King Edward VII School Magazine.

VoL. IX]  
JULY, 1935
[No. 3.

Editors
E. NAGLE, H. Y. LARDER.

Hon. Sec.:
Mr. E. F. WATLING.

CONTENTS.

  PAGE  PAGE
School Notes 93 Cricket 123
Speech Day 96 Fives Notes 140
The Athletic Sports 101 Scouting 140
Jubilee Celebration Sports 104 Old Edwardians 143
Swimming Sports 106 Old Edwardians' Cricket Club 114
Missionary Work in the Arctic Circle 110 Old Edwardians' Dramatic Society 145
Transient Glory 114 Library Notes 148
Impressions of Germany 115 Scientific Society 149
West Yorkshire Hike 116 House Notes 153
The Cotswold Hike 119 Correspondence 156
Tone 121 Notices 157
Music Notes 122   

School Notes.

THE prize distribution at the Athletic Sports last Term marked the retirement of Mr. J. W. Smith, and presentations were made to him on behalf of the School and the Old Boys' Association. Smith, in a few words of thanks, said : " This is a day which I have not looked forward to . I've only done my duty to the boys, and I ask them to play the game as I've tried to teach them.'

A hearty welcome is extended to L. Waghorn, his successor.

*          *          *          *

Congratulations to I. R. Scutt on winning a Squire Open Law Scholarship of £60 a year at the University of Cambridge, and a Town Trust Scholarship of £50 a year at the University of Sheffield to E. R. Monypenny on his Harkness Open Exhibition of £50 a year for Natural Science at the University of St. Andrews, and on his Robert Styring Undergraduate Scholarship at the University of Sheffield ; to R. Allison, and to G. C. Smith on their Technical Studentships at the University of Sheffield ; and to J. Colquhoun on his Medical Scholarship at the University of Sheffield (declined), and on his Malcolm Medical Bursary of £40 a year for five years at the University of St. Andrews.

*          *          *          *

Congratulations to A. A. White, L. A. McQuillin and G. M. I. Bloom on their appointments as prefects ; to R. Gray and E. B. Dobson on their appointments as Captain and Vice-Captain of Cricket ; and to M. H. Taylor on his record of 5m. 36secs. for the Quarter Mile Swimming Race in the South Yorkshire competition.

*          *          *          *

On July 2nd, the Upper School had the privilege of listening to a very interesting talk by Mr. R. P. Phillips on the functions and advantages of the junior Chamber of Commerce, which all leaving School for business posts were urged to join.

*          *          *          *

The School Chapel Service was held this Term on Sunday, May 19th, the address being given by the Headmaster.

*          *          *          *

On May 7th the special jubilee celebrations were held in schools throughout the city. Our Seniors went to Firth Park Secondary School, and the juniors to the Central. The Junior School had its own celebrations in the School grounds. In the sports held at Firth Park, we gained an easy victory, gaining first place in 11 out of 20 events. It is to be hoped that all those who received Jubilee medals will treasure them.

*          *          *          *

The Summer Term collection this year took the form of a flag day on behalf of the Council of Social Service. We had the unhappy misfortune to see prefects armed to the teeth resolutely attacking all and sundry, but in spite of their heroic efforts, the amount raised was the beggarly sum of £6 9s. 9d.

The Swimming Sports have taken place for the last time, we hope, at Glossop Road Baths. With the transference of the event to our own (?) baths, we may perhaps look forward to further developments and innovations. The suggestion has often been made that the Sports lack variety, and we heartily agree with past swimmers that the Swimming Sports would be greatly enhanced by a polo match or some sort of comic race. Perhaps, too, the system which has been recently introduced into the Athletic Sports of awarding points for races completed in a standard would give a more even chance to those Houses who have not a champion in their ranks. One thing is certain, that the members who now hang back owing to their inability to gain places in a race will probably be induced to try to attain a " standard time."

Speech Day was celebrated on June 26th, and was notable for the presence and very enjoyable address of His Grace the Archbishop of York. As the function was held in the afternoon, the indoor proceedings were made as short as could reasonably be expected, and the programme ended with a Gymnastic Display on the School Close, very admirably carried out by a selected team from Middle School Forms. A report of the speeches appears on another page.

*          *          *          *

We learn with great regret that Mr. Shorter, after a brief period of enjoyable leisure has contracted a serious illness which must debar him at present from almost all physical activity. After a spell of treatment in a London hospital, he is now back at his home in Norfolk. We shall anxiously await news of his improvement.

*          *          *          *

There is issued with this number of THE MAGAZINE an index to the last two volumes (VII and VIII), covering the years 1930-34, which like those of the preceding four years form a convenient unit for binding. One set at least will be bound and deposited in the School Library, and we hope that the Index-will be useful to others who have their copies complete.

*          *          *          *

It is perhaps worth while to remind those who are leaving that THE MAGAZINE can be supplied to them by post for a subscription of 2s. 6d. a year, and that the more this arrangement is made use of by Old Edwardians the more effective can THE MAGAZINE become as a means of informing them of the doings of the School, and of each other. Details will be found on the subscription form on the last page of each issue.

Speech Day.

JUNE 26TH, 1935.

PROGRAMME.

The School Song.

THE CHAIRMAN.

THE HEADMASTER'S REPORT.

Anthem : " Ein' feste Burg"

LATIN ADDRESS OF WELCOME BY THE HEAD OF THE SCHOOL,
W. J. SMITH.

Address and Distribution of Prizes
- by -
His GRACE THE LORD ARCHBISHOP OF YORK
(The Most Rev. WILLIAM TEMPLE, P.C., D.Litt., D.D.).

Song : " Here's a health unto His Majesty "

Vote of Thanks : Proposed by
THE LORD MAYOR OF SHEFFIELD
(ALD. PERCIVAL J. M. TURNER).

Seconded by
THE PROVOST OF SHEFFIELD
(The Very Rev. A. C. E. JARVIS, C.B., C.M.G., M.C., D.D.).

Song : " The Mermaid " Soloist : MR. W. E. GLISTER

GYMNASTIC DISPLAY

GOD SAVE THE KING

THE SPEECHES.

The Chairman, Alderman E. G. ROWLINSON, offered a cordial welcome to the Archbishop, and referred to some forthcoming changes in the School which it was hoped would be accomplished during the next twelve months. These included the new Swimming Bath, and the new junior School premises at Clarke House. For the latter, warmest gratitude was due from the School and the City to the Osborn family, who had most generously offered their old home for this purpose.

The HEADMASTER'S summary of Examination results was, this year, in the nature of a warning that Higher Certificates were, at the moment, on the decline, with 32 Certificates and 7 distinctions as compared with an average of 43 Certificates and 19 distinctions for the previous four years, this being due to the small number of boys who entered the School in 1928. In 1929 the School numbered 608, and since then has steadily increased until this year, for the first time in the history of the School, we have reached the figure of 700. On the other hand, the School Certificate result of 1934 constituted a new high record for the School. " I regard growth," said the Head­master, " as a sign of vitality and vigour. But in other ways I am bound to say it fills me with horror and apprehension. If there is one danger that I fear, and one thing that I hate, in this highly organised and vastly populated world to-day, it is the tendency of the School of yesterday to become the Education factory of the night-marish to-morrow . Education as it has been understood in England in the past, has been in the main a personal matter. It has consisted in the impact of mind upon mind-accompanied, it is true, sometimes by personal impacts upon the body. A boy was' old Mr. So-and-so's pupil ' or `learnt his Latin or his Mathematics under so and so '. That was either very good or very bad. It all depended on the master. To-day a boy's education will often be described by saying that he won a Special Place or a County Minor Scholarship to a Secondary School. and passed with so many credits in his School Certificate. Poor lad. The best has been denied him, as well as the risk of the worst. These Scholarships and Certificates represent our guarantee against the worst. They are the Safety First measures of educational authorities faced with a vast horde of children whom they have promised to educate. And for that reason, with all their faults and dangers, we must keep them But I am an inveterate believer in the possibility of having the best of both worlds-of keeping a boy's education human without letting it become inefficient." This could only be done, the Head­master said, as long as it was possible for a Headmaster and Senior Masters to exercise a general and specialised interest respectively in the boys under their charge, and the danger of in­creasing numbers was that personal knowledge of the boys might become impossible. A limit not very far above our present numbers would have to be sought and kept, if the essential character of the School was not to be seriously changed for the worse.

" Speaking of Senior Masters and their duties cannot but remind many here of one who did with especial wisdom and kindliness and firmness exercise that tutorship of which I have spoken. As you. all know, Mr. Watkins, after many vicissitudes of illness and much fortitude under them all, passed from among us last autumn, amid the deepest personal sorrow and affection both of the boys and Old Boys, and perhaps above all of his friends and colleagues on the Staff. Although it is true that the School can never be the same without him, it is also true that his work here has left an abiding mark which the School will, I hope, never lose.

"The many friends of Mr. Shorter, of whose retirement I spoke last year, will I know very warmly sympathise with him and with Mrs. Shorter in the serious illness which has overtaken him, and I know that I shall be right in wishing him on your behalf a speedy recovery and many years of happy retirement.

"And I must not fail to mention here Mr. J. W. Smith. He has also been one of our landmarks, and although his twenty-seven years of service at Whiteley Woods and on the School Close came to an end at Easter, much to his sorrow and mine, he is still a member of the School community, and I hope that all his life he will remain so."

Among the Honours gained by Old Boys, the Headmaster mentioned the Whewell Scholarships of P. Allen, who also came out top of the list for the First, or Administrative Division of the Civil Service ; the post-graduate honours of E. T. Williams, R. B. Fisher, C. F. King and C. Wigfull ; the Junior Mathematical Scholarships won by G. L. Camm (previously held by three Old Edwardians) and the Chancellor's Prize for Latin Prose won by L. N. Wild-an honour never before attained by an Old Edwardian.

After commenting on the honours of the current year, the Headmaster concluded : " It is of course much more difficult to win visible successes in the education of boys to whom School work does not come like water to a duck. But perhaps those whose sons are as yet only moderate swimmers will be reassured by the implications of what was said earlier about large numbers-namely, that in this School such boys are not, and I hope never will be, lumped in with the mass to sink or swim as they may. Each of these boys is a person of interest and his education is an individual matter proper to himself. I speak for myself and for the staff as a whole in saying that the education of a boy who does his best, whatever his ability, is no drudgery to us, but is our plain, and on the whole our very pleasant, duty."

The Head of the School (W. J. SMITH), welcomed the Archbishop in the following words :­

Quern nunc libentissime universi nos hospitio nunc excipimus, virum plurimis artibus illustratum et ornatum, de illo multa quiden sunt Praedicanda : inter disertos primo Rugbeienses turn Balliolicos ita studium litterarum-et philosophiae coluisse ut summo omnium consensu Princeps iuventutis Oxoniensis iudicaretur ; artibus humani­oribus eundem et pueros iuvenesque Praeceptorem instruxisse, et ecclesiam Anglicanam, quam multis rebus scriptis et dictis iamdudum illustraret, nunc merito Archiepiscopum Eboracensem dirigere et gubernare.

Quare tamers pedestri hac locutione usus merita eius enumerem, potius quam facundi illius ecclesiastiei versus recitem expolitos, per quos libro acclamavit "De Fundamentis" scripto, cuius opens Partem susceperat hand minimam hospes poster ? De quo ait poeta ille qui nunc Pater Nox nominatur:

Tantus erat quantus quisdam per saecula visus
Non hominis facies, effigies generis.
Qui vegetus discens, acerrimus usque quiescens,
Vicissim fecit cuncta, nec ulla male.
Patre satus magno, mox acriter alta Petivit
Et quidam Stoicum vaticinatus cum.
Intravit iuvenis convivia Balliolorum
Quem mox Reginae corripuere vicem.

Nempe ille doctissimus et eruditissimus iure existimatur--nonne facile intellexit hanc orationem ? Idemque urbanus, dicax, modestus, comis. Multitudini igitur humilium haud minus quam litteratis semper placuit. Quae cum reputemus omnia, cupide nos decet orationem eius exspectare, cui cum honorem tribuimus nobis ipsis honorem praestamus.

The ARCHBISHOP was, if we may so express it, definitely in good form. He was grateful for the welcome he had received from the School and from the Chairman, and from the Head of the School, whose Latin oration had evidently pleased and amused him. He took occasion, however, to protest at what he called our barbarous pronunciation (of Latin), suggesting that the expression vicissim in the translation of the lines of Father Knox about himself might have misled some hearers into supposing that the union of Christen­dom was nearer than in fact, unhappily, it was ! The Grammar School tradition of education-His Grace continued, in more serious vein-was a precious one, derived from the earliest days of English education, and was one that had been developed further in England than in any other country in Europe, or possibly in the World. Its essential feature was the belief that the social life of a school was its most valuable element, and that at such a school one was chiefly educated by being a member of that society and learning to bear responsibility in it. The influence of a good home counted for much, but there were things that could not be so well learnt, even in the best of homes, as in a good school. Home life was not, as a rule, a training in responsibility, because responsibility, and the making of decisions, rested in the main with parents. At school, on the other hand, masters, though they settled certain things, did not settle everything, and it was far better that they should not. Their task was so to guide the life of the School that the boys took more and more of its management and direction into their own hands and so obtained their training in citizenship and public spirit. It was clear that here we had a strong sense of corporate life, and that being so, the next requirement was to develop the intellectual side as much as possible. The value of University education was of the same kind, and the saying that ' German Universities make scholars, while English Universities make men,' if not wholly justifiable, was a true indication of the ideals and methods of our best Universities.

It was right and natural that athletic prowess should be applauded and admired. This was not because muscle was more important than brain, but because the athlete could generally be said to be contributing to the corporate life of the school by winning honours for it, or for his team, whereas this was not so obviously true of the scholar whose successes might seem, at first sight, to benefit mainly himself. Nevertheless, it was of course true that the intellectual side of education was of the greatest importance, both collectively and individually. And the soundest principles of intellectual education could best be appreciated when it was under­stood that the word 'education' itself meant 'nourishment '­being in fact derived from educare, ' to provide with food,' and not (whatever anyone else might have told us) from educere, 'to draw out.' Just as nourishment involved two processes, consumption and assimilation, of which the latter was the vital one, so education consisted not only of the acquisition of facts or knowledge, but the assimilation of them in such a way that they entered into the nature of the person and changed his composition, producing an effect which remained even after the facts originally consumed, of learnt,' were completely forgotten. In the study of History, for example, it was not the knowledge when things happened (1066 and all that) that mattered, but why they happened when they did : to know this was to understand something of the world we lived in. And just as there were two kinds of learning, the useless and the useful, there were also two kinds of methods of examining : one adopted by examiners who were ' as idle as the people who do the papers,' in which answers could be marked as either right or wrong ; the other, in which the answers could not be either 'right' or ' wrong,' but 'better ' or 'worse ' answers. This was the kind of examination for which it was impossible to cram, and which was a real test of true education. Spelling (His Grace ventured to say), was a good example of the kind of knowledge which is useless, being merely a matter of memory-or of trial and error-whereas Punctuation, being dependent on clear thinking, was in quite a different category.

