33 NEW chapter may be said to have opened in the history of the S.R.G.S.; involving no break in the continuity of that history, yet inaugurating a new era, and opening out, we trust, great promise for the future of the School. In our last issue we recorded the resignation of the Rev. Edward Senior. The Governors of the School have, from upwards of one hundred candidates, appointed the Rev. A. B. Haslam, M.A., who as our readers are aware, has for more than eight years been Second Master of the School. Of the work of these years we have no need to speak ; it is perfectly well known to all those really interested in the School. When at Rugby as a boy our new Head Master was not only head of the School and five times a Classical prizeman, but (what is quite as interesting to some of his present pupils) captain of the football team as well. After a distinguished career at Cambridge, where he gained an Open Exhibition and a Foundation Scholarship at St. John's College, and took First Class in the Classical Tripos, he went as Assistant Master to Cheltenham College. His six years' work there was succeeded by an eleven years' Head Mastership of Ripon School. His candidature for the Head Mastership of the S.R.G.S, was supported by testimonials from His Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury ; the Marquis of Ripon ; the Right Hon. G. J. Goschen, M.P. ; Vice-Chancellor Bodington, of Victoria University ; the Lord Bishop of Mauritius ; and others.

The boys of the School have already expressed their approval of the choice of the Governors and welcomed Mr. Haslam in their usual effective if somewhat boisterous fashion. The Magazine takes the first opportunity of welcoming him as Head and offering its heartiest congratulations on his appointment.

THE session was brought to a close by a most successful and  enjoyable conversazione, held in the School on May 11th. The Rev. A. B. Haslam presided.

The "Era" Dramatic Society gave two performances-" My Lady Help" and L0 In the Eyes of the World." Both pieces were admirably staged, and the rendering of the several characters left nothing to be desired. In a My Lady Help " (with which the programme was opened), Mr. Percy Toothill, as Jack Desborough, played in a very able manner ; and Miss Rosie Baum, as Lady Eva Desborough (his wife), did very creditably. To Mr. H. Kent Marples must be given all praise for his most excellent rendering of the part of Benjamin Pennygrass (Desborough's uncle).

After the representation, songs were given by Miss Beatrice Beard and Mr. Percy Watson, both of whom gave very great satisfaction, the latter being enthusiastically encored. Miss Ethel Dyson recited `° The Ballad of Splendid Silence " in a very able and effective manner.

Mr. TI. Jasper Redfern then showed part of his cinematograph films, which were interspersed with some beautiful lantern slides, many of " London by Night."

The rendering of " In the Eyes of the World " was very well received. Miss Ethel Beal played a somewhat difficult part (Lady Mabel Wendover) with both taste and skill, whilst Mr. H. Kent Marples received frequent and well-merited applause as Horatio Parr. The other parts were taken by Mr. J. B. Stephens, Mr. Percy Toothill, and Mr. A. J. Dignam, who all performed very creditably.

Mr. A. C. Innocent then gave " Vulcan's Song " with great effect, after which Mr. Redfern showed the remainder of his films and slides.

O N Sunday, May 23rd, Mr. Hodgetts gave the address to the members of the Scripture Union. He urged the boys to read their Bible diligently and prayerfully; pointing out how helpful was the habit of reading a small portion daily in enabling them to live a strong and healthy Christian life. lie compared this with the physical life ; and showed how, though in many respects the latter illustrated the former, the spiritual life involved so much more. He spoke from personal experience of the help the Bible afforded in all times of doubt, temptation, or affliction.

On the 11th June, Archdeacon Eyre gave the address. He spoke on Bible reading generally, pointing out particularly that if one begins to pull the Bible to pieces and tear out one leaf as it were, straightway another comes out, and soon there is nothing left at all. If a story of the Old Testament be rejected, then a passage in the New Testament must also be rejected. Take for instance the story of Lot's wife being turned into a pillar of salt. If we remove that, as ,some would, as being unlikely and untrue, we are compelled to erase the passage in which Jesus himself says " Remember Lot's wife." But before the New Testament passage is torn out two questions naturally occur. They are (1) Did Jesus say this knowing it to be untrue ? and (2) If untrue, did he not know it was untrue? It is not likely that either of these questions can be answered in the affirmative. The Archdeacon also gave much good advice to the boys, and his address was greatly appreciated by all. Mr. Haslam, as usual, conducted the services, and Mr. Watson officiated at the harmonium.

By ONE OF THE MODERNS.

