King Edward VII School Magazine.

VoL. IX]  
MARCH, 1935
[No. 2.

Editors
E. NAGLE, H. Y. LARDER, T. H. MILLER (acting).

Hon. Sec.:
Mr. E. F. WATLING.

CONTENTS.

School Notes 41 Crimicar Lane Letter 60
Obituary 44 Football 62
"Smith" 44 Senior School Cross-Country Races 71
The School Concert 46 Fives 73
"The Path of Glory" 50 Scouting 73
K E S Film Productions Present 52 The Library 75
Revaluations 54 Scientific Society 78
Old Edwardians 55 Chess 84
Old Edwardians Cricket Club 56 Junior School Notes 84
Old Edwardian Football Club 57 House Notes 86
Old Edwardians Dramatic Society 58 Crossword 89
Oxford Letter   59 Playground Account 90
    Notices 91

 

School Notes

A LINK with the past is being severed this term by the retirement of our groundsman, Mr. J. W. Smith, who came to Sheffield in 1907. Mr. Smith is to be presented with a testimonial from present and past Edwardians. We wish Mr. and Mrs. Smith every happiness in their retirement. An appreciation of his work appears elsewhere in this issue.

*          *          *          *

The School Chapel Service was held this term on February 10th. After the usual simple service, we had the pleasure of listening to Mr. Gray, Headmaster of Bootham School. In his address, Mr. Gray treated the Bible in a very interesting and novel light, as a text-book of Geography and History, as a collection of great literature, and as the story of a unique revelation. He gave the story of Jephthah as a magnificent example of the narrative power of the Bible.

On Thursday, February 28th, the Sixth and part of the Transitus heard a lecture by Dr. C. L. Woolley on " Recent Discoveries at Ur." The lecture dealt with the life in Ur in 1900 B.C., when Abraham was living there. Human remains were almost non existent, but exquisitely formed golden vessels, rings, bracelets, daggers and other objects were found. There was in particular, a golden helmet, fashioned exactly according to the head of the wearer, which was magnificent in the beauty of its design and the craftsmanship of its execution.

*          *          *          *

On February 13th, Mr. Stanley Jepson organised a Parents' Concert on behalf of the Scout Troops. Miss Ida Bloor gave a very effective rendering of several well-known songs. Mr. Alan Morton displayed his fine 'cello technique in a series of solos, among them being Saint Saens " Le Cygne " : Mr. Clifford Kemshall gave the Carmen " Flower Song " and Miss Gertrude Gilpin gave us, among other numbers " The Cloths of Heaven " by Dunhill and " Morning ' by Speaks. We then heard a vocal quartette, a trio and two duets.

Then came Stainless Stephen, who was heartily welcomed by the audience and who made many jokes against members of the school. Useful, though inconspicuous service, was rendered by Miss Laura Crowther and Mr. Horace Fulford who were the official accompanists.

*          *          *          *

We congratulate those who have won Scholarships this term:
G. M. I. Bloom, £100 scholarship for Natural Science at St. John's, Oxford ; L. A. McQuillin, £80 exhibition for Mathematics at Merton; W. J. Smith, £60, exhibition for History at University College, Oxford.

*          *          *          *

This term has seen further changes in the Staff. We welcome Mr. A. C. Edwards, who takes on the Classical VIth in place of Mr. C. G. Allen, and Miss Torrance, who has come to the junior School. Messrs. Durrant and Tod are also temporarily on the Establishment. Staff play and cross country run, to say nothing of the ordinary day's work, have shown how well we could do with the permanent services of all these newcomers.

On March 11th, the Sixth and Transitus heard an address by Lord Lytton in the Victoria Hall, when the Central Branch of the League of Nations Union held a meeting. Lord Lytton told us that we must not be downhearted, but give the League our utmost support in adversity. A magnificent speech was made by the Bishop in proposing a Vote of Thanks.

One of the most interesting of recent talks to the School was given by an Old Edwardian, the Rev. H. N. Duncan, who described his work as a missionary among the Eskimos of Baffin Land. We Hope to publish next term an article by Mr. Duncan himself on this subject. His address gave a tantalisingly brief, but vivid, glimpse of what must be one of the queerest of out-of-the-way jobs ; lying in wait for seals on the ice, and for Eskimos in the mission hut, may not be everyone's idea of sport, but we were undoubtedly given an impression of a life of rigorous orderliness and unostentatious adventure-a new light for most of us on practical Christianity.

*          *          *          *

The final dramatic fixture of this term is on April 2nd and 3rd, when the Old Edwardians will present " R.U.R.", a play of an unusual and exciting kind, most well known perhaps for the word " Robot " which has become the accepted term for " mechanical man " or, conversely, " human machine."

To any Old Edwardian who read this we wish to apologize for the appearance in recent issues for the erroneous statement that the MAGAZINE is supplied free of charge to members of the O. E. Association. This arrangement, which was formerly in use, had to he discontinued when the new form of life-subscriptions to the Association came into force. It is still open, however, to all O.E.'s to purchase the MAGAZINE individually. For the sum of 2s. 6d. a year the MAGAZINE will be posted regularly to any address. We should like all boys to pay their first subscription immediately on leaving school and so continue to receive the MAGAZINE without a break. In course of time, as the number of readers increases, it is probable that the cost to each may be considerably reduced.

Obituary.

J. B. D. GODFREY.

A FEW masters on the staff still remember Mr. Godfrey who was here between 1911 and 1918, holding the Senior Mastership in History, English, and Geography combined. He was also an officer in the O.T.C., and in every side of School life his work and friendship were much esteemed. He left K.E.S. to go to Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School as Headmaster, but eventually resigned owing to ill-health and took a post at Roundhay School, Leeds. A return of his illness-another stroke-compelled him to resign this post also, and since then he had been in a very precarious state of health. A fall in the summer when away at the sea made his condition, worse and he died a few days before Christmas.

"Smith."

A PERIOD of twenty-seven years, almost the whole of the existence of the School in its present form, is covered by the service of Mr. J. W. Smith as Cricket Coach and Groundsman. Smith was appointed in March, 1907, and it is to Mr. H. J. Snape, then Senior English Master, that the School owes a very great debt of gratitude for this appointment, for it was he who was personally responsible for recommending Smith to the School authorities, having known him in a similar capacity at United Services College at Westward Ho. Previously to that, Smith, a native of Kent and player for that county, had been professional to the Tooting club, and cricket coach at Fenners, Cambridge, and afterwards at the Blackheath Cricket Club. He had also been for two years at Berkhamsted School.

It is difficult to describe to the present generation of players at Whiteley Woods what a tremendous task was faced and carried out at the time of Smith's arrival in the conditioning and equipping of that ground for Cricket and Football. The pavilion had not yet been built and extensive draining operations were in progress-it is said that five miles of drains were laid down. The School grew rapidly and Smith's work expanded, and has continued to expand, in proportion. It is not always remembered that for many years Smith was coach and referee for footer as well as cricket, and was instrumental in bringing both teams to a wonderfully high standard, though in those days 400 was considered a full number for the School ; and if at that time Smith's days were well enough filled, summer and winter, with all the duties connected with his - job, those duties have multiplied out of all measure as the size of the School and the extent of its games activities have increased. Many of us must have marvelled continually in recent years at the in­defatigable energy with which Smith has kept a personal watch over both grounds, at School and at Whiteley Woods (not forgetting Bents Green and our other recent annexations), making endless journeys to and fro to prepare grounds for play or inspect the weather conditions. Athletic Sports, too, brought each year a host of special problems and anxieties, especially so when the uncertainties of the weather had to be faced on a muddy tented field at Whiteley Woods.

So from dawn to dusk, and later, Smith has been constantly at work, taking no rest till the last ball has been retrieved from the long grass after practice, the last pitch watered after sunset, and the last stump, bail and pad, stowed safely in its appointed place, sparing himself no labour in order to economise material, and save expense to the Games Fund, and putting in many hours of work in repairs.

And yet he has found time also for the skilful exercise of a hobby or two ; fishing and gardening provided him with many a happy hour--which reminds us of an interlude perhaps not quite so con­genial, when a portion of the Whiteley Woods field was put under cultivation for cabbages and potatoes during the War, and boys were seen wielding spades instead of bats but still under the expert tutorship of Smith. The Summer holidays found him year after year on his native ground, or thereabouts ; his services in connec­tion with the School Camp at Winchelsea will be valued and remembered by all who from time to time joined that expeditionary force. It is pleasant to think that Smith will still be able to work for us in that connection.

One could write much and still not do justice to the value of Smith's expert and loyal services to the athletic life of the School. The pavilion at Whiteley Woods will certainly be a different and an emptier place without the familiar face, the well-known accents of caution or encouragement-nor can we forget how much we owe to Mrs. Smith for her faithful attendance on our inner needs.

To Mr. and Mrs. Smith we offer our best wishes for happiness in years to come.

*          *          *

The following lines, written by Mr. H. B. Watkins, appeared in THE MAGAZINE for July, 1929. No apology seems necessary for re-printing them :­

Up with the dawn, before the world's awake,
He tends his pitches. Having seen to that,
He hits us red-hot catches all the Break
Patches a pad and binds a veteran bat.
Bowls at the Nets until the shadows fall,
Still with the same old cheerful courtesy
Showing us how to shape at every ball
At long last snatches a belated tea ;
Tracks down, collects and numbers all his gear ;
Bestows it safely, making trip on trip ;
Then, " Star " in hand; demonstrates how this year
Kent cannot fail to win the championship.
-And while we sleep, still watching o'er our goods,
He nabs a thief or two at Whiteley Woods.

The School Concert.

15TH DECEMBER, 1934.
Part I.
GOD SAVE THE KING.
1. MARCH .. " Pomp and Circumstance " Elgar
  No. 4 in G. major. b. 1857, d. 1934
  THE ORCHESTRA. 
2. SONGS .. (a) " Rolling down to Rio " Edward German
  (b) " Neighbours " Walford Davies
  Forms IID, IIIA and IIIB. 
  (with orchestral accompaniment). 
3. DUET " Nymphs and Shepherds " Purcell
  Flute : Mr. K. D. FOGGITT. b. 1658, d. 1695
  Clarinet : C. H. FOGGITT. 
4. SONGS .. (a) " Ma Normandie " Traditional
  (b) " Il etait un petit navire "
  Form IIC. 
5. VIOLIN SOLO .. " The Song of Songs " .. Moya
  H. Y. LARDER. 
6. Symphony No. 104, " London " .. Haydn
  1st Movement : Adagio-Allegro. b.1732, d. 1809
  THE ORCHESTRA. 
7. ARIA .. " Non piu andrai .. ". Mozart
  Mr. W. E. GLISTER. b. 1756,d. 1791
S. Symphony on American Airs Nicholls
  For Percussion Instruments and Strings. 
  MIDDLE SCHOOL. 
  (with String Section of the Orchestra). 
  PART II. 
1. " March from ` Scipio Handel
  THE ORCHESTRA. b. 1685, d. 1759
2. THE POLICEMAN'S SERENADE 
  A Grand little Opera. 
  Words by A. P. HERBERT. Music by A. REYNOLDS.
  Characters. 
  Policeman Mr. W. E. GLISTER.
  Susan Mr. J. K. MICHELL.
  Milkman Mr. E. G. SIMM.
  Burglar Mr. K. S. MCKAY.
3. CAROL .. .. " Good King Wenceslas " .. Traditional
  THE AUDIENCE. 
4. THE SCHOOL SONG 


The task of drawing up a programme for a School Concert is no easy one, but it would seem that there are two objects to be kept in view. Firstly, the programme should represent as far as possible the musical life of the School ; and secondly, it should not be too long, so that the audience may be left at the end of it with a wish to hear more. Both these requirements were fulfilled by the Concert on 15th December, and Mr. Baylis is to be congratulated on present­ing a programme, which was both interesting and varied.

The Concert began with the playing by the Orchestra of the March, " Pomp and Circumstance," , No. 4, by Elgar. After a slightly uncertain start in the introductory bars, the Orchestra played this march well, and the tone and tempo were good through­out. The singing of Kipling's " Rolling down to Rio," and "Neighbours," by Forms IID, IIIA and IIIB, with full orchestral accompaniment was well done. They sang with spirit and were particularly good in the last verse of " Neighbours," the final top note being beautifully clear.

The flute and clarinet duet, Purcell's " Nymphs and Shepherds," was a charming performance, and Mr. K. D. Foggitt and C. H. Foggitt are to be congratulated both on their choice of so beautiful a piece of music and on their good rendering of it.

