

Fearne has shown himself to be a good scrum-half, although he must learn to let the ball out with greater speed and precision. On the wings, Waller and Rowbotham had both size and a certain amount of speed in their favour. Sykes, in the centre, successfully demonstrated his covering abilities and was probably the most consistent three-quarter. Griffith has been satisfactory in various positions of the back division, while not really fulfilling his early promise, and Harrison has been dependable as reserve forward. Practices in the Gym. have been successful and popular.

I. W.

Wiggett has been a knowledgeable and enthusiastic captain. He has set a high standard of performance and good manners while still entering wholeheartedly into the spirit of the game; much of the success of the forward play may be attributed to his leadership.

E. R. W., P. D. A.

UNDER 13 XV

AFTER a heavy defeat at Doncaster, modified tactics were adopted in the return match against Mount St. Mary's. Playing away, the team held their opponents to a score of 23-0. Credit is due here to the tackling and defensive play of Dodds, Broomhead and the forwards. It was a very good effort.

Dodds has worked very hard and his example in defence has been inspiring. The team has not been so strong in attacking play and some opportunities have been lost owing to lack of speed and thrust. We wish success to those boys who are going up from the team. We are fortunate in having for next season a good nucleus of experienced players in the present First Forms. A friendly game against City Grammar School has already been played by what we hope will be next year's Under 13 team ; their performance was very encouraging. Tackling will have to be improved, however; it is not as strong as it should be.

T. G. C.

SENIOR GAMES

WINTER came, and winter went, and overhead the skies still stayed clear. The result to the Seniors ? Lots and lots of running—thoroughly enjoyed by all !

It is strange, this reluctance really to enjoy Cross Country running. Ask any of those who regularly ply their way up Porter Clough, what endurance, what powers of mind, what capacity of lung, are required for such a feat ! Yet after the first three practice runs, what a race the Senior Cross Country Championship became ! Never have so many boys run so long a distance in so short a time; the Seniors are to be praised on their very fine efforts. Lynwood won this championship, closely followed by Clumber.

An afterthought, however ... A check on the use of showering accommodation showed that only a dozen out of the two hundred actually washed before they went home. Surely parents must realise the importance, for health and good habits, of making their sons bring towels and wash after exercise ?

In the completion of the Soccer leagues, Lynwood comfortably won the 1st XI competition, and in the new 2nd XI league Chatsworth heavily defeated Clumber's strong challenge for the trophy.

The Rugby season ended in an unaccustomed trail of glory. The 1st XV, playing many postponed games late in the season, found a new lease of life and their performance has been really good. The very keenly fought Sevens Cup was won yet again by Lynwood. It was gratifying to see so many Houses organising evening practices on the Close; a new spirit is really growing.

Particularly is this spirit to be observed in the athletics world; it is now not uncommon to see as many as 40 or 50 boys training on the Close; and there is a pleasing improvement in the standard of field events. There is no doubt that the Sports, now approaching their completion, will be one of the most hotly contested for many years.

G. I.

SENIOR LEAGUE

First Elevens W D L F A PTS.
Lynwood 6 0 1 29 9 12
Welbeck 5 0 2 27 19 10
Sherwood 4 1 2 19 19 9
Clumber 4 0 3 26 19 8
Chatsworth 3 1 3 25 21 7
Wentworth 2 2 3 15 20 6
Haddon 2 0 5 21 32 4
Arundel 0 0 7 9 31 0
Second Elevens
Chatsworth 6 0 1 32 10 12
Clumber 5 1 1 30 20 11
Lynwood 4 0 3 39 12 8
Welbeck 4 0 3 16 17 8
Haddon 3 1 3 22 15 7
Wentworth 3 0 4 15 21 6
Sherwood 2 0 5 13 25 4
Arundel 0 0 7 7 49 0

CROSS COUNTRY

(1) J. N. Shillito (Welbeck), (2) D. G. Nodder (Arundel), (3) D. J. H. Sheasby (Chatsworth).

Houses : (1) Lynwood 132, (2) Clumber 176, (3) Chatsworth 245, (4) Haddon 24921, (5) Welbeck 285, (6) Wentworth 315, (7) Arundel 326, (8) Sherwood 547.

MIDDLE SCHOOL GAMES

IN a long term, when it is pleasant to record that there was very little interference with the programme because of bad weather, much has been done. The House League in Football was completed with Wentworth easy winners. The Cross Country championship brought a keen struggle, Clumber winning with 207 points, closely followed by Welbeck.

Standard Sports were extended to include a Hurdles event, in which results were quite promising. An encouraging sign is that the number of boys attempting and obtaining, a standard in the 880 yards has nearly doubled.