AMONG the characteristics peculiar to this nineteenth century which is now so near its close, is the custom of giving much importance to the celebration of the anniversaries of by-gone events. This feature has become specially noticeable within the last twenty years, and is doubtless largely to be attributed to the feelings aroused by the double Jubilee of Her Majesty the Queen. The Portuguese have just completed their rejoicings of the quater-centenary of Vasco de Gama's voyage round the Cape of Good Hope, and the memory of the Columbian Exposition at Chicago is still fresh in our minds. So too, many religious societies in our own country are now commemorating their hundredth birthday; but while these are confined to Great Britain alone, this summer should see the whole of Europe uniting in one great International Festival, for July 15th, 1899, will be the 800th anniversary of the capture of Jerusalem by the Christians of the first Crusade.

Following upon the capture of the Holy City came the establishment of a feudal kingdom, ruled by Godfrey de Bouillon. The purpose of the Crusaders was now accomplished, and they accordingly returned home, leaving Godfrey and his subjects exposed to the attacks of the hostile Mahometans, who, taking advantage of the weakness of the Christians, not only shut them up within the city walls, but plundered or put to death all who attempted to make the pilgrimage. At length, grieved at the sight of so much suffering, two young French knights of noble birth, Hugh de Payens and Godfrey de St. Omer, came forward accompanied by seven other warriors of high rank, and undertook to protect the road leading from Acre to the Holy City. They were bound by a solemn vow to devote themselves wholly and unreservedly to the sacred duty of shielding the pilgrims and punishing their oppressors, They also took vows of poverty, of chastity, and of absolute obedience to the Patriarch of Jerusalem, and to the one among themselves whom they should select as their bead; and they called themselves" The poor fellow-soldiers of Jesus Christ," The Church of the Holy Sepulchre was granted to them as their chapel, and a portion of the royal palace at Jerusalem was assigned to the use of themselves and their attendants. From the fact that this palace was built on the site of Solomon's Temple they received the name of Brothers of the Order of the Temple, 1118, A.D.

It was here and thus that the Knights Templars, who were soon to take so important a position in the world, began their existence. Their life was spent in fighting, and though individually vowed to poverty, they were supplied either by the King or out of their own combined resources with everything necessary to render their work effective. Thus for instance, each knight possessed three horses and an attendant squire to assist him. At the time of the preparation for the second Crusade, about 1145, they received permission from Pope Eugenius III. to wear a red cross on the left breast of their white mantles. Their battle-cry was Beauceant; but what Beauceant meant, no one can tell with certainty. It was perhaps an old cry of the Burgundian peasantry -a link, as it were, to remind them of their old home. Like all the nobility of those days, they had their armorial bearings-two knights riding on one horse ; though whether they intended to indicate by this badge their poverty, or their brotherly love, or their humility cannot be discovered, for they have left no explanatory records behind them to gratify our curiosity.

Nine years later the knights were formed into a body of military monks under a code of statutes based as far as possible on those of the Cistercian order. They owed allegiance to no authority whatever, excepting that of the Pope alone, but were purely self-governed by their head, who was called the Grand Master, and who always resided in Palestine at the post of danger. In course of time they became even more attached to the Papal power. Instead of secular priests they were permitted to have chaplains of their own, and not only were they free from the interference of all bishops, but their possessions were not allowed to suffer when a dignitary of the church put the land under an interdict. They were exempt from all tithes, taxes, and feudal service. Their property too had now increased to an extraordinary degree. Estates were settled upon the Order in all countries, and it is said that they held at least 9,000 manors throughout Europe, in addition to other kinds of wealth, while their annual income, at a Lime when money was much scarcer than at present, is estimated to have been £0,000.000.

But a society so rich and so privileged was bound to have enemies, and the end came in a way that was least expected. Ugly rumours began to spread abroad as to the misconduct and infidelity of the knights. It was said, among other things, that they worshipped the devil in various forms, and that they were required to spit upon the cross and image of the Saviour. Charges such as these were brought against them, but they were too haughty to reply, until Philip le Bel, of France, having bribed two of the community to make a false confession, resolved to attack the Order in the hope of confiscating their property to himself.

The kingdom of Jerusalem, meanwhile, bad been re-captured by the Mahometans, and after a splendid defence of all their Syrian fortresses against vastly superior numbers, the Templars had been obliged to leave the Holy Land and take refuge in Cyprus. Thus the sole cause for which the Order of the Red Cross existed was removed, and its dissolution could not be reasonably opposed even by the Pope, its only true friend. Clement V. too, who then held that office, was wholly under French influence, and when pressure was brought to bear upon him, consented to issue a bull ordering an enquiry to be made, with the result that a great number of knights were tortured to death in the attempt to extort confession of crime from them. Upon such unsatisfactory evidence as was thus obtained several hundreds of Templars were condemned and roasted to death on slow fires ; among whom was the Grand Master, James de Molay, who together with three of his chief officers had previously endured five-and-a-half years of rigorous confinement. France was the only country in which this excessive barbarity was practised, but in all countries alike the possessions of the knights were confiscated, and in 1327 a decree was issued by the Pope abolishing the whole Order.