One of the greatest successes of the evening was the singing by Form IIC of two French songs. The words were clearly enunciated, the tone was good, and the whole performance was delightful to hear.

The leader of the Orchestra, H. Y. Larder, then played a violin solo, " The Song of Songs," by Moya, which gave the audience much pleasure.

The most important item in the first part of the programme was the opening movement of Haydn's London Symphony, played by the Orchestra. It seems a pity that the works of Haydn are not better known in England. When one remembers that he wrote, more than 100 symphonies and over 70 string quartettes, besides many works for ensemble and solo instruments, one cannot help being surprised that so comparatively few of his works are ever performed. It may be that audiences are not impressed by music which is simple and lacking in " musical fireworks " ; . but it is a pity that Haydn should be so neglected, as, apart from his import­ance in the history of music (he gave the symphony its classical form), his work is never dull, a fact which is all the more surprising when one remembers that' he used the simplest material and was severely limited by the circumstances in which he wrote. The first movement of the London Symphony is a fine example of his best work, and the Orchestra gave a creditable performance of it. They were most successful in the Adagio introduction, and were well together in the unison passages. In the Allegro there was a ten­dency to gather speed, and in one passage of the middle section the playing was rather uneven, the strings and brass not being properly together. In spite of these defects the playing in all sections showed a marked improvement on anything which the Orchestra has done for some time.

Mr. Glister's rendering of the Aria " Non piu andrai," from Mozart's " Marriage of Figaro," was a most polished performance and fully deserved the applause with which it was received. The song itself is Mozart at his best, and Mr. Glister gave it all the vigour and spirit, which it demands.

The Symphony for American Airs, written for a string orchestra and a percussion band, composed of kazoos, cymbals and side-drums, was a good ending to the first half of the programme. There was a slight tendency to increase the speed throughout, and perhaps the cymbals were rather too loud in some places.

The second half of the Concert began with the playing of Handel's '-larch from" Scipio." This was the best piece of orchestral playing (luring the evening. The time and rhythm were well maintained, and the tone was good. The only defect was that there was not enough contrast between the piano and forte passages.

The performance of an operetta, " The Policeman's Serenade," at the end of a School Concert was a new departure, and one which was fully justified by its success. The humour of the words and the pleasant tunefulness of the music combine to make a most amusing parody of grand opera. Mr. Glister, as the Policeman, was suitably dignified and pompous. Mr. Michell, as the coy and fickle Susan, was excellent, and his top notes might have been envied by the most aspiring mezzo-soprano. Mr. Simm has clearly missed his vocation. His reel nose, drooping moustache and mournful face should be staring at us from many a theatre placard, and it may not be long before we hear of him as Bechmesser at Covent Garden. Mr. McKay looked a most desperate burglar, but melted charmingly in the warmth of his " lovely Susan's " smile. It is to be hoped that the production of this operetta will form a precedent, and that it may be possible to produce a full-length opera sometime in the future.

G. N. G. S.

"The Path of Glory."

By L. DU GARDE PEACH.

(Presented by the Staff Dramatic Society on Friday and Saturday, March 8th and 9th).

CAST.

First Man W. E. GLISTER
Second Man P. L. BAYLIS
Michael (Innkeeper on the Frontier) G. H. EFFRON
Tessa (his Daughter) L. TURNER
Pedro (a Thalian Frontier Guard) C. S. WRIGHT
Karl (a Sardonian Frontier Guard) C. L. UNSWORTH
The President of Thalia J. K. MICHELL
Feraldi (his Secretary) R. J. N. Tod
Anton Maroni (Parliamentary Private Secretary to the President) C. A. L. PRINS
1st Member of Thalian Cabinet C. H. TITCHMARSH
2nd F. A. W. DURRANT
3rd R. G. EXTON
Maria (President's Daughter) N. P. JONES
Sasha Musetti K. S. MCKAY
General Ferranzi E. F. WATLING
Colonel Conti (Staff Officer) E. W. THOMAS
An Orderly J. H. WHITFIELD
The Baroness Risotto Mrs. C. S. WRIGHT
Ginsberg (an American) E. G. SIMM
Maid to Maria M. TORRANCE
King Maximilian of Sardonia W. H. SAVAGE
Paul (his Aide-de-Camp) .. A. C. EDWARDS

The Play produced by E. G. SIMM.

A NUMBER of our modern plays may be divided into two categories, those which flatter the audience with intelligence, and require them to use it (unpopular) ; and those which intelligently flatter the audience, and do not require anything so unreasonable as the use of their intelligence (popular). " The Path of Glory," is one of the latter. It is an amusing, flashy little piece. The dialogue is polished and witty, the action never lags, and the situations are amusing and original. In fact Mr. du Garde Peach is so obviously good at this type of work that he is in imminent danger of being completely ignored by our English producers. The consequent result will be that, neglected at home, he will succumb to the attraction of dollar bills and Miss Garbo's eyebrows, and take up his residence in Hollywood-apparently the ultimate home of all our successful popular writers. If he exchanges his home on the Derbyshire hills for one on the Beverley hills, he may find that he has also exchanged it for company far less. interesting than his Derbyshire sheep.

THE COLOSSEUM - Lino-cut by D W Hawker

 

 

As for the staff's production of the play we have nothing-that is almost nothing-but praise.

In a prologue which took place in a club smoke room at that grey hour just before dinner, Mr. Baylis tried to get " uppish " by discussing the foreign* situation and Mr. Glister pooh-poohed him out of existence, and indicating once again the right of " God's Englishman " to be completely ignorant of the doings and where-abouts of all foreign devils. The prologue over, and having accomplished its object of cheating all those late-comers who insist on arriving just after the action of the play has started, the action proper commenced. Mr. Effron proved a sober and philosophical innkeeper-a most unusual mixture. Miss Turner provided the cause for all the trouble. Her sprightly exits seemed to us a trifle exaggerated. However, she slapped her way through the army with commendable vigour, and almost justified the war off her own bat - or rather her own eyebrows. Mr. Wright and Mr. Unsworth could not have bettered their tavern brawl, and we felt decidedly frustrated when the scene closed a few seconds through the first round of the fight, with Mr. Unsworth leading slightly on points. Mr. Michell made an excellent President, his enunciation was clear and distinct, and his gestures restrained. Machiavelli would have looked with a kindly eye on his efforts, and regarded him as a most promising pupil marred only by his sentimental attachment to his country.

Mr. Tod had to portray the ideal secretary-industry with a mere modicum of intelligence-and did it well. Mr. Prins proved a far better lover than a politician. He has divested himself-as has Miss Jones-of that irritating "of-course-we're-only-acting" attitude when making love on the stage. Love indeed transcended all handicaps-even that over-tight uniform, and small cap. Miss Jones proved that the President was wrong in calling his future son-in-law a damn fool, since he and all of us would have done the same thing under such encouragement. (Of course we may be all damn fools for that matter). Mr. Titchmarsh-a newcomer to our stage - allowed himself to be bullied and upset in a manner which proved that he was a good actor, though why the person who made him up should make a Thalian wine merchant look like a French fashion king or dress expert, is a little hard to see. Mr. Watling as General Ferranzi gave his usual delightful performance, and added another feather to his dramatic cap which must by now be assuming the aspect of a Mohawk chief's ceremonial head-dress. Colonel Conti - his face shining with good cheer and displaying happy anticipation at the thought of those fifty society girls-was well portrayed by Mr. 'Thomas. Mr. Whitfield, as a bumpkin orderly, who kept hurrying off to consult a modern Delphic oracle in the form of " the sergeant," was very amusing. The biggest laugh of the evening was provided by his indignation at, and his summary dealing with, the infantry's request for strawberry jam. A salmon pink shirt aided by Mr. Simm made a short but entertaining appearance as an American salesman-but, since the goods were good, why America? Mr. Savage made a welcome but short return to our boards as King Maximilian-a very benevolent despot. The rest of the cast, as the papers say, " acquitted themselves admirably."

We must thank the Staff for a very enjoyable evening, and extend those thanks to all those who helped behind the stage and in front of the stage-except the gramophone, which was very poor.

P. W. Y.

K.E.S. Film Productions Present . . .

VERY early in the year 1925, a small boy was sitting at a table, pencil in hand, poring over a book of Adventure Stories. The story which was so absorbing was one of those exciting Secret Service tales in which the hero overcomes innumerable difficulties to get his message " through." Occasionally he would write some­thing on a piece of paper. At last his task was done, and he read through what he had written:
"Distant view of house. Nearer view of house. Camera moves through window. We see group of men sitting round table. One man is tied to a chair. Etc."

And so it continued. The small boy considered it to be a master­piece of scenario production.

But that was as far as the small boy's efforts went, because in those days he had no movie camera. Nevertheless he found great fun in " filmizing " his stock of stories. I regret to say that all the " splendid scenarios " have gone the way of most scraps of paper.

We move on now to the Summer of 1932. Troop "A" is camping at Sawdon, under the care of Scoutmaster E. G. Simm. One day it was my pleasing duty to accompany that gentleman on a " shopping " expedition in Scarborough, and during our wanderings in search of bacon and things, we stopped to look in the windows of a well-known photographic dealer. As we gazed at the imposing array of cameras, my esteemed friend was inspired. He said " Picky, I wonder how much it would cost to hire a movie camera." I said I didn't know, but we could go in and enquire. So in we went. The dealer, Mr. Gray, came and interviewed us, explained the running costs, and shewed us a few demonstration films. Eventually it was arranged that I should call in the next day, and he would have a camera for us to use ; Mr. Simm was to look after the financial side of the business, while I did the dirty work.

It was with considerable nervousness that I approached the task. But Mr. Gray had selected one of the most fool-proof cameras on the market, and so I need not have worried.

At last the first reel of this experimental film was returned from processing, and we ran it through in the shop. Mr. Gray raved about it, declaring that it was some of the best work he had ever seen. But one must remember that he is a man with an eye to business. Mr. Simm was quite pleased, and I was satisfied.

We went ahead and took four hundred feet. But then the snag came. Those four hundred feet had to be edited into some form of coherence. When we had decided the order and titles to be inserted, we sent the film back to Scarborough to be completed. When it came back, the length had been almost doubled by the number of inserted titles. But the arrangement shewn at Scout Night, 1932, is the only possible arrangement for presenting such a kaleidoscope of pictures. Taken individually, the photography is good, and some people consider the sub-titling witty, but as a whole, the film is bad.

We had learned our lesson. Impromptu filming was all very well, but it gave too many headaches afterwards. Therefore preparations had to be made before we went to camp.

In May, 1933, we found a suitable theme, and got to work on it. The theme was " Wide-games, with a continuity of Scenes of Camp Life " which was later expanded to (a) a long hike, and (b) an organised rough-and-tumble game as the " backbone " of the film, linked together by camp scenes and incidents. Long before we even started to pack for camp, almost every one of the " shots " which you see in " ScOUTing " was written down in black and white. The fact that we had everything ' ` mapped out," coupled with the care taken in. timing and photo­graphy, enabled us to turn out what I consider to be a rattling good film.

1934 brought a set-back. Instead of camping in the familiar Sawdon district, we went down South to Corfe Castle. We were at a disadvantage in not having a good knowledge of the surrounding countryside, and we should not have Mr. Gray conveniently at hand. However, the second worry was soon dispelled ; Mr. Gray sent us camera and film complete to Sheffield, and we took it with us. The first obstacle was not so easily negotiated. We had our theme, and some of the camp " shots " prepared, but we had to fit them in with the surroundings. A third difficulty presented itself when we arrived. The weather was too bad to risk exposing any film. We had to wait. During the infrequent " bright intervals," we managed to get a few scraps done, but the majority of the " shooting " took place during the last three days, when we were lucky enough to have perfect weather. But then we were not satisfied, and so, when we were back in Sheffield, a small party spent a Sunday afternoon making the Morse signalling section of " Fresh Fields." I might mention that though the larger part of the film was made at Encombe, some was made at Whiteley Woods, some at Middlewood, and some at Bridlington, while the titling was made at Scarborough !

During the last Christmas holidays, we managed to make a short film called " Year Dot," using the Scout Hut as a film studio ; although our Studio lighting cannot possibly equal that of professional studios, our efforts have been quite satisfactory, and we have learned another lesson.

Preparations are well under way for our 1935 Summer film, and it should surpass all the previous films with ease.

B. P.

Revaluations.

BOSWELL-kicks a pretty window, and misses a 'bus to a nicety. Has controlled his blush of late.