His Grace ended by urging his belief that the supreme value of school life was mainly gathered in its closing years. " There has grown up in this country a supposition that sixteen is the proper age to leave school. I am glad to see plenty of evidence on your honours list that that is not prevalent here. Therefore I want to end by turning for a moment to any parents there may be who are faced with what is often a difficult position-whether they can afford to keep a boy at school the full time until he is 18 and his school course is closed ; and to plead that they will make every possible sacrifice to that end if the boy is really promising, because there is no sacrifice a man can make to his country more worth while than that which enables him to present to the country another citizen trained in the spirit of public service, and with faculties developed to make that service effective."

The principal Prizewinners were :-The Royal Grammar School Classical Prize, and the Classical Composition Prize, H. Y. Larder ; The Royal Grammar School Ancient History Prize, A. J. Maude ; The W. P. Taylor Mathematical Prize, C. K. Thornhill ; The English and History Prizes, W. J. Smith ; The Science Prize, G. I. M. Bloom ; The English Essay Prize, J. W. O. Bridges ; The English Poem Prize, T. H. Miller ; The French Prize, I. R. Scutt ; The German Prize, W. J. Smith ; The Spanish Prize, J. A. Kelso.

The Athletic Sports.

THE Sports this year were made noteworthy by the breaking of two records. In the Long Jump, J.H. Allan excelled himself, and no doubt surprised himself, by making a splendid jump of 20 ft. 72 ins. He beat G.I. Paine's 1912 record of 19 ft. 84 ins. Youens was not far behind him in jumping for second place.

In the High Jump, P.W. Youens beat his own record (made last year) with 5 ft. 32 ins.

R. Gray, last year's Champion Athlete, who had been dogged by misfortune in the shape of accidents throughout the year and was far from fit, made the most terrific (and terrifying) efforts to retain his title. He won, but with what devastating effects to his constitution it is not at present safe to say. He is to be con­gratulated on his amazing pluck and endurance. Melling's running this year was a joy to behold. His mile was beautifully judged and he could easily have run in better time (5 mins. 21.2secs.) had he needed to do so. The 12-15 High jumping was good, Sorby clearing 4ft. bins. He will do well to adopt a modern style, and should ask advice from experts.

J.M. Cotton who cleared 4ft. in the under 12 High jump is a young athlete of much promise. I hope that he will take his jumping seriously and train carefully for it. There are some young sprinters with real style in the school at present (D. Fowlston, P. L. Mellor and G. H. Parsons for example) and with sensible training and due modesty they should do very well one of these days.

E.G.S

Results.

100 YARDS.
220 YARDS.
440 YARDS.
HALF-MILE HANDICAP.
HIGH JUMP.
LONG JUMP.
SACK RACE.
OBSTACLE RACE.
HALF-MILE (OPEN).
ONE MILE (OPEN).
MILE HANDICAP.
INTER-HOUSE RELAY RACE
INTER-HOUSE TUG-OF-WAR.
CHAMPION HOUSE.
JUNIOR SCHOOL.
CHAMPION ATHLETE.

Jubilee Celebration Sports.

THE Jubilee Celebrations of the Sheffield Secondary Schools took the useful form of Athletic Sports. Six teams competed in two varied programmes. The senior events were held at Firth Park and the others at High Storrs on the sunny afternoon of Tuesday, the 7th May.

Our thanks are due to the City Council for providing the tea which followed and to the staffs and other helpers at the two schools for the catering and ground arrangements.

The programmes were attractive and competitors were wisely restricted to two events, apart from the relay races. Points were not awarded but readers will be glad to know how our own athletes fared.

EVENTS AT FIRTH PARK.

Gray, W. S. began our successes by winning the 100 yards (over 16).

In the High jump (under 16) Burley, W. A. jumped well at first but as the height increased he misjudged his take off. He has a bad fault of not alighting correctly on his feet after clearing the bar and as in this case there was no sand pit, it affected his jumping. It is worth his while to remedy this fault.

In the 440 yards (over 16), Fulford, J.M. got well away and led for more than half the course. Croxford, of the Central School then challenged him for the lead. Fulford made a good but unsuccessful response and finished second, with Youens, S. B. third.

The Long jump (over 16) was disappointing. There were too many 'no jumps', a fault which can be remedied by placing a mark on the run-up. The other main fault was in not keeping the legs tucked up until the end of the jump. This can only be remedied by constant practice. The winning jump was less than 16ft. Allen, J.H. not far behind this, shared third place. Youens, P.W. was suffering from an injury to the back and so failed to do himself justice.

In the Relay Race (4x220 yards, under 16), Williams, R. H. D. finished his section with a lead of about 6 yards. Due to a good change, Burley, W. A. started with a lead of nearly 10 yards, and increased this to about 15 yards. Pentelow, F. increased this again to about 20 yards and Mortimer, O.B. easily held this to the finish.

Throwing the Cricket Ball is a useful event which might well be included in our own Sports. In the under 16 event, Burley, W. A. made the winning throw of 72 yards.

Blaskey, J.H. at one time had a lead in the 220 yards (over 16) and eventually shared first place.

The Long jump (under 16) produced jumps actually longer than the winning senior jump, due to better springing rather than to good style. Mortimer, O.B. won the event for K.E.S.

The Relay Race (4 X 220 yards, over 16) followed and again K.E.S. won. Green D. W. started well and finished with a lead of about 5 yards. Saville, M.S. increased this, Monypenny, E. R. and White, A.A. added to it so that finally we had a lead of nearly 30 yards.

Melling, F. won comfortably in the 440 yards (under 16). In the High jump (over 16) Youens, P.W., because of his injury, rested until the next best jumper had finished. He then cleared 4ft. 10ins to win, but failed in an attempt to clear 5ft. 3ins.

In the Medley Relay, Mortimer, O.B. and Burley, W. A. each finished about 5 yards behind the leaders in their respective 220 yards. Fulford, J.M. in his 440 yards, went ahead and finished with a lead of about 12 yards. The half-mile which completed the race brought about a duel between Melling, F. and Croxford, the latter eventually finishing in good style, about 15 yards ahead of Melling.

Pashley, D. was very happy in the Obstacle Race. Neither nets nor sacks nor hurdles caused him difficulty, whilst his springing on to and off carts and his forward roll were done in the best gymnastic style.

K.E.S. had finished first in nine out of the twenty events. Unfortunately, our under 15 competitors had gone to High Storrs and so could not compete in these events.

R.G.E.

EVENTS AT HIGH STORRS.

In the High jump (under 15), Leeson, J.A. and Sorby, W. jumped well, but were eventually beaten. In the 440 yards final (under 15 ), Fretwell, R.A. led for most of the way but was over­taken just before the finish.

In the Long jump (under 15), Barton made two 'no jumps' but Fretwell gained third place for us in spite of smashing the take-off board.

In the 100 yards (under 14), there was a very close finish, but Barton, J. I. just secured first place.

Revill, K. E. shared second place in the 100 yards (under 14).

Fretwell, R.A. was third in Throwing the Cricket Ball, the winner having made a very good throw.

The Relay Race (4 x 220 yards, under 14) was won for our school by Bagnall, J. T., Moffatt, R. C., Mellor, P. L., and Bennett, G. T.

In the 220 yards (under 14) Fowlston, D. finished second, he and the winner being well away from the rest of the runners.

In the Medley Race, Barton, J. I. and Banner, J.H. ran 110 yards each, Mellor, P. L. and Fowlston, D. ran 220 yards each and Fretwell, R.A. completed it with 440 yards. We won.

COLLINS, A. J. C.

Swimming Sports.

THE Annual Swimming and Diving Competitions were held at Glossop Road Baths on Tuesday, the 2nd July. The number of competitors again showed a slight increase, but the number of those who claimed points for being able to swim was a little lower than last year's figure. This is perhaps due to cold weather delaying the start of Mr. Smith's swimming lessons, but a big increase by next year would be welcome.

More encouraging is the fact that, during the past few years, the standard of swimming and diving, as shown in these sports, has improved considerably. In the Free-Style Events, a greater. proportion of swimmers now use the Crawl stroke, which is un­doubtedly the best for racing, and they do so with no mean ability. Others use Trudgeon and will, no doubt, change to Crawl as soon as they have mastered the leg-flutter of the latter stroke. Several swimmers used Back Crawl in preference to Back Overarm, another development of the past two years. Some Racing Breast Strokes were spoiled by lack of rhythm but others were good, and Holden, A. broke the previous record for the 14-16 Breast Stroke race, returning a time of 246 seconds for one length.

The Style Swimming event again provided good exhibitions of Breast Stroke and Back Overarm. These are excellent strokes for leisurely swimming and for longer distances and, when done correctly with long glides between strokes, give pleasure to the performer and the observer. Mr. Blatherwick, who again judged the event, was good enough to explain why full points had not been gained. This information will, no doubt, help future entrants to maintain the high standard already set.

The most noticeable improvement, however, has occurred in diving. Except for Back Stroke events, all racers entered the water head first, and some approaches to a good Racing Dive were seen. This should be shallow, and can only be achieved by getting the right crouch in the " ready " position. Racers should get more practice in starting from commands, so as not to lose valuable time by being late or to be in danger of causing a re-start by being too soon.

The Neat Dive improves year by year, thanks chiefly to helpful criticisms by Mr. Blatherwick when judging the competitions. At last the stance and arm movements are good and this year's com­petitors showed that they were trying to perform the right flight and entry. For this, the spring must be directed more upwards than outwards and the body turned in the air so that, in an almost vertical direction, it enters the water much nearer the take-off than happens in first attempts.

Many races provided close finishing, usually for second place. An event of special interest was the Relay Race between The Old Edwardians, the School and Nottingham High School, in which t he teams finished in that order. The School won the corresponding diving competition. The Nottingham representatives made graceful dives, but went too far outwards.

The House relays were, as usual, keenly contested. Chatsworth, the winning junior team, reduced the previous best time by 116 seconds-an excellent performance. Lynwood finished an easy first in the Senior Relay, to win the Melling Cup. They also won the House Championship.

At the end of the meeting, the Headmaster announced that a shield had recently been presented to the School by the " Sheffield Independent," and would be held by the House of the champion swimmer. He said it would be a pleasure to award this, later on, to Taylor, M. H.

Taylor's outstanding prowess in the water has given a useful fillip to School swimming. He has recently won the Sheffield Men's 100 yards championship and the Yorkshire quarter-mile championship.

The Headmaster also thanked Mr. Blatherwick, the Baths' Manager, for assisting with the judging so often and for making the arrangements at the Baths. He expected the School would possess its own Baths before next summer. With baths which can be used throughout the year, we can expect a further all-round advance in aquatic activities and look forward to Water-Polo.

R. G. E.

RESULTS.

OPEN EVENTS.
OVER 16.
HOUSE RELAY (SENIOR)-FOR THE MELLING CUP.
HOUSE RELAY (JUNIOR).
AGE 14-16.
UNDER 14.
THE MATCH BETWEEN THE SCHOOL, THE OLD BOYS AND NOTTINGHAM HIGH SCHOOL.

Relay Race-1. Old Edwardians. 2. The School.

Neat Dive- 1. The School. 2. Old Edwardians.

HOUSE TROPHY.
1.Lynwood (261 points). 3. Arundel (148 points).
2. Chatsworth (174 points). 4. Welbeck (124 points).
  Points for Points for 
  Swimmers Events.Total.
1. Lynwood 68 193 261
2. Chatsworth 67 107 174
3. Arundel 74 74 148
4. Welbeck 65 59 124
5. Clumber 68 26 94
6. Haddon 71 0 71
7. Sherwood 58 0 58
8. Wentworth 35 3 38
DAILY INDEPENDENT " CHALLENGE SHIELD.

(To be held by the Champion Swimmer).
Awarded to Taylor, M. H.

Total number of swimmers, 268.

The School's best performances in swimming and diving during the last four years are published below. Earlier records do not exist, but if they did, there is little doubt that these figures would displace many of them. We extend our heartiest congratulations to Taylor, M. H., for establishing these records.

EVENT. PERFORMANCE. ESTABLISHED BY. YEAR.
Free Style (Open) 1 lgth. 16.8 secs. Taylor, M. H. 1932
Free Style (Over 16)
3 lengths.
63.4 secs.
1935
Breast Stroke (Over 16)
2 lengths          
53.4 secs.
1934
free Style (14-16)
2 lgths.
45.2 sees.

"
1933
Breast Stroke (14-16)
1 length
24.2 secs. Holden, A. 1935
Back Stroke (14-16)
1 length
25 secs. Taylor, M. H. 1933
Free Style (Under 14)
1 length
18.6 secs.
1932
Breast Stroke (Under 14)
1 length
26 secs.
1932
Back Stroke (Under 14)
I length
25 secs.
1932
Senior Relay (4 lengths) 85.4 secs. Lynwood 1933
Junior Relay (4 lengths) 1 min. 52.8 secs. Chatsworth 1935
School v. O.E.s and Nottingham High Schl. 72 secs. Old Edwardians 1932
Long Plunge 51ft. 3in. Taylor, M. H. 1935
OLD EDWARDIANS FOOTBALL CLUB.
1ST X1.
Won 19, Drawn 3, Lost 4. For, 118; Against, 50.
G. H. Rayner (Vice-Captain), S. Pearson, F. T. Oldfield (Captain), R. Levi,
J. K. Walton, J Credland, J. Newman (Secretary).
J. G. Brownhill, H. F. Pearson, F. P. Mountford, J. C. Hawkswell, W. S. Parker
2ND X1.
Won 8, Drawn 3, Lost 13. For, 77 ; Against, 91.
G. W. Morgan (Groundsman), D. Howe, E. J. Hornsby (Captain), S. N.Everitt,
A. G. Dawtry, R. G. D. Welch, S. E. Boler, F. M. Ellis (Referee).
C. Thirkill, W. G. Wells, F. P. Mountford, T. R. Hearnshaw, D. S. B. Smith.

Missionary Work in the Arctic Circle.

(We are indebted to the Rev. H. N. DUNCAN (O.E.), for this article which will recall the very interesting talk which he gave to the School last Term.-ED).

THE Polar regions hold a certain fascination for most people, I suppose, but whereas the majority of those who actually visit such remote parts of the world are drawn thither by the lure of the unknown and the urge to probe the secrets of unex­plored lands, the cause which prompted my own entry into the Arctic Circle was the spiritual need of the Eskimo, a rapidly diminish­ing race in certain parts of the Arctic, though on the increase in our own part, the northern half of Baffin Land and the adjacent westerly islands and peninsulas. My object in this article is to put before those who probably know very little of actual Arctic conditions some of the circumstances in which a missionary may find himself. The " we " of this article is not the customary editorial variety, but represents the Rev. J. H. Turner, who was my colleague for two of the four years I served in the Arctic, and myself. The remaining two years I was alone in our station.

