KING EDWARD VII SCHOOL MAGAZINE

VOL. XIV. SPRING, 1955 No. 2


CONTENTS

SCHOOL NOTES 35 STARTLING REVELATIONS 44
THOUGHTS ON LEAVING 36 WORLD CITIZENSHIP 44
ENVOI 37 OLD EDWARDIANS 45
MUSIC 38 OBITUARY 45
HAIL, CAESAR! 39 SCHOOL SOCIETIES 46
LIBRARY 39 SCOUTING 50
THE ART OF LEAVING SCHOOL 40 FOOTBALL 51
THE SHEFFIELD COLLEGIATE SCHOOL 40 SWIMMING 55
THE LODGE MOOR BARROW 41 FIVES 56
YOU CAN'T BE TOO CAREFUL 42 CROSS COUNTRY 56
WINE, WOMEN, AND THE SONG 43 BADMINTON 57
MIST AT NIGHT 43 HOUSE 'NOTES 58


School Notes

AT THE end of the Lent Term, Mr. V. J. Wrigley left to take up his duties as Headmaster of the new Grammar School of Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, to which he was appointed last July. Mr. Wrigley's term of office as Senior History Master has been a notably successful one, and he has filled a number of subsidiary roles with unfailing energy and efficiency. What he thinks of us, he has been kind enough to express, no doubt too generously, in a valedictory article published in this issue. He has our best wishes for a successful and happy career as Headmaster.

Mr. M. F. W. Lack has left to take up a post as a Geophysicist to the British Petroleum Company, in which we wish him all success; and we may here congratulate, though not yet say goodbye to, Mr. J. D. Smith, on his appointment as Senior Classical Master at March Grammar School, Lincolnshire.

As Senior History Master in succession to Mr. Wrigley, we welcome Mr. T. G. Cook, formerly Senior History Master at Wellingborough Grammar School, Northants.

Congratulations to the K.E.S. Rover Group on winning for the third year in succession the Mallet Cross Country Trophy, with J. Middleton in first place. Also to B. Duke on being selected as one of six Sheffield Scouts to attend the St. George's Day parade at Windsor; and to D. Young of the 273rd St. Mary's (Handsworth) Troop, on his selection as one of the four Sheffield Scouts to attend the World Jamboree in Canada in August.

I. A. F. Bruce has maintained a School tradition by winning the Senior Latin Reading competition organised by the Sheffield and District Branch of the Classical Association.

UNIVERSITY AND COLLEGE AWARDS

D. S. TAYLOR, Open Scholarship in Natural Science at Oriel College, Oxford.
R. F. H. MORTON, Open Scholarship in History and Economics at University College, Oxford.
C. B. LAYCOCK, Open Scholarship in Geography at St. Edmund Hall, Oxford.
P. W. LOMAS, Exhibition in Modern Languages at St. Catherine's College, Cambridge.
R. A. MASSEY, Open Scholarship in Physics and Mathematics at the University of Southampton.
M. A. SHARPE, Choral Exhibition at Exeter College, Oxford.
P. WRIGHT, Edgar Allen "B" Scholarship at Sheffield University.

Entrance to Oxford Colleges has been gained by G. K. Dickinson (Oriel), G. R. Heritage and D. M. Parfitt (St. Edmund Hall), B. Hill (Jesus), D. T. Protheroe (Trinity).

Definite entry to Universities has been obtained by P. A. T. Gill, J. V. Rooks, at Nottingham; J. R. Hoole. W. P. Newcombe, at Manchester; P. F. Knowles, R. G. Lawler, S. M. Newbould, C. C. Rigby. P. T. Webb, at Sheffield; A. Weston at Hull.

W. A. F. Wright has been accepted for admission to the Slade School of Fine Art, and K. Webb to the City of Worcester Training College.

Thoughts on Leaving

IN the summer of 1946, I was interviewed for a post to teach Latin and History in a Public School. The headmaster explained that what he really wanted was a man to give culture to the Sheffield boys in the School. I was not found suitable for this task, but two weeks later I was appointed to King Edward's in Sheffield. I still do not know whether I am capable of giving culture to Sheffield boys, but an enormous number of them have passed through Room 8 in the last eight or nine years and I only hope that something of the sense of interest and curiosity that history can give has remained with them.

My first impressions were hardly favourable, as, on my arrival, I was shown into the old Library. Now that it has gone. I must admit that it was the least attractive library I have ever seen, though it was well used by the whole school. The blinds were hanging in tatters, the furnishings were ugly, and I began to feel the school could have no soul. First impressions, however, are not always correct. Having accepted the post, I found a really able common-room of friendly and experienced schoolmasters, a staff which would, I am sure, compare favourably with any in the country, and whose conversation was stimulating. The presence of men whose experience went back beyond the First World War added to the interest. First contacts with the boys proved exhilarating too: I had never taught forms so good as the best ones, nor-so it seemed, but perhaps I am wrong-so bad as the worst But it has remained a constant pleasure and stimulus to teach the abler boys here.

The brilliance of the School's performances in swimming and dramatics also struck me as soon as I arrived, and I shall long remember some very able school play productions.

The whole School seemed to be pulsating with life and energy, and it was with some trepidation that I approached my form, the redoubtable 3B, which I took for English. I wonder whether the corresponding 2 (2) of today has the vitality of the old 3B which was composed of ex-Junior School and ex-Primary School boys in equal numbers. Many had been in the School for several years and were naturally much more a part of it than their successors of today. At any rate, 3B was a splendid form, full of keenness to try everything, very loyal and full of community spirit. I am grateful to them for a happy introduction to K.E.S.

But, then and since, many of my most enjoyable periods have been spent with the first-year forms-or 2nds as they were then. All the ex-Primary School boys came into a form called 2D, which I took for Divinity. I well remember being put to the test by a small unrepressed red-headed new boy, who later became very well known in the School. Suspecting, correctly, my lack of experience in the subject, he asked me the meaning of a Hebrew word which was mentioned in the last chapter of the text-book. Luckily the last chapter was the only one-apart from the first-that I had then read, and I told him it was explained there. "I know. sir", he replied. "I was only testing you". Certainly K.E.S. is a remarkable school for keeping its staff up to the mark, though I am glad I began my teaching elsewhere!

This same boy came to epitomise for me the typical schoolboy. A year later, after we had studied the grisly details of the Plague, he said, "Give us more of that, sir; that is the kind of history we like and can remember." So, I am afraid, it is. The longer one teaches this fascinating but difficult subject, the more one is tempted to agree with 1066 and All That-"History is not what you thought. It is what you can remember."

Friends commiserated with me on having to teach History in a city said to be "unhistorical." That notion is, I hope. now dead: for the wealth of illustration which I have found locally for all periods of English history is remarkable, especially when one remembers that -back-to-back" houses of the 1830's are just as much raw material of history as are the manor houses of the 1590's. What has been disappointing has been the materialistic outlook of many boys when asked to take an interest in something-the "will it be any use to me?" attitude. Say it will be useful in a Scholarship General Paper and the form is immediately attentive! The other regret I have had is to lose from the subject at an early stage many of the ablest boys, just at the moment when they were beginning to make something of it.

For masters as for boys the less pleasant memories of schooldays fade before the pleasant; and so, as one looks back, Whiteley Woods ground, which in reality is usually sodden underfoot or swept by biting winds, remains in the memory as the scene of hard-fought finals of House matches on pleasant autumn days. Or one sees the deep shadows of the trees on the mown grass, which is such a pleasant feature of fine summer afternoons there. We rarely have an opportunity now of watching these matches, and that is a pleasant memory the less. Castle Dyke is another story; but even now a generation may be growing up which will look upon that desolate ground through rose-tinted spectacles. It will certainly need them!

I have learnt much from K.E.S. Nowhere is the popular view of the easy life of the school-master less true. Nowhere else had I taught so many periods and so many boys, and corrected so many books, and the terms seemed long compared with those of a Public School. One's reading inevitably suffers. The compensation lies in the wealth of experience gained, in the stimulus of teaching boys of very high calibre. and in the contact with schoolmasters of wide experience and ability. All who teach here must be very grateful.

V. J. WRIGLEY

Envoi

'Twas in the prime of summer-time,
An evening calm and cool,
And four-and-twenty happy boys
Came bounding out of school:
There were some that ran and some that leapt,
Like troutlets in a pool.

*

THOMAS HOOD had little knowledge of Sheffield, when he wrote his "Dream", or his sun-lit lines would have darkened from an involuntary cloud and he would have shuddered and passed on, to write of more congenial topics than schoolboys and their ubiquitous ushers. Nowadays no one north of the Ouse is hardy enough to describe small boys, be they "grammar" or "modern", as troutlets; underdone dumplings perhaps, or even the fried fish-in-batter so well known to my readers, but troutlets-never! it is an insult to the species.

We are told that environment influences nature and character: how is it, then, that the Sheffield environment, from which it is impossible to escape, and which appears to hover, like some obscene monster, over all our activities; can produce such unnatural and characterless beings?

There is certainly no lack of environment. Robinson Crusoe, so often produced triumphantly in economic text-books, had a limited enough environment; yet were he aesthetically inclined, he would find endless satisfaction in surveying the sheer beauty of the imprint of a human foot. Even that, however, is denied our aesthetes, who, deprived of all but the benevolent smiles of aldermen, are driven to paint murals on the walls of pubs. What a fate, to be sent to the wall!

The truth is that Sheffield, and indeed, Yorkshire in general, is so busy asserting its Civic Pride, that it fails altogether to notice what its more graceful neighbours can do less self-consciously. Civic Pride must surely rank high among the seven deadly virtues, as high as a feeling for the Old School tie. Fortunately, the latter virtue has obviously few adherents, at least among the junior members of the School, to judge from the carefree and unconsidered positions of their neckwear.

*

Their elders, whom one may see earnestly scanning their "Guardians" as they hurry to their offices, are more discreet. Indeed, they are the soul of discretion, fearful of expressing an opinion, of giving themselves away, in habit, talk, or thought. Go into a middle-class home and you will find the inevitable television-set (or TeeVee, since we must bow to this everlasting use of initials) with possibly a chromium-plated monstrosity oh-so tastefully arranged; go into a working class home and there is the same combination. There is not a spark of originality to be found in the whole city, except in those few who have entered the city from outside, and all too frequently these take on the same appalling patina.

*

I can imagine it being said: "Giles, you are quite intolerable!" Just so. Toleration for most people is simply a euphemism for indifference, and indifference is above all the besetting sin of great cities. I would say: be more individual, less ready to accept your present round of life. For the essence of humanity is that it is an individual existence, a knowledge of oneself; remove this individuality, and one becomes a speck of sand on a beach, a blade of grass in a field, a member of a booing football crowd.

G. S. ECCLESTONE

MUSIC

THE School's singers and instrumentalists are again to be congratulated on the high standard attained in the concert, and thanked for the hard. if rewarding, work which makes such things possible.

On the following day work began in preparation for the production of Handel's Alexander's Feast on May 25th. This. a racy setting of an Ode to St. Cecilia by Dryden, is in great contrast to last year's Messiah, and presents its own problems. The Choir have had to sing from separate voice parts and the difficulties of this have discouraged a few weaker brethren. However, to quote the first chorus. "\one but the brave deserve the fair" and the brave will certainly find the prize worth the striving when all adds up in performance.

The conductor's difficulties are that the orchestra parts are at variance with the score, and that, while Mozart has provided some useful additional wood-wind parts, Ebeneezer Prout has not in this instance supplied trombone and other brass parts. However, the ink should be dry on the last manuscribed part well before the performance.

Swain and Sharpe (the latter to be congratulated on securing a Choral Exhibition at Exeter College), will be making the last of many appearances as soloists, and other solo parts have been allotted to two small groups of trebles who are particularly good this year. The orchestra welcomes Linton, who gives up the leadership of the altos to become our fourth flautist. Finally, mention must be made of those who work quietly away in the string classes or on other instruments preparing themselves to take their places when the time comes.

