King Edward VII School Magazine

VOL. X]
MARCH, 1942.
[No. 11

CONTENTS

  PAGE  PAGE
School Notes 455 School Societies 470
School Chapel Service 456 House Notes . 474
Obituary 458 Old Edwardians 476
" Playbox " 459 Notices 478
Perfigly Delicious 461   
Sarcasm 464 ILLUSTRATIONS- - 
Operation 465 E. H. C. Hickox 457
Library 465 " Playbox " 459, 460
Football 466 Lino-cuts 462, 463

School Notes.

THE most remarkable feature of this term has been the weather. This being a topic which the censor doesn't approve of, and its effect being to curtail many of the activities proper to the season, readers will not be surprised to find this Magazine a little on the thin side. Football has been almost non-existent ; the Cross-Country has not taken place yet, but will, with luck, be run in the last week of term ; Athletic Sports are held over till next term, May 2nd being the date fixed for the final events. Records of the School Societies, however, show that a good deal has been going on indoors ; there have been a number of interesting and well-attended meetings, lectures, and " Brains Trusts " ; and several Houses have organised Socials.

We shall much regret to have to say good-bye to Mr. Hickox at the end of this term. He is leaving to take up the post of Senior Science Master at Ellesmere College, Shropshire. His going will leave a gap in Sherwood House, and in the Orchestra, to say nothing of the Science side, which he has so ably directed since September 1934. The loss of both him and Mrs. Hickox, an Old Edwardian of even longer standing, will seem one of the biggest of our many recent changes, and we wish them both the best of luck in fresh fields.

We congratulate : G. H. Langridge, P. H. Bishop, and E. P. Sutton, on being appointed Prefects ; B. D. Armatys, on winning the Arthur Sells Exhibition at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge ; D. E. Cantrell, on winning the Silver Medal (second place in the British Isles) in the Grade VI examination of the Associated Board of the Royal Schools of Music ; G. V. Philbedge, on a Entrance Scholarship to the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth ; and M. J. Farrell, on winning the junior Prize in an essay competition organised by the Telegraph and Independent on the subject of Road Safety.

Two Old Edwardians have won notable honours-in different fields. D. S. B. Smith, Second Lieutenant in the Tank Corps, was awarded the Military Cross for gallant service in Libya last December. D. M. Jones has achieved one of the highest distinctions in classical scholarship by winning the Porson Prize for Greek Verse at Cambridge.

School Chapel Service.

THE School Chapel Service was held on Sunday, February 8th, at 11.15 a.m. The service was attended by boys of the school, parents and No. 366 (King Edward VII) Squadron of the Air Training Corps. The preacher was Mr. Jacks, Director of the Department of Education at Oxford. The lesson was taken from St. John's Gospel : " I am the true vine . . . " Mr. Jacks took as his theme, " The Companionship of Christ." 

Life, he said, was like a great journey and we were the travellers. There were four alternative methods of travel open to us. First, we could follow the stars, as the Wise Men did on their journey to Christ's birthplace. In life, the stars corresponded to our ideals and that method meant ordering our lives in accordance with our ideals. The second method was that of asking directions. From recollections, which all would share, of directions given by country yokels, we could see that that method had grave defects. The corresponding method in life was asking advice from friends and relations. Though valuable, too much reliance should not be placed on that method. The third method was that of reading the map, which corresponded to the book of life. That book was scattered throughout history and great literature, and was often difficult to find. It needed a clever man to read it correctly. The fourth method, the shortest and surest, was that of obtaining as a guide and companion one who had travelled the road before and was willing to do so again. That companion was Jesus Christ, the ideal guide. The best way of life was, therefore, the one in which Jesus Christ was our guide and comforter. That function He was willing to fulfil, but He required us, first to accept and submit ourselves to Him, and secondly to harmonise our will with God's.

The service was concluded by a hymn and the Benediction.

Obituary

SAMUEL BLATHERWICK (K.E.S. 1927-30), died suddenly on February 8th. Aged 27.

Swimming, as an athletic pursuit, held only a very insignificant place in the School in the nineteen-twenties, but the presence of a number of excellent swimmers, among whom Sam Blatherwick was conspicuous, led to the estab­lishment of the annual Swimming Sports in 1929. In those days the event was held at the Glossop Road Baths, and for a number of years the perform­ances of Blatherwick, as a boy and as an ' Old Boy,' and the generous assistance rendered by his father, contributed to the success and high standard of the event. The award of ` Champion Swimmer' had not yet been instituted, but Blatherwick led the School in Diving, Style Swimming and in length events, although he left before was 16. Outside the School also his proficiency was well known; In Water Polo he played for Croft House Club and for Sheffield, and was Captain of both teams for more than one season, and Treasurer of Croft House Club. A friend and fellow-sportsman has described him as a fine Captain and leader and one who commanded the respect and affection of all his comrades.

ON ACTIVE SERVICE.

WILLIAM ROBERT FURZEY (1929-37), Sergeant, R.A.F., was killed on active service in December, 1941. Aged 21.

Furzey had enlisted in the R.A.F.V.R. on the outbreak of war, but had to wait until May, 1940 before being called for service. By the following year he was in active service and had a narrow escape in August, 1941 when attack­ing a tanker off the French coast. His plane was damaged and crashed within four hundred yards of the home coast, and he was rescued after being trapped in the plane. In December he was posted missing from operations, and later information from the International Red Cross, quoting German- sources, reported him as killed. He was a cheerful lad, who took his part in many a School activity with modest readiness, and we can well believe that he brought the same qualities to the service of his country.

"Playbox."

December 12-13, 1941.
Clown - D F N Campailla

FOLLOWING the lines of " Plays and Music," presented last March, the dramatic and musical forces of the school again combined in a variety entertainment consisting of a number of musical and dramatic items.