An innovation was a Rugby Sevens knock-out competition, won by Lynwood. This was enjoyed by many novices who took part and may, I hope, lead to a few more boys taking up the game.

J. C. H.

MIDDLE SCHOOL LEAGUE

  W L D PTS
Wentworth 6 1 0 12
Welbeck . 5 2 0 10
Arundel . 5 2 0 10
Haddon . 4 2 1 9
Lynwood 4 2 1 9
Chatsworth 2 5 0 4
Sherwood 1 6 0 2
Clumber . .0 7 0 0

CROSS COUNTRY

(1) I. H. Neilson (Lynwood), (2) I. Goodacre (Chatsworth), (3) F. Parker (Lynwood).

Houses : (1) Clumber 207, (2) Welbeck 211, (3) Arundel 235, (4) Lynwood 255, (5) Haddon 262, (6) Chatsworth 267, (7) Sherwood 364, (8) Wentworth 373.

JUNIOR GAMES

OWING to the exceptional weather, we have had a most successful season. After completing the League before Christmas, a Form championship was played and was won by 2(3) and 1(1), each without losing a match.

A House knock-out competition was won, in the 1st XI by Sherwood, and in the 2nd XI by the same Arundel team which won their League trophy.

Arundel also won the Cross Country championship. The individual winner was P. S. Wileman of Sherwood in the good time, for a slightly longer course than usual, of 22 minutes 34 seconds. An excellent feature of the run was the large number of first year boys in the early finishers, outstanding being D. B. Cook, 3rd in 23 minutes 21 seconds.

A full programme of Standard Sports and preliminary heats for the Athletic Sports completed what must surely be the fullest winter programme we have ever completed.

CROSS COUNTRY

(1) P. S. Wileman (Sherwood), (2) A. Hall (Welbeck), (3) D. B. Cook (Clumber).

Houses : (1) Arundel 77, (2) Clumber 203, (3) Welbeck 287, (4) Haddon 321, (5) Sherwood 328, (6) Lynwood 355, (7) Wentworth 375, (8) Chatsworth 380.

Fives

ALTHOUGH practice was curbed by bad weather at the beginning of term, the School team beat the University IV by 7 games to 5. It is probable that they fielded a weak team, because the School lost the return match by 12 games to nil. Since half-term the annual competitions have been held. Horsefield played his usual forceful game to win the Senior Singles, and he and Lord beat Roxburgh and Allen in the Senior Doubles competition. Elliott showed his worth in the Junior Singles, and Ellis and Parker found no real opposition in the Doubles. Whilst there is still keen competition at the top of the School, there seems to be little support from the middle forms. Luckily there are a few promising players lower down the School, who will keep this ancient game flourishing.

RESULTS

v. University (Away), won 7-5.
v. University (Away), lost 12-0.

COMPETITIONS

Senior Doubles : Horsefield and Lord beat Allen and Roxburgh, 15-13, 15-12.
Senior Singles : Horsefield beat Roxburgh, 15-10, 17-15.
Junior Doubles : Ellis and Parker beat Bradley and Maxwell, 15-1, 15-0.
Junior Singles : Elliott beat Wood, 15-10, 6-15, 15-13.

Badminton

THE chief event this term has been the Club Singles Knock-out. By the luck of the draw, four of the team members reached the semi-final, where Bridge beat Roxburgh and Horsefield beat McAteer. Horsefield won the final, beating Bridge 18-13, 10-15, 17-14. The team has not been quite so successful this term, winning only 5 out of their 13 matches. The finest match of the season was the one narrowly lost to the Staff by 5 rubbers to 4. The two teams were well matched and the result was in doubt up to the final rubber.

The team has usually been selected from B. J. Horsefield, D. J. C. McAteer, I. W. Roxburgh, G. H. Bridge, J. G. Ratcliffe, C. E. Sheridan, A. B. Bagnall, R. Brookes, F. D. Beer. Many thanks are due to Mr. Sinclair for his unfailing interest and support.

D. J. C. M.

RESULTS

v. Nether Edge B.C. (Away), lost 2-7.
v. Crookes B.C. (Away), lost 3-6.
v. Greystones School (Home), won 9-0.
v. Nether Edge B.C. (Home), won 5-4.
v. Mt. St. Mary's B.C. (Away), won 7-2.
v. St. Mark's B.C. (Away), won 8-1.
v. St. Matthias B.C. (Away), lost 2-7.
v. Leeds G.S. (Away), lost 1-8.
v. Staff (Home), lost 4-5.
v. Ranmoor (Away), lost 4-5.
v. Greystones O.B. (Home), lost 3-6.