N. J. B.

SCHOOL CONCERT-2nd FEBRUARY 1955

The concert in the Victoria Hall on February 2nd was an example of how a school choir and orchestra can vary very much from year to year, as a whole and in sections. This year the orchestra suffered from a lack of experienced string players and the choir from weakness in the bass section. But, to compensate, there were very promising wind and brass performances and the tenor section is looking up.

We had a good start with the Barnes fanfare and the Vaughan Williams March. All the more credit to brass and wind for getting warmed up so quickly; on the other hand there hadn't been sufficient time for the violins to have become so flat.

It is always pleasant to hear something one knows, such as the Brahms waltzes, played as well as Elliott and Watson did. They caught the spirit excellently and the audience benefited by their obvious enjoyment. Since the audience is an important part of any concert it may be remarked that the numbers seemed to be fewer than usual and the manners worse.

The soloists were well up to standard and the madrigal group as good as ever-no praise could be higher. "A Sketchbook of Men" was a contrast to the more formal items on the programme. Sharpe could perhaps have got more humour out of it and when his voice dropped occasionally we lost some essential words, but his voice increases in timbre and flexibility. The Male Voice Choir boasts some most tuneful whistlers. The other vocal soloist was Swain, who sang the Vaughan Williams Songs of Travel in an individual way. I wonder if he will have a tenor repertoire next time we hear him?

Outstanding amongst the instrumental soloists was Bomber with a really lovely clarinet tone and most promising technique. Catchpole performed a Handel Viola Concerto with distinction, especially in his very dainty handling of the last movement, and later part of a Mozart trio. The other instrumental soloist was Pinion, who performed a Handel Air and March on the horn. There cannot be many schools in the 'North who can boast a horn player up to such a high solo standard and a brass section capable of supporting him.

The choral items were delivered with the School Choir's customary enthusiasm. We have come to expect a high standard of articulation and on the whole our expectations were justified. The Elgar choral songs in the first half were outstandingly successful. It was lovely to hear Mr. BULLIVANT make the sober old Victoria Hall organ play so gaily in waltz time.

This was another successful concert and we look for great things in the future from the boys just beginning their careers as amateur musicians.

M. K. S.

Hail, Caesar!

Caesar and Cleopatra, by G. B. SHAW (April 4th. 5th, 6th)

Caesar D. M. PARFITT
Cleopatra S. G. LINSTEAD
Ftatateeta E. C. WRAGG
Ptolemy D. WOODHOUSE
Pothinus D. J. H. SENIOR
Theodotus A. M. SUGGATE
Achillas J. BUCHAN
Rufio A. E. GRANT
Britannus D. BARRON
Lucius Septimius K. JACKSON
Apollodorus N. G. WELLINGS
Centurion C. J. BELK
Sentinel M. R. EVISON
Priest J. MILLER
Soldiers, Slaves, Courtiers, Porter, Etc.  

Produced by Mr. G. H. CLAYPOLE

After last year's Macbeth . . . (I have tried had to suppress this phrase, but it won't lie down). After last year's Macbeth, which very properly demonstrated the advantages of doing Shakespeare on a more-or-less Shakespearean stage, the Dramatic Society's treatment, on similar lines, of Shaw's most spectacular play, was awaited with ... curiosity, anyway. It would have been difficult to find a play more solidly, not to say ponderously, based on the methods and assumptions of the four-square realistic proscenium-stage. Everything that is mentioned (and exhaustively described in the stage directions) is intended to be palpable and visible; hardly a word of the dialogue is aimed at supplying that "scene-painting by ear" which is the justification, and the joy, of non-representational theatre. The challenge of these conditions, however, was boldly accepted; nothing was evaded; the play, it turned out, was to be given with all the works, on what was virtually a picture-stage minus a front curtain.

In these circumstances, much credit may justly go to the craftsmen who performed prodigious feats of sculpture, architecture and engineering; also to the nimble and well-trained slaves who caused these substantial pageants to dissolve before our eyes, leaving no, or very little, rack behind. (Much more fun for the audience, of course, than sitting through intervals in the dark.) Lighting had been lavishly reinforced and the more crowded scenes made a brave show, in which the shape and dimensions of the wide-open stage were used to good advantage. In the more sparsely filled scenes, one was somewhat too conscious of the makeshifts and contrivances which our beloved but temperamental Assembly Hall necessitates.

Amid all this (involving considerable strains on credulity and illusion) the individual acting varied from satisfactory to fair. But there was never any doubt about the all-over impression of intelligent and spirited attack; and there were no cases of inattention or eye-wandering (all too easy faults where there are so many people "standing about"). Confident and audible speech was a general virtue; masking and back-turning the most prevalent faults. One or two scenes tended to drift, through lack of timing and climax, and there was rarely (twice actually) a taut and significant group. Second and third nights brought improved pace and edge; but audiences should not be allowed to form the habit of avoiding first nights. A forthright Rufio, a sinister Pothinus, a tetchy Theodotus, a pea-cocky Apollodorus, and a formidable Ftatateeta, contributed recognisable character studies, and the Roman army had the situation well under control. Above all, the two long and testing star-roles were in good hands. Parfitt's Caesar was admirable in voice and presence, if a little short of humour and flexibility; and one was grateful for Linstead's unabashed and witty approach to the gipsy queen; he was never either embarrassed or embarrassing-which is much.

On a rough estimate, at least sixty people (not counting the late G. B. Shaw) contributed to the occasion, so the claims of "corporate activity" were amply satisfied. To the benign and imperturbable director of this multifarious enterprise (and also to Mrs. Claypole) congratulations and thanks are due for a well-organised and entertaining show.

E. F. W.

Library

LAST term about 1850 books were borrowed, and in view of the comparative shortness of the term, this shows that the use of the library continues to widen. Recently added works of fiction have been in particular demand, and it would be helpful if readers of this class of book were readier to indicate their needs in the Suggestions Book.

Those who still remember the Old Library will surely also recall the rich layer of dust which had accumulated in the cupboards over the space of 40 years. The Librarians are now fighting this menace, and last term every book, shelf and ledge was done with a vacuum cleaner. Might those few boys who still thoughtlessly drop their sweet-papers on the Library floor in the lunch-hour, or leave their chairs in disorder, reflect that they too have a contribution to make towards the tidiness of the room?

The books given by the Old Edwardians' Association are now all on the shelves, and once more we express our thanks. They may be recognised by the printed bookplate taken from a design by Mr. Helliwell. We also gratefully acknowledge gifts from:—
Capt. S. R. Cheetham, M. J. B. Edlington, G. D. Haddock, I. D. Harrison, D. I. Hurt, M. T. Hutchings. B. Lockwood, A. J. Oxer, A. M. Suggate. A. M. Throp, K. Webb, A. V. Wilcock, P. Wray, The S.R.G.S. Over-Seventy Society.

J. O.

The Art of Leaving School

IT'S not often you leave school, so it is well worth going to a bit of trouble to make the most of it. A well-timed, dramatic exit is what you need; or, as the Irish have it in their quaint old-fashioned way, "na uighbhleinn chrail hdholhlaire scor beithe", which has so far defied translation but is generally accepted to mean "When the party is at its height, then it is time to go", or something like it. The snag with my party is that there has never been a height; it's just run its mediocre course. I might easily have slipped away unnoticed, but here I still am, trying to bring the thing to a grand climax with last uproarious game. Obviously I could set fire to something, or hire a brass band to march home at the head of, or present a ten-foot high cup for an inter-house skittles championship, or at a pinch jump out of a window. But anyone can do this sort of thing; much better to find something really original and clever so that everyone will say, "Good old Morton", "Glad to have known you", "Come and see us again", just as if they meant it, instead of "The silly old fool", "Why did you have to inflict yourself on us?" and a final dramatic "Begone". No, cheap notoriety is definitely to be avoided. But I've tried as hard as I can and haven't thought of a single thing that's at all original. So I suppose I'll just have to be content with setting down these thoughts of mine and having my name writ large at the bottom.

R. F. H. MORTON

The Sheffield Collegiate School

(The amalgamation of the Sheffield Collegiate School with the Grammar School in 1885 was one of the stages leading up to the establishment of King Edward VII School in 1905. Mr. V. J. Wrigley contributes some notes on the state of this school about a hundred years ago.)

IN 1852 the then Principal of the Sheffield Collegiate School (Mr. G. A. Jacob) issued a prospectus in which he frankly reveals the unpromising beginnings of the foundation: 2 boys in 1836, 1 in 1837, but an increase from 1842 to 1849 when 101 boys were on the register. In 1852 there were four masters, only two of whom were graduates, and some extra staff-presumably visiting-for French, German, Drawing, Music and Drill. Since 1842 the managers had given the Principal full authority for running the School.

The hours were 9 to 12, 2 to 4-45 (4-15 in mid-winter) with half-holidays on Wednesday and Saturday. The long dinner-hour was probably due to the fact that the School was, as described in 1835, "a mile from the Town". Greek was started in the fourth of the six classes, but not by the second division boys (Plus ca change!). For classrooms there were the Main Hall, which apparently had an organ for Sunday services, and two classrooms on either side. The upper storey of the building (now the Training College) was only added when the Grammar School and Collegiate School combined.

The fees were £10 to £18 a year according to age; boarding cost £40-£50 a year: and pupils could enter at the age of seven. Each boarder was to bring, besides his own linen, a silver dessert-spoon. This was a regular nineteenth-century custom.

In contrast to Wesley College, its junior by two years, the Collegiate School was intended to be associated with the Church of England; prayers were said daily, but at the end of the day and not at the beginning.

This prospectus is easily found in the Central Library and will certainly repay the trouble of anyone who goes there to read it.

V. J. W.

The Lodge Moor Barrow

IN a letter to Sir Thomas Bateman, the great nineteenth-century archaeologist, mention is made of three barrows on Lodge Moor, which had been opened by a Mr. George Bennett of Sheffield; the letter can still be seen in the Sheffield Museum. In April 1954, owing to building operations on the site, it seemed desirable to re-open them, if any more information was to be gleaned, and a team from the Museum under its deputy director, Mr. J. Bartlett, started investigations, concentrating on one only which was in a very much better state of preservation than the others. It is a mound about four feet high and 75 feet across, with a central hollow-not a common feature.

The barrow was opened on the quadrant system, two trenches being marked out at right angles across the barrow. The turf was removed, revealing a layer of closely-packed grit-stone boulders. This at least showed the site to be artificial. The stones petered out towards the central hollow; which suggested that this had probably been dug by previous excavators. When the stones had been mapped, the trenches were dug down simultaneously. The stones were found to be only an outer capping and the interior of the barrow consisted of grey or yellow sandy soil interlaced with thin black lines. These gave the clue to the material of the barrow. It had been constructed of layers of turf, which had decomposed to give thin lines of black humus. The turf had been piled up into a mound and the top had been capped with stone. The original humus layer, at the level of the ground surface when the barrow was built, was of special interest, as traces of agriculture might be found. Also, very often, considerable quantities of charcoal are found when a barrow has been heaped over the dying funeral pyre. Here, however, there was little charcoal, no more than might be left by the burning of the scrub.

A new technique was employed in dating the barrow-that of pollen analysis. Pollen grains, of the vegetation round about, can remain in peat for long periods of time without decomposing and may be recognised after several thousand years. In this case it was shown that the preponderant trees were alder, hazel, lime and birch, the undergrowth being mainly ling. There was no beech, a tree that now flourishes better than any other save birch; on the other hand there is now no lime growing in the wild state in this region. From such clues a rough date can be worked out for the samples of soil and thus for the barrow itself.

One of the most interesting sides of the work to me, a novice, was the constant reversal and revision of theories as excavations got deeper. At various times it seemed the barrow was a ring or a mound, a cairn of stones or a heap of earth; and in the centre the humus layers, the "naturals" and "throwouts", were so complex as to suggest many more previous diggings than had been at first assumed. The disturbed central portion was very difficult to interpret, but from many sections taken there it seemed likely that the barrow had an original hollow, which was confused and disturbed by at least two later excavations-one by the nineteenth-century diggers, and one for the interment of a dead horse which seemed to have been laid in the hollow and covered with a little earth. This was discovered, but all hopes of a second Piltdown Man were speedily dispelled.