The orchestra's contribution was credit­ably performed. The sweat and toil of many Thursday evenings produced the Allegro from Gossec's symphony by way of overture, a selection from Bizet's Carmen during the interval and Good King Wenceslas as a finale, all played with unity and unusual subservience to the con­ductor. Solo pieces were played by P. G. Hudson and P. C. Groves. Hudson, a most promising violinist, chose Monti's Czardas and was deservedly rewarded by an encore; Groves showed (on the first night) an astonishing aptitude for transposition by his manful struggle with an alien trumpet of different key from his own, and, on the second, did full justice to his talents. The Andante from Trio No. I in D minor, by Mendelssohn, was charmingly interpreted by H. W. Stagg, violin, Mr. Hickox, 'cello and D. Cantrell, piano. 

Mr Robinson - B Hitchcock

The programme was opened rather feebly by a sketch entitled Chestnuts, but this fortunately proved in no way a portent of things to come. Castaways gave us an amusing and lively impression of a day in the life of the Swiss Family Robinson. It was well acted by an able cast with B. Hitchcock as the practical father and P. H. Bishop as the convincing mother of a family, including R. Staton as their youngest son. A. J. R. Tyrrell intrigued us all with a display of conjuring, performed with a charm and coolness of manner worthy of a professional and with a facility which amazed his audience. Goodbye, Mr. Pips was only remarkable for J. Eardley's rapid assumption of the personalities of various headmasters and J. A. Griffith's contrasted permanence as Mr. Pips.

The staff's contribution was as usual eagerly awaited by both parents and boys. Quid Pro Quo was written by Mr. Watling, and set to music by Mr. Baylis. The natural dignity of Mr. Wright's bearing fitted him admirably for the role of Parker, the butler ; Mr. Watling played the part of Sir Edward Blobb, an aristocrat of selfish but likeable personality, with the skill which we have learned to expect of him ; Mr. McKay proved a most excellent choice as Arthur Meek, sly and unscrupulous villain of the piece.

Mrs Robinson - P H Bishop

If not historically instructive, Shuffled History was certainly entertaining. D. F. N. Campailla distinguished himself as an ancient Briton asserting his property rights in the face of the armed might of Rome, represented by J. Macallum, B. Major and J. E. Lee. Hitchcock as William I negotiated a treaty with the unsuspecting Waltheof (Bishop) with all the skill and fraud of a company of solicitors. The tragic figure of Mary Queen of Scots was accurately portrayed by R. Staton, in a scene from her imprisonment, in which Eardley took the part of Cardinal Wolsey. The possession of the undesirable castle was disputed without much heat by Captain Griffiths and Colonel Parfitt, while the pageant was rounded off by a Victorian episode which revealed the ladylike manners of A. J. Parkin and K. Laybourn; and the gentlemanly polish of F. Fenton.

Mr. Watling, with all his technical advisers and assistants, are to be congratulated on a most successful and much appreciated production.

Harriet - K Laybourn
A Headmaster - J E Eardley
Roman Officer - J Macallum
G. H. L.

PERFIGLY DELICIOUS.

GEORGE was an expert cook, or so he thought. In his opinion, if he could cook sausages and tinned rice pudding over a bunsen burner for his dinner, he was equal to anything. It was Thursday dinner-time, school-dinner.-second sitting, and there was George, at the head of his table, giving a lecture on cooking. Bob and the rest (Bob was George's bosom pal) listened attentively, but Denis was inclined to be sceptical. Second course, a rather doubtful fruit pudding, was being served.

" Tell you what," said Denis to George, " I bet you couldn't' cook us all a nice pudding." George bet he could, Bob supported George, and that was that.

That night after school, the two pals waded through George's best-loved cookery book, looking for a suitable recipe. The choice was whittled down to two.

" Now," said George, " which Shall it be ? Rice or fig pudding ? "

" Milk's scarce," said Bob.

" Is it ? " said George. " Well, it'll have to be fig pudding. What do we put in it ? Now, flour . . . m-m . . . eggs . . . "

" Eggs are scarce " said Bob.

" Are they? " said George. Then we'll use egg powder. M-m . . . figs . . . salt, seems funny to put salt in a pudding."

Saturday afternoon saw Bob and George at George's house, struggling with the pudding. The family was out, so they had the kitchen to themselves.

" I say," said George, " I've found an egg. Looks a bit green inside, but I suppose it'll be alright. I'll put it in. It'll save some of the egg powder anyway. Oh blow ! Is that the phone ? " It was, but George came back in a minute.

Lino-Cut - K Laybourn (3C)

" Of all the blooming nuisances," he grumbled. " You know I lost my gas mask ? Well, I've to go and get a new one now. You'll have to do the pudding on your own. You know where everything is. Shan't be long. Cheerio ! "

On George's return, the pudding was in the oven and nearly cooked.

" Is it about done yet, Bob ? " asked George.

" It looks and smells like it " said Bob, opening the oven door.

*          *          *

At Monday dinner-time, the small dinner table hurried up and finished the second course quickly. George picked an opportune moment and brought forth the basin of pudding. There was just a bit for everybody.

" Not bad," said Denis, but at the second mouthful he wasn't so sure. Anyway, the general opinion was that it wasn't too bad, at least no-one contradicted the two friends when they said that the school kitchen needed some real cooks like themselves to supervise.

*

Tuesday morning-the day appointed for a great " test "-and seven persons were conspicuous by their absence. The master, disappointed at the lack of victims for his test, wondered about the cause of the absence and about the sick looks of a few of his most promising pupils. The two pals were there, neither feeling very fit.

" I say," said George, " have you noticed that the absentees are all from our dinner table ? "

Lino-Cut - A. V. SWINDALE (3c)

 

" So they are " said Bob. " Must be something disagreeable we've had for dinner."

" But only our table is away," insisted George. " Must have been our pudding. Did you put in what the cookery book said?

" Yes, exactly-except for the figs.".

" What do you mean? "

" Well, I couldn't find any figs, so I used a bottle of Syrup of Figs I found."

" What? "

" Syrup of Figs."

" You blithering idiot ! Do you mean to say we all ate Syrup of Figs for dinner ? 0-oh !           .           .           .           "

It suffices to say that Bob's ignorance was relieved in no uncertain manner, and now George, still an expert cook, does not place quite so much trust in his pal. The next fig pudding was made wholly by George-and with apricots.