Stations in the Arctic are only visited once a year by a ship of the Hudson's Bay Company, which brings all the necessary stores, fuel, ammunition, etc., from Montreal. So the 1st of September, 1929, found us arriving at Ponds Inlet, at the north end of Baffin Land, a Hudson's Bay Company trading post and the headquarters of a detachment of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, with our future home on board. The next month was occupied in building and fitting up a house which would adequately protect us in tem­peratures ranging from about 65 above zero to about 60 below zero, both Fahrenheit. During the 48 hours in which the ship was anchored off the village we had the help of many of the crew, but after that we were left to our own devices, and found ourselves facing many new problems. Careful study of the architect's plans is one thing : actual erection of a house along such lines is a very different matter. One or two rather drastic changes in the plans conducive to our greater comfort suggested themselves to us, with the result that we began to run short of timber, and the final partition wall between our two bed-studies had to be composed of all kinds of odd fragments. The house was habitable in a fortnight-­or so, but naturally there were many fittings and improvements which only occurred to us later, and the past five years have seen many of these. Of furniture we had a table, six chairs, two bed­steads and two study chairs ; the rest we had to make. There is a subtle fascination in fitting and furnishing one's own house : at any rate one can never lay the blame on careless workmen or slipshod labourers ! But, even at the risk of being accused of blowing my own trumpet, I must say that it is an extremely com­fortable house, and with only one large cooking stove we can keep warm even when the thermometer registers 50 below zero-and it is amazing how the cold finds out the chinks and cracks in an apparently weather-tight wall.

With the completion of the house, we were able to settle down to definite missionary work as it is generally understood. One hears nothing now, in our district, of the old pagan beliefs, and most of our people are professing Christians. But one of our greatest difficulties lies in their inability to differentiate between nominal and practical Christianity : we aim at a living faith which is shown in practice in the life, and the absence of this gives us ample scope for work still. Most of our people are very interested in all we are able to tell them of the Christian life, but it is always difficult to get at the back of an Eskimo's mind and know what he really thinks.

The only means of travel in the North is by dog-team, and it is an expensive plan to employ a native whenever one wants to visit native camps. Hence our plan has been to breed dogs ourselves and dispense as far as possible with native help in driving them. Sometimes, of course, it is essential to employ a man who has a thorough and almost uncanny knowledge of local conditions, and it is rarely safe for a white man to make a long trip unaccompanied by a native. But a glance at the map of our immediate neighbour­hood will show that we are on a kind of inland sea, which makes travelling much easier. We only travel over the sea ice-never over the land if it can possibly be avoided-and one has only to follow the coast as a rule. The breeding and care of dogs takes an immense amount of time and trouble ; all the care one can bestow on pups for the first six months or year of their life is well repaid when they are put into harness and set to work. It may surprise some of you to hear that our dogs are only fed every other day or every third day, but they seem to be constitutionally different from clogs in other lands, and I can assure your that our dogs are very rarely anything but fat, and then only because we are short of food for them. Our dogs live almost exclusively on seal meat, and a team of fourteen or fifteen, such as we have, need a whole seal every other day. So you will appreciate that we have to spend a good bit of our spare time hunting. At certain times of the year seals are fairly plentiful, but in the winter one may go out, as the Eskimo often do, day after day and get nothing. And often blizzards make hunting absolutely impossible. At such times the Eskimo as well as their dogs go hungry, and almost every year, when the people come in for their annual trading and visit to the Mission, we hear of cases of semi-starvation.

With a population of some 500, scattered fairly evenly over a district nearly as large as the British Isles, and with a travelling season of barely three months in the year, it is practically impossible to visit more than a fraction of our people every year, and very largely we have to rely on seeing them when they come in, usually during the months of April and May, for trading at the H.B.C. post. Those are our very busy months, and as Eskimo have very little idea of time, we have them coming up, to the Mission at all hours of day or night, though many are beginning to realise now that white men usually sleep during the night.

Most people seem to have the idea that the Arctic regions are more or less uniformly cold. It may come as a surprise to you to know that at times in the spring it is almost uncomfortably hot. Many a time when out hunting I have almost wished the sun were less hot, and those unfortunate people who suffer from what is known as snow-blindness would heartily endorse the wish, though as a matter of fact the tendency to snow-blindness is greater on dull days. I have never been snow-blind myself, but I am told it is one of the most painful experiences one can have. One of the white men described it to me as feeling like having ground glass behind the eyeballs. From the 19th May to the 255th July each year the sun shines all the 24 hours, giving us some little compensa­tion for its perpetual absence during the months of November, December and January. The trapping of white foxes occupies the Eskimo during November, December, January, February and March, and the money obtained by their sale provides the people with ammunition, rifles, tobacco, clothes and any of the other 101 things that can be obtained in the H.B.C. tradestore.

Usually the sea freezes over some time in October and remains pretty solidly frozen till June, when the tides begin to break up the shore ice. As soon as the rivers open up again, early in July as a rule, the sea ice fairly quickly breaks up, but it is usually mid­August before we are really clear of ice, and during the two months of open water we see numbers of icebergs and any amount of loose ice drifting through to the open sea in Baffin Bay. One of the most impressive sights I have ever seen is the capsizing of a large iceberg with a roar like thunder a huge chunk of ice breaks off, upsetting the berg's equilibrium, the enormous mass slowly heels over, some­times turning turtle altogether, sometimes gently oscillating and finally assuming a new position. Only a few days before the ship arrived last year, an enormous castle-like berg drifted down and settled on a shallow almost immediately opposite the Mission. Last autumn two gigantic bergs settled down, as we thought for the winter, but were moved by a powerful easterly gale. We are always anxiously on the lookout in the late summer for an iceberg that is likely to ground fairly near us, as we are dependent on bergs for our water supply in the winter. For about three months in summer we can use the stream that flows near the Mission, but for about nine months we use fresh ice for every bit of water that we want for drinking, washing, etc. For fuel we use a soft kind of coal that is found in various places in the North : the nearest " mine " is seven or eight miles away, and it represents an immense saving of money, being a mere tithe of the cost of anthracite imported from Montreal.

It is impossible in this article to give more than a most inadequate view of missionary life in such a remote part of the world. It is a life full of variety and interest ; besides the ordinary missionary work we have all the work of the house to do and there is little time to feel the loneliness that many people imagine is one of the special difficulties of life in the North. One becomes accus­tomed to doing without the daily paper and the daily mail : the time passes incredibly quickly, and there is always plenty to be done. None the less it is a very pleasant sight to see the annual ship steam round the point and to see some fresh faces. There are numberless problems in the work and up to the present little visible result. The language is one of the most difficult in the world and there is little help in learning it as none of the Eskimo know enough English to be of any real help. But in all the work and its difficulties there is ample compensation in the assurance that in serving these people we are serving Him who has done so much for us, and we are looking forward to the time when some of the Eskimo will find the fullest satisfaction in life in His service, too.

H. N. DUNCAN.

Transient Glory.

SWEET daffodils, that Nature made so fair,
For how long will your golden trumpets sway
Triumphant? How long will you live? A day
Or so and you are gone. The morning air,
That sees your new-born glory, sees you wear
A bloom which age will quickly fade and lay
Your fallen glory on the ground. Away !
What has your purity to do with care

Eternity is in your flowers frail,
For though your golden petals fall, you live
A timeless splendour which will never fail.
This quiet memory, for ever still
And passionless, for ever calm, it will
Remain the best that life can ever give.

T. H. M.

Impressions of Germany.

A AFTER visiting Germany it is very difficult to draw any definite conclusions, that is to say regarding the Nazi government. The German people themselves seem very much akin to the English. They have a great pride in their country, and seem to be very straightforward in their ways. They have ideas and opinions which seem strange to us however, but that is natural considering what they went through during and just after the war. For instance, they seem to be " patriotic maniacs," if there are such things. Their whole life is for Germany, in fact, they almost make their love of their country their religion.

They were very eager to show us everything possible, or rather everything they thought best for us to see. We were shown round a political training college, a sort of German " political " Sandhurst, personally conducted by the principal. We were also shown round other schools ranging from high schools down to a school for mentally deficient children, at each one being conducted personally by the headteacher. At one school, for boys of under 14 years of age, the headmaster ordered the school orchestra to give us a special recital. It was certainly marvellous, for the orchestra consisted entirely of boys, no masters except the leader, and they played pieces from Handel and other of the great composers, without as far as I could detect, any mistakes. The Germans are certainly born musicians ; for instance, my German partner could play the violin, the flute, the piccolo and the 'cello. And Hitler thinks that he can eradicate the musical and poetical instincts in the German people ! I say it is impossible.

We were taken round an "Arbeitsdienst " Camp conducted by the second in command of the district round Halle. This institution is to train every able man in the country to work with his hands if necessary, and to teach him the principles of the National Socialist constitution. We were told that there was no class distinction in this association, but I very much doubt it. The classes we saw seemed to be all the same, that is to say they were rather lacking in intellect, or perhaps I should say they seemed uneducated. For instance, one of the questions put to a class of about 30 youths was, " Who is Rudolph Hess ? " About three of them knew the answer, Even I, a foreigner, knew that.

The French people and many English people think that, in insisting on the rearmament of Germany, Hitler wants war. The German argument is this : Germany is threatened on all sides by nations such as France, Italy and Russia, all of whom are heavily armed compared with the defences of Germany, therefore she must protect herself. Another of the German arguments is that by the Treaty of Versailles Germany was compelled to disarm, and the victorious nations promised to follow suit. Germany disarmed but no one else did, the other nations thus failing to keep their side of the Treaty. Therefore, say the Germans, Germany need not fulfil her promise, and must rearm in order to be safe from foreign attack.

We in England cannot understand how it is possible for one man to earn so much praise as does Hitler. The German answer is that Hitler pulled them through in a time of distress, when money was worth almost nothing and when Germany was practically in the hands of the Communists ; not that Communism is any worse than National Socialism for all we know, but that is not the point, or rather it is not a point of which the Germans take any notice.

So we see that there are equally good arguments both for and against Hitler's point of view, which, since Hitler's word is law, is the accepted German opinion.

K. G. B.

West Yorkshire Hike.

DURING the Easter holidays eight Scouts accompanied me on a week's hike, with the object of exploring part of that fine moorland district west of Wharfedale. In order to travel with light packs we slept indoors ; either in bungalows, as at Ingleton, or in Youth Hostels, as at Horton, Kettlewell and Grassington.

At Skipton, our first stopping place, we roamed over the castle, which is in a very good state of preservation. It possesses a beautiful inner courtyard as well as the usual dungeons and spiral stairways. The large collection of interesting articles at Skipton Museum occupied our attention for some time and then we moved on by train to Ingleton.

In the evening we went through the well-wooded valleys of Kingsdale Beck and Dale Beck, in which numerous waterfalls increase the beauty of the glens. The Pecca Falls are indeed very fine ; below Beazley Falls the water rushes through rocky gorges at some points 70 feet deep, and at Thornton Force we were able to crouch on a ledge behind the falling water.

On the next day we ascended the gentle slopes of Whernside and on the top found enough snow to engage in battle. Soon afterwards we came upon the surprising scene of Whernside Tarns, several small lakes at the northern end of the ridge. Then we descended to the old-world village of Dent, where the streets are paved with cobble-stones. ' The return to Ingleton was enlivened by a search for birds' nests, the clever work of a sheep dog and the discovery of another small waterfall.

Exploration of caves and further mountaineering occupied us on the next day. At White Scar Caverns we saw fine stalactites, stalagmites, an underground, waterfall and all sorts of curious formations of deposited rock. After visiting Weathercote Cave and Hurtle Pot, we climbed the steep and snow-clad slopes of Ingleborough, finding a frozen waterfall on the way.

The next day was also full of interest. After a pleasant walk to Clapham where we visited the fine village church, we entered the woods in the valley of Clapham Beck. A pleasant lake soon came into view and we gladly spared some of our food for a friendly swan, which obliged by stretching its wings for our cameraman. Then came the thrill of finding a squirrel's nest, the occupants of which fortunately evaded our efforts to capture them.

After taking lunch on the banks of the stream we penetrated for half a mile or more into the famous Clapham Cave. There we found features more interesting than at the other caves and saw the Jockey's Cap, a formation which is probably unique. The guide gave us plenty of information as he proudly showed us his " nice little niceties."

Gaping Ghyll, one of the best known of pot-holes, was our next objective. We saw the top of a natural vertical shaft 360 feet deep, at the bottom of which is a huge chamber. There was some dis­appointment at the absence of flood-lighting and means of descent. After travelling for some miles over soggy moorland below Simon Fell we came to Alum Pot Hole, and amused ourselves by hurling rocks into this tremendous cavity. The district abounds in pot-holes of various sizes and venturesome people descend by ropes to explore these strange features of limestone rock. The day's walk ended at Horton in Ribblesdale.

The chief adventure of the next day occurred on Pen-y-Ghent. Just as we were picking our way through the cliffs on the western end of the ridge the wind freshened to gale force, and we shall not easily forget the experience. We gained the summit, however, and then proceeded by Plover Fell to Littondale. We crossed this rich valley and then, by way of Horsehead Pass, crossed the next ridge and descended into Langstrothdale.

After a refreshing wash, we trudged along the valley, through Hubberholme and Buckden, to Kettlewell, a delightful village in Wharfedale.

We saw a few more miles of the dale the next morning and then, after passing Kilnsey Crag, we struck westward over Malham Moors to Gordale Scar, battling against a terrific wind nearly all the way. Most visitors to Gordale Scar are fascinated by the grey cliffs, rocky waterfall and wide gorge. Our climb by the falls to the ravine above with a strong wind whipping spray from the water was another experience which will remain in our memories for a long time. The return walk over open moorland was not easy and we were glad of the comforts of the hostel at Grassington.

Sunshine revealed the many charms of the magnificent stretch of Wharfedale between Grassington and Bolton Abbey as we made our way along the banks of the river on the next day. Linton Falls, Burnsall Church, Barden Tower and finally the Abbey itself were all admired before the hike came to an end, and we returned to Sheffield. The weather had been well assorted but favourable on the whole for, somehow, in between the events described, we found time to do about 90 miles of good tramping.

The party consisted of Barton, J. I. ; Darley, C. S. L. ; Gunn, P. ; Snape, T. D.; Wade, L. M.; Whatlin, S.; Wheatley, P. W.; Wood, A. L. and myself.

R. G. E.

The Cotswold Hike.

WHEN the party left Sheffield on Friday the 5th April, the auspices were unfavourable ; a snowstorm accompanied us to Stratford-on-Avon where we alighted, no less cheerful, early in the afternoon. After a rapid tour of ye olde Englishe town, Mickleton was our goal and those first nine miles proved the wisdom of light packs and the folly of new shoes when hiking. There we joined Messrs. Thomas and Hickox and dog, who had motored down a few days earlier to arrange some of our sleeping quarters and pay a hurried visit home. Peter, the dog, had fallen foul of another of its kind and consequently was feeling out of sorts ; in the course of the fray, the wrong party received the bucket of cold water. The Mickleton Youth Hostel, a dairy farm run by an efficient woman, proved excellent shelter for the first night.

The majority of the nights were spent in Youth Hostels. We cooked our own meals upon the oil stoves or primi provided and were able to obtain most of the food from their stores. The beds were of the double deck variety in which the upper occupant lay ever in fear of being suddenly propelled into mid-air by an upward " coup de pied " from the deck below, while the lower occupant realised the doubtful safety of the superstructure. The common rooms were warm and cosy while a piano at Mickleton did much to assist our song. The duties of sweeping and cleaning up, before we left were no hard trial. When Hostels were lacking the nights were possibly more romantic ; the barns were draughty but the straw copious. The second night saw us eventually in Great Tew, a charming little village with thatched roofs and a Wolf-Cub den to house us for the night. A slight misjudgement in the previous arrangements rendered this the longest day and the three stalwarts who tramped the 25 miles were somewhat nettled to find that they had been overtaken on the road by the rest of the party. Liquid refreshment did a lot to ease the weary souls (and soles). The walk on Sunday to Shipton Downs Farm, with a converted barn as hostel, though short, was difficult after the previous day's long trek.