The actual archaeological finds were few: two microliths (very tiny splinters of flint), four rough flint flakes, a lump of white potter's clay and a small quantity of smooth water-worn pebbles, one of which has a flat face as if used for rubbing or polishing. It seems likely that these were "mourners' tokens" thrown in by the mourners, and that the pebbles had come from the Rivelin valley, but beyond that there is only speculation. There is now no trace of the original interment. The barrow seems to be similar to a definite type found during the late Bronze Age. This type is never a cairn barrow,. and if stone is present it is as a capping layer. It is made of light materials often arranged in alternate layers (layers of turf and sand in this case). The burial is always of a crematory type (no direct evidence here) and there are few finds because the calcined fragments of bone are swept into a shallow hole instead of being collected in an urn (but Mr. G. Bennett's investigation speaks of urns being removed). There are flints and pebbles found, just as in this case.

The date, somewhere in the period of the Late Bronze Age (2000-500 B.C.), is in accordance with that arrived at from the pollen analysis. It seems that more accurate dating cannot be achieved.

J. MILLER

You Can't Be Too Careful

I HAD never walked under a ladder before. I'd always been brought up to understand that it was . . . well, people just didn't do it. I'd often thought about doing it: to me there didn't seem any difference between walking round and walking under ladders; but folks always seemed to persuade me not to, or pull me half-way across the road to avoid the window-cleaner or painter busy working and whistling three storeys up.

From time to time I'd raise the matter of sub-ladder-walking at the Club. "Don't do it, old man", they’d say. "damned unlucky, you know; blight you for the rest of your life"-telling gruesome stories of men they had once known.

Yes, they had warned me, but here I was, stepping out boldly under a really magnificent retractable ladder reaching from the Church Street pavement to the third floor of a bank. I held my breath ... one step ... two steps ... done it

`'What a simply rapturous feeling! For sixteen years this curious joy had been cooped up in my innermost emotional sanctums; now it was free, gloriously, boundlessly free! Unlucky. they had said; that was all rubbish; I was a new man. The feeling was indescribably delicious. I must do it again. I did, and again; in fact I spent seventeen whole minutes (much to the annoyance of a large business man trying to leave his office) pacing up and down under the window-cleaners' ladder. It was good to be alive.

I ran all the way home, passing under three more ladders in the course of my happy journey. Devouring my tea with an unusually large appetite, I inwardly laughed at my friends; unlucky indeed-obviously they'd been so petrified by tradition as never to have taken the action. Homework that evening was thoroughly done in double-quick time, and I contentedly chuckled to myself by the fireside until bedtime came along.

I'd been in bed about twenty-five minutes when the urge came again, stronger, fiercer than before. It was growing rapidly inside me, the irresistible burning desire to walk under another ladder. Before I knew it, I was running down the cold draughty streets, clad in nothing but pyjamas, bedroom slippers and a porcelain Japanese hatpin. There was a ladder leaning against the

church, but after five minutes hovering under that, the urge was even stronger. I must cover new ground, walk under new ladders. The old pioneering spirit was showing through. Where could I find new ladders? I was instinctively being drawn to the window-cleaners' yard. Desire burned so brightly that I didn't notice the rain which had come on. I was almost spirited over the high spiked gate, to find seven beautiful ladders, all lying on the ground, being wasted. I had them propped against the wall in no time, and spent the next two hours gambolling underneath them in ecstatic revelry.

Again the beauty declined and the unquenchable desire for new ladders once more overcame me. Leaving the seven ladders still against the wall, I was again wafted over the gate and down the wet and murky street.

Then I saw it! The most delectable fire escape you could wish to meet, stretching up the side of a large department store. Oh, it was marvellous! Ladders were child's play compared with this ...

I was turning for my hundred and twenty-seventh joy-walk when a hand was placed on my shoulder. I brushed it off, but another took its place, then another and another, and each time I knocked the hand off. When I turned round, I saw on the ground ... a pile of hands, twenty-six in all, with thirteen policemen angrily shaking their arm-stumps at me.

"Orrite, me lad!" said a fourteenth, slipping some handcuffs around my left ear-lobe! "There's a law against dancing under fire escapes in your pyjamas, bedroom slippers and Japanese porcelain hatpin on a wet night like this; you'd better come along with us."

I explained everything to a most understanding white-wigged gentleman who said he knew just the remedy for my craving.

It's a nice little cell, and I find it quite restful to sink back into the comfortable walls, gazing at my reflection on the concrete ceiling . . . . Talking about reflections, I wonder why people are always so afraid of dropping mirrors ...?

J. N. SHILLITO

Wine, Women, and the Song

The man she had was kind and clean
And well enough for every day;
But oh, dear friends. you should have seen
The one that got away.

(Apologies to Dorothy Parker)

FOR the Sixth Form, the undoubted highlight of the Lent Term was the Abbeydale Girls' School Social. The presence of the entire Sixth Form was requested to participate in a Bacchanalian revel of buns, fruit punch and musical chairs.

The evening began in a rather disappointing fashion owing to the late appearance of a considerable number of gentlemen, who found that the long approach drive necessitated frequent rests, and the profusion of foliage surrounding the school made it inevitably rather difficult for some of the more short-sighted of our number to find the Hall. Indeed one horseless carriage of doubtful ownership was seen resting immobile against a post in a netball court. When the cloakroom had eventually been found, and suitable facial and sartorial repairs had been executed, the gentlemen sallied forth to the ball-room, prepared to receive the banderillos of the determined female toreras; and the evening settled down into a rigid routine of dance, game, dance, game, and so on ad infinitum, a sequence disturbed only by the shrieks of laughter of the daemonic female torturers and the agonised groans of the tortured gentlemen. Only the brutal sinuous mind of woman could have devised such demoralising experiences as "Happy Families" and "Musical Mats".

The interval was signalled by a call to food and the disappearance of two of the gentlemen in a green car accompanied by a similar number of lady organisers (anyone who witnessed the car in question on this evening is asked to forget about it completely). The food consisted of a heterogeneous compound euphemistically labelled "Fruit Punch", and potato crisps. Any after-effects of this were soon forgotten in the welter of excitement which preceded the tour de force of the whole evening. This was to take the form of a brilliantly written Oratorio magnificently rendered by the gentlemen under the able baton of Mr. Parfitt (we emphatically deny the rumour that the subterranean rumblings heard at the time were caused by Messrs. Gilbert and Sullivan revolving in their earthy abodes) . . . . When order was finally restored after a long period of well-deserved applause, the climax of the evening had been reached as far as K.E.S. was concerned. The rest of the programme was merely a repetition of the first half, mainly consisting of wicked designs aiming at the humiliation of the erstwhile revered and respected gentlemen. Indeed, one who at K.E.S. is held in magisterial awe was seen dancing with one trouser leg rolled delicately above the knee, his immaculate jacket worn back-to-front, the buttons firmly fastened by his attractive but obviously designing partner.

The function ended in a blaze of glory for K.E.S. All the gentlemen survived to face the hazards of the maze outside, free at last from the clutches of their Amazonian tormentors. When on the next day the weary victims foregathered, the general opinion seemed to be (of those who could express any coherent opinions-"fruit punch" perhaps), that it had been worth while, if only for the song. We were confident in our belief that a new height had been reached in the art of bel canto, a height which would never again be paralleled.

"ONE WHO GOT AWAY"

Mist at Night

As night jet-black falls on our weary town
Eight o'clock when work is done
As the rusty peal of ancient bells
Drifts eerily down our lane
The old gas lamps are not as bright
As they are on any other night.

Near by is an inn licensed for the throng
Shouting themselves hoarse as they break into song
As whirling yellow creeping mist obscures the view
Even the inn's light is dimming too
Past a music-hall with can-can dancers
On the hoardings and for films a charging lancer.

An old man hobbling slowly painfully
His steps are rapid and short
His arms dangle loosely at his sides
And even his breath is caught
Slowly he comes near
Into the local for his nightly beer.

B. T. A. HUMPHRIES 1 (1)

Startling Revelations

ABOUT five years ago a census of various matters was held in the Sixth Form. This year another census was held. A variety of questions was asked and a variety of answers received. The main figures are reproduced below. Eighty-nine forms were returned from a Sixth Form of 107; 34 from the Moderns; 43 from the Scientists, 12 from the Classics.

GAMES: 72% prefer to play Soccer; 18%, Rugger; 9% neither. 46% prefer to play Tennis; 46% Cricket; 8% neither.

DAILY NEWSPAPERS READ REGULARLY: 48% `Sheffield Telegraph'; 25% 'The Star'; 21% `Daily Express'; 15% `Manchester Guardian'; 15% 'Daily Mail'; 12% 'Daily Mirror'; 9% `News Chronicle'; 7% `Daily Telegraph'; 6% `The Times'; 6% 'Daily Herald'; 6% others; 7% none.

GIRL FRIENDS: 32% have one regular; 21% have several; 47% claim to have none. 50% of the regular girl friends attend school; 39% of the R.G.F.s work; 11% of the R.G.F.s attend college.

POLITICS: 56%, Conservative; 18% Labour; 6% Liberal; 1% Fascist; 19% Independent.

FOOTBALL TEAMS SUPPORTED: 35% Wednesday; 26% United; 3% Hallam; 1% Rotherham; 3% others; 31% none.

SMOKING: 2°%0 smoke regularly; 38°,0 smoke occasionally (of these half are allowed to smoke at home and half are not); 60% do not smoke.

RELIGION-: 54% Church of England; 16% Methodist; 4% Baptist; 4% "Christian"; 2% Congregational; 2% Plymouth Brethren; 1% each of Lutheran. Quaker, Christian Scientists. Interdenominational, Eclectic: 2% Agnostics; 9% "none". 56% attend a place of worship regularly; 65% of Moderns, 58% of Classics, 490/ of Scientists.

SCHOOL DINNERS: 84% have S.D., of whom 42% are satisfied. 2% bring own dinner.

LEISURE OCCUPATIONS: 34% members of a Youth Club. 79% attend some outside organisation(s). 38% have TV at home.

Average number of School Societies supported 2.3. Average number of S.S. supported by TV owners 2.0. Average number of S.S. supported by Youth Club members 1.97.

FUTURE: 84% intend to go to a University: 64% of Moderns, 95% of Scientists, 100% of Classics. 43% have decided on a career: 20% of Moderns. 77% of Scientists, 0% of Classics.

VARIOUS: 38% have been abroad. 81°%o were born in Sheffield. 50/ have passed a car driving test.

So much for the figures. Some further comments may be made. Rugger, we discovered, did not have a single adherent on the Modern Side, and it drew 95 % of its support from the Scientists. In politics, Labour has gained slightly since 1949 -18% as against 13%; while Conservatives have lost slightly-57% as against 58%. Turning to Religion, we found that 100% of the Methodists attended regularly and 56% of the Anglicans. The rest of the congregations were too small to work out percentage figures.

It was in the manner of supporting their trousers that this year's Sixth differs most from its predecessors. 11 % wear a belt (51 % in 1949), 13% wear braces (10% in 1949), while 73% (17% in 1949) rely solely on faith. It is perhaps significant that 75% of these have school dinner, showing that this is at least filling. One ultra-conservative puts no absolute trust in either and so wears belt and braces.

In the matter of lady friends, it should be noted that no one seems to have made the University his happy hunting ground: there lies perhaps scope for future generations. One gentleman, obviously with an astute mind and an eye on the future. is investigating the potentialities of a partner who is self-employed.

Spectacles are not usually considered aids to masculine beauty, so we carried out an investigation into this. This proved interesting. 32.3% of those with spectacles have one regular girl friend, as against 31.5% of those without spectacles. 20.6% of those with specs. have several girl friends, as against 20.3% of those without, and 47 % of those who wear specs. are unattached, as against 48% of those who don't. So in fact there is a slight tendency for the bespectacled to get on better with the ladies than their more clear-sighted brethren.