G. K. S.

SARCASM.

PEOPLE always tell me that I mustn't use sarcasm when in public.

I never realised the real meaning of this until I went one day into a local cinema. The film was not very interesting and I gazed blankly at the screen for a number of minutes. I even closed my eyes and tried to sleep. When I opened them again the film must have changed ; for there were soldiers in field-grey uniform trooping across the screen. They were in Nazi helmets, and they spoke to one another. One pointed suddenly. British Tommies could be seen in the distance, advancing.

" Der Britisch ! " shouted the nearest Nazi soldier.

" Not really ! " said I, sarcastically, and rather loudly.

The soldier swung round, faced me, and I saw to my horror that he was not on the screen any longer. He was looking straight at ME, and he had a revolver in his hand.

" So," said he quietly, as if deciding my fate. " You would insult the army of our Fuehrer."

My heart beat faster as I saw his trigger-finger tighten. The pin of the revolver shot forward and struck the cartridge, which exploded . . .

I've made two New Year resolutions. I'll never be sarcastic in public ; and I won't go to sleep in cinemas. I don't think I shall break them this year.

M. F. L.

OPERATION.

ONCE a father had a teeny son who looked like Mussolini,
At the sight of which the father tore his hair.
Said the father," In that figure, the jaw could not well be bigger,"
And head in hands he was in deep despair.
Very soon he ceased this dirge and sent him to a plastic surgeon,
With instructions that his features must be changed ;
And the surgeon soon decided that his scalpel could be guided,
And a facial operation was arranged.
But although he operated it seemed that he was fated,
For he saw the features still were a disgrace ;
Said the surgeon " If for ever I should work I know I'd never
Change those features to an ordinary face."
Then replied the anxious father, " Sir, I'm sure that I would rather
Let you give up trying, for I know your task ;
So in life I am insisting, and in my Will I'm listing,
That for ever he shall have to wear a mask."
But alas for the physician ; can you picture his position,
When his first big operation looked a sham ?
So with suicidal feelings he consumed potato peelings
And drowned himself in loganberry jam.
M. F. L.

The Library.

T HE new method of issuing books in the Library is now in 'its second term. However, there are still too few boys possessing tickets and borrowing books. Boys are reminded that the Library is open to everyone, and that there is a wide selection of books.

Although borrowing from the Subject Libraries has increased, it is still too much confined to members of the Sixth Form and a few of the Transitus. Boys of the Upper School would find much to interest them in these Libraries if they would take the trouble to look at them.

Behaviour in the Library, although improved, is still not good enough. It should not have been necessary to remind boys that games are not to be played on the tables.

Grateful thanks are due to J. A. Nowill for a most generous gift of books to the main Library.

J. G. D.

Football.

1ST XI.

IT has been possible to play only two matches this term. In the first of these matches the University team proved to be much too strong for the School. In the second match there was an early deficit of three goals and the heavier School team was at a disadvantage on a very hard ground.

The defence has played hard, but has shown a tendency to become uncertain under heavy pressure. After the first few matches of last term, no schemer could be found capable of directing the approach play of the forwards. As a result, the centre and wing forwards have had few chances of scoring.

Several of the players will be at School for another year, and with the addition of players from this season's successful 2nd XI, they should train on into a good team next season.

Season's record : Played 16,. won 4, drawn 3, lost 9 ; goals for, 52 ; goals against, 59.

2ND XI.

Only two games have been played this term. A good win was registered against Nether Edge 1st XI, and the team approached the last match against the Junior Technical School without having suffered a defeat during the season. However, after a hard game, they were beaten 4-3. Errors in defence in the early stages of the game which led to a deficit of three goals, could not be rectified, and although the School pressed heavily until the end, they had to admit defeat after a very good effort.

The composition of the team has varied a little during the season and there has been no dearth of players up to 2nd team standard,

Season's record : Played 9, won 6, drawn 2, lost 1 ; goals for, 35 ; goals against, 16.

R. R. S.

UNDER 15 XI.

This term could not very well have been more unfortunate from .the point of view of weather. A ground covered for long periods with ice and snow does not allow for adequate training and practice. Fixtures for this term have been very few. Only a return match with Nether Edge Grammar School (2nd XI) appeared on the fixture card. Two other matches were arranged ; one with High Storrs Grammar School (2nd XI), the other with Carfield Intermediate School. All three matches were lost, but the games were keenly played. One thing must be remembered

that when the ground surface is in the nature of a quagmire, the short-passing game is the best one to play. To attempt to sling the ball from wing to wing is useless when the ball will not run, but stays where it reaches the ground. During the game against Carfield, much of our tackling might have been more daring, especially during the second half when the School team played uphill on a ground that was considerably heavier than it was at the beginning of the game.

Season's record,: Played 6, won 1, drawn 4, lost 1 ; goals for, 10 ; goals against, 19.

C. S. A.

UNDER 14 XI.

Weather conditions have been unfavourable for our activities, and consistent practice has been out of the question. We did, however succeed in playing A match against Nether Edge Grammar School (at home) and won it by 6 goals to 1.

Season's average : Played 6, won 3, drawn 1, lost 2; goals for 13; goals against 13. (Annotated doubtless by George Horn, who adds that The Junior Technical school were beaten 3-1.)

K.E.S. v. TRAINING COLLEGE.

Played at Norton (last Term). Middleton won the toss and chose to kick into a strong wind. The School opened well against a much heavier side and Dronfield scored after a long solo run. The College equalised, but Wise put English through to restore the School's lead. The Training College continued to do more of the attacking but School breakaways were always dangerous. Once Oliver was brought down in the penalty area, but Major's shot was finely saved.

Half-time : K.E.S. 2, Training College 1.

In the second half the game became rough and the superior weight of the Training College began to tell. Wise scored a further goal for the School with a fine shot from the right wing, but the School was forced on the defensive. In spite of a solid defence the School conceded four goals in the course of the half but no blame could be attached to anybody.