H. T. R. T.

TABLE TENNIS

A CLUB was started in the Autumn term and two matches were arranged in the Lent term. These were against Firth' Park G.S. and Crookes Congregational Club (both at home) and in each case a draw (3 games each) resulted. A Ladder competition for the Sixth Form has also been arranged and in the next winter term it is hoped to have a full season of fixtures. The team has been selected from Ratcliffe, Avis, Grant, Roxburgh, Dungworth, Pike.

J. G. R.

House Notes

ARUNDEL

First we must congratulate the juniors on their wonderful performance in the Cross Country; they came in first with a total of 77 points. We saw a fine example of packing, with boys 3rd, 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th. The Intermediates also did well to finish 3rd. With a depleted Sixth Form, we are looking more and more to the juniors and Intermediates. Despite a fine 2nd place by Nodder, the Seniors came in 7th. One reason for this is undoubtedly that many of our best athletes have left; another is that there is lack of willingness to train.

In the Rugby Sevens, the Intermediates were the losing finalists, but the Seniors went out in the first round, mainly due to a weakened team. In the Soccer season it was again the Lower School who upheld the honour of the House. The juniors had a first and a second, the Intermediates two seconds. The Water Polo team had a rather unsuccessful season; our main weakness lies in attack, with more speed a prime necessity.

The Spring term has seen an improvement in some fields, and in spite of the lack of numbers there is no reason why we should not do well in the summer. We say goodbye to Palmer and Swinburn, both of whom have served the House very well for many years.

CHATSWORTH

After the football season had resulted in a somewhat ignominious conclusion, our only distinction being the winning of the Senior Second Elevens Trophy, Chatsworth hoped for a more successful Cross Country season. The Senior team ran particularly well to finish third, and it was evident that our success was primarily due to team spirit. Sheasby and Axe are to be congratulated on finishing 3rd and 5th respectively. On the other hand, the Middle School team, under the enthusiastic captaincy of Goodacre (who was placed 2nd), only managed to finish 5th. The team had a core of good runners, but the slower ones failed to pack. Suffice it to say of the junior team that they finished as low as was confidently expected.

Our hopes for success in the Rugby Sevens were dashed in the first round when a thrustful Haddon side eliminated us by 9 points to 3. The Water Polo team finished disappointingly, after what had seemed a promising start. Losing their last two matches, they were forced down to fourth position in the league. We are, however, optimistic for the knock-out.

At the end of the term another Trophy was won, when Elliott of the Middle School became Junior Fives champion. Lastly, it remains to thank Saunders, the House Captain, and Crookes, a House Prefect, for the energy they have devoted to the service of the House.

CLUMBER

Our Senior soccer teams have shown a welcome improvement in the league status; this has been mainly due to some determined team efforts. The Middle and Junior sections, however, have again met with more varied success. In the Rugby Sevens we were unfortunately knocked out in the semi-final by Lynwood, the eventual winners. This was rather a disappointment because our all-star team, led by Goddard, contained several boys in the School Rugby XV.

The most pleasing features of the term have been the Cross Country results where, in all three sections, good packing has contributed most to our final positions. The Senior team, last year's winners, were placed 2nd, with Darwin as our first man home. The Middle and Junior teams were 1st and 2nd in their respective sections and the promise displayed by several members (notably Battye in the Middle School) augurs well for the future. We congratulate all who ran in the teams.

We look forward to the Athletic and Cricket seasons with confidence, although we shall miss such stalwarts as Partridge and Bates, whom we congratulate on their University awards; and Coe, our House secretary. The loss of these members means that we shall have to renew our efforts to retain and obtain cups; eventually we hope to monopolise completely Chatsworth's trophy cupboard as well as our own.

HADDON

Maintaining our record of academic success, P. B. Fairest and D. Hardy have gained Scholarships in Classics, to Trinity Hall and Clare College respectively. Hollingworth, our House Captain, has reached the honourable status of Prefect, and he and the House should be justly proud. Wilcock too has received acknowledgment for his untiring efforts in being made a Sub-prefect.

In the realm of sport, the House team reached the final of the Rugger Sevens but were defeated (owing, no doubt, to the lack of Vickers) by Lynwood by 9 points to 3. In Soccer the Senior and Middle teams started red-hot favourites but did not make the grade; the junior team, however, came away with a well deserved Cup.

The Cross Country finals and Standard Sports were all missed by small margins. The good places of the teams were due to some very good and old advice that bunch-running brings the best results. Had the House possessed one outstanding runner in each section, there would undoubtedly have been more pleasing results.