The census did in fact reveal that we have some interesting characters in the Sixth Form. One gay Casanova who seeks "occasional" solace in feminine company answered quite simply "who cares?" to the question of his G.F.s occupation. We discovered one nihilist who reads no newspapers, attends no school societies, nor a youth club, doesn't go to church, has no girl friends, no TV at home, supports no football team, never smokes and is unable to drive.

D. J. H. S.
R. F. H. M.

World Citizenship

(Four members of the School attended the Christmas Conference of the Council for Education in World Citizenship at the Central Hall, Westminster. The subject was Latin America.)

THE two thousand delegates heard lectures given by businessmen, scholars, authors and broadcasters with practical experience of Latin America. Considering its significance in the world today, for its twenty republics hold about a third of the votes in the United -Nations General Assembly, too little is generally known of this "land of a golden legend", a vast area still politically and economically adolescent.

Many of the questions which followed the lectures bore a clear relation to the gratifying prominence but startling interpretation given to our proceedings by the Daily Worker. The discussion groups were stimulating, but it was felt their value would have been greater had even a majority of the delegates condescended to attend them. The conference was supplemented by a lecture-recital and a concert of Latin-American songs and dancing, a dance, and of course the manifold distractions of London.

The value of such a conference is threefold. First, a detailed study of the problems of a restricted area is reflected in a greater understanding of the wider field of affairs. Secondly, it presents an opportunity to meet people of widely differing political and religious creeds. Thirdly, it aids the development of a reasonable and open state of mind which is perhaps the most important aim of what is called "secondary education".

Four delegates from a school of King Edward VII's standing is hardly sufficient. Would it be too much to hope that next Christmas a number at least twice as great could extricate themselves from the round of Christmas festivities to make the entertaining and enlightening pilgrimage to Westminster?

N. S. WAITE

Old Edwardians

E. J. LEMMON has been elected to a Fellowship by Examination in Philosophy at Magdalen College, Oxford.

J. L. E. SUTTON has been taking a one-year post-graduate course in civil engineering at Princeton University, where he was awarded a Doty Fellowship. On the way he went to Hong Kong where his firm (Scott and Wilson, Kirkpatrick and Partners, London) is designing a new air port, and via Japan and China to U.S.A.

W. N. ADSETTS was Captain of the Oxford University Lacrosse team against Cambridge on February 17th.

J. M. F. DRAKE played for Oxford in the same team.

W. COUSIN, I. A. MOTTERSHAW and J. NOWILL have gained their commissions while on National Service.

S.R.G.S.-O.B.-O.S.

The Over-seventy Old Grammarians have discovered a new member, Mr. ALBERT E. ARCHER, who lives in Port Elizabeth, South Africa. In a letter of reminiscences he writes: "I was born in Sheffield on 16th April 1881. I used to work at the old George Street Bank ... I remember an Andrew in my Form IV (or was it Remove?). I can also visualise Eyre, Norwood, and Dodgson ... and what about Darby shire, VI Form, his father was Vicar of St. Phillips ... I can remember also Jump and Williamson. whose Rev. parents were of St. George's and Ranmoor churches ... What an infinitely better world it was in those days-there were social black spots (and there still are today) but there was a dignity of life and a respect from youth to the aged and far less lawlessness than there is today . . . School Motto, verbum tuum lucern a pedibus meis. And was not the School Song 'Where the Sheaf and the Don from the moorland unite'?

(The song referred to was revived at K.E.S. for a short time in the thirties, but disappeared again in the less tranquil forties.-Ed.)

OBITUARY

J. MICHAEL BOWER (1941-8) left to serve an apprenticeship in the Merchant -Navy. As Third Officer in the liner "Stratheden" he volunteered to man a boat sent to the rescue of a Greek ship in distress in the Mediterranean Sea in March 1955. The boat capsized in heavy seas and Michael. with several of the crew, lost his life.

A Memorial Service was held at St. Augustine's Church, Sheffield, on April 16th, at which the School was represented by Mr. S. V. Carter.

Our deep sympathy is offered to his parents and brother in their sad loss.

We record with great regret the death of Flying Officer J. G. PARRY as a result of a flying accident in Kenya in February 1955.

Graham Parry was a boy at the School from 1943 to 1950 and left to take up an eight-year service commission in the R.A.F.

We offer sincere sympathy to his parents and sister in their tragic loss.

We have only recently heard of the death, in May 1954, of A. VINCENT FLETCHER, whom older Edwardians will remember as a Master here from 1936 to 1948. He served during the war in the R.N.V.R., and returned to continue his teaching career under the strain and handicap of gravely impaired health. When his retirement became inevitable, he went to live in Sussex and bore with brave endurance the slow advance of paralysis. The School lost in him a brilliant and unsparingly devoted teacher, whose work and friendship is gratefully remembered by all who knew him.

School Societies

Student Christian Movement

The Lent Term has proved an extremely busy one; in all six meetings have been possible, including an inter-school meeting held at K.E.S. The term opened with a meeting intended to preface the inter-school gathering, the subject of which. "Why Work?" produced a worthy attack from Mr. Mark Gibbs. the visiting speaker. Our next meeting was a forum of religious views in which members of the Society expounded their own denominational positions. One of the highlights of the term was the visit of Rev. Brian S. O'Gorman, who addressed the Society on "Gambling". In true Methodist tradition, he proved a very stimulating and convincing speaker, provoking lively discussion. G. S. Ecclestone next addressed the Society on "-Missionaries" at a meeting where the conversation gradually developed into a study of Buddhist doctrines! In consequence, for our next meeting we procured Mr. Maha Lingan from the University. who spoke on "Buddhism and Hinduism'". He was forced to admit the superior knowledge of one of our members, who is showing a decided leaning towards Oriental faiths. Our last meeting was a general go-as-you-please, with religious problems raised by individual members. Altogether it has been a very valuable term, in that our religious views have been enlarged, and yet we have still managed to concentrate upon certain outstanding problems facing the Church today.

W. H. W.

Literary and Debating Society

External demands have again been so great that only two meetings have been possible this term. The first of these was a full debate in which the long-standing dispute between the Arts and the Sciences was again raised. The motion this time was "that Science is ruining western civilisation". Eventually it was decided, but only after explicit explanations had been put forward by the scientists, that science is not the destructive force which it may appear to be at first sight. The other meeting took the form of a lecture by G. S. Ecclestone on aspects of the work of the "Bloomsbury Group". He successfully achieved a resume of what was obviously a very wide and difficult field to cover, and an enjoyable meeting ensued. 'Not perhaps a busy term, but without so much external pressure next term should result in increased activity in the Society.

W. H. W.

Modern Language Society

Music, politics and literature have all figured in our meetings for the Lent Term. We opened with a programme of popular songs from France, Spain and Germany, presented by Mr. Sinclair. A fortnight later, following the fall of the Prime Minister of France; M. Mendes-France, Monsieur Castel gave us his views as to why French governments fall. He ascribed this instability to a lack of national loyalty following the occupations of France in recent years. On March 8th, three book reviews were given: A. A. Greaves on Spain by E. Allison Peers. D. J. H. Senior on Ramuntcho by Pierre Loti, and P. W. Lomas on Die Magdeburgische Hochzeit by Gertrud von Le Fort, a recently written historical novel set in Magdeburg during the Thirty Years War. Finally, on March 22nd, in an interesting talk illustrated by amusing quotations, Mr. Layer introduced us to Rabelais, the French humanist writer of the 16th century.

D..1. H. S.

Scientific Society

Four meetings have been held during the term. and attendances, with one exception, were fairly good. J. Hutchinson gave an illustrated talk on "Water Power", with photographs and drawings of equipment and actual sites of power schemes. Mr. Mackay's talk on "Some Famous Chemists" proved to be far from a mere routine description, for Mr. Mackay dealt with some of the less known details of the lives and environment of the people in question in a most interesting and amusing manner. Probably the most successful talk was one by Mr. G. Robinson of Rotherham Technical College on "Paper Chromatography". He revealed to more than seventy boys some of the most important details of the methods of separation of many organic compounds which evade other methods. The talk was illustrated by some excellent lantern slides and by the elaborate demonstrations kindly arranged by his assistant. Mr. T. K. Harrison.

Unfortunately the end of the term proved an anti-climax, for when two Sixth Form boys came to give talks they faced an audience of eight. D. A. Spalding spoke on "Dating the Past", dealing with the problems of estimating the age of natural objects. C. C. Peat followed with "Migrational Drifts of Birds in Britain", discussing many of the factors, mainly meteorological, which affect the migration of birds into this part of the world. It is a pity that these talks were not better attended, and we hope that boys will not be discouraged on this account from volunteering topics or from giving their support at next year's meetings.

J. H.

Classical Society

At the beginning of the school year we welcomed Mr. Turberfield, under his guidance the Society has enjoyed its most active year so far. The meetings have been well attended, particularly the one addressed by Mr. Mackay, whose paper on Greek Science attracted a number of supporters from the science department. J. E.

Nott has given an entertaining illustrated talk on a holiday in Sicily. Mr. Turberfield and Mr. Wilson provided us with some very interesting material on Greek Athletics and Animals in the Ancient World; and our two Cambridge Exhibitioners gave us the benefit of their researches—A. M. Suggate on Mycenae, and D. P. Allen on Ancient Women, a subject which attracted the presence of a few non-classicists. We were pleased to welcome outside support also at J. Miller's learned dissertation on Aryans, Achaeans and Dorians.

At each meeting, D. A. Hardy. our secretary, has given some amusement by reading the minutes of the previous boule in his own Greek prose style.

I. A. F. B.

History Society

Our membership is steadily increasing, and some very interesting meetings have been held. Our first sound-and-colour films, Stuart England and Georgian Background were shown on February 4th, and in spite of the fact that the Headmaster very kindly helped us to pay for them, we expended almost all our funds. On March 16th, Mr. A. W. Goodfellow, H.M. of Wisewood Secondary School, gave a lecture on "Sheffield's Waterways to the Sea", from which it appears that Sheffield was quite a considerable port in the nineteenth century. An American, Professor Milton Smith, gave a talk on " A Journey across America", profusely illustrated with coloured slides. Lastly, Mr. Robinson hopes to take a party of us to Sheffield Manor on the last Saturday of term.

We are all very sad to have to say goodbye to Mr. Wrigley at Easter. It was Mr. Wrigley who founded the Society in 1951 and he has done more than anyone else to make it a thriving activity. We wish him every success in his new position.

J. M.

Economics Society

Four varied meetings have been held by the Society during the term, beginning in a most stimulating fashion on February 3rd, with a discussion between Mr. Burridge and Mr. Collins on the subject of "The place of the Economist in Society today". This proved to be the vehicle for the expression of some very strongly held views on the limits of Economic Science, the relation between Economics and Ethics and other similarly deep questions, which nevertheless attracted some well-informed and amusing discussion from the large audience. The Chairman deserted the dignified silence normally associated with his position and took part in the debate, which perhaps accounted for the fact that, at the end, no vote was taken

Mr. J. N. Shillito, a Sheffield stockbroker and father of an embryo economist from 5 MS, was the guest of the Society on February 24th, when he elucidated for us some of the mysteries of the Stock Exchange and the part it plays in the British economy. It happened that the meeting coincided with the week of the heavy selling on the Market and the raising of Bank Rate so that the speaker was able to illustrate his talk with many topical allusions and indicate, in his replies to the interesting questions which followed his talk, his attitude to present trends in economic policy.

On March 10th, a small but highly select audience heard G. S. Ecclestone review R. F. Harrod's book on Lord Keynes. This most informative and clearly delivered talk provided an admirable background to some of the work done on monetary and employment theory during the term and arrangements have been made for it to be repeated in school time for those 6th Formers who missed it due to examination commitments.

It was most fitting that the last meeting of the first session of the Society should be addressed by Mr. G. J. Cumming, who was responsible for building up the Economics Department in the School until he left last year to take up an industrial post. In his talk "Men and Metal", he considered the organisation of a representative steel firm and the importance of the human factor in industry today, stressing that despite the technical advances made in recent years, good personal relations were vital to the successful operation of any business enterprise and to the reconciliation of the conflicting aims of Capital and Labour.