COLQUHOUN-a scientist, and as such a stranger within the gates. Has easily the best bag of lines, and you can always tell his patrol week by the multitudes that decide to take the air in the School close. The only ladies' man in the Prefects' Room.

DOBSON-a gentleman, though a billiards player.

JAMES (see NAGLE).

MILLER-         [Censored-T.H.M.]

NAGLE (see JAMES).

SCUTT-a spit off the old block. Whips the top off a milk bottle with the easy grace of a hardened toper. Is a close second to Colquhoun at collecting lines. Overfond of reading the lesson impromptu.

SENIOR-throws a nice window pole. Commonplace in that he has broken a window ; outstanding in that he has paid for it.

SENTANCE-a useful all-rounder. The Beau Brummel of the Prefects' Window.

SETTLE-like Smith-is unfortunate in having to live down the pantomime gags which Senior wrote for him. And like Dawtry, has read some queer lessons in his time.

SMITH-an expert in the Hegelian dialectic and chip shops. His master-key has been much in demand.

YOUENS - his nautical roll into Assembly has never been bettered, except perhaps by Pogson. Remarkable for his public school manner and hairy legs.

Old Edwardians

Rev. R. C. WEAVER (1919-1924), formerly curate at St. Paul's Church, Norton, has been appointed Chaplain at Atbara, in the diocese of Egypt and the Sudan.

Rev. W. MUSGRAVE (1910-1917) has been appointed Chaplain to His Majesty's Prison at Dartmoor.

C. F. HURST (1916-1924) was married on March 2nd, 1935, to Miss Vera S. Flockton of Riverdale Road, Sheffield.

F. H. TAYLOR (1918-1924) is to be married on April 8th, to Miss Hilda M. Watson of Cleadon Park, South Shields.

RUSSELL GREEN (1905-1912) is the author of a novel, Prophet Without Honour, published by Nelson. Green left the School with an Honorary Open Classical Scholarship and Hastings Exhibition to Queen's College, Oxford, together with the Akroyd and a Founders' Exhibition. He was Newdigate Prizewinner at Oxford. His book is written round Sheffield industrial life in the last century.

At Sheffield University, we hear that V. G. Damms is in the Swimming team, R. D. Bolsover plays hockey in the 1st XI, J. Booth and G. Anderson are in the Rugger XV, R. Gaunt has just completed a year of office as President of the Medical Society, and R. B. Davies is Vice-President of the Union.

One of the leading personalities in the newly formed Sheffield Aero Club, and a pioneer in flying in this district, is Mr. H. SORBY HORROX (K.E.S., Lynwood, 1916-1922). As described in the Sheffield Daily Telegraph of March 16th, he has been instrumental in securing a suitable landing-ground at Netherthorpe, and this site has now received an Air Ministry licence and will probably become Sheffield's future air-port.

C. F. HALE (1921-1927), now a master at Coatham School, is engaged to Marjorie, daughter of the late J. B. D. Godfrey, formerly a master of K.E.S., whose death is announced elsewhere in this MAGAZINE.

Old Edwardians Cricket Club.

THE Season 1934 was most enjoyable, with a good proportion of victories. The outstanding feat was the taking of all ten wickets against the Old Mannerians, by T. G. Vernon. A great attraction during the last two years has been the net at the School, and we are most grateful to the Headmaster for his assistance in this and other directions. Our thanks are also due to Smith for the very great help he has always given us.

A full and attractive Fixture List has been arranged for 1935, but our membership is decidedly small and we shall be very glad to welcome new members, who are asked to get in touch with J. T. Burdekin, 69, Marsh House Road ('phone 23082) or myself at 41, Norfolk Street ('phone 26228).

A. ELLIOTT,
Acting Secretary.

Old Edwardians Football Club.

FOR the first time for many years, it is the pleasant duty of a secretary of the Football Club to report a thoroughly satis­factory season. The great efforts made at the end of last season to secure a large number of players met with a splendid response from the boys leaving School, and we have twenty-seven players from whom to pick two teams each week. There are, however, a few veterans whose hair is beginning to thin and who think another season is about their limit. Edgar Oldfield, playing for the O.E.s before most of you who read this were born, has been threatening to leave us for years, but strange to say he is still one of our most outstanding players. George Rayner is still playing well to his own amazement and earning his place in the 1st XI each week. Newman, who cannot say too much about himself, for obvious reasons, has been out of the team for most of the season, through injuries sustained off the field, but may have found it hard to keep his place owing to the excellent work of R. Levi in goal.

The newcomers to the teams are proving their worth and are playing quite well against older opponents. H. Pearson in particular is a force in the forward line and although he does not score often, is continually making openings and initiating movements. R. G. D. Welch, who was started as a goalkeeper was tried at left back and is challenging for a first team place in that position. Unfortunately for him, at the moment, J. Credland is playing a consistently good game and must be classed as one of the best backs ever to play for the O.E.s.

A few statistics might interest the boys who are leaving and induce them to join the Club. The 1st XI up to the time of writing have won fifteen games, drawn one and lost three. Each of the defeats was by the odd goal, Leeds University 1st XI and Fulwood Club both beat us 3-2 and Mexborough Old Boys' 1st XI beat us 2-1.

The 2nd XI whilst not doing so well as the 1st, have won five, drawn one and lost ten. The 1st XI have scored eighty-six goals against thirty-two.

I should like all boys who are leaving School before next season to get in touch with me, and if they will write to J. Newman at 91, West Bar, they will be informed of the next meeting and will be welcomed as members of the Club.

Our best thanks are due to Mr. Graham for his splendid co-operation in securing our new players and for his practical help in other directions.

J. NEWMAN.

Old Edwardians Dramatic Society.

I AM pleased to report that after a somewhat lengthy absence the Old Edwardians are to appear once more on the School stage at the end of this term, or more accurately, at the beginning of the Easter holidays.

Since their last production in February, 1933, many changes have taken place in the constitution and policy of the Society, resulting chiefly from the amalgamation of the three dramatic societies connected with the School, these changes being adopted at the Sixth Annual General Meeting of the Society held in January last, when the present secretary and committee were appointed.

Eventually after very careful consideration it was decided to put on " R. U. R." (Rossum's Universal Robots), by Karel Capek, for this season's productions and details of this appear elsewhere in THE MAGAZINE. As regards the cast, suffice it to say that some entirely new faces will be seen in the play besides some of those who have been in previous Old Edwardian plays and School plays.

This play marks the introduction of the Society's policy to produce plays of a definitely " out-of-the-ordinary " character, and we are very grateful to have Mr. Watling to guide us along the first steps of this path.

Such is the present, but what of the future ? It is abundantly clear that every year fresh talent and interest must be forthcoming to ensure the full and vigorous life of the Society. Several Old Edwardians participating in the amateur dramatic activities in this city are entirely unknown to any of the present members of the Society, and it is obvious from the many excellent performances given at the School in the past that much of the School's dramatic talent must be lying latent and unused merely because at the moment it is unknown to myself or other members of the Society.

I therefore appeal to all interested Old Edwardians, or those who know of potential members, to get into touch as soon as possible either with myself or Mr. Watling, and I would also remind boys still at the School to see that either myself or Mr. Watling are acquainted of their interest when they leave School.

I should like to mention in conclusion that the ladies who take part in the Society's productions do so by invitation of the producer, and I trust it will not be felt inappropriate if I take this opportunity of recording our sincere thanks to the ladies who are rendering us invaluable assistance in this season's production.

RAYMOND BEALE (Hon. Sec.),
44, Tom Lane,
Nether Green,
Sheffield, 10.

or­

c/o Mr. W. B. SIDDONS,
68, Queen Street,
Sheffield, 1.
(20529).

Oxford Letter.

St. Edmund Hall,
Oxford,
March 10, 1935.

Dear Mr. Editor,

I am, Sir, by now, as completely inured to the platitudinisings of Dons as I am to the attitudinisings of hearty and arty. Dons are learned men. Their lives are dedicated to teaching and earning. They tell us all they know : and a good deal they don't really know. They write books, they broadcast, they mark Higher Certificates. They research. They lecture. They are, Sir, in a word, mummified intellects ; they are dead from the neck downwards. But, Sir, this is mere petulance : and 3B are all agog for news of Camm.

He continues, Sir, to be just too, too crushing for words when the occasion demands it, an exemplar-indeed the very incarnation-of quiet confidence. Wilde tells me he is not yet disillusioned. And I am told he has been seen without his scholar's gown ; but this is the merest hear-say. Tasker works. Coates is as thoroughly irresponsible as ever. Harrison tells me his essays are the work of an historian and an English scholar ; and, truth to tell, I have seen him at work on his leather-bound Edwards. Burley continues to titrate a pretty alkali ; Pogson to read Minutes like an animated slate-pencil ; Williams and Turner to correct Evans. Evans presides like a half-opened bottle of aerated lemonade. And when, Sir, passion is infused into his sonorous periods, he is positively - indeed, Sir, sombrely-reminiscent of the blue packet in a Seidlitz powder. Tasker works. Holloway, in a mood of care-free badinerie, once initiated me into the ins and outs of swivelled Rowlocks. I gathered that lepers use them when their infirmity enables them to row. Vallans, I am amazed to say, has neither been made a Fellow nor sent down. Wigfull is his solid, satisfying, stupendous self. Fletcher-the rip-I once caught smoking an Abdulla. Tasker, I need hardly say, works.

For myself, Sir, I have fed my catholic taste on Cortot and Alex. James within a week, the musician, Sir, and the hired gladiator (as a modern Thinker has more than once put it). And my craving for the ludicrous has been amply gratified by the Western Brothers and 'Soccer Blues. But, Sir, do not imagine that I hold 'Soccer Blues purely and simply as certificates of incompetence. They are, too, that kind of qualification that is calculated to appeal to your father's personal friend in vivas for the Civil Service.

But my Second rolls on apace. After mature deliberation I have decided to follow the precedent set by so many Seconds, most Thirds and all Pass Degree, Public School and Great Men, and consider myself an Honorary First.

Yours, etc.,
H. F. COOK.

Crimicar Lane Letter.

Dear Sir,

I feel that I ought first to vindicate my right to the space I occupy : since the School hardly knows as much of us as of the Universities whose news shares that space. Yet no less than six Edwardians have received treatment here, and one past and one present Editor of THE MAGAZINE are at this moment sharing a room there. One at least of those now discharged is remembered for his feat of putting treacle on a door knob just before the night-nurse's arrival. He succeeded.

Although we bear the name of Hospital, we are really a Sanatorium ; the difference being to my mind that in a hospital one receives treatment, in a Sanatorium one cures oneself. Our only treatment consists in living comfortably and regularly ; our only source of discomfort, how to pass the time. Although we have been asked if we suffer much pain, we are actually leading fairly normal lives. As time passes we are allowed up much of the day. We play such depraved but entertaining games as cards and billiards. When we feel fit, housework is another pleasing way of passing time. Now and again we have concerts and cinematograph shows, provided by kind friends outside. One of the things that makes life tolerable here is comradeship. Among the patients prevails, on the whole, a spirit of unity without a suspicion of class or any other distinction. In the same way the Staff, instead of giving medical treatment, keep us cheerful and settled by every means in their power. I am glad to record here what their friend­ship means to some of us when we first leave our homes for this place.

But the great occupier of time is the timetable. It stops healthy men from thinking and sick men from dying. It keeps us busy lying down, getting up, eating and drinking six times a day, working, resting and going to sleep. Its regularity may pall, as in the matter of food ; it may be unfortunate that I can work out what my dinner will be a fortnight next Tuesday ; but that regularity is the best treatment of all for tubercular patients.

The University letters never fail to welcome any O.E.s coming their way. We hope we shall never see any Edwardian, past or present, as a patient here. Because several have come this way, there is no reason why any other should follow. The alternative is simple : plenty of food and plenty of sleep at regular hours, and plenty of exercise in the fresh air. Avoid straining the body or testing the endurance unduly. The virtue of the treatment is its simplicity.

We rejoiced to hear of the issue of milk at school, for we too drink a pint of it daily-some of it at much the same time of the morning. Milk and meat form the basis and the greater proportion of our diet here. Long life to the milk scheme !-it is cheaper in the long run.