In England, as in the rest of Europe, the Templars had possessed extensive property. Priories were founded on each estate as depots, where novices could be trained in their duties before being passed on to Palestine. Their head­quarters were in London, at first in the Old Temple, outside Holborn Bars, close to the present Southampton Buildings. After some years, however, they purchased the ground on which they built the New Temple, the site of the modern law-courts, which Spenser describes as­
" Those bricky towers,
The which on Thames' broad, aged back do ride,
Where now the studious lawyers have their bowers ;
There whilome wont the Templar knights to bide,
Till they decayed through pride."

Like the Templars of old, we boys of the S.R.G.S. bear a red cross as part of our insignia, worn not upon the breast but upon the head. It is of the same form-the old Greek cross, with the four radii equal in length ; and like theirs also, it was not adopted until centuries after the foundation of the body that now has it for its badge. Though they and their forms of ceremony have passed away, their spirit of chivalry should survive in us as their modern representatives. The rules by which we are bound have not the same stringency as their laws, but none the less we should strive to imitate their noble characters. Let us do nothing which would be a disgrace to their name ; and when a temptation is set before us, remember the red cross which is upon our heads. We should take warning too by their fate. So long as they retained their original humility and temperance, their labours were appreciated ; but as their prosperity and wealth increased, they fell in the estimation of the peoples of Europe. Men taint to hate their arrogance, to wish for their ruin, and when a sufficiently powerful enemy attacked them, all were ready to join against them. Let us imitate their good points, not their failings; and may it never be said of us, as it was of them, that " they decayed through pride."

J. A. P.

Emmanuel College,
Cambridge, June, 1899.

Dear Mr. Editor,

This will probably be my last letter for some little time, as next term will see the advent of four, at least, from the School, who will doubtless vie with one another in reproducing for the benefit of your readers their feelings and sensations during the first few days of their University life, and in honestly confessing to the many hoaxes which they are sure to be made victims of as Freshmen.

I am hoping we shall be able to revive ' The Sheffield Cantabs' Club," which at one time was in a very flourishing state, but which, unfortunately, died a natural death last year.

I submit a few extracts from " The Fresher's Don't," a well-known pamphlet in Cambridge which proved of material assistance to me, and which, in the generosity of my heart, I pass on to those about to come up here, with the hope that they will have as an enjoyable a first year as I have had.

1. Don't wear knickerbockers with cap and gown, nor carry a stick or umbrella. These are stock eccentricities of Fresherdom.

2. Don't continue to cultivate a beard if you have acquired one since leaving School. This excess of manhood is not popular in the 'Varsity.

3. Don't talk shop or try to air your acquirements. It is most distressing to listen to a Fresher who has just commenced the study of Chemistry, and who continually asks his friend " To pass the H201" or even worse to endure the conversation of a batch of well-meaning and no doubt hard-working Freshers who talk about nothing else but the knowledge they have gained to-day, and that which they hope to gain to-morrow.

4. Don't, if you play Footer or Cricket for a small School, pose as an authority on the game, or talk too much of your own prowess. If you are good this will show itself, and if not you appear foolish.

5. Don't speak disrespectfully of a man "Who only got a Third in his Trip., and so can't be very good." Before you go down your opinion will be " that a man must be rather good to take the Trip. at all."

6. Don't try to speak first or get up too frequently at your College Debating Society. You may be snubbed.

7. Don't hang round other men's rooms for no purpose. You will get a bad name.

8. Don't attend Divine Service at the Pitt Press. The music is not good.

N.B.-There are others.

The University XI. has not been very successful this season, losing to Surrey and Yorkshire. Against the Australians, however, two centuries were recorded-Moon 138, and Taylor 110--and an excellent total of 436 put together ; but the XI. quite collapsed in the second innings, and lost by ten wickets.

There have been some big scores in College matches, notably by Trinity, where the best cricketers are to be found.

The Varsity Lawn Tennis VI. has been going strong, although much difficulty has been experienced in unearthing a competent third pair.

At Emmanuel we have done moderately in cricket.

We have had an excellent tennis season, winning 18 matches out of 20. Our position was second only to Trinity among the Colleges.