There is no doubt that during this session the Society has justified its existence and has attracted quite good and varied support: it has been particularly pleasing to note the number of scientists attending some of the meetings. But the response from the 5th Form this term has been rather disappointing and since the future of the Society rests in their hands, it is hoped that they will do their utmost to see that it enhances its early reputation.

T. K. R.

International Discussion Group

The activities of the Society have been somewhat reduced by the exigencies of examinations and the main event in a rather quiet term was undoubtedly the visit to the School on March 24th of the Bishop of Johannesburg, to speak to an audience drawn from all the Sheffield C.E.W.C. groups, before going on to lecture at the City Hall in the evening. In a short introductory talk, the Bishop outlined the background to the present racial tension in South Africa, and then devoted the remainder of the time to answering questions; in the short time available, everyone present gained a very vivid impression of the position in South Africa and the difficulties facing all sections of the community. We were most grateful to the Bishop for finding the time to visit the School in a very heavy programme of engagements.

The first meeting of the term consisted of a report on January 277th by the four members of the School-Messrs. Waite. Gagan, Porter and Wells-who attended the C.E.W.C. Christmas Conference on "Latin America". They commented upon the lectures and discussion which made up the Conference and also upon the possibilities for mixing with other delegates and enjoying leisure activities in London, which add a great deal to the value of such occasions. It is hoped that the School will be more strongly represented at future conferences as a result of the experience gained by this year's representatives.

On February 14th, Mr. T. H. Hawkins, Education Officer of Steel, Peech and Tozer, gave a fascinating account of what he had seen on a recent visit to Jugoslavia. The main feature of his talk was the emphasis he laid on the great enthusiasm and drive of the Jugoslavs, who are rapidly developing their country into a first-rank industrial nation.

During the term, members attended C.E.W.C. meetings at Firth Park G.S., when Dr. Chapman, Chairman of the Sheffield Branch spoke of his experiences in a Jewish Kibbutzim (Collective Farm), and at Rotherham G.S. when Miss D. Lee, of Sheffield University, gave an account of her recent visit to Russia as a member of the mission led by Dr. Donald Soper. Finally, on April 1st, we were the guests of High Storrs Girls in a very enjoyable debate on the motion "That the production of nuclear weapons by the Western Powers should be discontinued". This was ably opposed by B. Hill and A. F. Howarth. who scorned the proposers' concern for the genetic welfare of their grandchildren and took their stand on the issue of deterrence. After a good deal of logical quibbling, sound argument and cataphronegyny, the motion was defeated by 24 votes to 6.

R. F. H. M.

We would like to extend our congratulations to R. F. H. Morton on his examination success at Oxford in the Modern Subjects Group, and to thank him for his most conscientious services as Secretary to the I.D.G. At the beginning of the term, we were delighted to hear of the Open Award gained by our Chairman, G. S. Ecclestone, at Cambridge and we hope that both of them will carry with them happy memories of the Group.

T.K.R.

Craft and Construction Society

Attendance this term has been rather low, the maximum number of members present at any one meeting being not more than half-a-dozen. Not much work was done up to half-term, but during the latter half of this term a great deal of time was spent on constructing items required for the School play.

T.E.

Photographic Society

Now that the Society has settled down after the changes brought about by the new working conditions, we have been able to make modifications in the rules. This has entailed changes in the chemical allocation systems which had been left more or less as they were before we moved into the new darkroom. As virtually no changes have been necessary in the darkroom this term, it has been open to members at all times and we have been able to see how it is used. The conclusions arrived at are that there has been a hundred per cent attendance for enlarging but the number of members developing films fluctuates, and the number of contact prints produced has been comparatively small. This is what we should expect at this time of the year and shows that the Society is running smoothly.

B. J. S.

Chess Club

Attendances are still over thirty each week, principally from the Middle and Lower School. Some of the younger players are already showing the thought and care necessary for successful play, but there are also those who play much too rapidly and so hinder their chances of reaching a really high standard. The team has been active and has met with considerable success. In the return matches against the University, we won 4-2, and against Firth Park G.S. we lost 4.5-3.5. In a recent match against Nether Edge G.S., the Senior team won 5-1. The K.E.S. Junior team -specially formed for this match-lost to the Nether Edge Juniors by 3-1, two boards being drawn. There is still evidence of great interest in Chess in the School, judging by the large number of pocket sets which are in use at various times. We still feel that there are many good players in the Fifth and Sixth forms who do not come to Chess Club meetings on Fridays, and we hope that when sessions resume in the Michaelmas Term this will be remedied.

D. S. T.

Junior Scientific Society

Five meetings were held in the Lent Term. The initial interest shown by the Junior forms has been maintained, and on one occasion the attendance numbered 75. It has been decided to hold meetings during the Summer Term, although in all probability the number will be less than in previous terms.

On January 9th two films, "Radar Goes to Sea" and "Radar Record", loaned to us by Metropolitan-Vickers. were shown, and the meetings on February 9th and March 2nd were devoted to films on Iron and Steel. These dealt in a graphic manner with practically all the aspects of production, starting from the raw materials, the processes occurring in the blast furnace, and the fabrication of finished iron and steel. These magnificent films were loaned by the British Iron and Steel Federation.

The meetings on March 9th and 23rd were of an experimental nature. In view of the tremendous importance to the modern world of Atomic Energy, it was decided to give an elementary outline of the modern views of the structure of the atom, radioactivity and other principles leading to the methods of transmutation of atoms and the resulting liberation of energy. By means of film-strips the main principles were briefly described, and from the questions asked it was apparent that the listeners took away with them a. glimmer of comprehension of this most complicated and fascinating subject.

G. M.

Junior Astronomical Society

There was a slight seasonal drop in attendances towards the end of the term, but the younger members remain very enthusiastic. Library meetings have continued throughout the term. We have had five interesting lectures: "The Energy of the Stars", by Dr. E. L. Yates. of Sheffield University; "The Origin of the Universe". by J. E. Beckman; "Famous Astronomers, Copernicus to Herschel", by M. R. Robinson; "Pre-Newtonian Astronomy", by Mr. Mackay; "Telescopes", by Mr. E. L. Vernon. The last was of particular interest as the Society is on the verge of constructing its own six-inch reflector. We have assembled most of the basic equipment and next term should see the beginning of much "grinding" labour.

J. E. B.

Middle School Natural History Society

Two of the four meetings of the Lent Term consisted of talks given by boys. Borwick of 4 (1) gave an interesting talk on British Cattle, their feeding and importance, and shed some light on their origin. C. C. Peat of 6 Sc. 1 spoke on some of the local birds which he has observed himself. This was well illustrated with the aid of the epidiascope, and we hope that Peat's account of his own experiences will encourage other boys to take up bird-watching as a hobby. There is much valuable information to be collected without even leaving Sheffield.

Members of the Staff who spoke were Mr. Wright and Mr. Wastnedge, the former about the origin and value of fossils. and the latter on the distinguishing of those often confused groups of plants-mosses, liverworts, and lichens.

We would like it to be generally known that all boys in Forms 2, 3 and 4 are welcome at any meeting. They do not have to join officially, nor do they have to pay a membership fee. All that is asked is that they come to the meetings and we hope to arouse further interest. Details are posted on the notice-board outside the staff room.

E. R. W.

Scouting

"A" TROOP

THE Lent Term has been a period of steady progress for most scouts towards 1st and 2nd class badges. A new training programme has helped to concentrate the effort of patrols. The Owl Patrol has won the progress and attendance trophy with monotonous regularity. It is surely time that another patrol put a stop to this almost uninterrupted series of wins.

We are hoping for good support for the Whit Camp at Newstead Abbey which is one of the finest sites we have ever had. The summer site has still to be fixed, but we think it will be in Norfolk. The Troop will be happy to welcome Mr. S. W. Shaw next term as A.S.M., and we hope that in "A" Troop he will enjoy his return to scouting.

The seniors' activities have centred mainly round the problem of raising funds for the projected trip to Germany in the summer, the plans for which are almost complete. On March 26th and 27th a patrol of seniors entered for the Holmstrom Trophy Competition-an exercise in route-finding by night. They came in third, and had an interesting and enjoyable expedition. We hope that next year they will do even better.

G. L.

"B" TROOP

THE work this term has been almost limited to the rebuilding of the den and to progress towards various badges. The Parents' party at the end of the Michaelmas term was a great success and was attended by over a hundred guests. The parents were given a show of amateur dramatics which rather overshadowed the School's performance of Caesar and Cleopatra, the Troop's Christmas cake was cut by Dr. Magrath, and an excellent evening was enjoyed by all.

P/L Duke of the Seniors must be congratulated on being chosen to represent Sheffield at the St. George's Day Parade at Windsor, and T/L Birtwistle has been chosen to carry the Sheffield Senior Standard for the local parade to the City Hall.

We are now entering upon the most active and interesting period of the School year as far as scouting is concerned. At Easter, the P/Ls, 2nds, Q.M., T/L and two scouters will be holding a training camp at Barlborough. The site for the Whitsun camp is as yet not fixed, but in the summer the Troop will be spending a fortnight near St. Austell in Cornwall. For all these camps we hope for fine weather. Finally, there are still vacancies in "B" Troop for a very limited number of recruits from the First and Second forms. These recruits must be keen and they must be willing to go regularly to camp.

D.A.E.

"C" TROOP

THE Lent Term began and ended with two special occasions. The Christmas party took place belatedly on January 7th; there was so much food that some had to' be left, and was just right for the Scouter and a P/L or two to eat eight days later. Then on January 14th there was an official visit to the City Police Headquarters. enlivened by three 999 calls and a conversation Mr. Read would have enjoyed. The snow gave us plenty of opportunity for tracking, and to judge from patrol reports, the new P/Ls have run some enterprising and successful patrol meetings on the Saturdays when we did not meet as a Troop.

The end of term brought the Jumble Sale, which was truly memorable on account of the high level of organisation which preceded it, the rainfall on the day, and the vastness of the takings -more than £55. We are most grateful to the parents who helped with such unselfish energy. And on April 2nd an immense and complicated outdoor meeting was arranged in the Holmesfield area, and hugely enjoyed.

Test passing along the main road to 1st Class is not as fast as it might be, but plenty of badges have been gained. We have fine sites in Derbyshire and Cornwall (not too far from the Goonhilly Downs) for Whitsun and Summer camps respectively, and we look forward eagerly to the new areas they will enable us to explore. In Cornwall we are to camp on a former bowling green on which Raleigh played bowls and our host is a descendant of Sir Francis Drake. The Seniors' tour of Germany is an ambitious scheme which promises much enjoyment to all those who are fortunate enough to be going this summer.

Scouting is meant to be enjoyed. No Troop however badge-covered and efficient, where there are long faces and no real enjoyment can be called a Scout Troop in the sense that B-P intended. Judged by that standard, we modestly maintain that "C" Troop is doing very well. And finally-though you may not have noticed it on your programme-we did our good deed to help the School Play. Rope ladder, paddles, kitbag, by kind permission of "C" Troop.

S. M.

Football

A SKETCH of those doubtful characters, the Soccer XI

BRUCE (g): Gold medallist. Is an immaculate retriever, from the back of the net. Wears a line in blue polo-neck sweaters; has new peakus capus, but scorns other accessories.

SHIPTON (r. b.): Sound. Runs with a useful tripping step; often disguised in false wig. Has an accurate back pass for keeping goalkeepers warm. Must learn to kill his man sooner.

WELLS (1. b.): Enterprising. Possesses a good leg-lock and body-check. A fascinating weaver but must throw bits of his opponent away immediately.

LAYCOCK (r. h.): Hardworking. The best slide in the business. Can drop an opponent at twenty paces. As meek as a bulldog terrier and works like one.

SWAIN (c. h.): Good in the air. Has a vicious curling back pass (Pat. No. 9 -is. -0) guaranteed to deceive all goal-keepers. A good shot. when clearing his own lines.