So think of us, not as stretched upon a sick bed, but leading an interesting new kind of life ; idleness diversified by restrictions and deficiencies, if you see what I mean. Nagle and I will be very glad to receive visitors at any reasonable hour of the afternoon or evening, in a room to ourselves, with a fireplace and a fire in it. I hope that neither of us will be here much longer, and we have every reason to expect a speedy release. But we shall leave with very mixed feelings. For we can never forget who once was here. I have lived in the same ward and the same hut as Mr. Watkins once occupied ; I have talked to those who knew him here, and I think his friends outside would like to hear what they say :- " He was a true gentleman, and thought always for others, never for himself." His memory sets off the darkness of this disease with something very bright and fine. He lives for us by his example. "This was the noblest Roman of them all."

Yours, etc.,
R. H. JAMES.

Football.

1ST XI.

Played Won Lost Goals 
      For Against
20 16 4 118 52

THROUGHOUT the season we have been dogged by ill-luck, but we have reason to be proud that the team's unbeaten record against schools has been maintained, though " nobbut just " as the Yorkshireman is reported to have said. In the last two years we have played 25 matches against schools and won them all, scoring 213 goals-an average of over 8 goals a match. Last year we were very rarely hard pressed in school matches but this year, and particularly in the Lent Term, there were several very close games. Only in the last five minutes of the Central School match could devoted supporters of the team breath freely, and again at Woodhouse the final whistle came as a relief. In matches with strong club sides like the Falcons and Old Edwardians, weight, experience and speed were all against the team, but they played with immense pluck and showed, on occasion, wonderful powers of recovery from apparently hopeless situations. The Falcons were unanimous in declaring that their match with us was their best game of the season.

CRITICISMS.

M. V. SAVILLE* (goal) : A promising goalkeeper who has done well in critical matches. Lacks anticipation and is far from safe with ground shots. Must practice right foot clearances.

J. H. ALLAN (right back) : A courageous back. His kicking is unsure and his tackling clumsy.

W. A. BURLEY (right back) : Played one excellent and sturdy game, but failed to develop as had been hoped. Very slow in recovery and wild in kicking.

E. B. DOBSON* (left back) : Slow and hesitant into a tackle and completely non-plussed when beaten. Must try to develop a robust shoulder-charge and to avoid running with, instead of dispossessing his wing-man.

E. W. SIVIL** (right half) : A great source of strength to the defence and often useful in attack. His best position is undoubtedly at full back.

J. SETTLE** (centre half) : To a great extent the cares of a shaky defence have rested on his shoulders, and he has saved the side on many occasions. I look forward to the day when he will be able to become an attacking centre-half.

G. A. GRAHAM (left half) : Works tremendously hard. Passes shrewdly when not flurried, but has no sense of position, and is negligible in defence.

V. R. SIVIL* (outside right or left) : His control of the ball is good, and his centres (with consistent and assiduous practice) have improved. Needs more confidence in himself.

F. MELLING* (inside right) : A very hard-working forward. Has a splendid shot which he rarely uses. Has much to learn in positional play and passing.

R. GRAY*** (centre-forward) : Has shown glimpses of his old skill in heading and shooting from difficult angles. A real force on his day, but not a centre-forward who holds a line together.

H. D. BEDFORD* (inside left) : A skilful pattern weaver and a good shot. Fed his wing and centre excellently.

W. S. GRAY** (outside-left and centre-forward) : Has played some fine games. An opportunist who scores where few forwards would see a glimpse of a chance. His ball control is excellent and his dribbling of a high order. His best position is wing-forward, where his individualism is an asset.

* Indicates 1st XI Colours.

E. G. S.

2nd XI.

The 2nd XI has had quite a successful season, winning eight and drawing two of the fourteen matches played. The team was not so strong as last Season and took some time to get into its stride. The position of goalkeeper caused much trouble, but the defence on the whole has played well and I should like to congratulate J. Allen on his good work at right back. The halves have also done well, particularly Howarth who should develop into a sound player. Of the forwards, Ashford and White have formed a strong left wing, and Fulford has many goals to his credit. Congratulations to W. J. Smith on his excellent captaincy.

R. J. K.

Playing an experimental and rather weak side, the team suffered a heavy initial defeat at Rotherham. The O.E.s too, found us easy meat ; but it should be remembered that four of their goals came from the elder Parker, Corinthian and Cambridge Blue, who was for some obscure reason playing in the Old Boys' second string ; besides the School team's second half rally was in itself a moral victory. That we only drew with Nether Edge is a fact strange but true ; and the tie at the Central ground was largely due to weakness in the last line of defence. Victory came at last in two hard-fought matches against Doncaster and Chesterfield. Bootham, an astonishingly vigorous eleven, were rather lucky to beat us on their own ground. The return visit-when it was our turn to be lucky - gave us our revenge, the crowning glory of which was the Bootham captain's dazed " three cheers for Sheffield Wednesday." Firth Park were no match for us at home or away, but the winning goal at Doncaster only came our way after a grim struggle. At Whiteley Woods the Central School were beaten to the tune of 10 goals to 3. Two away matches, those with Chesterfield and with the O.E.s were ruined by the weather. The former had to be abandoned (when the School was winning by 5 goals to 1), owing to what was officially and modestly called a " snowstorm," but what very well merited the appellation " blizzard." The latter was played to its bitter end, but the gale and hail reduced it (it was no comedy!) to a mere farce. The season was well rounded off by a 5-2 defeat of Nether Edge.

UNDER 15 XI.

The Under 15 XI have had a promising season, though their matches are few in number. One match against the Central School was unfortunately scratched at the last moment owing to snow. Bolsover, G. D., has carried out the duties of captain very efficiently. Sorby, W., Tingle, L. P. and Chare, K. A., have improved in defence this year, and are all very hard workers, when their tackling is a little quicker and surer they should be useful to the other School XIs. The forwards play together so little that it was not surpassing that combination was lacking. Sivil, G. B., Partridge, K., and Hayhurst, A. P. improved as the season went on, but a little more shooting power is necessary.

RESULTS.

Nov. 3 Central Secondary School Under 15 (home), lost 3-6.

Nov 10 Doncaster Grammar School Under 15 (home), won 4-3.

11 Dec. 8 Doncaster Grammar School Under 1.5 (away), won 4-3.

Feb. 23 Central Secondary School Under 15. Scratched.

Played 3 matches ; won 2 matches, lost 1 match ; goals for-11, goals against-12.

UNDER 14 XI.

The 'outlook at the beginning of the season was not promising for we had only two members of last year's Under 14 XI to call upon. In spite of this, boys were soon found who very capably filled the gaps, and the team has improved steadily during the season. They have lost some of their matches because of their lack of weight, but they have played good football and shown splendid spirit. Proctor, K. J., has captained the team well, and has

himself played well in goal. Sanderson, D. W. has been a great asset to the defence because of his quick and sure tackling. Parkin, V., Wheatley, P. J. and Rhodes, P. have all worked hard, but are still a little slow on to a tackle. Moffatt, R. C. has improved considerably during the year, his ball control is admirable ; he must learn however, to get rid of the ball quicker. All the forwards Pashley, P., Powell, G. G., Buckley, T. R., Simmonite, W. and Downing, F. C., are hard workers, but were generally over weighted by the opposing defence.

RESULTS.

  Junior Technical School Under 14 (home), won 7-3.
Oct. 27 Nether Edge Secondary School Under 14 (home), lost 2-3.
Nov. 3 Central Secondary School Under 14 (away), lost 3-6.
Nov 10 Doncaster Grammar School Under 14 (away), lost 1-7.
Nov 24 Firth Park Secondary School Under 14 (home), lost 2-5.
Dec. 8 Doncaster Grammar School Under 14 (home), won 7-3.
Dec.  15 Nether Edge Secondary School Under 14 (away), won 3-1.
Feb. 2 Firth Park Secondary School Under 14 (home), lost 2-3.
Feb. 23 Junior Technical School Under 14 (home), lost 1-8.

Played 9 matches ; won 3 matches, lost 6 matches ; goals-for 28 ; goals-against, 39.

HOUSE FOOTBALL TABLES, 1934-35.

      1ST XI. GOALS.   
  P. W. D. L. For Agnst. Pnts. Pos'tn.
HADDON 7 7 0 0 97 8 14 1
Clumber 7 5 0 2 44 26 10 2
Lynwood 7 5 0 2 37 23 10 3
Welbeck 7 4 0 3 43 19 8 4
Chatsworth 7 2 1 4 25 51 5 5
Sherwood 7 2 0 5 19 38 4 6
Wentworth 7 2 0 5 21 75 4 7
Arundel 7 0 1 6 18 59 1 8
      2ND XI. GOALS.   
  P. W. D. L. For Agnst. Pnts. Pos'tn.
HADDON 7 6 1 0 31 11 13 1
Chatsworth 7 5 2 0 45 9 12 2
Lynwood 7 4 0 3 48 19 8 3
Clumber 7 4 0 3 34 17 8 4
Welbeck 7 3 1 3 31 13 7 5
Arundel 7 3 0 4 21 27 6 6
Wentworth 7 1 0 6 13 58 2 7
Sherwood 7 0 0 7 5 74 0 8

3RD XI.

          GOALS.   
  P. W. D. L. For Agnst. Pnts. Pos'tn.
CHATSWORTH 7 6 0 1 65 6 12 1
Clumber 7 5 1 1 69 12 11 2
Haddon 7 5 1 1 55 13 11 3
Welbeck 7 4 0 3 34 17 8 4
Lynwood 7 3 0 4 46 23 6 5
Arundel 7 2 0 5 8 85 4 6
Sherwood 7 1 0 6 12 76 2 7
Wentworth 7 1 0 6 7 61 2 8

1ST XI MATCHES.

K.E.S. v. CHESTERFIELD GRAMMAR SCHOOL.

Played at Whiteley Woods on January 26th.-This match is certainly very hard to describe as it was played in one of the worst snow-storms of the year.

When the teams took the field the weather was quite good but they had not been playing more than five minutes, during which nothing had happened, when it began to snow fiercely and it continued to do so for the rest of the game, except for a brief spell of sunshine at half-time. It was nearly impos­sible to follow the run of the game, but it was quite easy to see that the school were definitely the better side, playing more together in one unit than the visitors. The school scored first through Barker, who ran in from the wing and scored without assistance. Then came five goals in quick succession from Gray, R. (3), Gray, W. S. and Sivil, E. It was just before half-time when Chesterfield scored their only goal.

In the second half the school continued pressing and finished with a fine total of thirteen goals, seven being scored in this half. These seven were scored by Barker, Gray, R., Sivil, Gray, R. (2), and Gray W. S. (2), respectively.

Score :-K.E.S. 13, Chesterfield Grammar School 1.

K.E.S. v. FIRTH PARK SECONDARY SCHOOL.

Played at Firth Park on February 2nd.-The game was played on a very sloping field and in a very high wind and so clever football was not to be expected. Settle lost the toss and the school had to kick against the wind and slightly uphill. Throughout the game the school did all the pressing and they were the first to score. Gray, R. and Gray, W. S. had several shots at the goal, but owing to the terrible wind none of them were scoring shots. Gray, R. was first to score from short range, after some good work by Melling. The second goal also came from Gray, R., after Graham had put the ball out to Sivil, E. W. The half-backs Sivil, E., Settle and Graham were playing well ; they were of great assistance both to the forward line and backs and were very sound in tackling and passing. It was Firth Park's turn to score next and it was due to the wind getting hold of a high ball and blowing it to their outside-left. He centred, and before the defence had got back to their places, the centre-forward had driven it home. When half-time arrived there had been no more scoring, and the wind had not slackened the slightest.

The School had now the wind in their favour, as was shown when half­way through this half Sivil, E., having taken a throw in just past the half-way line, kicked a high ball towards the home team's goal. The wind carried it straight past the startled goal-keeper for a wonderful goal. Before this, however, Gray, W. S. had rushed through their defence and scored with a lightning shot into the top left-hand corner of the net. The final goal was secured by Gray, R., during a scramble just inside the penalty area in which most of the forwards participated.

The School had been the better side, keeping the ball more on the ground. Score :- K.E.S. 5, Firth Park 1.

 

 

K.E.S. v. CENTRAL SECONDARY SCHOOL.

Played at High Storrs on Wednesday, February 6th. There was only a slight wind, but it was bitterly cold when the two teams took the field. Settle lost the toss and had to kick against the wind and towards the School end.

Both teams started off rather badly, especially the School, whose passes embed to go astray frequently, and it was after ten minutes that the Central School took the lead, from a shot by the inside-right which Saville could not reach. The Central School were now the most forceful team and deserved their lead. This lead was increased several minutes later when their left-half, after taking a throw-in, pushed the ball into the centre for the centre-forward to score with a header through a practically undefended goal. The School forwards now began to pull more together.