May Week was as successful as ever. In the mornings and after­noons the Australians were the attraction at Fenner's, and in the evenings the river banks drew shoals of people. First Trinity, with two Blues, managed to retain the Headship, but only after three grand races with Third Trinity, whose crew included four Blues and the Varsity cox. Both our boats went down this year, but as we have done so well in the past we must expect a spell of bad luck.

I 'was most sorry to hear in what wretched weather the School Sports were decided. Congratulations to Cornu on an all-round smart. performance.

I hope the Cricket Season will be successful. May the best batsman win the average bat.

With all good wishes to the School for the future,

I am, yours very sincerely, JOHN EYRE.

Keble College, Oxford, June, 1899.

Dear Mr. Editor,

I trust you will get this letter in time for your next issue, and apologise for its being over-due.

This term has been a success in every sense of the word, especially for Keble men, for, firstly, our Boat went up four places in the " Eights," getting into quite a decent position in the first division, where we have not been for the last ten years ; and secondly, a Keble man, Whatmough, scored a First in Mods. ; our last having been gained in the year-well, we will temporize and say that Ancient History records it somewhere.

We are seriously thinking of erecting a marble statue to him in the Large Quad with a suitable inscription thereon : one might here ejaculate if one were inclined to be flippant-" What-ho " !!!

Regarding the aforementioned Eights, we were blessed with splendid weather, and Oxford was gay with crowds of relatives and friends ; Keble have just put a new barge on the river, which was much admired by our numerous mothers, sisters, cousins (I was going to put wives, but perhaps it would be rather premature, and so refrain) who thronged its decks to imbibe tea and see the racing.

Worcester or Wuggins (harmoniously so called for convenience sake) and ours were the most successful boats, the former getting one more bump than we did : our crew got the oars with which they rowed, this taking place when four bumps at least are made. If a boat makes seven bumps, the highest number possible, each of the crew gets his thwart, the boat being cut into sections ; Merton College gained this distinction, and a very difficult piece of work it is, last year.

We celebrated our success with the usual Bump-Supper and Bon­fire on the last night of the Eights, and as the Warden and Dons graced the festal board, in addition to the 200 undergraduates, there was a remarkably enthusiastic scene and much speechifying, which did not slacken on the former's departure amidst the strains of " For he's a jolly good fellow," etc

All Oxonians hoped that we should have pulled off the Inter­Varsity cricket match, and it looked as though we would have done so ; the Cambridge team is to be congratulated on the way in which they bucked Lip in the hour of need and turned what seemed an inevitable victory for us into a draw.

The Cher (a tributary of the Isis ; for the benefit of those of you who do not know Oxford) has been a very animated scene during the hot weather of the latter part of term ; and Keble being nearest to its limpid waters (quite poetical !) has been the '° rendez-vous" of each and every 'Varsity man who has made an unpremeditated dive into mid-stream, whilst being initiated into the mysteries of punting, and who, after his visit, departs clad in the togs of any Keble man whom he may happen to know. There have been several cases of Jones and Smith returning to Keble to find their wardrobe despoiled, the absent garments returning with or without, mostly without, an apologetic note, after a week or so.

We have three cricket Blues in Coll.. two of whom played in the last Inter-Varsity match.

Rhodes, on receiving his Honorary D.C.L. degree at the " Encaenia," during Commem. Week, is said to have been embarrassed by an undergraduate member of the audience requesting him not to look Bored ! (pardon, it wasn't me, as the grammarian does not say).

I hope we shall have the pleasure of welcoming some of the VIth up here next October, when the annual influx of visitors takes place the present writer then returning for his third and, alas, his last year.

Yours very sincerely,

ACLAND F. O'N. WILLIAMS.

As manufactured on Thursday Afternoons at the S.R.G.S.

I.

O 1 horrid are the wailings of the bagpipe when it shrieks,

Played by mighty men, with mighty lungs who scorn the use of

" 0 breeks ;"

But its screams are sweetest melody compared to that strange roar

Which fills our School on Thursday afternoon 'twixt two and four.

II.

0 ! hideous is the music (!) of the German bands you hear,

And it puts all nervous people in an abject state of fear ;

But better fifty German bands, playing each a different tune,

Than the melody which floods our School on Thursday afternoon.

III.

0 ! the screamings of a cart wheel that's in agonies for grease

Are not at all conducive to a state of blissful peace;

But if all the carts in Hallamshire went past in one wild roar,

'T would be sweet repose to Thursday afternoon 'twixt two and four.

IV.

0 ! the antiquated veteran, full many a tale he tells

Of the booming of the cannon and the shrieking of the shells,

And he's fought full many a battle, but he little knows the cool

Pluck required to face a Thursday afternoon in Sheffield School.

V.