Result : K.E.S. 3, Training College 5.

Team.- Moffatt, Powell, Cotton, Major, Middleton, Newton, Dronfield, Wise, Oliver, Hemingway, English.

Scorers.- Dronfield, English, Wise.

K.E.S. v. OLD EDWARDIANS.

Played at Whiteley Woods, December 20th, 1941. The School played an extremely strong Old Edwardians' team without Middleton; a severe blow; which entailed several important positional changes. Oliver went centre-half ; Wise became centre-forward and Howard came in at inside-right The Old Edwardians, kicking downhill from the Pavilion End, attacked consistently and Moffatt made several good saves. Throughout the first half the School's attack was only spasmodic but the defence acquitted itself well and thoroughly deserved its success in preventing the Old Edwardian., from scoring.

Half-time : 0-0.

In the second half the Old Edwardians continued to attack and eventually succeeded in scoring though the run of the play was generally even, and the School twice came near to scoring, once when Oliver beat five men in a fine solo run, only to have his shot blocked, and again when Dronfield made a gallant effort to equalise. Moffatt made further good saves and School risked a change-over between Wise and Oliver in an effort to equalise, but Powell slipped through and scored for the Old Edwardians. Oliver at centre-half showed great capabilities, and the School team as a whole played their best game of the season.

Score : O.E.'s 2, K.E.S. 0.

Team.- Moffatt, Powell, Cotton, Major, Oliver, Newton, Dronfield, Howard, Wise, Hemingway, English.

K.E.S. v. FIRTH PARK GRAMMAR SCHOOL.

Played at Whiteley Woods, January 17th, 1941. Firth Park won the toss and elected to kick uphill first. They did more of the attacking but the School defence remained intact until close on half-time. Firth Park scored twice in quick succession. Half-time : 0-2.

In the second half Firth Park continued to attack and eventually scored a further goal. A sudden School recovery led to more effective combination among the School forwards and Hemingway put Wise through to score. The School continued to press and Oliver and Hemingway combined neatly to score a further goal. Play, became very even and Firth Park were lucky to score two further goals in surprise breakaways. Close on time English scored a fine goal with a pull-shot over his head and it looked as if the School might yet save the game but their efforts were unsuccessful. The pitch, was hard and frozen and the School was unable to make use of its superior weight, a great handicap to the defence. The forwards had a bad day and showed little combination, though Oliver tried hard to start constructive attacking movements.

Result : K.E.S. 3, Firth Park 5.

Team.- Moffatt, Powell, Cotton, Major, Middleton, Newton, Dronfield, Wise, Oliver, Hemingway, English.

Scorers.-Wise, Hemingway, English.

K.E.S. V. SHEFFIELD UNIVERSITY.

Played at Whiteley Woods, January 14th, 1942.

Result : K.E.S: 1, Sheffield University 7. Cotton scored for the School.

K.E.S. 2ND XI v. NETHER EDGE GRAMMAR SCHOOL 1ST XI.

Played at Whiteley Woods on January 10th. After the keenly contested drawn game at Nether Edge, both teams looked forward to a good, hard game, and they were not disappointed. The first half was very even, with both teams swinging the ball about, and both had the misfortune to hit the post when a goal seemed inevitable. Early in the second half, Nether Edge scored from a breakaway. This goal immediately spurred the School team to greater efforts. Catton passed from the left wing to the centre ; Townsend gathered the ball, beat the centre-half and placed it into the corner of the net. More attacks followed, and after several corners had been forced, Parfitt finally placed the ball perfectly and enabled Howard to score with a magnificent header. The School backs easily held the Nether Edge forwards and prevented an equaliser from being scored. .

Result : K.E.S. 2, Nether Edge. 1.

K.E.S. 2ND XI v. JUNIOR TECHNICAL SCHOOL 1ST XI.

Played at Whiteley Woods on February 28th.

Result : K.E.S. 2nd XI 3, junior Technical School 1st XI 4. Scorers : Townsend, Collins, W. H., Granville.

SCHOOL FOOTBALL COLOURS.

1ST XI AWARDS.-Cotton, J. M. ; Dronfield, R. ; Hemingway, R. G. Holmes, S. H. Major, B. B.; Oliver, J. G.

2ND XI REAWARDS.- Powell, A. R.; Townsend, R. V.

2ND XI AWARDS.-Bishop, P. H.; Catton, M. R. ; English, H. C.; Granville, P. S. ; Howard, J. D. ; Marrian, W. A. ; Moffatt. B. J. ; Newton, J. R. ; Parfitt, T. ; Wise, G. W.

HOUSE LEAGUE CHAMPIONSHIP.

FINAL TABLES, 1941-42.
FIRST ELEVENS.             
          Goals.   
  P. \V. L. D. For Agst. Pts.
Haddon 7 6 0 1 39 4 13
*Welbeck 7 6 0 1 47 15 13
Arundel 7 5 2 0 30 17 10
Chatsworth 7 4 3 0 33 23 8
Lynwood 7 3 4 0 43 23 6
Clumber 7 2 5 0 18 39 4
Sherwood 7 1 6 0 17 38 2
Wentworth 7 0 7 0 6 74 0
*Awarded the Championship as a result of a deciding match against Haddon. Welbeck winning 3-2.
SECOND ELEVENS.             
          Goals.   
  P. W. L. 1). For Agst. Pts.
Welbeck 7 7 0 0 55 7 14
Lynwood 7 6 1 0 37 17 12
Sherwood 7 5 2 0 21 12 10
Arundel 7 3 4 0 26 21 6
Haddon 7 3' 4 0 26 30 6
Clumber 7 2 5 0 11 24 4
Chatsworth 7 1 6 0 13 42 2
Wentworth 7 1 6 0 12 48 2
THIRD ELEVENS.             
          Goals.   
  P. W. L. D. For Agst. Pts.
Welbeck 7 6 1 0 36 15 12
Sherwood 7 5 2 0 49 18 10
Lynwood 7 4 2 1 40 24 9
Clumber 7 4 3 0 33 22 8
Chatsworth 7 3 2 2 24 21 8
Arundel 7 2 4 1' 18 31 5
Haddon 7 1 6 0 11 42 2
Wentworth .. 7 1 6 0 10 48 2

 

    KNOCK-OUT COMPETITION.
Welbeck 13   
    Welbeck 5 
Wentworth 0   
      Welbeck 4*     7^
Chatsworth 2   
    Chatsworth 3 
Clumber 0  L
Sherwood 5   
    Sherwood 1 
Lynwood 4   
      Sherwood 4* 3^
Haddon 4   
    Haddon            0 
Arundel 1   
  * After extra time. ^ Replay.