Shortly before half-time the School were attacking strongly when Gray, R. scored a wonderful goal from 15 yards.

After the interval the School made up for lost time by pressing strongly practically all the time, except for a few times when the Central School made several breakaways, mostly due to their outside-left. There was much excite­ment during the latter part of the game, for the score was four-three in favour of the Central School, Sivil, E. W. and Gray, R. having scored the other two for the School. Barker this time got away on the right wing, worked towards the goal, and scored from a very difficult angle. The game was very close now, but all the same the School scored three more goals which were due to the adoption of the offside game by the backs. This was not a success, and, Gray, R. scored two more. Barker scored the last goal after a scramble in the goal mouth.

Score :-K.E.S. 7, Central School 4.

K.E.S. v. FALCONS.

Played at Whiteley Woods on February 9th.-There was not much wind, but the ground was in bad condition as the teams took their places, the School defending the pavilion end. The School started well, and were rewarded for their efforts by a goal by Gray, R. from a beautiful centre by Barker. The School defence had much work to do, especially on the left wing, but they were successful in their efforts to keep out the attackers. The School forward line again broke away and Melling, receiving the ball from Gray, S., set the right wing in motion and Barker scored from the touch line with a shot which completely baffled the goal-keeper and increased the School's lead.

Ten minutes from half-time the Falcons were attacking on the right wing and Settle rushed out to meet the winger. He tackled the man, but instead of obtaining the ball, he brought him down and they were awarded a penalty. It was taken by the left winger who scored with a vicious punch in the top right hand corner of the net.

After half-time it was thought that the School, being in better training, would be on top, but the Falcons' weight told, and they did all the attacking. They rallied very well and scored five goals in quick succession, during which time the defence played well but were unable to stand the tremendous attacks from all quarters. In the last quarter of an hour, our forwards combined in a superb effort and were rewarded with three more goals, all of which were got after fierce struggles in the goal mouth. They were scored by Gray, R. (2) and Melling. The School were still pressing hard when the whistle went.

Score :-Falcons 6, School 5.

K.E.S. v. BOOTHAM.

Played at Bootham on February 13th.-It was a beautiful day and a wonderful ground, but there was a very strong wind blowing along the field.

Settle won the toss and kicked with the wind. In the first half the School had most of the play, pressing hard all the time and having the advantage of the wind. After about ten minutes, Fulford tripped while attempting to obtain the ball and was removed with a dislocated elbow, and was unable to return again. After play commenced again the half-backs came forward and a few minutes later Settle opened the scoring during a scramble in the goal mouth. The visiting side continued to press more forcibly and ten minutes later Barker received a pass from Gray, R., and made good use of it by putting it into the net from a very awkward angle. Shortly before half-time Melling figured in some good work and scored a beautiful goal.

After half-time the sides were more even, the School being handicapped by the loss of one man and by the wind. The play was more brisk and Gray scored with an easy shot from a centre by Sivil, E. W. Bootham then began to attack and gave the defence some hard work, being successful a few minutes later when their inside-left scored after some good work in the Schools goal. They continued to press, but were soon subdued by Melling who scored his second goal from 15 yards. This made little difference to their play and they soon replied with two more goals, one from close range which Saville obviously did not see, and one from outside the penalty area which was carried in by the wind.

Score :-Bootham 3, School 6.

Team :-Saville, Allan, Dobson, Sivil, E. W., Settle, Graham, Barker, Melling, Gray, R., Fulford, Sivil, E.

K.E.S. v. WOODHOUSE GRAMMAR SCHOOL.

Played at Woodhouse on February 20th.-Settle won the toss and chose to kick downhill and with the wind. The School had a large number of sup­porters on the touch-line.

The School started well and made good use of wind and hill, but they found it was difficult to control the ball and although they had many long shots at the goal none of them resulted in anything until Gray, S., who was playing centre forward, received the ball from the right wing, and finding himself unmarked, shot at the goal from outside the penalty area. This time he was lucky and so commenced the scoring. Soon after this, Woodhouse began to press and although they were hampered by the conditions, put up a wonderful fight and shortly before the interval their inside-left found himself with the ball just in front of the goal. He shot, straight at Saville, but he was unable to field it properly and it went through his hands into the goal. Half­time came with the score unaltered.

When play was resumed it was raining heavily and the School found them­selves hampered by the wind, rain and hill and so it is not surprising that Woodhouse had most of the play, but they were weak in front of goal and only managed to score one goal. Burley was the outstanding defender during these consistent attacks. The forward line made several breakaways and it was during two of these that the School scored their other two goals. The first was scored by Gray, S., who, although he had a bad leg, managed to get past both backs with a ball from Greatorex and increased the School's score. The second was scored by Melling from a beautiful centre by Gray, W. S. who had rushed out to the wing. The shot was rather weak and only just trickled over the line to give the School the lead. The game finished with both sides playing well.

The alterations in the School team were :-Burley, right back ; Gray, S., centre-forward ; Greatorex, left wing ; and Barker, inside-left.

Score :-School 3, Woodhouse 2.

K.E.S. 2ND XI v. ROTHERHAM 2ND XI.

Played at Rotherham on October 13th.-The School started well and attacked strongly although every time Rotherham broke away they were dangerous. The School were the first to score from a movement on the left wing. The half-backs set Ashford going on the left-wing and he took the ball almost to the corner-flag and centred, Walker running up heading the ball past the goal-keeper. The School did not keep this lead long, however, for almost immediately after this Rotherham went straight through to score an equalising goal. Play remained even for a bit then, although Rotherham were better in mid-field, but about five minutes later Ashford was set going again and this time instead of centering he cut in and shot hard and low, and again the School had the lead. Again however this was short-lived, for a Rotherham half-back sent in a long distance shot which bounced out of Saville's reach. This seemed to unnerve him and Rotherham scored four more, this seemed to steady the School instead of shaking them, and play became even again, and lust before half-time Fulford scored for the School.

Half-time, Rotherham, 3 ; K.E.S., 3.

After half-time the School again started well, and Fulford soon scored again, shooting from a difficult position from between two Rotherham defenders. After this however, Rotherham attacked nearly all the remainder of the game, and although Saville played remarkably well in goal, and made some very good saves, Rotherham scored four more goals, one from a corner was very lucky, bouncing off more than one player before going into the net. Rotherham's last goal was a very good one : a drive from about 20 yards out, as which had Saville well beaten. Then just before time the School rallied and pressed until Fulford scored again.

Result :-Rotherham 10, K.E.S. 5.

Team :-Saville, Allen, Burley, Smith, Graham, Senior, Beecroft, Walker, Fulford, White and Ashford.

K.E.S. 2ND XI v. NETHER EDGE: 2ND XI.

Played at Whiteley Woods on October 27th.-The School kicked towards the brook first half and played very well, and attacked consistently ; Fulford soon scoring a goal with a fine shot. The School continued to press and Burley came very near to scoring with a hard shot from the right wing, the goal-keeper making a splendid save. Nether Edge then began to assert them­selves, and quite suddenly their inside-right sent in an unexpected cross-shot, which beat Saville in goal. For some time play became a ding-dong battle and the School finally scored again. Burley sent in another cross shot and this time beat the Nether Edge goal-keeper. Again, however, Nether Edge reasserted themselves, and from a pass from his inside-right, the Nether Edge centre-forward sent in a first-time shot which beat Saville once more.

Half-time, 2-2.

After the interval the School again scored first, Walker shooting from a scrimmage, the ball going just inside the right-hand upright. Now the School were winning 3-2, but instead of being inspired they seemed to go to pieces, and although Nether Edge had many unlucky shots which just missed, they soon scored an equalising goal. This depressed the School even more, and it looked as though they were going to lose, but just in time they pulled them­selves together and began to attack again, Ashford and White on the left wing playing very well, and although Nether Edge had some narrow shaves, the game ended in a draw.

Result :-3-3.

Team :-Saville, Allen, Graham, Smith, Howarth, Senior, Burley, Walker, Fulford, White, Ashford.

K.E.S. 2ND XI v. BOOTHAM 2ND XI.

Played at York on November 21st.-The School started well and pressed strongly, and although they made repeated attacks they did not manage to score for a long time. Fulford scored the first goal of the match ; there was a melee in front of Bootham's goal, Fulford sent in a shot which the goal­keeper stopped on the ground, and then by a big effort he managed to push the ball over the line. After this the School slacked off and Bootham's inside-right scored with a first-time shot from a centre from their left wing. There was no further score before half-time, leaving the score at one all.

After half-time Bootham began the offensive and soon scored, then the School started pressing again and it was not long before they equalised. White received the ball and cut through Bootham's defence on his own, putting an easy shot out of the reach of the goal-keeper.

Then again the School seemed to take the game too easily and Bootham scored two quick goals, the first by the left wing and the second from his centre. This steadied the School, who began to fight back again, and about a quarter of an hour from the end of the game a penalty was awarded against Bootham and Graham converted it with a shot wide of the goal-keeper. It looked as if the School might at least make a draw of the match, but Bootham's defence played well and the match ended with the score 4-3 against the School.

Team :-Fretwell, Allen, Graham, Smith, Senior, Howarth, Burley, Walker, Fulford, Waite, Ashford.

K.E.S. 2ND XI v. NETHER EDGE 2ND XI.

Played at Whiteley Woods on March 2nd.-Nether Edge won the toss and defended the brook goal. Much rain had fallen, and as the game had to be played on that " hill of scandal," the 2nd XI pitch, the School team was for a time in danger of being overwhelmed by its more ponderous opponents. Yet the School, being '' ever in the van of circumstance," soon took the lead when Senior dashed forward to dispossess a Nether Edge opponent and crash in a hard, high shot. Nether Edge replied, and at half-time the score stood at 1-1.

Nothing daunted, the School put on pressure and Howarth scored from a free-kick. Ashford made a fine solo run to score, and Smith shooting from a sharp angle, added a fourth ; thus all three half-backs had scored (is this a record ?). Shortly after, Borrodell put on a splendid fifth goal ; Nether Edge retaliated, but the game ended with the score at 5-2 in the School's favour.

The School team owed much to the fine tackling and kicking of Allen and Fretwell. In the first half, forward play had been very weak. In the second half it improved somewhat ; indeed it could hardly do otherwise.

Team :-Burgin, Allen, Fretwell, Smith (Capt.), Senior, Howarth, Sivil, G. B., Pashley, Borrodell, White, Ashford.

Senior School Cross-Country

Races.

THESE events took place on Wednesday, the 13th March, under weather conditions which were excellent for the run­ners and caused no discomfort to the spectators.

Over one hundred runners lined up for the " under 14 " run, and charged in mass formation across to Furness' Fields, there to follow a trail previously laid by Daniell, E. J. and Mr. Tod. At Forge Dam, all those who eventually won places had gained good positions, and the arduous road-work to the foot of " Jacob's ladder " strung out the rest into a long procession. Those who didn't walk all the way up the steep hill to Ringinglow Road gained considerably, and after this test the order was Hall, Pashley, Lacy, Bagnall, Wade, Sanderson, Banner, Fowlston and others. The comparatively level stretch along Ringinglow Road was most wel­come and a good pace was set. The order changed slightly and Pashley went ahead. He increased his lead gradually, finally winning in good style by about 50 yards. All the place-winners made good pace and there was good running on the level by many others. Even the last two finished with a sprint.

About a hundred runners set out on the longer course as if they intended to take all before them. Melling took the lead in the early stages and kept it all the way. He ran with good style and judge­ment of pace, to win comfortably from Williams, with Pashley not tar behind.

After crossing the stream and scaling the heart-breaking hill beyond it, the leaders were still close together, the order being :Melling, Williams, Pashley, Howarth, Settle, Monypenny, Smith, Allison. These positions changed a little on the long run home, and Chapman and Collins moved up two places each.

RESULTS.

UNDER 14. OVER 14.
1. Pashley, P. 1. Melling, F.
2. Hall, J. D. 2. Williams, R. H. D.
3. Lacy, F. T. 3. Pashley, D.
4. Bagnall, J. T. 4. Settle, D. W.
5. Banner, J. H. 5. Monypenny, E. R.
6. Fowlston, D. 6. Howarth, P. E. H.
7. Sanderson, D. W. 7. Chapman, A.
8. Wade, L. M. 8. Collins, A. J.

HOUSE PLACING.