YOULE (1. h.): Scheming. Can slip through a small space but finds himself in a smaller one. A good thrower in. just does not throw himself far enough.

PARFITT (r. w.): Powerful. Converted from a full back and thus changed his hack for a wicked back heel. Those luscious centres-almost like Black Magic.

HERITAGE (i. r.): Forcing. A prancing brawny youth. full of beans, from Woodseats. Sprints well. on the track; can be recommended for the Derby.

ANDERSON (c. f.): Lively. A killer with his head. Possesses one good shooting foot and has a left leg for use as a shooting stick. Has a much improved hand-off.

ROWBOTHAM (i. l.): Captain. Has had some nasty spells of gout and arthritis. Good ball control comes from a utility hook affixed to one of his boots. Useful in skewering an opponent or even in opening up the defence.

WINFIELD (l. w.): Tenacious. Runs beautifully down the touch-line, then comes back for the ball. Is able to slip from hollow to hollow unobserved by the enemy.

WRIGHT, LONGDEN, POWELL: Excellent reserve forces. Have been trying to trade them for an autograph of Stanley Matthews with little success.

S. U. S. W.

FIRST XI

THE season ended in tragedy: not even comi-tragedy this, three consecutive defeats. Yet why should we despair? Each of the games was so close that either side could have won, and who could be blamed for saving it should have been K.E.S.? Indeed it should! Forwards were the culprits for missing so many chances, but not far behind comes a defence too prone to leave unmarked that vigilant attacker. Here we must congratulate Manchester on an excellent centre-forward display; he indeed was rocket powered!

Not entirely to blame was the team, for mid-term Whiteley Woods clung tenaciously to its icy surface and even when its grip eased, the alternative offered was a pitch which sucked vacuum-fashion at each player's boots. And so once again we began playing. but this time the decisive movement. the long pass, the speedy tackle had all lost their sting. The team must indeed be criticised for their lethargic displays and their lack of determination to overcome the conditions.

All the games were enjoyable though all were not soccer. Grimsby proved an entertaining holiday on the alps and we are still two pairs of skis missing. The team spirit has been happy though not single-minded enough. Leading goal-scorers are Anderson (23) and Rowbotham (14). Congratulations are offered to D. M. Parfitt, D. Anderson and P. T. Wells on being awarded their full colours; Shipton and Winfield their half-colours; and I. A. F. Bruce, the very efficient Club Secretary, a Soccer Medal.

LENT TERM:

v. Rotherham G.S. (H) Drawn 3-3
v. Q.E.G.S., Mansfield (A) Won 4-3
c. High Storrs G.S. (A) Lost 0-2
r. Wintringham B.S., Grimsby (H) Drawn 1-1
P. K. Everitt's XI (H) Won 4-1
v. Chesterfield G.S. (A) Lost 1-2
r. Firth Park G.S. (A) Lost 2-3
v. Manchester G.S. (H) Lost 1-3

Record: Played 24, Won 8, Drawn 3, Lost 13, For 77. Against 74.

G. I.

SECOND XI

THE previous successful progress has continued this term. although somewhat hindered by the severe weather, especially during January and early February. The last Saturday in January brought a win in extremely muddy conditions, when the School proved to be more direct in their methods than Mexborough. In the following week in an away game against Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School, Mansfield, another win was recorded. Later, a new fixture against Grimsby (Wintringham Boys' School), provided some vigorous football which, considering the blizzard in which the game was played, was remarkable for its control. Prolonged snow and frosts brought about a lay-off which meant the cancellation of several eagerly-anticipated games. The next occasion that the eleven took the field was at Chesterfield on March 9th, when the game was played in "swamp-like" conditions. The School was very unlucky not to win and had to be content with a 3-3 draw. This term's only loss was recorded at Manchester. Perhaps the decisive factor in a closely contested game was the breaking of Bailey's thumb in the Sheffield goal. (We wish him a speedy recovery for the forthcoming cricket season.) The final game proved to be a fast and open "7-a-side" against Woodhouse Grammar School, which the home side won by a clear margin, perhaps having the advantage of practising such activities on previous Thursday training sessions.

Altogether it has been a very successful season and the matches have proved to be a source of enjoyment to all. The team's record stands at 81 goals scored and 37 against. Bradshaw is to be congratulated upon his captaincy and upon the excellent spirit which has existed throughout the season. Bradshaw, Sharpe, Rigby, Allen, Longden and Powell are to be congratulated on being awarded their half colours. Allen proves to be the leading goal scorer with 22 to his credit.

RESULTS:

Jan. 29 v. Mexborough G.S. (H) Won 7-3
Feb. 5 v. Queen Elizabeth G.S., Mansfield (A) Won 6-1
Feb. 12 v. King Edward VI, Grimsby (H) Won 4-1
Mar. 9 v. Chesterfield G.S. (A) Drew 3-3
Mar. 19 v. Manchester G.S. (A) Lost 2-3
Mar. 26 v. Woodhouse G.S. (H) Won 7-2

SEASON'S RECORD:

Played 17, Won 11, Drawn 1, Lost 5.

B. G. H. G.

THIRD XI

OUR most successful opponent this term has undoubtedly been the weather, which has prevented the team from playing on three separate occasions. When conditions were kinder-but in some games only just tolerable—the team played well. losing only one game to rather stronger and heavier opponents on a day when our own side was weakened by demands of examinations. In the other matches, we have shown a marked disposition for recovering from early setbacks and rallying strongly in the second half, which is a worthy tribute to the valuable training programme carried out by Mr. Gibbs and attended by an increasing number of the team this term. To those of our number who are leaving at the end of the year we extend our thanks for their services and a hope that they will continue to enjoy their Soccer in the future; those who return we hope to see challenging strongly for places in the School Senior sides next season.

As a fitting reward for his excellent leadership of the team during the season, D. M. Downes has been awarded a half-colour of the Soccer Club.

RECORD FOR THE SEASON:

Played 9, Won 6, Lost 3, Drawn 0.

LENT TERM RESULTS:

v. Marlcliffe 1st (A) Won 2-1
v. Dronfield G.S. (H) Won 3-1
v. Marlcliffe 1st (H) Won 6-1
v. Bents Green Methodists (H) Lost 2-4
v. Greystones 1st (H) Won 10-2

The following boys have played during the term: Bailey, Hill, Dickenson, Downes, Walton, Bennett. Turton, Nuttall, Hodgson, Hague, Howarth, Hessey, Andrews, McKee, Farnell.

It is interesting to note that several boys graduated to the team after good displays in House Games, and fully justified their selection: this should be a form of encouragement to others who may wish to make the grade in School Teams.

T. K. R.

UNDER 15 XI

BECAUSE of adverse weather and ground conditions, few games were possible this term. In those that were played the team had varied success. This was due in large part to lack of opportunities for proper practice. On no occasion were conditions suited to the open style of the team and few conclusions can be drawn from their play. It is a pity that perhaps the most polished team of recent years should have had so little chance to prove itself.

LENT TERM RESULTS:

v. Mexborough G.S. (A) Lost 4-2
v. Rawlinson Secondary (H) Lost 4-2
v. Chesterfield G.S. (A) Won 5-3
v. Manchester G.S. (A) Won 4-0

D. J. W.

UNDER 14 XI

Photo by Mr. E. L. Vernon

UNDER 14 FOOTBALL XI, 1954-55.
R. Andrew, M. J. Sant, E. W. Powell,
D. Dalton, M. H. Crowson, G. L. Lord, R. H. Gilbert, T. W. Davies,
A. Dakin, P. A. Manterfield (Capt.) , Mr. J. C. Hemming, D. Hancock (Vice-Capt.), D. R. T. Findlay

THIS has been the most successful season in this section for at any rate ten years that I can remember and it is a great pity that wintry conditions this term caused the cancellations of five games which would have been invaluable in developing this team. The outstanding feature of the season has been the team-work of this XI. There are no stars who shine at the expense of the other members of the team, and the results have been obtained by team-spirit, hard work and understanding.

The team is. I know, disappointed at not being able to complete the season without a defeat. The one match lost was lost by a very narrow margin (5-4) against a bigger and older team in a splendid game. And here a note of warning. I have noticed that a successful team becomes over-anxious and loses some of its skill when it finds itself a goal down. This has happened two or three times this season and is a thing to guard against. Faults there are, which they have the skill to remedy. The main ones are a tendency in the half-back line to do too much dribbling, and a tendency for the wingers to put over the ball too close to the goal line. They must learn to "square the ball back".

I congratulate Manterfield; the captain, and the entire team on their efforts. Their manner both on the field and when travelling has made it a pleasure to have charge of them.

RESULTS:

v. High Storrs G.S. (H) Won 1-0
v. Rowlinson Sec. Sch. 2nd X1 (A) Won 12-2
v. Marlcliffe Sec. Sch. 2nd XI (H) Lost 4-5
v. Firth Park G.S. (A) won 6-2
v. Chesterfield G.S. (H) Drew 3-3
v. Manchester G.S. (H) Won 3-1

RECORD:

Played 15, Won 11, Drawn 3, Lost 1. Goals for 83. Against 23.

TEAM:

Sant, Hancock, Davies, Powell, Crowson, Lord, Dakin, Andrew, Gilbert, Findlay, Manterfield. Dalton, Henderson and Pearson have given occasional assistance.

GOAL SCORERS:

Gilbert 19, Andrew 18, Findlay 12, Dakin 9, Manterfield S, Lord 6, Crowson 6, Powell 3, Dalton 1, Henderson 1.

J. C. H.

UNDER 13 XI

ALTHOUGH our record for the term-played 3, won 2, lost 1-is on paper exactly the same as' last term's record, our efforts have been much more satisfactory. The side at last settled down, and the regular team was:-Dixon; Ellis. Trickett; Wager. Laughton, Hodkin; Hudson. Needham. Pike, Tranmer, Newton. These players served on all three occasions except the High Storrs match. when Parker was a capable substitute for Tranmer.

All the players made their own contribution to our improved football, but one may mention especially Hudson. who was our leading goalscorer and captained the side well; Dixon, whose goal-keeping (one occasion excepted) was exemplary: Laughton, who proved a commanding centre-half; and Pike, who brought some much-needed thrust to the forward line.

RESULTS:

v. High Storrs (H) Won 3-0
v. De la Salle (A) Lost 2-5
v. Manchester G.S. (H) Won 6-2

SCORERS:

Hudson 6, Needham 3.

J. D. S.

RUGBY

THE Lent Term has been disappointing in that it has not produced the desired results, but there should be no despondency as the standard of play is slowly improving. The weather, injuries, and examination calls have all contrived to dislocate the fixture-list and the matches themselves. The main weakness seems to lie in defence and only hard and efficient tackling by Protheroe and fine kicking by Milne have saved the team from ignominy. The three quarters have lacked penetration and the wings again starved but we have seen some good openings by Cox. The half-backs have been moderate but Rooks with his good handling has converted unpromising passes into promising three-quarter movements. The forwards, ably led by Smith, have played well but here again defence has been weak, and line-out play could also be improved. Beynon has played well as wing-forward but tends to play rather close to the letter of the law' Generally the play has shown welcome signs of improvement but there is very little backing-up, consequently the team does not work as a smooth running unit.

The fixture list for next season is not so full as this season's so the faults can be remedied by more practice and it is only by practice that these faults can be remedied. The First XV must have more serious practice if it is to become proficient and to attain a higher degree of success in the future.

We owe our thanks to Mr. Harrison and Mr. Towers for all their painstaking care in coaching and their constant support and under their skilful guidance Rugby should go from strength to strength.

N. G. W.

COLTS XV

THE team has had a barren term, owing to the bad weather. Only three matches were played, against Thorne and Stockport at home, and against Stockport away. The Stockport team was too heavy and strong for us in both games, but we were pleased to avenge the defeat which we suffered last term at the hands of Thorne. This was a commendable victory with K.E.S. forwards dominating the game and the backs showing more thrust than at any other time in the season.