School Societies.

The Orchestra.

DURING the past Term the Orchestra has attempted several interesting works. Schubert's Marche Militaire and a fast-moving medley of tunes from The Bartered Bride by Smetana, have provided the Orchestra with music which the majority of members could play and enjoy. In addition, the Farandole movement of Bizet's L'Arlesienne Suite, a delightfully barbaric piece of music, and also Rule Britannia, have been successfully attempted. In more serious vein two well-known works by Schubert and Schumann have received much of our attention, the former composer being represented by the first movement of his Symphony No. 1 in D. The Inter­mezzo from Schuman's Piano Concerto in A minor, which is highly reflective in mood, tends in the arrangement by Herman Finck to become over romantic and " sugary." Nevertheless it has been interesting, and also useful because of the dialogues between the wood-wind and strings which demand particular care on the part of the players.

The Orchestra will greatly miss Mr. Hickox, who has for a number of years given valuable support not only by his 'cello playing, but also by his competent manipulation of the Orchestra in the occasional absence of Mr. Baylis. His work for the Orchestra has been invaluable, and we thank him heartily for all he has done.

A point which was stressed with great vigour at the end of last Term was the need for recruits, and this need has in no way diminished since then. Mr. Baylis will be very glad to welcome new members, and anyone interested should see him at once.

H. W. S.

The Gramophone Club.

The Club has continued to meet weekly this Term, though it has been necessary to change the time of meeting from Friday to Monday, at 4.30 p.m. We have had a very interesting programme, including symphonies and rather

lighter music-the latter attracted unusually large audiences. Mr. Graham gave a talk on Mozart's Symphony No. 40 on March 2nd, and we hope to hear him again next Term. The membership is still small and we shall be glad if anyone interested will join.

D. A. C.

The Poetry Club.

There have been two meetings of the Poetry Club this Term at the time of writing. At the first, which was held on January 27th, Mr. Claypole read a selection of his own poetry and offered advice to all those about to write poetry-which briefly was . Don't be embarrassed, for you will probably feel much better off for having composed verse, and don't be too ambitious but rather imitative, for your poetry is not likely to be first rate. This meeting was the best attended so far.

William Morris was the subject of the next meeting, and R. V. Townsend discussed this great Victorian's life and works to a somewhat small gathering of nine. The love of Morris for beautiful patterns in words, colour and tapestry, and his intense individualism made him an interesting subject for discussion.

The third meeting was to have been held on February 24th, but was postponed owing to the pressing demands of House Socials, It is hoped there will be at least one meeting next Term.

B. T.

The Debating and Discussion Group.

This Term the Group has had two Debates and two Discussions under the masterly chairmanship of Mr. Richards, ' supported ' by his indefatigable Secretary, Townsend, and that impeccable Treasurer, Edgeley.

The first Debate was on the motion, " This House believes in ghosts." Parfit and Beeley had to face a prejudiced House, and, despite masterly speaking, they lost the motion to McWhinnie and Taylor. For the second Debate, " This House believes that heavy industries should be nationalised," Sheffield University supplied the first and fourth speakers, Mr. Margerison and Miss Morrison. Dronfield supported the former, and Townsend the latter. After a very keen tussle, Townsend and his fair partner narrowly defeated the motion.

The Debates have owed much to the fighting atmosphere established by Denman and his 'opposition' during ' Private Business.' This is the only success of his criticism, however, for the officers remain quite impervious to it.

Eardley introduced the first Discussion with a paper on " Behaviourism," and Miss Paneth the second with a paper on " German Education." Both papers provoked keen arguments.

R. V. T.

The Tuesday Club.

At the end of last Term we invited another Brains Trust to deal with some of our problems. We must congratulate Messrs. Smith, Redston, Graham, Effron and Richards on dealing with a host of questions in record time. We must also thank Mr. Claypole for acting as Question Master.

We started the Term with a talk by G. D. Taylor on "Ghosts and Poltergeists." The way he dealt with what is an entirely novel subject to most people was admirable.

After Half-Term, Mr. Svart gave us an informal talk entitled, " Is there something rotten in the State of Denmark ? " in which he gave us an impres­sive picture of life in Denmark as it used to be.

Owing to the popularity of the previous Brains Trusts, we decided to secure the services of another one. Miss Widdowson, Miss Wood and Messrs. Taylor, Laughton, Gaskin and Wheeler came along on February 23rd, and before a record audience, were pounded with questions by Mr. Magrath. We must thank the Brains Trust for taking the trouble to come and we must thank Mr. Magrath for undertaking the arduous task of Question Master.

Towards the. end of the Term we had a very interesting talk by Mr. G. Ditz, on " Students' Days in Prague and Paris 1937-39."

R. T. F. W.

The Boxing Club.

Attendance has rather fallen off this Term, but a faithful few have kept on practising their guards and footwork under the watchful eye of Mr. Axon. We are hoping to have a better turnout next Term, and anyone who is interes­ted should turn up at the Gym, at 4.20 p.m., on Thursdays.

R. W.

The Railway Society.

Throughout this Term the Railway Society has progressed from strength to strength, and some ten meetings have been held. Members have been invited to give lectures on divers railway subjects, and as a result of this, lectures have been given embracing many different subjects, such as "Oversize Locomotives," " The Evolution of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway " and the " Romney, Hythe and Dymchurch Line."

A new method of circulating the magazine has been devised, and so far has proved very satisfactory. A library of sub-technical books on railway matters is also in the course of formation.