The charm of the Cotswolds lies in the villages. The district is sparsely populated and, except for the Fosse Way and Ermine Street, few main roads penetrate what is perhaps the most peaceful countryside in England, the home of the best old manor-houses, churches and stained glass. We stayed a short time in Chipping Camden on the second day to view the old market place and houses. On Monday we visited Burford church and two of the best villages, Eastleach Marten and Eastleach Turville, only separated by a small river and yet in different parishes, each possessed a church. The local children persisted in showing off and feeding the village pet, a goat tethered to the green. That night we slept in a large draughty barn, kindly lent to us, at Coln St. Aldwyn's, and cooked in the open.

The only towns we visited were Cirencester and Stow-on-the-Wold. In the former we looked in the cathedral and from the top of the tower beheld the park and avenue, five miles long, which was to take us to Sapperton where we spent the fifth night in a cock loft amid the sounds of rats and the smell of the incubator and chickens below. In the latter the Hostel warden took us by surprise. He met us with outstretched hand and the greeting " Welcome comrades." We nicknamed him Beelzebub and we chose to sleep above his empty stables.

Three nights were spent in the heart of the country at Westfield farm, and from there we visited the beautiful villages of Upper and Lower Slaughter, Bourton-on-the-Water, with shallow trout streams running beside their streets, and Upper and Lower Swell near Stow. Most of us had a dip in the Dickler and two of us ventured to bathe in a small lake which proved to be exceedingly muddy, the day we went to Hailes Abbey, Winchcomb and Sudeley Castle. Finally we passed through the Guiting villages, above Broadway, climbed the tower from which we commanded a view of some 60 miles, and skirting Camden, once more returned to Mickleton.

Of the characters, perhaps I had better say little : Tom did his best to avoid rats and thought more of his feet than his stomach ; George worked and walked like a Trojan, expounded the meaning of architecture, and almost placed himself under a car ; our third leader is best known by the remark of a passer-by-" Here comes the old colonel ! "-and for walking bare foot in fields ; Peter lost us and swam the Coln to rejoin us ; Bish acquainted us with all the modern dance music ; Billy Cotton and Browne between them soon exhausted the supply of plaster and bandages ; Allison had to summon another pair of shoes from home ; as for myself, sensitive to touch and taken at a disadvantage, I completely slit one of Beelzebub's blankets.

For those who like statistics, we tramped about 160 miles in ten days through three counties, Warwick, Oxford and Gloucester. Generally the weather was favourable, not very bright, but cool enough for hiking ; and whenever we were drenched in the rain, we walked ourselves dry again. The final night and morning were spent in Stratford, boating on the river and attending the opening performance of the season, Antony and Cleopatra, at the Memorial Theatre which culminated what had been for all of us a perfect holiday.

D. W. B.

Tone.

street lights shade together,
white into dark and white again,
softening the hard stone.
rain slides off the road
polished to gleaming ebony,
smooths the rough surface.
darkness
covering the houses.

T. H. M.

Music Notes.

A CELEBRATION of the 250th Anniversary of Handel's birth was held in the School Hall on March 12th. Admission was free and we offer our grateful thanks to the generous audience which subscribed the sum of £1 10s. 9d. to the Instrument Fund. The Festival took the form of a concert, together with four musical competitions, at which Professor Shera kindly consented to adjudicate. Amongst other items was the beautiful Handel Sonata No. 6 for flute, played by K. D. Foggitt, and Mr. Glister gained much deserved applause for his able rendering of Handel's Aria " Hear me ye winds and waves."

The results of the various competitions were as follows :­
Under 14 Piano Solo:- 1, A. C. Cantrell ; 2, G. Redston.
Under 14 Violin Solo:- 1, H. W. Stagg ; 2, J. D. Hall.
Over 14 Piano Solo :- 1, B. W. Hastie ; 2, C. H. Foggitt.
Over 14 Violin Solo:- 1, H. Y. Larder ; 2, L. R. Kay.

On Saturday, June 15th, the Orchestra went on its annual visit to the Queen's Hall. The test piece was not difficult, but unfortunately there were many passages where feeling was either inconspicuous or missing, and where insufficient distinction was drawn between forte and piano. The final placing was disappointing though perhaps deserved, for we were placed fifth with 80 marks out of 100, the winners, Beckenham County School gaining 91.

On June 26th the Orchestra performed at Speech Day. The opening item, Mozart's " Shepherd King " Overture was naturally played much better than at the Queen's Hall, and several competent critics acknowledged that the Orchestra played much better than at the corresponding occasion last year. The School Song was sung far better at a quicker tempo and sounded far less like a dirge. Mr. Glister rendered in a very touching manner the sad story of "The Mermaid." The roaring of the deep sea was very well represented by the 'cellos and the whistling of the wind by the wood-wind.

In conclusion we wish those who are leaving us this midsummer every success, and urge the younger members to emulate, nay, beat the achievements of their predecessors.

H. Y. L.

I should like to congratulate all members of the Orchestra on an exceptionally good year's work. Last September we were handi­capped by our 2nd Violin players who were young and inexperienced ; but they have worked splendidly throughout the year and they deserve special commendation for the way in which they have tackled a work like the " Shepherd King " Overture.

If all members could be persuaded to instil into their private practising one quarter of the enthusiasm and keenness they display so consistently on Thursday evenings, Festival Competitions would lose their terror ; more warmth and colour would be infused into our music-making and our music itself become still more " a thing of beauty and a joy forever" !

I should like to see twice as many competitors in the next series of instrumental competitions and I should like there to be a higher standard of performance-I believe there will be, too !

P. L. B.

Cricket.

July 1st.

THIS is the first full year of the House League and Knock-out Competitions. The cricket has been evenly contested and very keen. The House League Competition is almost completed and with one round of 1st XI matches only to be played, Chatsworth lead by 102 points. They have only lost three matches out of 20-an extremely good record and I heartily congratulate them.

1ST XI.

The absence of Gray R. and Fulford has been a very great loss to the 1st XI this year. On the whole the batting has been dis­appointing and I think this is largely due to the failure of the opening batsmen to give confidence to the rest of the team. Even for that alone Gray has been greatly missed. The batting against fast bowling particularly, has been weak and except in the case of about two people, that dogged spirit of which a Yorkshireman boasts has been lacking. The bowling has been better or rather less disappointing than the batting. To be a real success a good bowler must have a very stout heart and fortunately we have two who have in consequence bowled really well. It is said that a good side always fields brilliantly. If it followed that brilliant fielding constituted a good side then I should be without a grouse. Both friends and foes have given high praise to the team's fielding and for the same thing at any rate I, too, congratulate them.

CHARACTERS.

GRAY, R.-An enthusiastic captain. Has given much thought to his team. His absence from the field has been a great loss particularly for opening the innings.

DOBSON, E. B.-Bats stylishly. Has played some good innings. Apt to throw his wicket away unnecessarily. An excellent field.

GRAY, W. S.-On occasions has bowled sensibly and consequently very well. Otherwise his bowling has been of little value. Batting weak.

MELLING, F.-I cannot understand why he hasn't made many more runs. I am convinced he has the ability, for the runs he has made have been scored by class batting. I still regard him as a very promising cricketer.

GRAHAM, G. A.-Started badly, owing I think to unavoidable lack of practice. Has since developed into a very good all-rounder. Looks a cricketer and plays like one.

BURLEY, W. A.-Was expected to make a lot of runs-I am still expecting. Inclined to be too casual. Has improved as a fast bowler and has occasionally bowled in earnest. Actually a very promising cricketer.

SETTLE, J. W.-For some time bowled extremely well, with a con­sistent good length and definite " nip " off the pitch. Unfortunately has lately lost form. Batting non-existent.

YOUENS, P. W.-Has kept wicket very well. Is actually a " stumper "-a rare thing here. Batting-shapes well-but only shapes.

SIVIL, E. W.-Much improved. Lacks many recognised scoring strokes, hence a slow scorer. Has played some valuable innings. Brilliant field.

WHITE, A. A.-Bowls intelligently. Needs to strive to increase his speed, but NOT at expense of other qualities. Defends stolidly. Has a cricketer's temperament.

PASHLEY, D.-Much improved cricketer with right temperament. His first innings deserves high praise. Must not " dangle " his bat at fast bowling. A good field.

H. S. S.

K.E.S. v. F. T. SAVILLE'S. XI.

Played at Whiteley Woods, 15th May. Wall was run out and a lovely catch by Sivil dismissed Tufft in the first over. H. S. Smith and L. C. Barber, however, soon began to pick out the ball, and the left-hander made some lovely square cuts off both Burley and Hardy. Several changes were tried before Settle came on in a second spell and had Smith caught. His sound innings included five fours. The wicket had put on 64. Thirsk did not stay long. After another stand, Graham had L. C. Barber caught. But R. G. Beard and C. L. Unsworth hammered the bowling, and all the bowlers were tried before Melling caught and bowled Beard. Unsworth, though often miss-timing Hardy's bowling, had four boundaries in his 27. Mr. Saville declared at tea with a total of 144 for 6 wickets.

Wall had his revenge for his " run-out " by bowling Melling with his second ball. Sivil and Burley improved the outlook a little, but four were out for 42. Wall was dangerous, and Beard, at the far end, very steady. Running quick but safe singles, Gray and Dobson sent the score up to 55, when Wall pulled another fine ball out of the bag and bowled Gray. Dobson hit out and took as much of the bowling as possible, but with the score at 77 for seven, School seemed doomed to a heavy defeat. Dobson made 26 out of 37 scored while he was in.

K.E.S. V. WAKEFIELD GRAMMAR SCHOOL.

May 18th, at home.-On a bowler's wicket, Wakefield began badly, and lost tan wickets for 10 runs. Their Captain, Colson, played a real captain's innings, while his men were getting out for small scores and his 25 runs were made by patient cricket. Wakefield dared not hit out on account of the steady bowling, especially that of Gray, W. S., who bowled an excellent length Nevertheless the seventh wicket (Slater and Cooper) put on 30 runs making the score 80. The innings closed for 95.

Melling and Sivil gave School a good start, and 37 were on the board when Melling left. An unexpected collapse followed, and Sivil. Gray and Burley all went at 43. Then just when Dobson and Pashley looked set to make the runs, Dobson was bowled at unlucky 13. Griffiths, with his cross-bat style, helped Pashley to add a dozen, but with only four wickets to fall, School still required 23 runs. The position did not look too bright when Graham and Settle left, but White ambled in, and though he did not score, stayed there until Pashley made the winning hit with his favourite shot, a glance to tune leg School had won by two wickets, largely through Pashley's fine innings. Scores

 

K.E.S. V. CENTRAL SECONDARY SCHOOL.

Played at High Storrs, 22nd May, 1935.-Batting first on a hard wicket. School began fairly well, Melling, Sivil and Burley between them adding 48 in an hour. Then the accustomed collapse began and after Gray left, at 64, the last six wickets counted only 24 runs. The latter part of the innings was tame and uneventful apart from White's stone-walling and Hardy's mock fireworks.

In spite of the small score, School seemed to have a fine chance of victory, for the wicket was badly cut up. Griffith held a difficult catch off Hardy, Settle bowled Bunting, and Watt-Smith was run-out with only 23 on. Settle and Hardy were bowling well. At 41, Gray got a wicket, but after a few overs, unable to find a length, he was taken off. Just when the chances of a School win were failing, Burley returned to the attack, and in a fine spell, took three wickets for seven runs. Settle bowled consistently throughout. Thus, in spite of poor fielding and several dropped catches, School had won by seven runs.

K.E.S. v. NOTTINGHAM HIGH SCHOOL.

Played at Nottingham, 25th May --Against the fast howling of Evans, the School batsmen, apart from Dobson, who made 25 very valuable runs, did badly.

Once Pilsworth and Simpson got settled down, School never had a chance, and except for Settle and White, our bowlers made no impression on the Nottingham batsmen, and the School total was passed with only three wickets down. Scores:

K.E.S. v. COLLEGIATE.

Played at Abbeydale, 29th May.-On 'the delightful Collegiate ground Gray put Collegiate in. At first the Collegiate batsmen were not happy, and at 16, Burley bowled Lister with only one to his credit. D. F. Wheatley, however, was settling down, and he and W. R. Maddocks added 22, before Hardy got the latter lbw. Willows helped Wheatley to put on another 20 runs, but at 59 he was caught off Hardy. The hefty Price, fresh from his 80 against United at Bramall Lane, soon opened up, and with Wheatley still going strong, a big partnership seemed in the offing when Graham, with his faster leg-break, bowled Wheatley, who had hit eight fours, on all sides of the wicket. W. B. Barber, a brother of L. C., kept one end going for a time while Price punished the bowling freely, especially Settle's. White came on, Barber failed to keep his bat down to an off-spinner, and gave Sivil an easy catch at short leg. Scorah, after hitting one four, fell into White's cunningly set trap ; White had already three men in the deep, but he sent out a fourth, Dobson. Scorah, of course, was caught off a lofty hit in the next over. At the other end, Price took several fours off Graham, but with the same ball that bowled D. F. Wheatley, Price fell. His 37 consisted of eight fours, a two and three singles. 116 for seven. With White bowling very well, and Burley coming back in a good second spell, the innings tailed off for 134. When School began their reply, Sivil and Melling put on 18, when Sivil was caught by Barber off Hanson. While Burley hit up a quick 20, Melling played the unusual role for him of keeping one end up. But at 36, he was caught at the wicket off Maddocks. Dobson went in the next over, and Bolsover, naturally nervous in his first game for the 1st XI only lasted two balls. One thought he would have done better if he had gone in later. Pashley, however, again came to the rescue, and helped Burley to take the score to 56 before Burley, having made four fours in a valuable 33, was stumped. Pashley now bore the brunt of the attack. He scored 17 out of 20 for the sixth wicket. White was soon bowled by Price, and only 77 runs were on the board at the fall of the 7th wicket. Youens followed Settle in, but just when there seemed a chance of School getting the 45 runs needed-Youens looked very comfortable Pashley was run out. The innings ended for 93. Scores :­

K.E.S. v. OLD EDWARDIANS.