The constitution of the team has been fairly static, although new figures have been emerging. Borwick has shown ability forward, especially in line-outs and Gould shows promise in the back row. Creasey has further fulfilled his promise at full back and with practice in positioning, after another year's experience, should prove to be very useful. Bruster and Dean have filled their regular positions at half back, but Bruster is still very slow in getting the ball out. The three-quarters still lack that precision and incision which leads to tries and their positioning and tackling must be improved.

The team has had to rely, generally, upon the "old guard" for its drive and inspiration, and it is hoped that the present third forms will rise much more to the occasion next season when they must take the brunt of the work.

E. R. W.

SENIOR GAMES

APRIL 2nd proved to be a Field Day at Whiteley Woods. At least the day had dawned when the Knock-out and House League Championships could be decided. There had been two play-offs in each case but here was war to the death, or half-death anyway. Gradually the tension mounted and the clamour of the bells and rattles, both of them, swelled.

The Knock-out Trophy went to Lynwood beating Welbeck 2-1; the House Championship went to Chatsworth beating Haddon 4-3. Sherwood made a plucky fight in a section play-off but Haddon just proved to be the better team. Probably the swirling wind made ball control difficult, but only for half an hour during the K.O. Final did the soccer approach any high standard. One must accept this in finals, true, but neither team used its wing forwards to the best advantage, and Lynwood it was who snatched the all-important goal.

The Cross Country Championship reflected the keen rivalry between the Houses and Lynwood and Welbeck again ran out with the two leading positions in that order.

And so the Rugger Sevens took to the School Close. By means of time begged, borrowed, or in many cases stolen, a whole host of new arrangements enabled whom? ... why Lynwood of course to retain their title! We do congratulate them on this great record; they have had a very good term in the sporting world. Come on, you other Houses, let us do a little bit of dispossessing!

Still all was not complete for into this melee of delayed fixtures came the Standard Sports. Again the School Close became the scene of frenzied activity and a boy had to hastily hurl the discus a hundred feet or so and then go and fling the javelin, say, a couple of hundred feet .... The results are yet to come in and be assessed, so your guess for the Champion House is as good as mine.

G. I.

LEAGUE TABLES

A.   W D L F A Pts.
  Chatsworth 3 0 0 23 6 6
  Wentworth 2 0 1 7 13 4
  Arundel 0 1 2 9 11 1
  Lynwood 0 1 2 7 14 1
B.   W D L F A Pts.
  Haddon 2 1 0 21 6 5
  Sherwood 2 1 0 16 14 5
  Clumber 1 0 2 9 16 2
  Welbeck 0 0 3 1 21 0

CROSS COUNTRY.

1. J. N. Shillito (27 min., 3 sec.). 2. H. 11. Biggins. 3. D. A. Elliott. 4. B. J. Perrett. 5. J. M. Timperley.

    HOUSE POSITIONS  
1. Lynwood   148 5. Wentworth 269
2 Welbeck   180 6. Arundel 334
3. Chatsworth   228 7. Clumber 360
4. Haddon   258 8. Sherwood 422

MIDDLE SCHOOL GAMES

THE frost and snow made it difficult to complete the football fixtures but eventually the House League Championship was concluded with Haddon the eventual winners after a play-off against Welbeck.

The Cross Country Championship was held during the term over a new course which is slightly longer than the old and has much less road and more ploughed fields. Hill, M. B., of Welbeck, was individual winner in 24 mins. 3 secs., and Lynwood was winning house, with six winners in the first twenty-five. A very good performance. Two days have been devoted to Standard Sports and this year's results are not up to average. This can be attributed to the greasy condition of the ground after the heavy winter rather than to any decline in the standard of general ability.

J . C. H.

LEAGUE POSITIONS:
      P W D L Pts.
1. Haddon   7 6 1 0 13
  Welbeck   7 6 1 0 13
3. Chatsworth   7 5 0 2 10
4. Lynwood   7 3 0 4 6
5. Wentworth   7 2 1 4 5
6. Sherwood   7 2 0 5 4
7. Arundel   7 0 2 5 2
8. Clumber   7 0 1 6 1
Play off: Haddon 2, Welbeck 1.
CROSS COUNTRY:
I . Lynwood     148 5. Sherwood 272
2. Welbeck      236 6. Clumber 299
3. Wentworth 249 7. Chatsworth 361
4. Haddon        254 8. Arundel 420

JUNIOR GAMES

IN spite of the bad weather and the claims of cross-country running, we managed to complete the League programme. At the end of last term there was a triple tie at the head of the 1st XV table, but Arundel soon shattered any ideas of equality by beating Chatsworth 4-2, and Welbeck 3-0 in the final. As Arundel's 2nd XI finished, as expected. by winning every match, the House is to be congratulated on a very good effort.

H. T. R. T

JUNIOR HOUSE LEAGUE

1st XV P W L D Pts.
1. Arundel 7 5 1 1 11
2. Chatsworth 7 4 0 3 11
  Welbeck 7 5 1 1 11
4. Wentworth 7 4 1 2 10
5. Lynwood 7 3 3 1 7
6. Haddon 7 2 5 0 4
7. Clumber 7 0 6 1 1
8. Sherwood 7 0 6 1 1

 

2nd XI P W L P Pts.
1. Arundel 7 7 0 0 14
2. Wentworth 7 6 1 0 12
3. Welbeck 7 4 3 0 8
4. Clumber 7 3 3 1 7
5. Lynwood 7 2 3 2 6
6. Sherwood 7 2 4 1 5
7. Haddon 7 2 5 0 4
8. Chatsworth 7 0 7 0 0

CROSS-COUNTRY:

1. Welbeck 97
2. Chatsworth 194
3. Lynwood 198
4. Arundel 257
5. Haddon 298
3.. Sherwood 347
7. Clumber 423
8. Wentworth 451
INDIVIDUAL PLACINGS:

1. Guite, R. H. (Welbeck). Time 21 min. 14 secs. 2. Neilson, 1. H. (Lynwood). Time 21 m. 16 secs. 3. Needham, B. D. (Welbeck).

Swimming

DIFFICULTY is still experienced in discovering teams of sufficient strength to challenge the School. Three matches have been played. On October 2nd the School defeated King Edward VI School, Retford, by 62 40 in a home fixture. On 'November 6th a surprisingly easy victory was secured over Manchester G.S. away by 45 points to 29. This term a School team visited Carnegie College, Leeds, on January 22nd, where victory was gained by 32 points to 11, and a subsequent water polo match was won by 9 goals to 2. A planned return match with Carnegie was cancelled.

In the House Water Polo League, Lynwood obtained first place with 13 out of a possible 14 points, winning all matches except for a draw with Clumber. Clumber was second with 11 points and Wentworth third with 9 points. The Knock-out Competition will be held next term.

Attendance at Speed Club sessions remains variable, particularly on Saturday mornings when too many fail to make sufficient effort to attend regularly.

SENIOR SWIMMING SPORTS
Friday, March 18th, 1955

As was foreshadowed last year, it was decided experimentally to divide senior and junior events holding a senior gala in the Easter term and a junior gala in the summer. The audience present in March was much smaller than the capacity crowds of previous years, but the wintry aspect of the weather must be held partly responsible for this.

The senior standard of swimming maintained its traditionally high level. Two new records were established this year. In the heats W. A. F. Wright. the Captain of Swimming, broke his own record for the Open 2 lengths free style, with a time of 36.8 secs. and in the Open 100 yards breast stroke N. R. Brookes achieved a time of 77.4 secs.

The Sports were followed by a water polo match between the School and Sheffield University Old Edwardians, where the School obtained a well-deserved victory by 2 goals to 1. The House water polo knock-out final, together with the presentation of trophies and cups. will take place at the Junior Sports on Friday, June 17th. when parents of the winners in senior events are cordially invited to be present.

The principal results were:

OPEN EVENTS.

Free style. 440 yards: 1. A. Weston, 6 min. 3.8 secs.; 2. C. J. Hollingworth.
Free style. 200 yards: 1. W. A. F. Wright, 2 mins. 34.8 secs.; 2. A. Weston.
Free style, 100 yards: 1. W. A. F. Wright, 62 secs.; 2. J. W. Green.
Free style, 2 lengths: 1. W. A. F. Wright, 36.8 secs. (record); 2. C. B. Laycock-.
Back stroke, 100 yards: 1. A. Weston, 73 secs.; 2. B. H. Morgan.
Breast stroke, 100 yards: 1. N. R. Brookes, 77.4 secs. (record); 2. A. Weston.
Long plunge: 1. C. J. Hollingworth 48 ft. 10 ins.; 2. A. Weston.
Dive: 1. W. A. F. Wright; 2. C. R. Maltby.

UNDER 16 EVENTS:

Free style, 100 yards: 1. B. H. Morgan, 77.5 secs.; 2. N. S. I. Daglish.
Free style, 2 lengths: 1. B. H. Morgan, 45.8 secs.; 2. N. S. I. Daglish.
Back stroke, 2 lengths: 1. B. H. Morgan, 50.6 secs.; 2. N. S. I. Daglish.
Breast stroke, 2 lengths: 1. K. R. Goddard, 53.8 secs.; 2..J. T. Borwick.
Dive: 1. G. H. Beardshall; 2. G. Fitzackerley.

OPEN RELAY. 1. Clumber; 2. Wentworth: 3. Chatsworth; 4. Lynwood: time 78.6 secs.

SENIOR CHAMPION SWIMMER: W. A. F. Wright, 82 pts. Runner-up: A. Weston, 76 pts.

JUNIOR CHAMPION SWIMMER. B. H. Morgan, 57 pts. Runner-up: N. S. I. Daglish, 27 pts.

HOUSE POINTS. 1. Clumber 182; 2. Wentworth 106; 3. Chatsworth 94; 4. Arundel 63; 5. Haddon 59; 6. Lynwood and Welbeck 29 (tie); 8. Sherwood 0.

J. B. A. B.

Fives

THE number of games played has been very disappointing, but this has been due, in some measure, to the weather which has prevented play for long periods. However, even when the elements have been kind. considerable apathy has been apparent.

There has been a much bigger entry for the Senior sections of the competition than there was last year. The lamentably small number of Junior entries reveals a very unhealthy state of affairs in the Lower School. This most exciting and exhilarating game is in danger of dying out through lack of support. In order to ensure that this does not happen, it is hoped to make arrangements for the game to be explained to junior forms and instruction given to boys who are interested. Only when more boys find more time to play Fives, and realise that it is a game in which maximum enjoyment and exercise can be obtained in a minimum of time, will the Fives Club be in a flourishing state.

P. D. A.
B. A. W.

Cross Country

THE season's programme has been successfully completed and results have, on the whole, been an improvement on last year's performances. The Senior team won the Sheffield and District Youths Championship, defeating all the leading athletic clubs and grammar schools in the district. In the Northern School Championship at Heaton Park. Manchester, the team was placed 4th out of 55 schools, compared with 7th last year and 17th in 1953. With a little luck, however, we could have been placed 2nd. Individual placings in this race were: 13th Shillito. 27th Elliott, 35th Biggins, and 49th Perrett.

C. B. LAYCOCK
Captain of Cricket

Unlike other sports, running has not been unduly hampered by the weather, and almost all the fixtures against other schools have been fulfilled. The team has been limited to nine regular runners. Shillito has been the most consistent and has taken his running very seriously. He sets an example which could well be followed by the juniors and he should break many course records next year. Biggins, although rather inconsistent, has also run extremely well. Timperley, P. Jackson, Nicholls, and Allen have all been regular members of the team and have all contributed to its success at various times. Gould, our regular reserve, has always proved to be a useful asset when called upon to run. Rowland has willingly helped us out, for which we are grateful. Our only disappointment this season has been that Perrett has not kept in training because of injury and other engagements. At the beginning of the season he continued his success of last year, but since Christmas has run only occasionally.

Team spirit during the past season has never been higher and it is to be hoped that next year the team will display the same enthusiasm. Finally, the whole team would like to thank Mr. Collins for his help throughout the season. He has displayed much excitement at the team's success and has been a constant guide throughout.