I. G. T. D.

MODEL SECTION OF THE RAILWAY SOCIETY.

Throughout this Term the Model Section has flourished greatly. At each meeting the attendance increases by leaps and bounds, thus indicating the growing number of model railroad enthusiasts in the School. Despite the unfortunate fact that the hope of a permanent track layout cannot be realised, the activities have been nevertheless both interesting and instructive. Of the ten meetings of the Railway Society, four of these have been devoted entirely to the Model Section.

Thanks are duly accorded to Miss B. H. Steward for her kind loan of the Art Room on various occasions ; to our President, Mr. R. R. Sandford, who has always shown the greatest interest at every meeting ; and last, but by no means least, to our inimitable General Secretary, I. G. T. Duncan, without whose endeavour and zeal, we could not have hoped to attain such great success.

R. S. L.

The Scientific Society.

VISIT TO THE SHEFFIELD MAGNET COMPANY, LTD. (February 4th, 1942).

Although the size of the works was rather small for an exceptionally large party, the complete set of processes involved in the manufacture of horseshoe and other magnets was explained and demonstrated by the guide and machine operators.

The' small bars of Cobalt steel were heated, bent into a horseshoe shape, and " trued up " by means of power presses. The surface of the magnets was ground in a special bath, the magnet being held on moveable tables by electromagnetic action and bathed in a mixture of special oil and water, while these tables moved beneath the grinder. Any magnetisation the potential magnets might have suffered during this process was destroyed by pulling them through the strong A.C. field of a solenoid. After grinding, the magnets were tempered in a furnace at 1,150°C. and cooled in an oil bath. Any oil remaining on the magnets was removed by a degreasing process involving treatment with trichlorethylene.

In order to give the magnets a matt surface finish a process of shot blasting was used. The power-driven plant was unfortunately being repaired at the time, but we were very interested to see a craftsman shot-blasting by hand. The magnetising room was finally visited after inspecting various drilling machines which prepared the magnets to receive other pieces of apparatus, such as moving coils, required for their uses in scientific instruments. This room was perhaps the most interesting part of the visit. The small horseshoe magnets were magnetised by placing them in a strong magnetic field. The latter was produced by a very heavy current which was allowed to flow for a fraction of a second through a specially shaped copper bar, which formed the secondary coil of a large transformer. To eliminate to a large extent any unwanted external effect from the coils of this transformer, the apparatus was carefully screened with soft iron sheeting. The completed magnets were tested by means of an electromagnetic induction method, a standard current, as shown on a galvanometer, being produced when saturation had been reached. Among the company's principal finished products were circular magnets for moving-coil loud speakers. The hollow cylinders of steel used for this purpose were magnetised in a large solenoid.

THE EXPLORATION OF THE STRATOSPHERE.

This lecture, which Was given by Professor Paneth on February 20th in the L.L.R., was one of the best the Society has heard, as the size of audience, which packed the L.L.R., would suggest. The lecture, illustrated by excellent slides, was made extremely fascinating by the fluency of the lecturer, and by his seemingly inexhaustible knowledge of this new branch of science.

Professor Paneth explained how early observations of conditions in the stratosphere showed that the pressure of the air decreased uniformly with height, but while this was so for temperature in the troposphere, in the higher stratosphere the temperature remained constant with increase of height. Over the earth winds mix the gases of the atmosphere so well that no differ­ence in its composition at different places on the earth can be detected. Speculations were made as to the composition of the air in the stratosphere- perhaps the lighter gases like hydrogen and helium were more prominent there, when the density of the air would decrease. This might be so con­sidering the fact that denser gases tend to diffuse to the lower regions of a mixture of gases. To verify this, the concentrations of the specimen gases, hydrogen and helium, in the air, were measured.

Various flights were made into the stratosphere, some by unmanned balloons, the earlier of which were mere circus turns, but soon this new field of exploration attracted such people as the French monk Charles. Aeroplane flights were the next ventures, but they only reached heights of eighteen kilometres, while manned balloons have reached twenty-two kilometres and unmanned balloons, carrying only instruments, were sent up to what is probably a limiting height for balloons, thirty-one kilometres.

Analysis o£ the air brought back from such flights showed that the con­centration of the gases in the stratosphere air is very little different from the air we breathe, and therefore there must be winds in the stratosphere. There was, however, one difference : the concentration of ozone in the air is found to increase with height until what is known as an ozone layer, of high concen­tration of the gas, is reached. This also proves that there must be winds in the stratosphere, since in our atmosphere the concentration of ozone increases• on breezy days, obviously being blown down from this layer. The lighter gases which were supposed to be more profuse in the higher regions of the air have probably all escaped from the earth's influence, while the large propor­tion of argon in the air is probably due to the radio-active disintegration of potassium.

The exploration of the upper stratosphere can only be continued at the moment by theoretical speculations. The northern lights produce in the spectrum a green line given by no known element, and thus it was supposed at first to be due to a new element. More recently, however, it has been shown to be due to electron bombardment of the oxygen and nitrogen mole­cules of the air. Thus the composition of the air is the same as far as there are winds and as far as the atmosphere extends. The constant temperature recorded in the stratosphere probably only extends up to forty kilometres, and then it begins to increase again. This is shown by sound reflection from the upper stratosphere, which could only be caused by layers of air of different densities, or at different temperatures.

In the questions which followed, Professor Paneth answered fully various points arising from the lecture, and stressed the importance to meteorology of a complete knowledge of the conditions of the stratosphere.

J. E. M.

House Notes.

ARUNDEL.

The Football season has come to a close with a successful round, all teams winning their matches, the 1st XI is to be congratulated on being placed third in the League, and the 2nd XI have come out 4th. We have had an excellent Social, with two plays and games. At the moment we should all be training hard for the Cross Country this Term and the Sports to follow next Term. House Prayers have produced hearty singing and are enjoyed by everyone.

CLUMBER.