Played at Home, 1st June.-At 12.5, Sivil and Gray W. S. opened the innings. At two, Gray was stumped, and with only 13 on, Burley had to go. We looked to Sivil and Melling to pull the game round. We were not dis­appointed, for, in spite of a succession of maidens by Beard, and the steady bowling of Vernon, Sivil and Melling batted well, and a lot of the sting was taken out of the bowling. Even when the fast bowlers were taken off, how­ever, runs never came quickly, for Pearson, Burdekin and Welch bowled very steadily. Just when both looked set for good scores, Melling was run out by a brilliant piece of fielding by Welch. 48 for three, last man 17. Good catches by Welch and Beard sent back Dobson and Pashley, for ducks. At lunch, the score was 52 for five, Sivil 17. When Pearson resumed after the interval, he soon bowled Sivil, whose patient innings, which included only two fours, lasted more than an hour and a half. The last four wickets added only 11 runs, the only notable features being two good catches to dismiss Youens and Hardy. Ambler and Thirsk began well for the O.Es, the former getting five fours off Hardy and Burley, and altogether making 22 runs under ten minutes, before Burley bowled him At this early stage the Old Boys needed only 43 for a first innings lead. Burley bowled J. T. Burdekin at 35, and with Gray, W. S. bowling an immaculate length, the rate of scoring slowed down. At 54, Gray had G. E. Vernon caught at slip, and followed it up by bowling Thirsk. Pearson and T. G. Vernon proceeded to pass the School total, and Pearson began to hit out. Gray bowled Vernon at 83, but despite varied bowling, White's snail-paced left-hand spinners, Graham's medium paced leg-breaks, Settle's well-flighted leg-spinners, and the return of the faster Burley, no further wickets fell till 116, when Burley held a return off his own bowling. Pearson's batting was a joy to watch, and he and Beard added a further 28, before Hardy caught and bowled the latter. Pearson had six fours in his brilliant 50. Another feature of the innings was Gray's very .good bowling. School required 77 to compel the visitors to bat again. Both Sivil and Gray were out with only ten runs scored. Melling and Burley, this time, had the task of pulling the side round, nor did they fail, in spite of the good all-round bowling of Ambler, Pearson, Vernon and Beard. But the usual collapse soon began, for at 38 School lost Burley, Pashley and Melling. Dobson and Graham started hitting and put on 29 runs in as many minutes. At 67 a good catch at long-on by Ambler proved Graham's undoing, and at 72, Beard bowled Dobson with an inswinger. In spite of few good hits by Settle, Pearson and Beard had the School all out for 88. The O.Es. had a nasty shock, for off Burley's first ball, Youens stumped Walton, but the 12 runs required were knocked off without further loss. A bat was presented to Sivil by the O.Es. for the best score for the School. Scores :­

K.E.S. v. MOUNT ST. MARY'S.

Played at Home, 8th June.-On Whit-Saturday, with a keen wind blowing, the ground was just fit for play in time. K.E.S. were put in to bat on a saturated wicket. Sivil and Gray, W. S. made a good start, finding the fast bowler Sibray, very easy to get away. Though he received a nasty blow on the elbow, Gray batted his best innings of the season. After 45 minutes, both were out. Burley and Melling batted with care and took the score to 57, when Burley was beaten. In between the showers, Melling batted well The leg break bowler, Dunn, was getting unexpected pace off the pitch, and Dobson and Pashley were bowled at 67. With White batting stolidly, 22 runs were added before Melling was bowled, and White went the ball after. Melling's 31 was a timely effort. Graham and Settle did not play the bowling on its merits, but hit hard. Graham hit a six, fours came freely, and when Settle left, the score was 114. A striking feature of Mt. St. Mary's batting was that they hit harder and more often than our batsmen. Gray, Graham and White were all severely punished ; Settle alone kept the runs down. Fryer and Hyde added 90 runs for the first wicket in 55 minutes. Hardy never had a chance, and Burley was not put on till the score was 85. In the space of four overs, he had three maidens and two wickets. Sibray, however, dealt out even worse treatment to our bowlers and made the winning hit off Gray, W. S. He was very entertaining and took three fours and a six off Pashley in one over. Scores :­

 

K.E.S. V. CRAVEN GENTLEMEN.

Played at Home, 15th June.-In spite of a steady start, the Craven Gentlemen, batting on an ideal wicket, had four men out for 32. Graham and Burley bowled very well. But Schofield and Sykes quickly regained the upperhand, runs coming very freely, Gray, Settle and White being very expensive. But the School bowlers got relief when Schofield ran himself out, with five fours to his credit. After his departure, Sykes had a joy-day, losing two balls in a neighbouring meadow. Graham came back for another good spell, and claimed two more wickets, but not before Sykes had made 78, with three sixes and nine fours did the visitors declare. School were faced with the task of making 169 runs in two hours. We had little chance from the start, as we lost five good bats for only 28 runs, largely owing to the pace and accuracy of C. Moxon. Dobson, Graham and Pashley improved the position, Graham hitting out in his natural unrestrained style, and Pashley batting carefully. In spite of their efforts, the School total reached only 108.

 

K.E.S. v. H. S. SMITH'S XI.

Played at Home, 19th June.-J. T. Burdekin and C. Thirsk, the opening batsmen, soon got the upper hand ; although the bowlers were fairly steady, they lacked sting. But good fielding kept the runs down. As a last resort, White was put on to break up the partnership, and bowled Burdekin. Gray was now bowling much better and had Joel caught. White bowled Pearson first ball, H. S. Smith was stumped, and Gray, R. caught Thirsk at mid-off, while his brother bowled Unsworth. None of the ingoing batsmen was given a chance of getting his eye in. Titchmarsh and Scutt held the bowlers up for 20 minutes by dour batting. But Scutt was caught in the slips and Graham bowled Titchmarsh with an unstoppable ball at 77. At 87 White held a brilliant low return from Waghorn and shortly after the innings ended. The wicket had suited the slow bowlers, White and Gray, and they reaped a rich harvest. When School went in, after making three, R. Gray was unluckily caught at the wicket. Lack of practice made him play a ball he should never have touched. W. S. Gray and Burley soon settled down to knocking up the runs, but a storm put all further play out of the question. Scores :­

K.E.S. v. DERBY SCHOOL.

Played at Home, 22nd July.-Derby lost two wickets at 17 to Burley. Gray's policy of bowling his bowlers in short spells, paid, for at 41, Graham, after half an hour's rest, bowled the captain, Ashmore, and Neilson the next over, while Gray, W. S. claimed a wicket at 49. In a third spell, Graham bowled Kibbey who had made 27 runs in an hour. Settle and White then finished off the innings, which closed at 77. Although School lost the Grays for a mere five runs, we felt confident of victory. After Sivil and Burley had put 29 on, we never had a doubt. Derby were handicapped in having only one fast bowler, and the slow bowlers were well punished. At the end of a tiring day, Melling and Graham took toll of the bowling, Graham hitting his usual quota of boundaries in a merry 32. Scores :-

BRADFORD GRAMMAR SCHOOL v. K.E.S.

Played at Bradford, 29th June.-Gray won the toss, and put Bradford in to bat. Graham bowled fairly well at first, and got the first wicket at 13. This, by the way, was an all-day match, beginning at 12. In spite of keen fielding and fair bowling the intense heat, of course, was a handicap - Padgitt and Gee soon settled down to a moderate rate of scoring, and at lunch the score was 50 for one. The batsmen were rarely troubled after lunch, in spite of the varied School bowling. At 2.30, the 100 went up, and shortly after the partnership counted 100, but at 131, Settle had Padgitt l.b.w.

Gee now dominated the cricket, and went to his own hundred. Burley claimed a wicket and Bradford continued batting till tea, when the total was 250 for three. School had nearly three hours in which to score the runs. The Grays began well, W. S. scoring almost entirely with quick singles. But within the space of two overs, both were out with only 43 on the board Burley and Sivil improved matters, but after Burley had gone with a well-played 22, Melling was run out. There was another good partnership between Graham and Pashley, the latter intent on saving the game, and Graham still hoping for a win by hitting (he had one glorious six), which added 30 runs, but Dobson was disappointingly bowled first ball, and with still 25 minutes to go, School had to rely on White's defence helping Pashley to save the game. Though he did not score, he stayed at the wicket the required 25 minutes, and School had averted defeat. Scores :­

K.E.S. v. LEEDS GRAMMAR SCHOOL.

Played at Leeds 6th July, 1935. Leeds batted first on a batsman's -wicket, but did not make the best use of it. They would have collapsed completely, but for the brilliant batting of their captain, Shepherd. The way he " farmed " the bowling is demonstrated by the fact that, with 41 runs on the board for three wickets, Shepherd's partners had scored only one of them. But even he failed to score off Graham's immaculate bowling, Graham's first eight overs including six maidens and yielding but one run. When Graham went off owing to the heat, School produced another unhittable bowler in Settle, while Gray, W. S. pegged away at the other end. Settle did not get a wicket in his first spell, but, on returning to the attack, in nine overs at a personal cost of 14 runs, he captured five wickets. Whilst his men were failing badly, Shepherd played a merry innings, giving scarcely a chance, till at length, R. Gray caught him off his brother's bowling. His magnificent 92 included 14 boundaries. The Grays began well for the School, and, scoring quickly, took the score to 43, before R. Gray left. W. S. Gray continued to bat well with Burley as his partner. However, with four men out for 76, School looked like having a struggle. But Melling came to the rescue with a good innings, and Graham and Pashley helped him to take the score to 124. When White went, the score stood at 124 for seven. But Dobson hit a four, and School had won. W. S. Gray's innings, by the way, is the highest of the season for School, so far.

K.E.S. v. LYNWOOD OLD Boys.

Played at Whiteley Wood 13th July -Wall won the toss, but, strangely enough, put School in on a perfect wicket. He was probably hoping to repeat his performance against School earlier in the season. He bowled Gray, W.S. at 20, but in the intense heat accurate fast bowling was impossible. With Burley as his partner, Gray, R. set about the bowling, H. E. Pearson being punished severely, whilst when D. W. Burley came on, his brother took five fours off him in two overs. In 75 minutes 100 was reached, and tea was taken at 118. Gray and Burley continued to hammer the bowling till at 134, Burley dropped a catch off Pearson, H. W. It made no difference, however, as next ball, Pearson caught and bowled Gray. It had been an entertaining innings, and included eight fours. Burley dominated the play now, till at 179, Pearson, H. E. had him l.b.w. He had hit as many fours as Gray. The Gray-Burley stand realized 110. The scoring slowed down sur­prisingly now ; Gray declared at 193 for four. With only 90 minutes in which to get the runs, Lynwood had very little chance and in the first half hour only 30 runs came, and Tufft was run out. At 48 Graham bowled Burley with a good ball. Wall tried to enliven things, but H. E. Pearson was as staid as could be, and with Settle bowling his usual length, it was very difficult to get him away. Wall had one lovely six off Gray, W. S., but shortly after, stumps were drawn with no chance of a finish. Scores :­

1st XI. AVERAGES.

    Not Top   
  Innings. out. Score. Total Averages_
Gray, R. 5 0 74 120 24.00
Burley, W. A. 14 1 58 233 17.92
Graham, G. A. 13 3 32 155 15.50
Pashley, D. 10 2 32* 118 14.75
Melling, F. 13 0 31 172 13.23
Sivil, E. W. 13 1 22* 149 12.41
Dobson, E. B. 11 1 26 96 9.60
Gray, W. S. 13 1 39 106 8.83
Youens, P. W. 6 3 6 18 6.00
White, A. A. 11 5 11 28 4.66
Griffith, D. K. 4 0 7 16 4.00
Settle, J. W. 10 1 11 24 2.66
Hardy, H. 6 1 7 12 2.40
Also Batted-Fulford 0, Bolsover 0, Sivil, V. R. 1. 
    Bowling.     
  Overs. Maidens Runs. Wkts. Average­
Settle, J. W. 107 35 243 17 14.29
Graham, G. A. 103 28 245 17 14.41
White, A. A. 47 7 193 13 14.84
Burley, W. A. 107 26 307 20 15.35
Gray, W. S. 112 23 312 13 24.00
Hardy, H. 56 9 157 6 26.16
Also Bowled-Melling 8-0-21-1, Sivil, E. W. 2-0-8-1, Pashley 1-0-18-0.

2ND XI.

The 2nd XI has had in reality quite a successful season : only two matches have been lost and the remainder have been either won easily or drawn very much in our favour. At the same time, something has seemed to be lacking this year At the beginning ,of the season there was promise of great things : we appeared to have several first-class batsmen in the making, and the bowling seemed sound, if undistinguished. We reach the end of the season in much the same case : good cricket at nets and lack of confidence in matches. It is comforting to know that most of the team are still very young, but I should have been relieved to see even at this stage greater determination in a crisis, a better team-spirit and more intelligent fielding. I should add that there are one or two shining exceptions to this general stricture and that in most matches some member or other of the team stepped into the breach and pulled the game round : the final unhappy mixture of metaphors would seem to show that I am conscious of having been a trifle unjust.

J. K. M.

2ND XI MATCHES.

K.E.S. V. CENTRAL SECONDARY SCHOOL.

Played at Whiteley Woods, May 22, 1935. Youens won the toss and batted first. After six overs which yielded 16 runs, Bolsover was out leg before to Price. A bright knock of 41 (which included six fours) by Williams was the purple patch in a rather dull innings. The School innings closed for 112 runs and the Central proceeded to bat on a hard wicket, but soon ran into trouble, for Reid in his second over performed the " hat-trick." With only six more runs added Reid performed another " hat-trick," one of the victims being caught brilliantly by Fuller at second slip. The last man in, Wain, had the distinction of making the top score eight, and the Central innings closed for 22 runs, a very poor total on a good wicket.

K.E.S. v. NOTTINGHAM HIGH SCHOOL.

Played at Whiteley Woods, May 25, 1935. Mellows won the toss and decided to take first knock on a sound wicket. After six overs which only yielded nine runs, Cooper was out in a particularly unfortunate manner. Reid sent down a ball on the leg, at which Cooper hit out, but he failed to connect. The ball ,truck Youens on the pad and bounced on to the wicket. Youens' other victim, however, fell to a really smart piece of stumping. Fuller took the wickets of Walters and Price with two successive balls, but failed to perform the hat-trick. All was going well until Walker rescued Nottingham from a very uncomfortable position with a useful if somewhat lucky 48, raising the score from six for 15 to eight for 83. Nottingham were all out for 102, a quite reasonable total.

Immediately after tea Sivil and Bolsover went out to open for the School, but with 13 runs on the board, Sivil was beaten completely by a very good ball from Walters. This seemed to demoralise the School, for Fulford, Chare and Williams only scored two runs between them. Four wickets down for 23 began to look serious, and Bolsover was the only batsman, apart from Saville, who showed any confidence at all in facing the bowling. The School were extremely lucky to play out time and a draw was a most unsatisfactory result. It was a bowler's harvest on a batsman's wicket.

K.E.S. V. MOUNT ST. MARY'S.

Played at Spinkhill, June 8th, 1935. Waterkeyn won the toss and sent us in on a somewhat sticky wicket under a sky that promised plenty of rain. His policy was successful, for with only one to his credit, Bolsover was clean bowled by D'Alton. Miles and Sivil put on 26 in 30 minutes before Miles was clean bowled by D'Alton. Sivil, a natural opening batsman, was still plodding on, scoring chiefly in singles but Saville brightened the pace up considerably, before being beaten by Waterkeyn, P. Wood ran himself out by a ridiculous call for an impossible single and our crowning misfortune was the dismissal of Sivil and Chare without addition to the score. Williams came in and by a very useful score of 26 not out retrieved the game, the School's innings closing for 99.