LENT TERM RESULTS:

Sheffield and District C.C.C. (at Swinton) 1st with 33 pts.
Sheffield University 2nd (home). Won 33-51.
High Storrs G.S. (home). Tie 40-40.
Yorkshire C.C.C. (at Huddersfield) 5th with 118 pts.
Woodhouse G.S. (away). Won 21-68.
Roundhay School, Leeds (home). Won 36-44.
City Training College (away). Won 24--35.
Bradford G.S., Skipton G.S. and Manchester G.S. (at Bradford) 3rd (M.G.S. 58, B.G.S. 66, K.E.S. 75, S.G.S. 109).
Woodhouse G.S. (home). Won 36-112.
Bradford G.S. and Doncaster G.S. (home). Won 35--55-106.

Northern Schools C.C.C. (at Manchester): 1. Stockport School 78; 2. Manchester G.S. 117; 3. St. Edward's School, Liverpool 118; 4. K.E.S. 132; 5. Roundhay School 170; 6. Bradford G.S. 171

The team has completed a total of 23 fixtures, larger than in any other year.

JUNIOR TEAM

THE Junior team has completed 12 fixtures this season and 25 have been called upon to run in them. Darwin (Capt.), Sheasby, Guite, and M. B. Hill have proved the most successful runners during the second half of the season. Unfortunately, the demands of the U.15 and U.14 soccer teams are to be regretted for they have necessitated many team changes. With a stable team, the juniors would have been unbeatable as there is plenty of talent, especially in the Third Form. Some co-ordination of fixtures between Soccer and Cross Country would be welcomed, if we are to get Cross Country results that our Juniors are capable of. Our two brightest prospects, Brothers and D. C. Tomlinson, have temporarily lost form. It is to be hoped that this will not discourage them next season when both should be leading runners for the School-Brothers for the Seniors and Tomlinson still with the Juniors.

Others who have represented the School have included: Neilson (who together with Sheasby and Guite should prove a formidable trio next year), Findlay, J. R. Williams, A. S. Pope, B. D. Needham and Stone.

Unfortunately, enthusiasm in this section has never equalled that of the Seniors and attendance for practices has been most disappointing. This should also be rectified next season.

D. A. E.

WE have to lose many members of the Senior Team this year. They are Elliott, Perrett, Biggins, Allen, Nicholls and Gould. All have contributed to the team's success and have given their best cheerfully, and it is with gratitude for their co-operation that I wish them "a good course and a winning position" in their later careers. During Elliott's two years as Captain, he has shown outstanding efficiency, cheerful leadership and dogged persistence in his own running which I believe both Senior and Junior runners have appreciated. It remains for me to hope for another good season next year and to urge boys who have not shone at other sports to give Cross Country a serious trial. The examples of D. C. Law and J. N. Shillito prove that willingness to run is sometimes a source of totally unexpected and outstanding success.

D. C.

Badminton

THE Club has had another successful term. Interest has chiefly centred around the Knock-out Competition, in which there were 37 entrants. The Final was won by J. D. Bradshaw, who beat J. M. F. Gagan 15-16, 15-7. It is pleasing to note the continued enthusiasm and also the rapid improvement in the standard of lunch-hour games.

The team has been less successful, winning only two of its six matches. We again lost to the Staff, although by a narrower margin. The match which aroused most interest was the home fixture against Mount St. Mary's College. This we lost by six rubbers to three, much to the disgust of a dozen spectators who withdrew their support after we had lost two rubbers. Our most notable victory was over High Storrs, when we repeated our performance of the Autumn Term, winning by nine rubbers to nil.

A party from the School visited the International Badminton Exhibition at the Edmund Road Drill Hall. Here we saw how Badminton should really be played. Finally, we wish to thank Mr. Sinclair for his generous support and encouragement.

RESULTS:

v. Crookes Congregational B.C. (H) Won 5-3
v. High Storrs G.S. Away Won 9--0
v. Nether Edge Jun. S.C. Home Lost 3-5
v. School Staff Away Lost 4-5
v. Mt. St. Mary's College Home Lost 3-6
v. Crookes Congregational B.C. Away Lost 4-5

B. H.

house notes

Arundel

A very representative cross-section of the House has been at work both in and upon the Shavian comedy Caesar and Cleopatra. S. G. Linstead, playing the difficult part of Cleopatra, must be specially mentioned. Otherwise, particularly in the field of sport, the Lent Term has been illuminated only spasmodically by gleams of success. The best Soccer performance is undoubtedly that of the Junior XI which has captured the Shield, despite the opposition of Chatsworth and Welbeck. In marked contrast is the unhappy Intermediate record; while the Senior team proved unfortunate in its choice of opponents for only game played this term. Despite organised training on the School Close, cross-country results have been disappointing. Individual successes include those of Gould, who finished 12th in the Senior event; of Clark and Bruster who finished 6th and 8th respectively in the Intermediate; and of Hodkin who came 8th in the Junior. Although all water polo matches were lost this time, the scores in no way indicate the degree of doggedness consistently shown by the team from the beginning to the end of a match. A slight hesitancy before throwing has spoilt all too many chances. B. H. Morgan's success in the Senior Swimming Sports was a great inspiration, for he emerged as Champion Swimmer in the 14-16 age group with three Firsts, one Second and one Third, totalling 57 points to his credit. After extra time, the Rugby Seven was unluckily defeated by Clumber by 6 points to 3. Finally we must congratulate J. S. Dowker and I. D. Harrison on their Scholarships to Nottingham University.

Chatsworth

The most outstanding feature of the term has been the winning of the Senior Football league. This was achieved by beating Haddon 4-3 in a close play-off. The strength of our forward line is shown by the fact that we scored 27 goals in the four matches played. The Junior team, which went through the season unbeaten with four wins and three draws, was unfortunately beaten by a strong Arundel side 4-2 in a play-off. Nevertheless, the team augurs well for the future, displaying both ability and enthusiasm, which is not always shown by the Middle School and Fifth Form. The Juniors did well to be placed 2nd in the Cross Country; although Moore, the first for the House, was only 14th, he was closely followed by the remainder of the team and our 8th man was placed 33rd. The Senior Cross Country team was placed 3rd, Elliott also being placed 3rd. As in previous years, our 7th and 8th runners did not come up to the standard of the first six runners. The Middle School have performed adequately, being placed 3rd in their Football league. Unfortunately, in one match, their opponents reached double figures, which rather spoilt their record. In the Senior Swimming Sports we again did well to finish 3rd. Weston was second to Wright as Champion Swimmer, with 76 points. In the academic field, the House has had a barren year and failed to gain one university award. Towards the end of term, a Social was held and enjoyed by nearly all the Juniors and a few Seniors.

Clumber

The main feature of the term has been our overwhelming victory in the Senior Swimming Sports, with Wright as Champion Swimmer. This has inevitably been achieved by a small group of individuals, but if we are to retain the Cup we shall need full support from the rest of the House in the distance swimming. The Junior section has yet to be held, but we are fortunate in having a very promising First Form swimmer, Cheetham, who with Parker and it is hoped a few more of their age group, should increase our overall lead. Our low position in the Football leagues is largely the result of a shortage of real talent, but the keenness is there and the skill should come with time. We now look forward to the Athletic Sports and Cricket with good prospects of success. Finally, in the academic field, our congratulations are due to Morton and Hutchinson, who have gained scholarships at Oxford and Nottingham, and to Heritage, who gained admission to St. Edmund Hall, Oxford.

Haddon

Our most successful representatives have been the Middle School Football XI, ably captained by Pike, who won their championship. The Senior XI unfortunately lost possession of the League Cup by losing 4-3 to Chatsworth in the play-off. In the Senior Swimming Sports the excellent effort of a few competitors, notably Hollingworth, Maltby and Hague, gained us 5th place. Biggins deserves special mention for his fine performance in gaining 2nd place in the Senior Cross Country. Our teams, however, did not prove very successful. Beynon led the Rugby Seven most enthusiastically to a first round victory over Wentworth by 13-8, but Lynwood, the eventual winners, proved too-strong for us in the semi-final. We have a good entry for the Athletic Sports and, judging by the enthusiasm shown in the Standard Sports, we can hope for a good position. We congratulate Eccersley and Massey on their awards at Durham and Southampton and wish Eccersley every success as we say goodbye to him.

Lynwood

The Lent Term must rank as one of Lynwood's most successful for some time. The Water Polo team gave us a flying start with a 2-1 win over our close rivals Wentworth to register our first-ever success in the Championship. The Cross Country teams once again won two out of the three Championships, the Middle School by nearly a hundred points, a good all-round effort; and the Seniors mainly by brilliant packing. Allen, Wragg, Rowland, and Goddard were outstanding. Neilson was the only Junior runner to shine, even though the team as a whole finished 3rd. The Rugby Sevens, with a large proportion of the School XV in their ranks, won the tournament for the third year running, beating Clumber by 16 points to 3 in the final. The only real disappointment, but not altogether unforeseen, was the Swimming Sports, in which we finished 6th. We are therefore looking to the Juniors to restore some of our confidence in the Summer term. None of the Football teams has had much success and this only underlines the effort which brought us victory in the Knock-out final. After a 1-1 draw earlier in the season, we beat Welbeck 2-1. This match was a rousing climax to a successful term in which the whole House pulled its weight. With more of this enthusiasm we may look forward to further success in the Summer Term.

Sherwood

The term has again been rather uneventful and unsuccessful. The nearest we came to success was in the Senior Football league. We bad reached top place, equal with Haddon, in our sub-section; and although they had a better goal average, the powers decided that we deserved a play-off. This was held at Castle Dyke. and at full-time, after valiant efforts from both sides, the score was 3-3. Extra time was played and our very tired side eventually lost by five goals to four-a splendid performance nevertheless. In the Middle School Cross Country we were by no means disgraced, being placed 5th, a very creditable showing. The fate of the Senior team was by no means as pleasant as that of the younger runners, and they were placed 8th. Our prowess at Swimming, once so outstanding, is now at a very low level and last term's misfortunes in Water Polo were continued in the Swimming Sports where we did not have any competitors in the finals. We can only hope that these results will not be repeated on the Cricket field next term. House Football colours have been awarded to Allen, Richardson and Treeby, and re-awarded to Rigby.

Welbeck

The inclement weather has considerably interfered with the sports programme, but in spite of this the House has had a good term. The Junior section has once again showed its true value, being runners-up in the Football league and comfortably winning the Cross Country championship. The Middle School section, ably led by Hill, lost to Haddon by 2-1 in the league play-off after a keen game, but the Senior section has not met with any success. In the Cross Country events the House did well, providing the individual winners in all three sections, in Guite, Hill, and Shillito; and in the Junior section the House had an easy victory. In the other two sections we were second in each case. The Knock-out final replay at the end of term was a disappointing game, ruined by the cross wind, and we lost to Lynwood by the odd goal of three. A Rugby Sevens side, largely composed of soccer players, reached the semi-finals of this event only to realise that brute strength and not skill is the order of the day. In conclusion we would like to congratulate D. S. Taylor and P. W. Lomas on gaining awards at Oxford and Cambridge respectively; and to those who are leaving us we wish every success in the future.

Wentworth

Our first thoughts are those of regret, for we are losing our scholars M. T. Hutchings and G. S. Ecclestone. The latter's post as House Secretary has been assumed by M. A. Sharpe, whom we congratulate on his Exhibition at Exeter College, Oxford. Our second thoughts are of the term past, with its confused transition from football, Association and Rugby, to Standard Sports and the troubled awakening of Athletics. The only milestone we can find in this term is our second places in the Senior Swimming Sports; we look to the Juniors to improve upon our position. Our third thoughts are misgivings for the coming Summer Term; the flurry of organisation to complete the Athletic Sports and yet leave Cricket, or its damaging alternative Tennis, undisturbed; and, after the preliminary bustle, we warm to the thought of days in the sun-but let us not be presumptuous. Finally, as our thoughts fade, we abandon ourselves to the poignant joy of Easter, and the holidays.