UNDER 14. OVER 14.   
1. Sherwood .. 97 1. Haddon 87
2. Arundel 110 2. Lynwood 104
3. Haddon 123 3. Clumber 105
4. Lynwood .. 139 4. Welbeck 135
5. Chatsworth .. 179 5. Arundel 147
6. Wentworth .. 185 6. Chatsworth .. 204
7. Welbeck 210 7. Sherwood 211
S. Clumber 217 8. Wentworth .. 304
HOUSE TEAMS.     
UNDER 14.  OVER 14. 
SHERWOOD.  HADDON. 
Pashley, P. 1 Monypenny, E. R. 5
Lacy, F. J. 3 Collins, A. J 8
Banner, T. H. .. 5 Smith, W. J 10
Cotton, T. M. 11 Allison, R 12
Bramhall, A. F. G. 32 Bland, W. W. 20
Hudson, W. A. .. 45 Boswell, D. W. 34
       
  97  89

R. G. E.

K.E.S. v. OLD Boys.

Run on March 16th.-Smith, D. W. collected a good team to oppose the School Eight. Early in the race a group of four Old Boys gained a lead and the gap was gradually increased, although Rees, G. W. M. had to drop back owing to a strained muscle. The next seven runners ran close together, with Melling and Williams leading. Mr. Tod and Mr. Exton ran, and finished between places 3 and 4.

RESULTS.

SCHOOL. OLD-Boys.
4. Melling, F. 1. Frith, C. A. (Time : 26 min., 47 secs.)
5. Williams, R. H. D. 2. Hill, R. H.
7. Pashley, D. 3. Smith, D. W.
8. Settle, J. W. 6. Rees, G. W. M.
10. Monypenny, E. R. 9. Rees, J. M.
12. Chapman, L. A. 11. Daniell, E. J.
  NOT PLACED.
13. Howarth, P. E. H. 15. Moore, E. L.
14. Collins, A. J. 
  POINTS.
1st-Old Boys, 32. 2nd-School, 46.

Fives.

WE have had a very mixed bag of successes and failures this Term. After being soundly trounced at Halifax by 11 games to 1, we were rather unluckily beaten by 7 games to 5 (165 points to 161) by Leeds University II. Retford proved rather easy meat and we won a rather hollow victory by 12 games to none. Dobson has played well in all the matches, though like the team as a whole, he suffered from lack of practice. Sentance provides a study in contrasts, being brilliant with his right-hand, but pathetically weak with his left. Miller is a steady rather than a brilliant player but has a distressing tendency to place the ball half-way up the wall, instead of a few inches above the board.

The second team owing to the inclement weather has played only one match-at Retford-which they won easily by 6 games to hone. The Fives Competitions are played next Term, but it is always difficult to finish them comfortably owing to conflicting arrangements such as nets. The entry form has therefore been posted this Term, and if you have not already entered, please do so at once.

D. S.

Scouting.

CLUMBER.

AT the beginning of the Winter Session we found our numbers reduced considerably but five recruits joined us, and are now well settled in the troop. Before the New Year we were able to re-form our patrols, Sorby and Okell taking the leadership of the Stag and Hawk patrols respectively. Considerable progress has been made along the main route (2nd and 1st class badge work), and all but one of the " old gang " have the former badge to their credit. Congratulations to the winners of proficiency badges, namely Scutt, Pashley (2), Okell and Barton. We hope for one or two more in the near future. Athletics and Swimming have also featured in our programmes. At the end of last Term the Hawks, after one year's existence, were awarded the Open-Air Trophy. During this term, the assistance of Mr. Tod, himself a Scouter and Rover, has been very welcome. We are now looking forward to more out-of-door work and the Association competitions. The attendance has been good and the Hawks have won the first half-termly competition.

ARUNDEL.

It is not a very pleasant task to give an account of what we ' have been doing this term. We have had everything done for us. We have another scoutmaster in Mr. Hickox, who certainly has not received the welcome he deserves. A meeting with everyone present in uniform would really be worth filming. If any " scout " in Arundel did not know Mr. Hickox had come, let him read this and, come to the next meeting. We turned out three for the Scout's Own.

There is brighter news about what has been going on within the, diminished troop. With Mr. McKay playing for the Curlews, and; Mr. Hickox for the others we have had games really worth playing._ After that Mr. McKay has been training the tenderfeet in order that they may fill in the breech made at the top of the patrols. Mean while, the rest of us have received instruction from " a highly efficient instructor in first aid "-Texas Daniell Major, for which we are very thankful.

CHATSWORTH-HADDON.

The Lent Term is void of outstanding activities ; and there is little of interest among the regular activities of the troop. The formation of a patrol ladder has added to the keenness in both the attendance and the competitions. There is an appreciable rise in the number of tests passed and a strong enthusiasm among the younger element. J. A. Fuller must be congratulated upon relieving Boswell of the responsibility as leader of the Golden Plovers the patrol will doubtless flourish with the introduction of new blood.

Sunday, March 3rd, saw a somewhat small assembly of the school troop at the Scouts Own in the City Hall. The fact that the Bishop of Sheffield was conducting the service and Sir Percy Everett (Deputy Chief Commissioner) was giving the address, should have been sufficient reason for a much larger attendance ; the address of the latter, however, was disappointing. Some are not only ignorant of the position of Waingate, but, undesirous to correct this deficiency therefore consider they are exempt from the parade. The march in the wet and the mud through the centre of the town was well compensated for by the spectacular sight of the City Hall crammed full, with scouts in uniform.

In collaboration with the Lynwood-Sherwood troop, a hike has been planned for these Easter holidays. Headed by Mr. Smith and Mr. Thomas about eight toughs will proceed to Cheltenham by train and from there commence a twelve day hike in the Cotswolds and district. Since Youth Hostels are scarce in those regions, many nights will be spent in barns, we hope!.

D. W. B.

WELBECK-WENTWORTH.

We have had an energetic and useful term of indoor Scouting. The keenness to pass tests is encouraging both for the first-class and second-class badges. The Senior Section has almost completed its " Kayak," the canvas is on, and a liberal allowance of paint applied. Only the finishing touches remain to be done. In addition to this the seniors have commenced to make sandals under the guidance of Mr. Moore, and it is hoped that the whole Troop will possess sandals before the Summer Camp. This does not mean that other Scouting activities are left behind, for Settle, Sykes, Newton, H. E., Gebhard, Whatlin, Simpson, Morgans, Parkin, Buckley, Leeson, Newton, H. H., Holroyd have passed their first-class first aid, and Newton, Gebhard, Whatlin, Simpson, Morgans have passed their first-class Signalling.

The juniors continue to have a good time in the Gym. on Saturday nights, and once a month join with the seniors in a combined meeting.

Mellor, P. L. and Linsley have been invested this term, and we welcome Wakefield, A. J. and Medley, J. M. as recruits.

The Library.

HISTORY.

This Term the History Library has been increased by four volumes :-Vol. I of A History o f Europe, by H. A. L. Fisher ; The Liberal Way, with a Foreword by Ramsay Muir, a biography of Strafford, by C. V. Wedgwood ; and Great Tudors, a collection of essays edited by C. Garvin.

Fox, by C. Hobhouse. This book supplies a clear and careful account of the years when George III's activities were most effective in English history. Mr. Hobhouse naturally concentrates on Fox, but some of his happiest work is done in brief appreciations of contemporary politicians-Pitt, Shelburne, North, Rockingham, and particularly Edmund Burke. The weaknesses of the " incom­parable Charles " are in no sense glossed over-his utter lack of principle, his fatal capacity for making friends with the wrong people. Fox was the great-great-grandson of Charles II, and Mr. Hobhouse produces quite an array of his accomplishments and shortcomings that suggest the Merry Monarch. That is the only point on which one would venture to question his conclusions. Charles Fox was what he was because of the freedom allowed him in youth by a doting father. Charles Stuart was never lacking in natural sagacity, but Charles Fox was ; and he lacked it because his father had taught him to believe that his " parts " exceeded those of other men, by which he meant, other members of the Whig Aristocracy, apparently so firmly settled. Henry Fox regarded Chatham as an exception ; he was, on the other hand, an omen. Therefore Charles Fox, wrongly trained, was for the greater part of his life an anachronism.

The elder Pitt had already shewn that the true strength of a politician lay in the appeal he could make to opinion outside the House of Commons. The younger Pitt repeated the lesson, never since queried except in Wellington's brief Ministry. But to Fox for , many a year nothing counted but the House itself, and the height of achievement was a debating triumph won inside it. Like the average family, the House might quarrel vigorously among its own members, with inevitable mastery for the slickest thinker and the sharpest tongued. But it must guard religiously against all encroachments, whether they came from Buckingham Palace, or from Wilkes, or from County Associations. It was very fitting that Fox should sit for Midhurst, which had no resident electors, and then for Malmesbury, which, having thirteen, supplied two members. His rhetorical phrases earned him election in West­minster, with twenty thousand voters ; but a " popular constituency was no safe seat for one who did not keep his promises, and in the election of 1781 he owed his re-election almost entirely t the Duchess of Devonshire. He supported the American Colonist to vex the Home Government, and the Indians to please Burke His oft-quoted rejoicings at the fall of the Bastille were due, not to any real attachment to the political theories of the French reformers, but to joy at the downfall of the Bourbons, for whom he had always a passionate hatred. It was obstinacy that made him continue to praise the French. The blunderings of Pitt and Addington made him, almost in spite of himself, before his death the recognised spokesman for opinion outside the House. Whatever the Govern­ment might say, events seemed to prove the correctness of Fox's repeated statement that a war against either the Revolutionaries or Napoleon was entirely in vain. In his last period in office, he was the idol of the nation, as the two Pitts had been, and for the same reason, he had at last realised that what counted was not the House of Commons, but opinion outside it.

J. J. H. C.

ENGLISH.

Despite the acquisition of the four volume " Shorter " Oxford English Dictionary, Webster still stands where he did. Other than a condescending mention of this pretentious upstart, whose very title is:

" the equivocation of the fiend
That lies like truth,"

the English Library has little of note to report.

The Proper Study of Mankind, by B. A. Howard, M.A., has been added. In writing his book Mr. Howard's avowed object has been to " encourage the growth of some kind of philosophy of life." He disclaims any desire to propagate his own philosophy ; and he aims at giving " some acquaintance with those broad facts of human experience out of which an educated person will eventually con­struct " his own scheme of things, that is to say, he tries to be objective. He is in the unenviable position of having to face himself those difficulties and dangers which it is a part of his task to analyse ; if he fails he stands self-condemned. He exhorts to clear and impartial thinking ; yet since a completely objective attitude is only a human conception, like infinity or the perfect circle, the author has- been forced willy-nilly into the raising of controversial issues. In the chapter on religion, for instance, his main thesis is that " belief in religion rests ultimately not upon an argument, but upon an Experience, and it is arguing in a circle to attempt to prove the validity of an experience by referring to the experience itself." But such a thesis does not deal with the stern necessity of arguing from the Experience, and of formulating therefrom intellectual laws, for the right to believe in which the martyr dies, rather than for '' the doctrine of transubstantiation, or Calvinism, or reincarnation, or the Thirty-nine Articles, or the infallibility of the Pope."

Even the author's technique is exposed to the easy objection that they who live in glass-houses should beware of throwing stones. Placed (shall we say craftily ?) at the tail-end of his book is a solemn injunction against the argument by analogy ; but throughout he has himself made the freest use of analogy-for example, in the elaborate likening of the theory of evolution to a growing tree. In fairness to Mr. Howard it must be remembered that his book, which does not. claim to be either an encyclopaedia or the work of a specialist, suggests rather than asserts. Perhaps because he has not the space to do so he says no single word of a possible materialist origin of religion, such as can be traced in the May dances and the Minotaur myth ; but he does, " en passant " remind us that " man's motives are curiously mixed."

The book is a unified whole in construction and in tone. The argument is clear ; Mr. Howard refuses to flatter his readers by assuming that they are equipped with a bristling armoury of facts and an ability to make use of them to the best advantage. Indeed his chatty parables of Mr. Haddock, and of Tomkins and the Prefects are uncomfortably reminiscent of Arthur Mee. One feels that one is being patronised by that common English type-a man learned and hearty, manfully and with an effort unbending, condescending to the plane of lesser minds. Mr. Howard's humour is often pedestrian, " But even philosophers get the tooth-ache," he says ; sometimes elephantine and Miltonic, as when he writes :­" Two Chinese mathematicians, Ho and Hi, who flourished some 4,500 years ago, were put to death because of their unfortunate failure to predict an eclipse, which was supposed to have a theological significance ; which illustrates the dangers of mixing up mathe­matics and theology " ; at rare intervals puckish, as in the anecdote of the small boy who catches God in an inkpot ; and occasionally unconscious, as when he solemnly tells us that " Anatole France is an example of a man of high intellectual capacity who proved to have a brain which was below the normal in size." The author's quotations are as relevant as they are copious. (Particularly did I like his illustration by Horace's line of the universe's prodigality of effort in the production of life­

" Parturiunt montes, nascetur ridiculus mus.")