When our adversaries batted, Reid again bowled well, though, he received very little assistance from the other bowlers. Mount St. Marys were in a very bad plight until Pasqua and Waterkeyn, M. turned the tables, the latter being content to keep his end up. It was truly unfortunate that the firs time Waterkeyn did hit out, he was brilliantly caught by Fuller who ran 30 yards to take the ball at full speed. When stumps were drawn Mount St. Mary's had made 48 for six.

 

K.E.S. v. NETHER EDGE.

Played at Whiteley Woods, Saturday, June 29th, 1935. Nether Edge won the toss and decided to bat first. They played very cautiously at first, the first wicket falling at 11. The second wicket made a stand when Martin was bowled by Hardy for 26, the score being 32. The third wicket stand was better than the second when Parkin was l.b.w. to Reid at a total score of 64. After this, six wickets fell for 25, the innings ending with a. final score of 89.

Bolsover and Miles opened the School's batting, but Bolsover was soon bowled by Mason for eight. The next two put on 13. Saville and Williams made desperate attempts to save the side, Williams hitting out at every ball, and ending with a magnificent total of 53. The School had now passed the opponent's total, their final score being 137.

 

K.E.S. v. LEEDS GRAMMAR SCHOOL.

Played at Whiteley Woods Saturday, July 6th, 1935. The School won the toss and sent Leeds in to bat. After Hardy had taken a wicket with his third ball, the second wicket pair, their confidence increased by a number of loose balls, raised the score to 46, when Greatorex took a wicket. After this wickets fell very quickly, the final score being 102.

The School batted cautiously at first, but at 12 Miles was caught, and Bolsover l.b.w. at 29. After this the game pulled round. Saville and Sivil V. R. continued to bat well until 83 was reached, when Saville was caught by Wadsworth off Carter. By good running between the wickets, the School passed Leeds total half an hour before the time fixed for drawing the stumps­

2ND XI AVERAGES.

Batting (Qualification-three completed innings).
    Times  Highest 
    not     
  Innings. out. Runs. Score. Average.
Williams, R. H. D. 8 2 171 53 28.50
Sivil, V. R. 7 1 126 37* 21-00
Bolsover, G. D. 8 1 109 33 15.55
Miles, S. 6 0 87 25 14.50
Saville, M. V. 7 0 71 24 10.14
Reid, G. R. 7 0 50 15 7-14
Lees, J 4 1 20 15 6.66
Hermitte, G. L. 3 0 16 11 5.33
Greatorex, G. 5 0 24 11 4.80
Griffiths, D. K. 4 1 14 9 4.66
Chare, K. A. 7 0 20 12 2.85
Fuller, J. A. 4 1 0 0* 0.00
* signifies " not out".   
Bowling (Qualification-five wickets).   
Reid, G. R. 61.5 24 138 24 6.42
Hardy, H. 28.0 11 57 7 8.14
Greatorex, G. 42-0 14 90 11 8.18
Williams, R. H. D. 26.0 5 53 5 10.60
Fuller, J. A.  27.0 10 82 7 11.71
Also bowled-Lees 4-1-9-1-9. Partridge 10-0-44-2-22, Fulford 4-1-15-0.


The Junior Cricket Elevens have had a moderately successful season. Both sides have won half their matches. The " Under 15 " team has been rather better than its predecessor of last year, thanks very largely to much better material and a much smaller contribution to the second eleven. The " Under 14 " eleven has been most disappointing. It contains several very promising young players, none of whom has been assiduous enough in practice to become really reliable either as a batsman or as a bowler. The fielding of the side which compares very unfavourably with that of last year's team, has been lethargic, and there have been far too many dropped catches. Of the individual players Powell has proved the most dependable, while Sanderson should become a good wicket-keeper.

FINAL OF THE HOUSE KNOCK-OUT COMPETITION.

The final was played in perfect weather on a hard pitch at Whiteley Woods on July 10th. Clumber won the toss and naturally decided to bat. Gray, W. S. opened Haddon's attack from the pavilion end to Melling and Bolsover. It was obvious from the start that Clumber's tactics were to be no risks at all, for the first ten overs only yielded ten runs, and Fuller bowled four consecutive maidens. The Haddon attack was steady, marred by certain lapses, and the fielding, with one or two exceptions good. After bowling nine overs for 11 runs, Fuller was replaced by Fletcher, L. W., and one over later Gray, W. S. by Sivil, E. W. This change was immediately noticed for in his second over, Sivil had Bolsover caught at mid-off by Miles. Dobson and Melling restored the air of solidity before Dobson was bowled by Gray, W. S. after making a " blind swipe " at an off-break. Youens was bowled round his legs by Fletcher, C. W., and was soon followed by Melling. well caught by Sivil, V. R in front of the sightscreen The score from being 67 for two suddenly changed to four for 69. The remainder of Clumber caused little trouble, Lees running himself out by calling for an impossible run. The honours of the latter half of the team go to Powell for the fearless way in which he faced Gray, W. S., and for his lovely off drive which brought him two runs.

After tea, Gray, R. and Gray, W. S. opened the Haddon innings to the bowling of Greatorex and Melling. The pace set was somewhat faster than that of Clumber and in a little under an hour Haddon had knocked up 90 runs for the loss of one wicket. Melling, Powell and Dobson shone most in the field for Clumber, and Greatorex bowled very steadily. Clumber were very unfortunate to have Youens, P. W. knocked out by a rising ball from Greatorex, but his brother proved a quite capable substitute behind the stumps.

 

HOUSE LEAGUE TABLES.
WIN 2 POINTS, DRAW 1 POINT, LOSE 0 POINTS.
1ST XIs.
    Won. Lost. Drawn. Points.
1. Arundel 5 2  10
2. Chatsworth 5 2  10
3. Haddon 5 2  10
4. Clumber 4 3  8
5. Wentworth 4 3 - 8
6. Lynwood 3 4  6
7. Welbeck 2 5  4
8. Sherwood  7 - 0
2ND XIs.
    Won. Lost. Drawn. Points.
1. Haddon 7    14
2 Chatsworth 6 1  12
3 Arundel 4 3  8
4. Clumber. 3 4 - 6
5. Welbeck 3 4 - 6
6 Lynwood 2 5 - 4
7 Wentworth  2 5  4
8 Sherwood 1 6 - 2
3RD XIs.
    Won. Lost. Drawn. Points.
I Chatsworth 6 1 - 12
2 Arundel 5 2  10
3 Lynwood 5 2 - 10
4 Sherwood 4 3  8
5 Haddon 3 3 1 7
6 Wentworth 2 4 1 5
7 Welbeck 2 5 - 4
8. Clumber 0 7 - 0
FINAL POSITIONS.
1st XI win, 8 points ; 2nd XI, 5 points ; 3rd XI, 3 points.For a draw these numbers are halved.
    Wen. Lost. Drawn. Points.
I Chatsworth 17 4 - 88
2 Haddon 15 5 1 85.5
3 Arundel 14 7  75
4 Wentworth 8 12 1 49.5
5 Lynwood 10 11  49
6 Clumber 7 14  47
7 Welbeck 7 14 - 37
8 Sherwood 5 16  17

Fives Notes.

THIS Term has been largely occupied by competition matches and there have been several very good games. It is perhaps unfair to individualise but two or three games stand out. Possibly the best match was that between D. Pashley and Dobson, the results of which was in doubt right until the end, when Pashley's superior stamina pulled him through. Settle made a good recovery to beat Miller after the latter had won the first set and was leading 6-0 in the second. Borrodell beat Sentance in a disappointing match in which Sentance played much below his usual form.

In the House Competition the finalists are Chatsworth-who have had two very hard struggles against Wentworth and Welbeck - and Sherwood. Lynwood provided a surprise by beating Clumber, but the other games went according to expectations. The feature of the " Under 14 " competitions has been the number of boys who were entered by zealous House Fives Captains, and who were either over 14 or who had never played Fives before, and as a consequence progress has been somewhat delayed. Mention must be made of one game, that between Buckley and P. Pashley, both of whom played Fives, which was worthy of the Final. One pleasing thing about this Term's Fives has been the revival of interest among the Staff, some half-dozen of whom have played regularly.

Scouting.

THE WHITSUNTIDE CAMP.

FOR the first time for some years the whole Troop assembled at the Whitsuntide Camp which was held this year at Kelstedge, near Ashover. About 75 scouts and scouters in 12 patrols were under canvas together, whilst the Rovers camped some 200 yards nearer the main road.

In pouring rain we set out from School on Friday, 7th June, and to the accompaniment of heavy showers we pitched our tents, Fortunately, however, the rain stopped at intervals as the evening came on, and practically everyone spent the first night under canvas. The first morning in Camp was, as usual, marked by the early rising of the Tenderfeet at about 5 a.m. Practically the whole day was spent in laying out kitchen squares and making " gadgets." The weather meanwhile, made a decided turn for the better.

On Sunday morning we all attended a short service at Ashover Church. As the sun shone brilliantly all day, quite a fair number enjoyed a refreshing dip in the lake in the afternoon. In the evening we held a Scouts' Own, and everyone retired to bed fairly early after a great day.

In spite of the pouring rain on Whit-Monday morning most breakfasts were cooked and eaten with commendable punctuality, for which we were rewarded with a Rover Inspection. In the afternoon the Camp Sports were held. The Chatsworth-Haddon Section achieved striking success in these, gaining a first in every event. For Monday's dinner Mr. Glister provided us with an excellent recipe for jam sponge, and nearly every jam sponge in Camp was cooked to perfection.

Patrol items and concerted singing items were the main features of the " Camp Fire," which had, unfortunately, to be held indoors The occasion was taken by Mr. Gaskin to present to Mrs. Kirkham, the Scout " Thanks Badge," in recognition of the kindness shown to Scouts by inviting us to camp at Amber House several times.

For Tuesday morning a mighty Wide Game was planned. Although not very successful, the Game gave us an enjoyable morning's outing. Wheatley, however was unfortunate in injuring an arm for the umpteenth time. In the afternoon Camp was struck, and at 7.30 p.m. we arrived at K.E.S. after a great week-end.

J. A. F.

CLUMBER.

Several of our Scouts contributed to the Clumber success in the Athletic Sports, so the last meeting of the Autumn Term was held jointly with the Athletic team and took the form of a tea-fight, followed by games and attempts at singing.

During the holidays, Barton and Wade accompanied the S/M on the West Yorkshire Hike, an account of which may be found on another page.

At the beginning of the Summer Term our Under 14 team, consisting of Barton, Wade, Gunter and Cox, came second in the Association Cross-Country Race. Others ran in the next race and the S/M ran in the Senior race, but we had not full teams in these events.

Later, a team consisting of Sorby (leader), Okell, Pashley and Barton entered for the Association Ambulance Team, but were not experienced enough to win a place. The Pathfinder competition will soon be held and, in spite of homework and other activities, we have done some useful preparation.

Meanwhile, most boys have attended well and, as the only absence from the Whitsun Camp was unavoidable, progress has been steady and several Second Class badges should soon be finished. The raft which we constructed at Camp proved good enough for safe, if rather slow, voyages. Just before Camp, Balbirnie joined the Rover Crew, and so terminated his membership of the Bull patrol, with whose fortunes and misfortunes he has been associated for a long time. We wish him success in Rovering and are glad of the help he still gives. The Bull patrol was too small to carry on as such, so, until the Autumn, its members will belong to the Stag and Hawk patrols. We are glad to know that Bridges has joined the Crew and look forward to his help from now onwards.

Swimming has, of course, featured in our programmes and Okell and Barton swam in the School Sports.

We are looking forward to the Summer Camp, to be held on the shores of Windermere. The site will provide excellent opportunities for boating and swimming, as well as for other camping activities, including, we hope, much sunbathing.

Congratulations to Simpson on his Second Class Badge.

CHATSWORTH-HADDON.

The early part of this term was spent chiefly in preparing for the Whit­suntide camp ; tents were inspected and received minor repairs, patrol boxes were packed with the usual smash and grab raid on the crypt. This year the troop made an unusual but reminiscent departure by camping '' en masse " at Kelstedge, through the continued benevolence of Mr. and Mrs. Kirkham, and Chatsworth-Haddon brought its full share of tenderfeet along with most of the old campaigners.

Since Whitsuntide, bathing has been the chief feature and attraction of the Monday meeting : one or two evenings have been spent at Glossop Road, but the majority in the School bath. Half a dozen scouts spent a week-end with Mr. Gaskin at Grimbocar, and passed some first-class tests. Leisure wisely spent will this year draw our many enthusiasts to the western shore of Windermere with Clumber, who suffer no less from the weariness of too much study. After last summer's experience of the journey to Llanthony, Monmouthshire and back, it has been decided to send the troop kit and gear on in advance this year.

D. W. B.

ARUNDEL.

We have managed to get some very useful camping practice during the term. The experience so gained, especially by the younger scouts, should prove valuable as preliminary-training for the summer camp at Corfe Castle, where we are camping with Lynwood-Sherwood.

The first week-end camp at Low Bradfield was led by Broughton, who deserves congratulation for the successful way in which he ran it. Local residents were much impressed by the excellent cooking of the Sunday dinner.

The second week-end camp was ably led by Wheatley.

At Kelstedge during Whitsuntide, the troop was represented by thee pigeon and Pecker patrols. The latter deserve a special word of praise for their well-planned and well-equipped kitchen, and for the ingenuity of certain explanations offered to Rovers who were inspecting.

We are sure that Appleby will see to it that his kit is securely fastened on the lorry next time. It is apt to be cold sleeping, if one's blankets are awaiting a claimant in a police station ten miles distant !

We are sorry that Wheatley broke his arm again when playing in the wide game, and hope that this is positively the last time.

 

Old Edwardians.

OXFORD.

G. L. CAMM, Junior Mathematical Scholarship of the University.

L. N. WILD, The Chancellor's Prize for Latin Prose. Commended for work in the examination for the Hertford Scholarship. Earnshaw Scholarship of the University of Sheffield. 2nd Class Honours in Classical Moderations. Ironmongers' Company's Exhibition.

E. T. WILLIAMS, 1st Class Honours in Modern History.

K. B. FISHER, Doctor of Philosophy.  Demonstrator in Biochemistry.

E. G. TURNER, 1st Class Honours in Literae Humaniores.

E. LAUGHTON, 2nd Class Honours in Literae Humaniores.

C. WIGFULL, 1st Class Honours in Mathematics, with Distinction in Relativity.

G. A. MASON, 1st Class Honours in Classical Moderations.

R. K. HOLLOWAY, The Abbott Scholarship.

G. N. ARNOLD, 2nd Class Honours in Modern Languages.

F. R. APPLEBY, 3rd Class Honours in Modern History.

K. K. HOLLOWAY, C. A. POGSON, Pass Moderations.

CAMBRIDGE.

G. W. TORY, 1st Class Honours in Part II of the Mediaeval and Modern Languages in Tripos. Bachelor Scholarship at Queen's College.

SHEFFIELD.

Master of Arts.-W. V. Wade, L. N. Wild.

Master of Science.-J. L. Lawton, T. A. Taylor.

Master of Engineering.-L. B. Haley, J. G. Whitman.

Final B.A.: Honours in Modern Languages and Literature, Class II, Div. I.-J. G. Trickett, R. H. Williamson.
Honours in History, Class II, Div. I.-J. A. Haywood.
Honours in Economics, Class II, Div. 2.-G. J. Cumming.