The House had a goodly number of Colour awards for Soccer and Rugger, amongst them Vickers, Powell, White, Brown, Evison, and Pike. We offer our best wishes to two leavers—Hardy, who left early in the term in order to build up a good financial backing for his further studies, and Evison, who will be greatly missed as a mainstay of the House and School Soccer teams and a conscientious House chronicler. In anticipation of next term, the Tennis lists have been compiled and Powell has been elected Cricket captain. We hope he will be able to stop our trophy cupboard from emptying too fast.

LYNWOOD

The House passes from triumph to triumph. The Senior League Cup, as was expected, joined the K.O. and Imitation Challenge Cups in the Lynwood cupboard. The Rugby Sevens proved a victory for House spirit and enterprise: our team, under Avis's captaincy, stormed to success, conceding only 3 points, in the final. Ellin's hooking and the running of Ogglesby and Gilbert were outstanding.

The Senior Cross Country team coasted easily to success, with their captain, Rowland, coming in 4th and Tomlinson, another School representative, 7th, the whole team of eight were in under 30. Neilson must be congratulated on winning the Middle School run, and Parker on coming in 3rd, although the team as a whole was placed 4th. The Junior team with no outstanding talent was placed 6th.

Middle School and junior football was again of a middling standard : Junior 1st XI 6th, and 2nd XI 3rd. Parker has gained half the Fives Doubles cup and it is to be hoped that he can find a House partner for next year's competition.

In the scholastic sphere, we have to congratulate Avis on winning an Open Exhibition at University College, Oxford, and A. E. Grant an Open Scholarship at Keble College, Oxford. We were sorry to lose our Vice-captain, Rutledge, early in the term. He has always been a mainstay of the House in soccer, athletics, cricket and swimming and we shall sorely miss his energy and spirit.

SHERWOOD

The House is fortunate in its acquisition of its first athlete for many years. P. S. Wileman has distinguished himself both as captain of the victorious junior Soccer team and as the individual winner of the junior Cross Country championship. The team as a whole failed to follow up this good lead and finished 5th. The Middle and Senior teams had less success, the Seniors finishing in 8th position with what must be a record number of points.

In Soccer the outstanding success was that of the Junior XI who beat Welbeck in the Knock-out final. The Seniors did well to achieve 3rd place in the league, despite being weakened by Hancock's inclusion in the School 1st XI, on which he must be congratulated. In the Rugby Sevens we were matched against Wentworth, second favourites for the trophy, and did well to lose by only 2 tries to 1.

In the forthcoming Athletics season it is unlikely that individual honours will be gained in great profusion, but with a concerted effort by all it should be possible to increase our status in this sphere. We regret that our House Captain, J. G. Crookes, is leaving this term, and wish him all success.

WELBECK

Once again, the House has been moderately successful but has not achieved anything spectacular. In the final of the Soccer Knock-out, fielding a team weakened by the absence of Lord and Macleod, two key players, we were defeated by Lynwood 3-0. In the League, the Senior team finished 2nd, as did the Middle School team, whist the juniors were placed 3rd.

In the Cross Country, the Senior team, despite having the individual winner in Shillito, failed to pack well and finished 5th. The Middle School team, however, well led by Guite, were placed 2nd, being only a few points behind the winners. The Juniors, again inspired by Hall who was second man home, also finished 2nd. We must congratulate Shillito on winning the Northern Schools Cross Country championship in a new record time, and on being appointed captain of the Yorkshire team in the annual Roses Match (in which he was again the individual winner).

Congratulations also to J. Miller on being awarded a Major Open Scholarship in Classics at St. John's College, Cambridge.

WENTWORTH

An admirable House spirit has been evident in most departments and the House can be justly proud of its achievements, having enjoyed no mean success despite apparent lack of ability. The Seniors have had a successful term, thanks to Horsefield who won both the Fives and Badminton singles and Fives doubles, and to the Water Polo team who severely trounced all opponents, scoring 32 goals and conceding only 4.

The football results, however, were disappointing, for although we defeated Sherwood 2-1, we lost to Lynwood, the eventual winners, 6-3, despite advice and encouragement from our distinguished House Tutor, who, although present for only 10 minutes, wrought havoc with Wentworth's defence to the extent of 3 goals in 5 minutes. The Middle School too were successful in winning both the 1st and 2nd XI leagues under the captaincy of Dixon and Perry respectively. The juniors have achieved nothing, owing largely to their lack of enthusiasm. We hope to see an improvement during the summer session.

The Cross Country results were disappointing throughout the House, the Middle School particularly plumbing the depths with the expressive total of 375 points—though that was 150 less than last year! As we write, the Standard Sports are being held with the customary verve and enthusiasm.

We have our share of academic honours, having gained four awards at universities; and we should like to thank Walton for his House-captaincy and outstanding sporting ability, and Russell who will be sorely missed by the Water Polo team.

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