But one wonders why he was so modest and methodical as to catalogue all these his quotations.

Scientific Society.

T HE afternoon visit at half-term (November 5th, 1934), was to the works of Mather and Platt. The party split up into five smaller ones, and went first to the brass casting depart­ment. Here white-hot metal is brought in crucibles, from the furnaces by travelling cranes, and poured into moulds. In the same building acetylene welding, e.g., of commutator segments was carried on, as was forging by a steam hammer.

In a smaller building cotton or paper discs are compressed together on an axle. In other departments, these are further com­pressed by hydraulic presses and " collars " secured at the ends by wedges. The whole is turned on a lathe, and when finished looks and feels (it cannot be marked by a finger nail), like marble. The resulting rolls are used in many industries, e.g., in cotton and film making.

Turbines and water pumps. The pumps, as they revolve, force the water from the outside to the centre, and to assist the flow as much as possible, everything is polished. In conjunction with these pumps are automatic fire extinguishers and alarms. These fire extinguishers are glass bulbs which seal water pipes. When the temperature rises sufficiently, the expansion of the contents (their composition is a secret) of the bulbs, breaks the bulb, and water flows. This may be sprayed directly on to the fire, or, if the water pressure is too small, the first flow of water can be made to set pumps going.

Fire extinguishers were made and two different types were shown " in action." One, containing acid and carbonate, was put into use by turning upside down, thus mixing acid and carbonate. The carbon dioxide evolved forces out a stream of water. In the other type, a knob is knocked against the ground, and a slow stream (d white paste comes out and clings to the burning body.

Electric motors and dynamos were also made.

We were shown the automatic extinguishers, mentioned above, in use. In one instance a pile of shavings, in a glass-sided hut, was sprinkled with petrol and set alight. The temperature soon rose high enough for the bulb to break and a shower of water to descend. This shower continues until someone turns it off. As much damage may thus be done, the breaking of the bulb is also made to work an alarm, so that any watchman can turn off the stream as soon as the fire is quenched.

An even more spectacular demonstration consisted of a layer of petrol being placed on oil, in a large tank, and set alight. When the flames had reached a height of at least six feet, with a six feet cloud of smoke above them, a spray of water was turned on, and the fire put out in a few seconds. (The automatic sprinklers were not used, since the fire would hardly have obtained a hold, before they had been set going). Mere pouring of water on to an oil-fire will not extinguish it, but in this instance, the water is so sprayed as to form a non-volatile non-inflammable emulsion, which protects the remaining oil from the air.

These were fitting experiments for November fifth ! Tea was very kindly provided before the party left for Sheffield.

On 10th December, at 4.30, N. R. Marshman gave a short lecture on " Surface Tension." It is hoped that at least one more lecture will be given this year.

After a short description of the nature and cause of surface tension, Marshman gave a series of interesting experiments, many of which were made easily visible to the audience by the use of a lantern and screen.

A needle was at last persuaded to float on water, and a waxed sieve easily carried water. This sieve would float on water, but an attempt to place three pieces of chalk in it, to represent the three ' men who went to sea in a sieve, failed.

When aniline is heated in water, at a certain temperature when ., the aniline is slightly less dense than the water, the aniline slowly , rises to the surface in almost spherical drops. The " drawing-back " of water, when drops of alcohol or ether are poured on to a thin layer of water, was easily shown by the use of the lantern. Un­fortunately, an attempt to produce a similar effect, by means of a heated glass rod, failed.

A number of experiments with soap bubbles were completely successful, mainly owing to the use of a special soap solution. This solution was so efficient that, when it was required to break a bubble to show that no more than three bubbles could meet at a point, it was found very difficult to do so. Soap films were formed on a series of frames ; perhaps the most peculiar effect was given by a flat spiral which, after dipping in the soap solution, formed a long screw.

A wire spiral was floated on water, and caused to rotate by dropping soap solution at the centre of the spiral.

Contrary to the expectations of a number of the audience, it was shown that when two unequal bubbles are connected, they do not become equal, but the larger increases at the expense of the smaller.

The lecture was well rounded off by a demonstration of the movement of floating ducks to which camphor had been attached, and the antics of pieces of camphor placed on water delighted everyone.

On Wednesday, 14th November, by kind permission of Dr. W. H. Hatfield, a party visited the Atlas Works of Messrs. Thomas Firth and John Brown, Limited.

In the very short time that was available, we were shown as much of the enormous works as possible. The forging of tyres, and the modern oil-cooling apparatus were seen, and then the making and testing of springs. After passing through the machine shops, we watched a large ingot being forged under a pressure of five thousand pounds per square inch. The last stages in the preparation of twenty-five tons of Bessemer steel in an electric furnace, were seen, and the tapping and pouring into moulds.

Thence we visited the Research Laboratories, seeing various tests, and the Museum, in which was a fine display of stainless steel articles. In the lecture room, two films of the production of steel in an electric furnace were shown.

The molten charge is first treated with an oxidizing slag to reduce the amount of carbon and sulphur present to within the required limits. This is removed, and a reducing slag, usually carbon and lime, is added, to reduce the metallic oxides, and also the amount of gas dissolved in the steel. Any required alloys are added, after which the steel is poured into a ladle, and from there, into the moulds.

A party visited the works of the Sheffield Smelting Company, Sweep Refiners, on 16th January.

The rubbish, sawdust and other waste material, which is brought from all parts of the world, is burnt to remove wood and other carbonaceous matter. The light ash is blown off, and the rest ground finely and passed through a fine sieve (thirty holes to the square inch). A specimen of this powder is taken, and " assayed " to determine its value. That is, a weighed quantity of the powder is added to a mixture of fluxes, litharge and reducing agents (flour and powdered coal), and the mixture heated in a crucible. Lead, containing all the valuable metals, sinks to the bottom, while the fluxes and earthy matter form a slag on the surface. The lead is beaten out and " cupelled," that is, it is placed in a small porous vessel, and heated strongly, when the vessel absorbs the lead, and leaves a bead of gold, silver or other metal. This bead is carefully weighed on a delicate balance. The silver (if any), is dissolved out by nitric acid, and the gold remaining re-weighed. If platinum, and not gold, is present, sulphuric acid is used. In another labora­tory, the solution containing the silver is titrated with salt, to determine the amount of silver that was present in the original specimen.

In refining on a large scale, the powder is heated with litharge (obtained in a later process) and coal. The lower layer in lead is tapped, and the lead oxidized to litharge (which is used again). The impure silver thus formed is purified by electrolysis. The slag, obtained in the heating of the powder with litharge, still contains some silver, and is heated, five tons at a time, in a blast furnace with more coal and litharge.

Coins, and other materials containing copper, are treated with hot sulphuric acid to remove this, and copper sulphate is one of the Company's by-products. The silver thus obtained is purified by electrolysis.

The pure silver is melted, and then either cast into ingots, or poured into water to give granulated silver.

Specimens of platinum-rhodium wire (used for thermocouples) palladium, platinum and other rare metals were seen, as were two small, heavy blocks of gold, worth over £2,000 each.

A very interesting visit !

J. Colquhoun arranged that a party of fourteen should visit the City of Sheffield Lighting Department on 30th January.

The dark-room, in which lamps are tested proved to be of the greatest interest. Here were seen several types of photometer, the most accurate of which was the Lummer-Brodhun. For quick work, however, photoelectric methods are used, which give an accuracy of within 1 per cent. A portable photometer was also examined.

Here mantles are tested on a "shocking" machine-an ordinary mantle will survive 2,000 shocks. A mercury vapour lamp was demonstrated, which, although it is rather cheaper than ordinary electric lamps, gives rather a " ghostly " light. The majority of the rays from this lamp are blue and green, as was able to be seen, by means of a direct-vision spectroscope.

Before visiting the stores and repairing sections, the systems of automatic control of lamps were shown, the efficiency of which varies from 99.8 per cent for gas lamp controllers, to 99.9 per cent for those for electric lamps. Some electric lamps are arranged to light up as daylight fades, by means of a " radio-visor," that is, a photoelectric cell. This has an unfortunate consequence if a, bird happens to sit on the window through which the light should enter.

The visit ended by a rapid survey of the stores and the repairing. departments, and of a new tower wagon which was demonstrated in the yard.

On Wednesday, 6th March, a party of twenty visited Messrs. Darwin's Fitzwilliam Works. Although the name of Darwin is chiefly associated with the safety razor blade, this is by no means their sole product. Darwin's manufacture magnets, hacksaw blades and electric gramophone turntables.

Large sheets of steel are mirror polished, cut into strips, rough ground, have slots stamped in them and then are tempered. When they have been cut into the correct size for razor blades they are either hand ground or machine ground on an endless belt. Two machines pack them, each machine dealing with 17,000 blades a day.

Hacksaw blades are furnace-heated for tempering, but articles requiring more uniform heating are immersed in an electric salt bath-barium, sodium and potassium chlorides-dried and sand blasted.

Wire is " pickled " in sulphuric acid, immersed in lime, washed and baked. It is then drawn, straightened and cut into lengths. Hexagonal wire is made for the manufacture of aeroplane nuts.

Small magnets for wireless loudspeakers, telephones, bicycle dynamos, etc., are stamped into the requisite shape and then tempered. Special care has to betaken to keep down the percentage of nickel in the steel. Very small magnets are magnetised by passage through a coil but the larger ones are magnetised by a large current passing through a thick copper horseshoe surrounding the magnet.

Lastly we saw a Siemen's furnace in operation. A small sample is taken from the furnace, and if satisfactory, the whole furnace is tipped and the steel poured into a ladle. An overhead crane carries it to the moulds and it is drawn off. Two half-ton ingots were made. A trip to the testing shops terminated a very pleasant visit.

G. B.

Chess.

A RATHER quiet season is just finishing. The membership has not been large.

The School competition has been keenly played, except in the case of a few entrants, who got no further than inscribing their names, or of a few who lost one game and abandoned all hope.

The chief competition results are :-.

  Played. Won. Lost. Drawn. Points.
Barnes, C. C. 21 14 7 0 28
Blackhurst, A. N. 12 4 7 1 9
Blackhurst, J. N. 22 14 8 0 28
Bradford, E. W... 11 2 9 0 4
Burkinshaw, T. 11 4 7 0 8
Coldwell, D. 16 9 6 1 19
Coldwell, K. 6 1 5 0 2
Cousens, R. G. 4 2 1 1 5
Hall, J. D. 3 1 2 0 2

  Played. Won. Lost. Drawn. Points.
Hancock, J. A. 2 1 1 0 2
Kay, L. R. 9 3 6 0 6
Love, E. 4 0 4 0 0
Richardson, K. 8 2 6 0 4
Hattersley, C. 5 2 2 1 5

Thus Barnes, C. C. and Blackhurst, J. N. lead.

Scores by Houses : Arundel 58 points.
  Chatsworth 33 „
  Clumber 17 „
  Welbeck 8
  Lynwood 4 „
  Wentworth 2 „

Junior School Notes.

FOOTBALL.-The Team has been disappointing this year. It has not produced the same number of players of promise as last season or the season before.

The 1st XI suffered heavy reverses from Birkdale and Westbourne-these teams consisted of older and bigger boys, but even so the results were unsatisfactory. Against a team of Westbourne (under 12) the juniors did better and won 6-4. Matches played against the lower forms of the middle school were more successful ; although 2c and 2n proved to be far too strong for the juniors which has not usually been the case.

In the forward line Ashford, W. and Heathcote, A., have shewn most promise, but both have been weak in front of goal. The halves, although on the small side, have shewn promise. Thompson, J. A., Shaw, A., Garrison, G. R., Oliver, J.

Jeffries and Longden should develop into useful backs and Slater and Hall have played useful games in goal.

This season has failed to produce players of outstanding merit but there is plenty of talent of average ability which should develop in the middle school.

Owing to the bad state of the ground the House Matches were not completed until March 8th.