Final B.Sc.: Honours, Class II.-P. R. Crimp. Mathematics subsidiary to Honours Physics.-L. Mullins.

Final B.Eng. : Honours, Class 11.-N. E. Head.

Final B.Sc. Tech. (Fuel Technology), Div. 2.-D. G. Furzey.

Inter. B.A. : Div. 1.-A. Gilpin, G. Laughton.

Inter B.Sc.: Div. 2.-V. G. S. Damms.

Second Exam. (Part I) for M.B., Ch.B. :-A. H. Smith.

First Exam. for M.B., Ch.B.-J. B. Adam, K. D. Foggitt, R. A. Trevethick.

Inter LL.B.-S. E. Boler, A. G. Dawtry.

Inter B.Eng.-P. H. Monypenny.

Diploma in Education.-J. L. Lawton, W. V. Wade.

Kaye Scholarship.-R. T. Gaunt.

Frank Holland Memorial Prize.-G. T. C. Bottomley.

Laverick Prize.-E. J. Daniell.

Final Examination of the Institute of Chartered Accountants.-R. M. Elliott, R. G. Askham.

Second Professional Examination of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, Edinburgh.-F. A. Byrne.

First and Second Examinations for the Degree of Mus. Bac. at Durham University.-J. A. Haywood.

C. K. WRIGHT (K.E.S. 1905-1915) is the author of The Lighter Side of Local Government (Allen and Unwin, 5s. 0d.). As Town Clerk of Stoke Newington, Mr. Wright has evidently found his duties entertaining.

Old Edwardians' Cricket Club

AT the present time the Club is not in a flourishing condition and the reasons are quite obvious. The older members are gradually leaving for one or another reason and their places are not filled by recruits from School-why? I know not.

This year it has been found possible to run only one team as the membership is so small-a very sad state of affairs when the past record and reputation of the Club is considered. One would like the boys at School to realise there is such a Club as the Old Edwardians' Cricket Club, and that they are urgently needed in due course by the Club if the latter is to carry on.

In the hope that next season the Club will be in 'a position to be able to run two teams again, fixtures for two teams are now being arranged. Every boy who leaves School is cordially invited to join the Club-the one qualification necessary is that he plays cricket, he need not have been in either of the School Teams.

The subscription is as little if not less than that of any other club in the district and the travelling expenses small. Every member is certain of having a very happy time. If any boy would like to join would he please get in touch with me at 24, Brincliffe. Crescent, Sheffield, 11 (50638), or 45, Bank Street, Sheffield, 1 (23251).

R. G. BEARD,
Hon. Sec.

Old Edwardians Dramatic Society.

" R.U.R."

SIMPLY told, for the benefit of the far too large number who did not see this admirable production, the plot of R.U.R. runs thus :- Old Rossum had passed the greater part of his life in an endeavour to produce a perfect, fool-proof " robot." He had succeeded. His robot was indistinguishable from a human being in appearance and speech. It was, however, quite without emotion, mechanical, and had no understanding beyond that which its work demanded. On old Rossum's death, he left behind him a. factory for the manufacture of Rossum's Universal Robots (R.U.R.);: situated on some remote island, and run by a group of as business­like and unimaginative men as you could wish to find making a mint of money. At the time the play opens the factory is going nicely, and dividends are being declared at a height which would provoke companion-like grins from the shades of Messrs. Kreuger and Bottomley. Enter Trouble, called in the programme Helena Glory. This lady is the beautiful daughter of Professor Glory, of Oxbridge University. (Apparently the two universities must have amalgamated in 1950, since Oxford found it impossible to win the boat race without doing so ). Helena is imbued, as women are, with a desire to save someone-in this case robots. She is met by Mr. Domain-the General Manager-who, as men will, falls in love with her, while telling her of Rossum's Robot Cow. When a number of strange uncouth figures file in and begin to " gawk " at her like fish, she launches into her saving programme with its ideals for robots, under the justifiable supposition that she is addressing a rather inferior brand of robot. Her embarrassment is so great, when she finds that in fact they are the factory's managing com­mittee, that she is cajoled into marrying Domain, when he hurriedly proposes urging that she will have to marry one as they are all going to propose to her. Act II shows us Helena's Drawing Room five years later. It is her birthday, and the forestalled suitors are engaged with self-satisfied smirks in decorating her room with flowers. All, however, is not going well at the factory. The world market for robots has almost reached saturation point ; but what is still more important is that they are inexplicably beginning to show signs of intelligence, or the power to think, and are growing restive under the dominion of man whom they regard as a parasite. Helena is growing alarmed. When she learns that through the wholesale production of robots, the birth rate of Europe has become almost static, she secretly burns the only copies of old Rossum's Robot formulae in an effort to stop production and escape from a life surrounded for the most part by inhuman beings. Then comes, as the men expected, the revolt of the robots and, what they did not expect, the news that the robots had massacred all human being outside their island. Trapped in the house with the realisation that they are the only human beings left, they see that their only chance of safety is to bargain their lives for the Rossum formulae. But this is impossible since Helena has burnt them. Soon after they are all massacred, except one Alquist who, since he worked with his hands and was not therefore a parasite on Robot labour, was spared. Thus his unshaved face and soiled clothes which must have caused no small opposition among his fellows, were triumphantly justified. The last act shows the deadlock in the. Robot world, without Rossum's formulae they cannot prolong their civilisation with new robot-life. It must they realise soon die out, like the failing life of Alquist, the only human left. This by rights should be the end of the play-but no gallery would ever tolerate this-and so two robots who in appearance resemble Domain and Helena must needs conceive inexplicable sentiments of affection, and discover they "belong to each other." " Go Adam ! Go Eve ! " says the aged Alquist, bringing down the curtain on an affecting benedication - the world is saved. Which is good com­mercial theatre but poor drama.

But what of the players? The chief part was that of Helen Glory which was taken by Miss Renie Pickard. To find good looks, allied with a pleasant speaking voice and intelligent restrained acting is too rare a thing for us to pass it over with anything but appreciation. It has often been our lot to sit either straining our ears in the hope of catching a word or two, or being flattened against the gallery wall by intermittent gusts of bawling ; but Miss Pickard, without any noticeable strain or unnatural distortion, mastered with her very pleasant voice the difficult acoustics of the assembly hall, and could be heard clearly in every part of it. Mr. E. J. Clark took the male lead-Harry Domain-and performed a difficult task more than adequately. It is afar too jerkily written part. Domain starts as an ordinary, unimaginative work's manager, proceeds to a stage in which he talks a lot of prolix and pretentious nonsense about the dignity of leisure, and the ideal of freeing man from his labour, and finishes up as a sort of super-Chandu foretelling by vision the various and violent ends of his companions. Mr Clark was happy in the first phase, faltered and then, as near as any actor could, convinced us in the second ; but in the third he was com­pletely at sea and looked as if he was combating a violent attack of indigestion. Mr. Gilpin had to portray a doctor who followed in the best traditions of the shop girls' novelette, violating the trust of his board for the sake of " the woman he loved," etc., etc. His heart it proved had so affected his head that, in trying to follow Helena's early salvation ideas, he had attempted to give the Robots consciences and had only succeeded in giving them intelligence - a very different thing. Which, apparently, only goes to prove that " passionate hearts " can beat even beneath the unromantic and pudding-face appearances of the medical profession. Mr Gilpin has a sense of humour-for which much thanks-and succeeded in covering to a considerable extent the crudely melo­dramatic nature of this character. Mr. Beale as Alquist was perhaps the most consistent of the actors, though his " working man's " accent underwent some extraordinary changes, ranging in shades from the Elephant and Castle to Ilkley Moor and further. It is obvious that Mr. Capek wished to include on his board of directors a " typical Englishman." But here he found himself in difficulties since tradition ascribes the name to two types-so he put in both. The first type is the face-violent-death-with-careless-smile and joke-type. This man was admirably taken by Mr. Appleby and it says much of his power as an actor that at least one member of the audience breathed a sigh of relief when, making a supercilious jest, he waltzed out to be burnt on the electric wires, which temporarily safe-guarded the surrounded house. The second type was the strong-unemotional-pipe-in-mouth English­man. Mr. Howard Robinson had little difficulty with this part, and succeeded in making his Englishman almost intelligent, a thing which you can be sure the continental playwright never intended. Mr. Marshman fought a gallant battle with a highly emotional part and if he did not quite succeed he may console himself with the fact that it would have beaten any amateur actor It was, perhaps, unfortunate that on taking off his coat to enable him to barricade the room more easily, he should display a rather prosaic pair of braces which caused an inevitable and untimely laugh. Miss Mollie Hendry as Helena's maid contributed a very clever little character sketch ; but she was apt to broaden her interpretation too much at times, with the result that her effort was often more akin to the music-hall than the stage.

Mr. Belk as the robot leader, and his followers, were effective, striking a happy medium between the natural and the repulsive.

The production and stage effects were better than usual, and reflected credit on the various people responsible for them. A certain part of the audience on the first night displayed an empty mind and bad manners by laughing loudly at uncalled moments. Nature must bear the responsibility for the state of their minds, but nothing can extenuate their manners.

P. W. Y.

Library Notes.

OUR thanks go this Term to Mr. Simm for his very valuable and much appreciated gift of a set of books entitled An Inter­national Library of Famous Literature ; also to the librarians who have, for the most part, performed their uninteresting task regularly and conscientiously. The year has been notable in the Library for two events. The first was that, at the end of the Christ­mas Term, the librarians collected all the fines which were due. A large number of the School considered this action very bad form, and a joke in the worst possible taste. The result, however, was twofold. In the first place, a record amount in fines was collected ; and in the second, a number of victims signified their strong dis­approval of this unusual innovation by withdrawing their patronage. The second event was that the Illustrated London News was withdrawn from the Library table, and transferred to Room 8, the reason for this being that someone insisted on defacing it with notes of what, we presume, were of humorous intent. The mentality of such an individual can be most charitably described as non­existent. We would conclude-as we pass from these arms for ever-by reminding those leaving that it is their duty and privilege to present the Library with a book, not to take one away with them.

P. W. Y.

ENGLISH.

Among our recent acquisitions is Heimskringla, or The Lives of the Norse Kings, a book that would have warmed the cockles of William Morris' heart. Columbus and the Santa Maria pale into nothingness before the Viking voyage to Labrador ; and Drake's exploit at Cadiz reads like a barber's story beside the expedition to the Middle Seas of the Berserkers and Harold Hardrade, he who on the streets of Byzantium put out the eye of the Emperor of the World.

The English Ballad, a critical survey by Robert Graves, is a book that the English Library should have bought several years ago. Graves sets out nine characteristics by which the ballad can he recognised, and he gives in outline a history of the ballad form. He is no antiquarian ; as a hypothesis he declares that" the ballad is a song or chorus evolved by the group-mind of a community "­and he at once applies this generalisation to the modern world. Of Russia he says, " If the Government is representative of the people, and communism can become a habit, communal art may be expected as readily as communal ploughing." And his collection of ballads is skilfully chosen to illustrate his theory of ballad develop­ment. We have, of course, the tried favourites, " Sir Patrick Spens," and  the Cleveland Lyke Wake Dirge ; but we have also the, eighteenth century " Wednesbury Cocking," " Boney was a Warrior," the cowboy ballad " Jesse James," and the war-time masterpiece " The Top of the Dixie Lid." We are proud that we can amend the text of this latter ; the chorus should read­
" Wash me in the water
That you wash your dirty daughter,
And I'll be as white
As the whitewash on the wall."

Scientific Society.

ON February 6th, a visit was made to the Sheffield University Department of Glass Technology. The party was first given a short account of the history of glass making, and of the way in which certain glass articles, e.g., bottles, jugs and sheet glass, are, or have been, manufactured. This lecture was illustrated by lantern slides and specimens of the raw materials, and of the finished products.

The party was then conducted through the various departments. In one of these the resistance of glasses to corrosion by water, acids or alkalis, is. determined. For determinations with alkalis, silver vessels are used, while for acids, silica beakers. The glass to be tested is either cut to a disc of a standard size, or powdered, the particles being of such a size that they pass through one sieve, but not through another of finer mesh.

The strength of milk bottles is determined by allowing a small hammer to fall on them ; other bottles are tested by determining at what internal pressure they burst-the experiment is carried out under water. The hardness of slips of glass may be found by scratching with a diamond, pressed down by a known force. The depth of the scratch is a measure of the hardness of the glass.

Other determinations are made. For example, what parts of the spectrum are absorbed by the glass. Some glasses, almost opaque to ordinary light, transmit ultra-violet light. The temperature, at which a given specimen of glass was annealed, can be determined from the amount through which the plane of polarisation, of a ray_ of light, is turned by a glass rod, at various temperatures.

To conclude a most interesting visit, the party was entertained to tea, which was greatly appreciated, as was the way in which the various apparatus, throughout the department, had been labelled for our benefit.

A visit to the coke ovens of the Nunnery Coke and Gas Company, -on February 13th, proved very interesting.

The coke is made by heating coal in ovens which are regenerative, i.e., one wall is heated, the waste gases heating up a mass of chequered brickwork. The air is then directed through these heated' bricks, becoming hot, and, on burning with the gas, heating the other wall, and, at the same time- heating up bricks on the original side. The direction of the air current is changed after a suitable interval, and so on. After the coal has " carbonised," it is pushed out from one side of the oven into a wagon, quenched, and tipped on the coke wharf. When cold, it is sorted into various sizes. Tar, benzol and ammonia are extracted from the gas given off during carbonisation. Most of the tar condenses out as the gas is cooled. After this tar has been removed, the ammoniacal liquor is obtained. This is distilled and treated with sul­phuric acid to give ammonium sulphate, which is made perfectly neutral and used as a fertiliser.

Any remaining tar is removed by an electro-tar extractor, before the gas is led to the benzol separating plant, from which the crude benzol is obtained and stored for the market. The gas is then pumped to the purification plant of the Sheffield Gas Company.

After the visit we were entertained to tea by Mr. Long.

On February 27th, a party of 30 visited the Pea Canning factory of Messrs. Batchelor and Company.

Dried peas are soaked in water for 16 hours, and then heated in water to soften the skin. After washing with cold water, to remove any slimy matter which still clings to the skin of the peas, they are sorted, as they travel along an endless belt. At the far end of this belt, they fall into a hopper, whence they, and a specially prepared brine solution which contains mint, are placed in tins, with a flanged rim. The liquid in the tins is boiled to drive air out of the tin, and a lid fitted on, its edges being pressed round the flange of the rim by means of rollers. The tins are packed into large crates, and are then heated at a high temperature and pressure in closed boilers to cook and sterilize them. The pressure in these boilers must be high, or the pressure of the steam in each tin would blow the lid off Actually, when the boiler is opened the ends of the tin are convex outwards, but as they cool, become concave. After labelling, the tins are packed in boxes.

It was found possible to arrange three visits-two of them after lunch-for the half-term visit to York on February 25th.

The first visit was to the L.N.E.R. Carriage and Wagon Works. The Company, as far as possible, manufactures its own carriages, and does not merely assemble them.

In the first shop red-hot billets are roughly hammered into shape for making coupling bolts. After they have been heated again, they are drop stamped. In the next shop carriage wheels are turned on a huge lathe, then after being mounted on axles, their inner surface is turned. They are then fitted into their bogies. The steel carriage frames are electrically welded.