For there's fifty lusty youngsters, each with a lusty voice,

More loud and strong than lovely, and more audible than choice ;

And they sing forth each a different tune, in fifty different keys,

0 ! on Thursday afternoon our School is not a place of ease.

VI.

They make their master angry with their awful maddening ways,

He never heard such melody in all his long born days,

And he breathes a sigh of happiness when the bell rings out its tune

For the ending of his labours on a Thursday afternoon.   J. A. C.

TO CORRESPONDENTS.

JUSTICE. By not enclosing your name and address (not necessarily for publication but as a guarantee of good faith) you ensure for your effusion a speedy transit to the waste paper department.

MASTERS v. Boys.

This, the usual test match, was robbed of much of its interest from the fact that, for various reasons, only five masters were able to take part in it.

S.R.G.S. V. UNIVERSITY COLLEGE.

Played on our ground on the following Wednesday, May 17. Not an auspicious commencement of the season's cricket.

S.R.G.S, v. UNIVERSITY COLLEGE.

Played at Meadow Hall, May 31st. Lister did good work for us in the field ; while Thomas was alone able to cope with the College bowling.

S.R.G.S. v. ROTHERHAM G.S.

Played on the School Ground, on Saturday, June 3rd, Coombe played a capital innings, receiving able assistance from Cornu and Brown. The latter also, with Lee, bowled with much success.

S.R.G.S. v. SHEFFIELD CLERGY.

This annual fixture took place on June 7th. The Clergy, a strong team, batted first, and, thanks largely to the efforts of Rev. L. E. Day, kept possession of the wicket till two o'clock, when they entertained the School team. On the resumption of play the score was taken to 162. For the School, Coombe continuing his not out innings played strong and attractive cricket. Brown and Cornu again contributed useful scores, and the two O.B. representatives, J. Cockayne and H. Barber, lent material assistance. The School's innings terminated on the stroke of " time."

S.R.G.S. V. Wm. HUTTON & SONS.

Played on Saturday, June 10th, on our ground. Cornu and Coombe again played good cricket.

S.R.G.S. V. WESLEY COLLEGE.

We suffered a bad defeat on June 17th, on the College Ground. The wicket was pitched on the edge of a plateau, which bothered our bowlers considerably : but our fielding was much at fault. Dodson and Lister hit pluckily. Tor the College, Rhodes played a good innings, but should have been caught quite early.

S.R.G.S. v. ROTHERHAM GRAMMAR SCHOOL.

On June 21st we played Rotherham on their ground. Brown, style considered, was fortunate in his contribution. Things looked none too rosy for us when Cornu and Froggatt became associated, but they increased the score to respectable proportions. The fielding of the Rotherham boys was good.

IN MEMORIAM.
C. F. BOND,
Died June 16th, 1899,
Aged 18 years.
Entered the School January, 1894 ; left Christmas, 1896.

IN the competition for the Akroyd Scholarship, which is open to boys from Yorkshire Schools, G. Norwood was first in Classics, and 0. Glauert in Mathematics. They were respectively second and third on the aggregate of marks.

We have much pleasure in recording Miss Haslam's success at Cambridge, where she has gained a 2nd Division, Second Class, in the Classical Tripos. We tender our congratulations.

Sergeant W. J. Bell, Sergeant Instructor of Musketry, 1st Battalion, Connaught Rangers, has been appointed Drill Sergeant of the School. He has lust retired, on full pension, from the army after 21 years' service, including six years in India. He comes to us with the highest credentials.

Brown and Lee have been awarded their Cricket 11 Caps."

N. E. Lean has gained a Free Studentship at the Sheffield School of Art : it is tenable for seven years.

We notice a paper in the Chemical Society's Journal, by D. L. Chapman, B.A., on " The Allotropic Modifications of Phosphorus."

The Fives Tournament resulted in the victory of Cornu in the Singles, and Mr. Overend and F. H. Bramley in the Doubles.

We would call attention to the Holiday arrangements for boys, by Rev. Norman Bennet. A Camp for Preparatory Schoolboys on the Anglesey Coast, Aug. 2nd-12th: and a Cricket Camp at Chapel-en­le-Frith, Aug. 12th-22nd; and a Swiss Tour to Grindeiwald, Aug. 25th - Sep. 12th. The two latter are for boys of Public Schools. Particulars may be had by any interested.

In the recent Intermediate Examination of the Institute of Chartered Accountants, G. Colin Webster, who is articled to Messrs. W. and H. Short, was placed sixth in order of merit in the list of 113 successful candidates. This is the highest position ever obtained in this Examination by a Sheffield student.

B. Doulthwaite has passed the Preliminary Examination of the Institute of Chartered Accountants.