If the football was below standard, the interest in the Competition was keen to the finish. In the end the Saxons won the Cup by the narrow margin of one point over the Angles and Britons. The Angles gained the 2nd place by a slightly better goal average. The Normans have had a poor season ; but whatever they have lacked in skill they have made up by keen team spirit and they have been well led by their Captain the redoubtable Hall, P. D.

 PlayedWon.Lost.Drawn. Pts.
Saxons6 3128
Angles6 3 2 1 7
Britons 6 3 2 1 7
Normans           61 5 2

The CROSS-COUNTRY RUN took place from Crosspool at 2.30, March 20th. The run was over the usual course-into the Rivelin Valley and back by Manchester Road. There were 78 runners-a record entry, each House being well represented. The weather conditions were ideal for running.

Results :- 1. Angles 44 points.
  2. Normans.. 63
  3. Saxons 109 „
  4. Britons 136

Parsons, G. H. (Normans) was 1st home. Time, 17 minutes.

Angles team :- Garrison, W. R 3rd
  Oliver, J. G 4th
  Longden, J. H. 6th
  Slater, W. D. 8th
  Wilson, A. L. 10th
  Ashford, W. 13th

Training for the ATHLETIC SPORTS is now in full swing. Com­petition between the four Houses always creates plenty of interest and excitement.

Junior School Parents' Day is fixed for Saturday, July 6th.

The CHRISTMAS PARTY at the end of last term was again a great success. The concert including musical items, a scene from Twelfth Night, A Christmas Carol (Dickens) and Six Blind J.2.A. Men, preceded the tea. The gift of books and toys to the Children's Hospital was gratefully acknowledged by the Matron.

The collection of clothing sent to Mr. Tyas for distribution was much appreciated.

*          *          *          *

THE SCHOOL ORCHESTRA.-It is good to see junior School boys in the orchestra. We congratulate Stagg, H. W. (violin), Foggitt, R. H. (oboe), Foggitt, G. H. (flute), and hope that Moxon, P. B. (violin) will join them next term.

House Notes.

ARUNDEL.

At the end of another football season we find the three House teams occupying unsatisfactory positions in each of their respective league, tables. The 1st XI have shown slightly improved form this season, Wilkinson H. playing some excellent games in goal Our 2nd team began with a run of success, but they were unable to maintain their high position. The absence of Bool owing to injuries was regrettable. Certain members of the 3rd XI show promise and with more experience will develop into useful members of the senior teams.

Congratulations to R. Ashford who has been awarded 2nd XI colours for football.

The first event of the athletic season took place on March 13th when the cross-country races were run over the same courses as in previous years. Arundel was well represented numerically in both the junior and senior events, and we must thank all those whose keenness prompted them to turn out. The senior team did quite well and were placed fifth in the House competition ; Chapman by being placed seventh has obtained running colours and to him we offer our congratulations. The junior team put up an excellent performance in obtaining second place in the House competition-no mean achievement. The best individual effort in the " Under 14 " race was made by Fowlston who was placed sixth. To Mr. Hickox, who is now an active member of Arundel, we give a hearty welcome.

CHATSWORTH.

If our football team had struck the patch of form earlier that it struck when we beat Clumber, we should have finished much higher in the table. 2nd and 3rd XI's finished up very satisfactorily second and first respectively. As far as one can see, Chatsworth is the football house of the future, from the strength of the 2nd and 3rd XI's. We bid goodbye to Burgin this term ; as soon as we find a goalie we seem to lose him again.

Congratulations to Howarth on his running colours and appointment as House Running Captain. We hope to do well in the sports, but were somewhat unlucky in drawing Lynwood in the first round of the tug-o'-war.

We have bright hopes for the knock-out Fives championship, as we are the only house, besides Sherwood, with two members in school teams. Many of the younger members of the house play fives and we should get a good junior team.

Last, but by no means least, congratulations to McQuillin on his Exhibition at Merton College, Oxford.

CLUMBER.

Clumber has shown up very well in the House Football Competitions this year. The 1st and 3rd XI's finished 2nd in their respective tables, while the 2nd XI finished 4th. The 1st XI won two of its three matches this term ; we beat Lynwood and Arundel very handsomely, but put up a lamentable display against Chatsworth, and lost badly. The Cricket season should see Clumber in a good position ; we have practically the same team as last year, but the bowling will be still further weakened by Holmes' leaving the school. As the Knock-Out Competition is being repeated this year, we can oily hope that the fortune of the draw will be on our side.

As to the Cross-Country Race our main hopes lie in the ability of the pack, though Melling and Youens, S. B., will probably finish in the first eight. We trust that Youens P. W. will win the two jumps in the Sports and we start favourites for the tug-o'-war. For the rest every runner must do his best, and we are indeed fortunate in having Mr. Exton to train us. Now that the nights are lighter, we hope that more people will wend their way to the fives courts ; Bridges and Dobson are willing to help any prospective learners.

(P.S.-Congratulations to Clumber's Cross-Country runners-we finished 3rd in the over 14 table and 8th in the under 14-especially to Melling, and the two Youens.)

HADDON.

Did not the editors of this magazine require the submission of contribu­tions at a ridiculously early date. Haddon would be able to publish abroad its successes in the cross country run-senior and (we hope) junior. But as it is, the paper (though not the paper-chase) triumph must be deferred until next term. In the meantime let us remind the casual reader-for none but the casual could be unaware of the facts-that the Haddon team has again, for the second year in succession, won the House Football Trophy ; the House 2nd XI were also champions ; whilst the 3rd XI were third on goal average, having an equal number of points to the team above them. Both Sivils and both Grays have been regular members of the School 1st XI, and have been awarded, or re-awarded, their 1st XI colours. Allen and Smith have been awarded their 2nd XI colours ; whilst the third Sivil, G. B., has also played for the School 2nd XI. Several members of Haddon have played for the School junior teams, including Proctor, who has ably captained the Under 14. The House success at football is made even more remarkable by the departure of that fine all-rounder Bedford, and by injuries to several players, including Bob Gray. Even thus handicapped the team scored 29 goals against Wentworth, bringing the season's total up to 98. To the Athletic and Swimming Sports, and the four Fives competitions, Haddon looks forward with every confidence. The Scouts, who are doing well, will welcome recruits. In the academic sphere Haddon can con­gratulate Smith on his Exhibition at University College, Oxford. (P.S.-We have won the Senior Cross Country, and the Junior Team came in third : congratulations to all concerned.)

SHERWOOD.

Having had four different housemasters within the last year, we hope at last to settle down under Mr. Glister. Last term we lost A. J. Spedding, a Sherwood stalwart for many years and a regular member of the School 1st XI this year. On the credit side we can place the return of McInnes to whom we thought to have bade farewell for ever, and of Barker, who has made a magnificent" come-back." We have not been too successful on the football field this season, but against that we can place the wonder­ful performance of our " under 14 " team in the Cross-Country. In Pashley P., Lacy, Banner and Cotton J. M., we had four out of the first eleven home. Bramhall and Hudson completed the winning team. Pashley, D., is to be congratulated once more on gaining his running colours. Perhaps as satisfactory as our successes was the number of boys who ran we had more than any other House in the Under 14 race and were well above the average in the other. Having made so satisfactory a start we hope to regain once more our position as " Champion House " in the Sports. As always this has been a quiet term for the Scouts, but McInnes must be congratulated on his appointment as Troop Leader and Cotton G. H., and Pashley, D., as Patrol Leaders.

LYNWOOD.

Although the House has lost the second place in the House football table, it was only after a good fight. Everything depended upon the last match of the season with Chatsworth, for before this match we had equal points with Clumber. Although we won this match by 7 goals to 3 it was not enough and we finished up third to Clumber on goal average. We can not leave the subject without thanking Graham for his good irk as football captain.

In the cross-country the juniors disappointed. They were fourth with 139 points. Bagnall ran well, but he was poorly supported. The following was the team : Bagnall 4, Calvert 15, Hughes 16, Jones 30, Newsome 36 and Mowat 38.

The seniors did better, being second with 104 points. The team consisted of : Williams 2, Siddall 9, Haigh 16, Denman 17, Taylor 29, a. Croft 31. Williams ran an extremely good race and deserves come. Ration. Finally, everyone must pull his weight and work really hard if Lynwood is to retain the Sports Cup, which the House has held for the last three years.

The House Supper was held at the end of the Christmas Term. A good feed was followed by an enjoyable entertainment, and Mr. Glister deserves our thanks for his hard work.

This term Lynwood lost Mr. Glister as House Tutor. He has left us to become House Master of Sherwood, and we wish him the best of luck. He came to Lynwood when Mr. Reyner left in September 1933 and it is largely due to his influence and encouragement that has kept the House up to standard during its decreasing strength. This term we have also lost Windeler, D. A., who has gone to the Woolwich Military School of, Science. We wish him the best of luck in his new life. More swimmers and fives players are needed for next term. Taylor is always willing to teach members of the House to swim and should be 'f seen at once by any possible learners.

Finally we wish good luck to all members of the House who are entering for the Sports.

WELBECK.

As was prophesied in our House Notes in the last Magazine, we finished the football season much better than we began it, only losing one match since then, to Haddon, which, we can Justly say, was not a heavy one. The House 1st XI was 4th in the League Table, and the 2nd and 3rd XI's were 5th and 4th in their respective Leagues.

The main interests this term were the Cross Country Races, for which we entered a goodly number (not one of whom was " press-ganged " into,' running). Our Senior Team was 4th, and our junior Team 7th the former being a very satisfactory result considering that J. M. Fulford, last year's winner, was unable to run.

The Scouts have been hard at work this Winter preparing for Summer in the way of sandal-making and canoe-building. At present they are suffering from a lack of Patrol Leaders, but as there are several promising younger people, this should be easily remedied.

WENTWORTH.

The end of the football season leaves Wentworth little to boast about. Although both the 1st and 2nd Xl's have several young and promising footballers, their efforts have generally been brought to nothing by the mediocrity of the rest of the team. We can only hope that our cricket will be considerably better than our football has been.

Finally, we must congratulate Leeson and Buckley on their running in the Senior and Junior Cross-Country Runs, respectively.

 

Playground Account.

SEPTEMBER 1st, 1933-AUGUST 31st, 1934.
INCOME.      EXPENDITURE.     
  £ s. d.  £ s. d.
By Subscriptions 408 8 8 Professional Groundsman 188 10 0
        Assistant Groundsman. . 55 11 0
Quota from Athletic Sports Account 30 0 0 Insurance­     
Sale of Photographs 8 5 0 National Health 4 0 10
Sale of Badges . . 4 6 1.5 Employers' Liability 3 0 6
Sale of Fives Balls 14 1 0 Cricket Materials & Repairs 78 11 6
Sale of Fixture Cards .. 3 17 4 Football do. 19 7 10
Pavilion Teas, recovered 9 2 0 New Cricket Net 5 0 0
Interest on War Stock 1 15 0 New Goal Nets .. 2 17 9
Bank Interest .. 0 4 3 Do. Posts 2 14 0
Donation 0 1 6 Fives Balls 20 16 0
Returned by 12 Boys on trip to Mount St. Mary's 0 18 0 Balls for Fives Matches. . 0 9 0
Excess of Expenditure over Income 0 11 0.5 Keep of Horse .. 5 18 0
        Blacksmith 4 1 0
..      Travelling Expenses of Teams 21 9 1.5
        Teas­     
        Visiting Teams & Games Master 24 15 6
        To be recovered 7 13 0
        Masters' lunches & Junior School Teas 3 4 4
        Printing­     
        Fixture Cards 4 4 6
        Tea Forms & Team Sheets 2 10 0
        Photographs 10 3 6
        Pavilion Requisites 2 16 1
        Framing of Pavilion Photographs (2) 0 19 0
        Shields for Pavilion 2 5 0
        12 doz. Cricket and Football Badges ­ 8 2 0
        Portages 1 4 51
        Cheque Book   .. 0 5 0
        Bank Commission         .. 0 10 6
        New Minute Book 0 10 6
  £481 9 11  £481 9 11
BALANCE SHEET. AUGUST 31ST 1934.
LIABILITIES.    ASSETS.     
  £ s. d.  £ s. d.
Balance as per last statement 74 6 11 Balance at Bank 67 13 9
Balance invested 50 0 0 War Loan Investment .. 50 0 0
  124 6 11 Due by Hon. Treas. 6 2 13
Expenditure in Excess of Income 0 11 0.5       
  £123 15 10.5  £123 15 10.5

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