In the next shop carriages were being refitted. New doors, locks, luggage racks and window straps were being fitted in the place of faulty ones As the coaches built at York are not of the all-steel type, a large section of the works is devoted to timber. There were great stacks of mahogany logs from Bombay, of rough-hewn trees, and of timber of a lighter nature. The logs and trees are cut into planks by large band-saws, the rough planks are passed through planing machines and are then sawn to size by circular saws. In an adjoining shed, machines do nothing but sharpen the saws by means of abrasive wheels. There were also mortising and tenoning machines.

Each carriage is fitted with four buffers, and the buffers have a deep groove cut in their shanks, so that they can be guided in their sheaths. Electric drills are used to bore through steel plates, and they can drill holes about eight times as fast as by hand. Nuts and bolts are made in the same shop.

In the next sheds the woodwork was mounted on the steel carriage frames, and general fitting and painting was in progress. Tables, chairs, cushions: door frames and so on, were being made. In another part of the shed destination boards were being painted and transfers put on the carriage sides. The finished article, costing it is said, some five or six thousand pounds, is indeed a masterpiece of British workmanship. So beautifully varnished are the carriage sides, that they reflect brilliantly, and the natural graining of the wood is a sheer delight to see. An enjoyable visit was concluded by watching cellulose guns at work in the spraying sheds.

The first visit of the afternoon was to the L.N.E.R. Railway Museum. I his museum is divided into two parts-the small exhibits section which houses prints, photographs, books and time tables, and the large exhibits section which contains historic, engines, early railway carriages and the like.

In the former were many items of interest, amongst which were some single line staffs. These were used on single line tracks, and the rules said that no engine could travel on the line unless the driver was in possession of such a staff. Thus no two engines could be on the same line at the same time. "There were also several examples of early apparatus used for signalling, and gold and silver passes used by railway officials. There were a large number of documents referring to the early history of the railway.

In the larger exhibits section was the Hetton Colliery engine built in 1822 and which led the Centenary Procession in 1925, under its own steam. The lathe wheel used by George Stephenson in making his early locomotives was seen. There were several early railway carriages ; these had wooden seats, and wooden blocks instead of spring buffers. Among the engines was the 6-W.R. " City of Truro, which achieved the speed of 102.3 m.p.h. in 1904 - the highest authentic speed ever reached by a railway train. There was a large collection of early lines, which, at first, had stone sleepers. The first iron railway bridge was interesting, for it had no rivets, the girders being rocketed into tubular pillars. Part of the original track was laid along the top of the bridge. Altogether a very novel visit.

The last of the afternoon's visits was to Messrs. Rowntree's Chocolate Works. After being given a short description of the conditions of the workers in the factory, the party was given light refreshments, and then split up into a number of smaller parties, which were first shown the precautions taken to avoid, and put out fires.

In one department boxes are made and decorated by hand and by machines,. The chocolates are made, filled, decorated and dried on an endless, slowly-moving belt, whence, after being carefully examined for defects, they are, packed into the boxes.

The pastilles and clear-gums are made from flavoured gelatine. The syrupy liquid is run into moulds made of starch, and baked. After removal from the moulds, all traces of starch are blown away.

After the visit the party was given samples of the various products.

On March 1st, Mr. H. Laithwaite of the Sheffield University Department of Glass Technology, gave a lecture on the " History of Glass Making." It is seldom that the Society is addressed by an outside lecturer and our warmest thanks must be tendered to him. The chair was taken by Mr. H. Redston, and there was a large audience, the meeting being open to the School.

Mr. Laithwaite began by describing the discovery of glass and its uses in ancient times. In the Middle Ages Venice was supreme in the beautiful work it produced. Thence glassworkers spread over Europe only to be recalled later, on pain of death, lest their craft should become overcrowded. Some few, however, were allowed to remain in England, so that for a short time England vied with Venice for supremacy. The Venetian method lay chiefly in forming articles of layers of different coloured glasses, some of which layers were then cut away to form designs. An example of this type of work is the Portland Vase.

Many years passed without any improvements in the manufacture of glass or in removing its green colour, then the German industry came to the fore, a position which it held until quite recently. The lecture was illustrated by lantern slides, the last two of which touched on modern machines. It is hoped that Mr. Laithwaite will continue this aspect in another lecture next term, giving an account of modern machinery.

The last visit of this session was to the underground workings of the Nunnery Colliery Company, Limited. It took place on July 3rd, and had been arranged by E. R. Monypenny.

Under the leadership of the undermanager we were shown how the lamps are checked, how they are cleaned and charged, and were each given a lamp. Having climbed to a landing, where trucks of coal were being emptied by a revolving tipper, the party was packed tightly into a small iron cage, in which we descended some 1,800 feet. Thence, going to a small room, the party was searched for matches.

Having visited the pony stables, we walked downwards, sometimes upright, but more often with bended back and occasionally with bended knees, making a first halt at an electric winding engine, which was used for drawing up trucks. Further on a compressed-air engine was shown which was used for the same purpose and in action made a terrific noise.

The coal is brought from the face by means of iron troughs. These propel the coal by a series of jerks and discharge on to V-shaped travelling rubber belts. By these the coal is conveyed to trucks. At the coal face, a modern coal cutter was seen at work. It could move in a horizontal or vertical plane, and cut the coal very much in the same way as that in which a circular saw cuts wood. The whole machine could be moved backwards or forwards on caterpillar tracks. When the cutting had been finished, two holes were drilled, dynamite cartridges inserted, and the holes stemmed with clay. Having tested for gas, the two shots were fired, the explosions giving little sound but a powerful draught of air. The dust at the face was dispelled by blowing with a fan, and the coal brought down. The work had produced an advance of six feet.

In conclusion I should like to thank all those who have in any way helped me, and to wish the Society every success in the future.

G. BLOOM.

House Notes

ARUNDEL­

It is pleasant to find that the House is emerging from a period of ill-success, and to-day has a good place in all the tables. In the Sports and Cross Country races last Term very creditable results were obtained. This year our Cricket has been of much higher standard. The 1st XI League team has done exceedingly well under the captaincy of Whitman, D. E. ; besides being placed third in their table they can boast of being the only team to beat Chatsworth-the league winners. The batting on the whole has been good, while Ashford, R., Whitman, D. E., Limb, S. and Wood, G. K. have all bowled successfully.

We, however, have no outstanding players, and so it is not surprising that a strong Clumber XI beat us in the first round of the Knock-Out Championship ; but since our team is still young we are entertaining great hopes for the future.

Blackhurst, J. and Blackhurst A. have led the 2nd XI and 3rd XI League teams with praiseworthy keenness. The 2nd XI finished third, and the 3rd XI runners-up in their respective tables. Our youthful talent, then, will be of the utmost value next season.

Fives is being neglected in the House : the Arundel entries for the open competitions formed a pitiful total. If all boys in the Middle School who wish to play Fives make their desire known, they will gladly receive instruction.

In the Swimming Sports Arundel acquitted herself well by obtaining the third position in the House competition. So much however, depends on the best swimmers in the House, and our success was, to a large extent, due to the excellent performances of Fowlston, D. in the Under 14 events, and Hastie, B. W. in the Over 16 events. We have hopes of two good relay teams next year, if all swimmers will keep up their swimming throughout the winter.

CLUMBER­

The bright feature of Clumber's activities since the publication of the last number of THE MAGAZINE has naturally been the Athletic Sports. The House Cup was won by Clumber owing to a combined effort both on the part of individuals and of the House as a whole. Hearty congratula­tions are due to P. W. Youens for breaking his last year's record high jump by one of 5ft. 3.5ins. this year, and for breaking his long jump record, although he did not gain the first place in the competition. We have a follower of Youens in Sorby, who won the 12-15 High jump with a height of 4ft. bins. Congratulations are due to Melling for winning the Mile Open. In House events, Clumber was well in the van : the Junior Relay team won their race, and the Senior team came 3rd. Even better were the Tug-of-war results : the Senior team easily pulled their opponents away, and the junior pulled well and finished second. The winning of the House Cup may be ascribed to the fact that the whole influence of the House was brought into play during the preparations for the Sports, and that everyone did his share. To celebrate the House competitors spent a social evening with the Scouts, during which votes of thanks were passed to Mr. Exton for the generous way in which he spent his time coaching the runners and Tug-of-war teams, and Mr. Tod, who had given similar help.

Results in the Swimming Sports were not so good. A more satisfactory performance would have been achieved if some of our swimmers had not fought shy of racing, but had practised for the races and then taken their chance in the competitions.

There has been more keenness for Cricket and attendance has been fair at net practice. Although we have not shone in League games, we have provided the School XI's with six players, and have finished with second place in the more representative knock-out competition.

The House has reason to be proud of two successes in the intellectual field : Colquhoun, J. won two Scholarships and has decided on a medical career ; we wish him further success at Sheffield University. Scutt, I. R., Head of the House, also gained two awards ; he accepted the Squire Law Scholarship, which takes him to Cambridge, there to become acquainted with that perplexing phenomenon, legal jargon.

The loss of House stalwarts at this time of the year always-seems to rob the House of its biggest asset-the influence and help of those who have become leaders in School activities and whose loyalty is so vital for the progress of the House. Those who leave us this Term have done well for Clumber, and next year will bring similar opportunities to the group that follows.

HADDON­

Haddon has again distinguished itself. Without any doubt we are "prim us inter pares." We followed up our victory in the Cross Country run by determined efforts in the Athletic Sports. Even the powers that be, in all their impartiality, were forced to admit that our winning of the Relay Race, despite the unfortunate disability of R. Gray, was no mean achievement. The latter was nevertheless Champion Athlete for the second time ; and particularly noteworthy was J. H. Allan's record long jump. Haddon's athletes also helped to establish the School's ascendancy in the jubilee Sports.

In the League Cricket we have finished a close second to Chatsworth, and would have been first but for the 3rd XI s obstinate refusal to live up to the example of the 1st and 2nd XIs. However, we had no difficulty in winning the Knock-out Trophy by the easy margin of ten wickets. No fewer than seven Haddon men have played for the School 1st and 2nd teams. We have not pulled any trees up at Swimming. There is something curious in the fact that, though we have the second largest number of swimmers, we had only three individual competitors in the Sports. We hope young Haddonites will remedy this state of affairs in the future-they must start at the bottom. In the House Fives com­petition we gave a good game to that House which has eventually proved victorious.

LYNWOOD-

Last Term at the Athletic Sports we lost the Sports Cup which the House has held for the last three years. The reason for this was that we were second in most events instead of first. The Senior Relay team : Saville, Graham, Williams and Siddall were second to Haddon, and the Under 14 team : Windeler, Bagnall, Jones and Hughes were second to Clumber. Besides being second in these two events, the House was runner-up for the Sports Cup.

The Cricket season has not been very successful. In the Knock-out Tournament, the House was beaten by Clumber after a very keen game in the semi-final. This was rather disappointing, as we should have liked a shot at the mighty Haddon. The three League teams have not done very well : the 3rd XI have played seven games and won four, the 2nd XI have played seven and won two and the 1st XI have played six and won two. We must congratulate Burley and Graham on their appearances for the School 1st XI, and also Saville and Williams on their appearances in the 2nd XI.

Fives has provided some disappointment too. The House 1st Pair, Burley and Graham beat Clumber in two sets in the first round, but lost to Sherwood in the second round after winning the first set. The Under 14 Pair, Bagnall and Hughes, were knocked out in the first round by Sherwood.

Our one great success of the Term was the Swimming Sports, where we retained the Melling Cup and the Dolphin Shield once again, and Taylor won for the House the new Independent Shield for the School's Champion Swimmer. This success was chiefly due to Taylor, who we are sorry to say, is leaving this Term. The Senior Relay Team : Taylor, Flint, A. F., Burley and Graham swam very well to retain the Melling Cup. The Junior Relay Team : Corner, Upton, Mowat and Calvert swam well to be second in the heat, but they were last in the final. We must also con­gratulate Taylor on beating the Yorkshire Quarter Mile Swimming record and equalling the Yorkshire 100 yards record.

Finally we must congratulate G. C Smith on winning a Technical Studentship of £42 a year at Sheffield University.

SHERWOOD­

In the Athletic Sports at the end of last Term, we were placed fourth, one point behind Haddon and only 40 points behind Clumber, the winners. It was a very satisfactory effort which was the result of team-work rather than the work of any outstanding individual, though Pashley, D. won both the Mile and the Half Mile Handicaps, and Cotton, J. M. both the Under 12 High Jump and Long Jump.

We have not been so successful at Cricket this Term, but the 3rd XI have won four matches The 1st XI have, however, had several very close games, notably against Wentworth, when we only lost by three runs. Pashley, D. must be congratulated on gaining a place in the School 1st XI, for whom he has made several good scores. Hardy has also played for the School 1st XI on occasions.

In Fives we have been more successful, for we are in the final of the " Over 14 " House Competition, have two players in the semi-finals of the Open Singles, and are well placed in the " Under 14 " events.

At the beginning of the term a team (three of whose four members belong to Sherwood-Lacy, Banner and Cotton), representing the Lynwood-Sherwood section of the Scouts, won the Under 14 Cross Country Race for Sheffield Scouts. The Summer Camp this year will be held at Corfe Castle, and it is hoped that all Sherwood Scouts will attend.

WELBECK­

The House was quite up to standard at the Athletic Sports this year, Blaskey especially distinguishing himself by winning second place in both the 100 Yards Open and in the 220 Yards Open. Mellor and D. Fulford give us strong hopes for future glory in the Sports by their running in the junior events.

Kirkham has had a difficult job with a weakened team in the League competition, having three members in the School 1st and 2nd XIs - Settle, Reid and Hermitte-but he has done well to lead the team to. victory on two or three occasions. The House 2nd team is quite strong, however, but the 3rd XI still shows signs of weakness.

In the Knock-out competition we were beaten by one run by Chatsworth, a. very unsatisfactory result.

We won the first round of the Fives competition, beating Arundel 15-1, 15-0, but lost to Chatsworth in the second round in a very hard game. Settle has reached the Final in the Open Fives competition, and will have to play the winner of the Senior-Borrodell game.

Although we did not exactly cover ourselves with glory at the Swimming Sports this Term, we at least put up a good show, the Junior Relay team winning its heat and coming second to Chatsworth in the Final. The Senior Relay Team won its heat, but was placed third to Lynwood and Chatsworth in the Final.

WENTWORTH­

The Cricket season has been moderately successful for all elevens. In the League matches the 1st X1 seemed to be well on the way to fame until it was defeated unexpectedly by Chatsworth. In the Knock-out Championship Wentworth were defeated narrowly by the invincible Haddon.

We must congratulate Buckley on reaching the semi-final in the Under 14 Fives Singles Championship.

Correspondence.

To the Editor,
K.E.S. Magazine.

Dear Sir,

We would like to draw your attention to the quality of the loose-leaf paper at present supplied by the School Office. Apart from its fragility, it is exceedingly difficult to read matter if both sides are used. If the paper has been introduced in the interests of economy, we must admit that the idea is sound, for after once having used it, one has no wish to use it again. Could not something be done about it ?

Yours truly,
L. L. B.

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