The House Football Teams have not fared very well this season, but this was only to be expected when so much of our remaining talent had been swept away into the universities and the banks. The necessity of filling the gaps thus caused in the 1st XI has inevitably weakened the other elevens from which many recruits have been drawn. Far more regrettable than the mere defeats themselves is the lack of enthusiasm for House games. This slackness must be remedied next Term when we, with seriously depleted teams, shall face strong opponents at Cricket. Regular attendance at the nets will be essential if we are to occupy a worthy position in the League table. There has been a fair number of entrants for both the Open and the Under 14 Cross Country Races, and we expect to see this spirit maintained when the Sports are held next Term. By assiduous training only can we replace the loss of such runners as Parsons, Picken, Marrian and Truelove, and it is hoped that running will be in full swing by the end of Term.

HADDON.

The House Social on March 2nd, was enjoyed by all who came to it, and ought to have been better attended. The Haddon trio composed of Cantrell, Mandl and Stagg, provided light music. A gruelling treasure-hunt was followed by the still more exhausting ' pirates ' in the gym. The evening was rounded off by over an hour of exciting and amusing films. Out Football teams have had a successful Term. The 1st XI has beer particularly enthusiastic and has not been beaten in the League. This has been mainly due to an extremely good defence conceding very few goals. The team would have won the 1st XI League Cup if it had beaten Welbeck who were sharing top place with us, but after an exciting game Welbeck won 3-2.

LYNWOOD.

The Football season has by now drawn to a close and it leaves the 1st and 3rd XI's in positions which do not give them any cause for pleasure. They will both have to make greater efforts next season. The 2nd XI, however, has done well and the congratulations of the House are extended to it. Turning from the past we must look forward to the future and resolve to do our best in all coming events. Last year we were runners-up in the Sports and this year we want to see the Cup securely in Lynwood's cupboard. Next Term will also bring with it Cricket and Water Polo and we expect Lynwood to play its best whatever the result. Closer contact within the House has been helped by weekly House Prayers in the Gymnasium and, in common with many other Houses, we have held a House Social. This is a welcome return to past custom and many older members of the House will have pleasing memories of former socials.

SHERWOOD.

The climax for Sherwood at the end of last Term was, of course, the Final of the Knock-out Competition. It was certainly a memorable game and aroused an all too rare enthusiasm-seldom, in fact, has there been such cheering. Both teams played a strenuous game and experi­enced real weariness after playing extra time, in order to reach a decision. However, the equality of the teams still prevented a deciding goal even after two hours play, and a replay was necessary. With several boys incapacitated and a general fatigue, it was decided to postpone the replay until this Term and, much to our disappointment, the weather necessitated further postponement. At last, the end of the Term was so close, that the game had to be played irrespective of the weather. As good a game as that of last Term was anticipated, but, though a hard struggle, the incessant rain and a ground resembling thin porridge, had a decided influence, with a result in favour of Welbeck. After " thawing out "­which was particularly painful-the team was entertained, perhaps undeservedly, by Mr. and Mrs. Hickox and, sitting round a warm fire, having paid full justice to an excellent tea, spirits were soon as high as ever. In the all too near future we must say goodbye to Mr. Hickox, to whose whole-hearted support Sherwood owes its more prosperous position. With Sherwood 3rd XI at the top of the League and the 2nd XI very high at the time of writing, the Football Season has not been unsuccessful for the House. Many competitive activities lie ahead of us, which it is to be hoped will inspire even greater efforts.

WELBECK.

The successes of the 1st XI on the Football field have been all the more satisfactory because they have been gained by hard fighting against teams which, on paper at any rate, were at least as strong as ours. We have had some extremely good matches, and the two Knock Out Finals against Sherwood will be remembered for a long time.

The performances of the 2nd and 3rd XI's suggest that there is con­siderable talent among the Middle School members of the House. If this can be developed by keen playing, future prospects are very bright indeed.

There are high hopes for the Cricket season, too. Let us have some success at Running and Swimming as well.

WENTWORTH.

The less said about Football the better. Though all teams have played keenly, we have had very little success. The Cross Country is to be held soon. It is to be hoped that everybody who can will enter for it. At the moment everything is left for those few who are really keen. If necessary, the laziest ones will have to be stirred up. Another future event is the House Social. The programme includes a George Formby film, competitions, a sing song, and of course, tea. House Socials have not been held for nine or ten years, but, in spite of wartime diffi­culties, we hope to start the tradition going again. Essentially, success depends upon what each individual does for the common good. Next Term, besides Cricket, will feature Water Polo, and Wentworth (we hope). Stones will be only too glad to give anybody any help in learning to swim, and in improving his style. Congratulations to E. P. Sutton on being awarded a Hastings Scholarship at The Queen's College, Oxford ; and to B. D. Armatys on being awarded the Arthur Sells Exhibition at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge.

Old Edwardians' Roll of Service,

(Additions and corrections to March 1st, 1942).

Killed on Active Service.

FURZEY, W. R. (1929-37), Sergt., R.A.F. Missing.

WHEATLEY, P. J. (1929-40), L/Bombr., R.A.F. Decoration.

SMITH, D. S. B. (1925-33), 2nd Lt., R.A.C., Military Cross.

BLAKE, A. G. (1928-38), 2nd Lt., Royal Artillery.
BAIN, E. (1932-38), Royal Air Force.
BOOL, R. E. (1932-35), Major, Royal Engineers.
BARRY, D. A. (1936-38), Sergt. Pilot, Royal Air Force.
BILLING, H. (1933-38), Royal Army Ordnance Corps.
BUCKLEY, T. R. (1932-40), Pilot Officer, Royal Air Force.
CARLISLE, M. S. (1927-36), Sergt., Royal Artillery.
CHAPMAN, G. I. (1934-40), O.C.T.U.
EARL, J. G. C. (1934-37), Bombr., Royal Artillery.
GLASS, H. (1921-26), Cpl., R.A.F.
GRAY, R. (1931-36), Corpl., York. & Lancs. Regt.
FINEBERG, S. (1922-27), Q.M.S., Pioneer Corps.
HOLDEN, A. (1929-38), 2nd Lieut., Gurkha Rifles.
HORNER, F. K. (1926-33), Sergt., York. & Lancs. Regt. (Hallamshire
HUGHES, D. A P. (1930-37), Telegraphist, R.N.
HUTTON, K. C. (1936-40), Midshipman (A), R.N.V.R.
JOHNSON, P. L. (1930-39), Fl/Sergt., Royal Air Force.
LINDSAY, J. (1934-39), Royal Army Ordnance Corps.
LINTON, C. A. (1930-36), Royal Air Force.
LINTON, K. (1926-32), Royal Air Force.
MORRIS, LIONEL (1918-21), L/Ac., Royal Air Force.
NORTHEND, J. F_. (1930-37), Royal Air Force.
PETERKIN, S. (1926-35), Royal Marines.
ROBINSON, HOWARD (1926-34), 2nd Lieut., York & Lancs. Regt.
RUSSELL, C. (1933-37), Pilot, R.A.F.
SIMON, G. C. (1924-31), Sergt., Royal Artillery.
SIMONS, 1. L. (1923-29), Royal Air Force.
SMITH, L. (1933-37), A/C2, R.A.F.
SPEDDING, A. J. (1927-34), C.Q.M.S., Royal Army Service Corps.
STRAW, A. (1929-34), Duke of Wellington's Regt.
STURT, W. G. (1936-41), Royal Merchant Navy.
SWIFT, G. W. (1930-40), Royal Fusiliers, O.C.T.U.
SWYCHER, F. (1920-27), Cpl., Royal Air Force Police.
TOMLINSON, C. (1930-37), Royal Air Force.
TORY, G. W. (1923-31), Major, Royal Artillery.
TYZACK, P. (1929-35), Wireless Operator. Royal Air Force.
WALKER, R. J. (1930-35), L/Ac., Royal Air Force.
WATERHOUSE, J. (1933-37), Royal Air Force.
WESLEY, J. M. (1935-39), Royal Air Force.
WOOD, A. L. (1928-35), Lt., Northants Yeomanry.
WOODCOCK, F. D. (1933-37), Royal Air Force.
WREGHITT, W. F. (1932-36), Duke of Wellington's Regt.

" TAFFY " HUGHES is hunting U-boats on an M.L. (Motor Launch) described as the ' fiddlers ' of the Navy, these little craft spend days and nights on patrol, only calling in port to replenish fuel and supplies ; and the patrol is no pleasure-cruise ; the crew of a dozen or so sleep and eat in a space smaller than the average bedroom. At least they eat, for sleep is often impossible if they are unlucky enough to hit on a patch of bad weather …  Cheer up, Taffy, and good hunting!

P. H. HOPPER (R.A.S.C.), in a letter from which the censor has removed large pieces, gives us to understand that life in the Middle East is tolerable if mainly monotonous … "En route we stopped each night somewhere out in the desert that was the Garden of Eden. Nowadays the only sign of civilisation is the railway line, and an occasional signpost pointing back into time. Of roads there are none. Often we left the mud track for the smoother desert itself. Not until the end of our journey did we see a hill to relieve the endless features of the plain ... It was curious to see a train, probably of English manufacture, steaming slowly along, while in the distance a camel caravan plodded along in the dust-incredible dust . . . . We all curse the dust which lies over everything ; it accounts at the same for the monotony and the one beauty of this country. It makes everything the same dreary brown colour, rendering one landmark the same as another but at the same time it causes the beautiful sunrises and sunsets and the clear blue skies during the day. But now the skies are cloudy and the stars dulled, for the winter is coming. So all that is left is to make ourselves as  comfortable as possible and look forward to ' Blighty.'

J. A. WHITE (R.A.) has also noticed the prevalence of sand in the Middle East, as well as experiencing the delights of town life, which seem to consist largely in haggling for purchases. " Not long ago," he writes, " I spent ten minutes in getting a watch strap for three ' ackers ' (' acker ' is Army for piastre). The fellow started off at twenty-five. I started at one. He looked very peeved at that and dropped to twenty. I said ' One.' ' Oh no, George,' came the reply, ' fifteen.' ' Imshi,' said I, which is Arabic for ' scram,' and walked away. He came pattering after me and offered it for ten. I went up to two. After another five minutes haggling we compromised at three. Even then he made a profit.".. . " Of life here one cannot say a lot owing to censorship, but I will endeavour to give you an idea without infringing any laws. We live in holes. Holes for one or holes for two, it doesn't matter : one just suits one's fancy. The holes serve a dual purpose -to escape wind, and to escape lumps of flying metal. Often the desert is rocky and we cannot dig. Then we just roll up in our blankets and sleep in the shelter of a truck wheel. The days are all the same-sand, sun and flies."

W. E. WIGLEY has very unfortunately been invalided out of the army after service of only a month or two, and has been at Middleton Sanatorium, Ilkley. We hope to hear of his speedy return to sufficient health to enable him to resume and enjoy civilian life.

Tom BUCKLEY has come back from his advanced air training in America, having there acquired both R.A.F. and U.S. Army wings. We understand that he had the chance of staying in America as an instructor, but preferred, characteristically, to return to the fighting line.

Notices.

Contributions for THE MAGAZINE should be addressed to THE EDITOR, SCHOOL MAGAZINE, K.E.S. A box will be found in the corridor into which all communications may be put.

All contributions should be written clearly in ink, or typed, and must be signed with the writer's name, which will not necessarily be published. It is preferred that contributions should not be written on both sides of the paper, but they may be written on the back of sheets that have already been used for some other purpose.

The Editors will be glad to be kept informed of the doings of O.E.'s- especially those in distant parts of the world-in order that THE MAGAZINE may form a link between them and the School. O.E.'s in H.M. Forces are asked to send in their names and other particulars to complete the Roll of Service.

THE MAGAZINE can be supplied to any other than present members of the . School at 6d. per copy, or for a subscription of 1 /6 a year, post free.

OLD EDWARDIANS' ASSOCIATION.-Hon. Secretary, G. A. BOLSOVER 70, Queen Street, Sheffield.